Dating Turkish men

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Turkish army accused of throwing Kurdish farmers from helicopter

2020.09.24 22:01 autotldr Turkish army accused of throwing Kurdish farmers from helicopter

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 83%. (I'm a bot)
Turkish prosecutors have begun to investigate allegations that a pair of Kurdish farmers were brutally beaten and thrown out of a military helicopter in the southeastern province of Van on Sept. 11 in a case that has recalled the horrors inflicted on locals at the height of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party insurgency in the 1990s.
Images of the bloodied faces of Osman Siban, 50, and Servet Turgut, 55, circulating online have provoked an uproar in the Kurdish community, with lawmakers from the pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party demanding that a parliamentary commission be set up to investigate the affair.
"Despite resisting capture," he was detained "In keeping with regulations" and had been put on a military helicopter with Turgut and the corpse of a PKK fighter.
A medical report dated Sept. 17 issued by the state-run hospital where the men were treated asserts that Siban was admitted after "Falling from a height." The report, which was seen by Al-Monitor, goes on to say that the emergency medical technician who brought him in had indicated that Siban had "Fallen from a helicopter."
"The horrific claim that two of our citizens were tortured and thrown out of a helicopter must be investigated in an effective manner," he tweeted.
Throwing people out of helicopters was one of them, according to a 2005 report by Human Rights Watch.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: Siban#1 helicopter#2 Turgut#3 out#4 village#5
Post found in /worldnews, /geopolitics, /worldnews, /rojava, /geopolitics, /GoodRisingTweets, /worldnews and /kurdistan.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.09.23 21:34 CaramelxMarshmallows Indian women should NOT marry: 1.3 billion reasons

Indian women should absolutely NOT marry in the current Indian climate and in this essay I'll explain why it's too risky and the laws DON'T help.
India has 77 million more men than women. Reasons? Extreme male preference leading to widespread female foeticides and infanticides.
Now that they've killed all the women, Indian men don't have anyone to marry so they're looking elsewhere, for more gullible targets.
Women in India accounted for 36% of global female suicide deaths in 2016, despite making up less than 18% of the world’s female population

💀 Patriarchal upbringing and male pandered brainwashing of women💀

This starts at birth. Desi women are told that their entire self-worth and purpose is wrapped up in being a self-sacrificing wife, mother, and pillar of the household. After a woman reaches X age, she's constantly pressurised to marry. Often against her wishes, marriage proposals are sent and she's forced to marry a NVM that looks like an elephant sized amorphohallus.

💀 Blaming the women 💀

The number 1 rule of misogyny is: Blame the women.
Whenever something is wrong in the house or the family, people always ask “why didn’t do something about this?”, so from the get-go, your entire future is framed in terms of marriage and your future family. So a lot of women don’t know any better, and they’re a failure if they try to leave.

💀 Internalised misogyny💀

For this reason, a lot of older women in the family/MILs will treat younger women piss poorly, but for some the intention is to teach them at a young age how to manage a household and survive in a joint family, especially when it was tough for a lot of these MILs.

💀The MIL nightmare💀

The MIL will treat you like a slave. Will make you bend over backwards to make sure her son with the face of an elephant sized amorphophallus lives comfortably.

💀 Trashy NVM💀

Don't expect them to treat you like a Queen. They don't care about your happiness and they'll blame you if you raise your voice or try to leave. They'd rather you burn your blood and be a fuckin slave while they act like they're living a good life.

💀Abuse💀

Financial, physical, mental, emotional, psychological, sexual. Endless gaslighting. You name it.

💀No financial independence💀

You will be forced to resign from your job. If you don't, you face repercussions. The financial component is that men are breadwinners and they’ve never been taught to emotionally or intimately provide for their families, and it’s not like their parents’ relationships showed them any different. So women, even if they want things to change, don’t really have the financial backing or the power to get what they want. If they go back home, their family will be talked about or socially shamed (not to mention her family will probably be the ones doing the shaming).

💀Divorce💀

If they get divorced, the man will easily be married but she will have a “dirty/used goods” mentality about her. And kids make it all the more complicated, because if their lives are affected in any way, it’s the mom’s face and FDS mindsets will change things for women now, but the main thing is that women need to know that there are other options out there and the relationship they see with their parents isn’t the only reality they have to subject themselves to.
Speaking of the divorce, Triple talaq is a form of divorce that was practised in Islam, whereby a Muslim man could legally divorce his wife by pronouncing talaq (the Arabic word for divorce) three times. A divorced woman could not remarry her divorced husband unless she first married another man, slept with him for one night, a practice called nikah halala.
https://www.thequint.com/news/india/3-triple-talaq-victims-share-their-tragic-tales

💀Predatory grooming💀

Society strives to keep female financial independence to the bare minimum. Parents try to get girls fresh out of college or in their final semesters married, what life experience would these girls have?
Men, and their families want younger girls so they can "mold" them as they choose.

💀 Delusional romantic movies💀

Movies romanticize domestic lives, showing some stolen kisses in a kitchen while ignoring the larger nightmare that half the family is in the living room while this girl is cooking alone and her husband is distracting her.

💀Dowry💀

Be prepared to pay dowry at the time of: engagement, marriage, after visiting your own home, after your parents visit you, after the birth of every child.

💀 Housework💀

Be prepared to cook, clean and do all stuff while your family lounges watching TV and your MIL complains that you can't do stuff properly.

💀Family shaming💀

Your family will be shamed for anything your in-laws deem "inappropriate". Can't cook? Shame on your family. They didn't teach you to be a good DIL.

💀No healthy sexuality💀

Be prepared to have a lifetime of non-orgasmic sex and be ready to be sl*t shamed to the highest level incase you demand anything or masturbate. Men think sex is something humiliating and derogatory done to women.

💀 Restrictions on clothing💀

You maybe forced to wear ONLY traditional Indian dresses or your clothes may be regulated by your MIL to make you "fit to be a decent DIL".

💀 Entertaining guests💀

Your in-laws will call people to the house and YOU will be expected to prepare a luncheon and entertain them.

💀 In-law politics and gaslighting💀

They will make a mountain of a molehill at every point and you'll be seen as the trouble. If you buy something or get a gift from someone, expect your in-laws to get jealous and pass comments.

💀Womb- hijacking💀

You will be expected to be a good DIL and pop out kids as per your family's demands. You won't have a choice!
The DIL is supposed to have as many sons as possible. But a single daughter and the DIL along with her entire family gets shamed.
In some parts of the country, illegal tests are being done to determine sex of the child. If female, then it's illegal abortions, throwing DIL down the stairs, murder. You name it.
Especially MIL expects her DIL to give her grandchild within a year. I've seen my aunts and my mum's friends nag their DIL for it.
If you decide to be childfree, you'll be labelled "barren land" and someone who must be pitied. They won't care even if your husband is childfree which is unlikely.
After having kids and fulfilling their "kidesire", you'll be expected to "be mature" and leave your job, if you haven't already, to fully focus on child rearing. If you manage work and childcare, then be prepared to be exhausted and get gaslighted by the family for "riding two boats at the same time" while the in-laws will try to spoil the kids so that they can blame you.

💀Periodophobia💀

Menstruation is looked at as something impure in most families. Expect to be treated like an impure object, excluded from literally everything, separate utensils, no permission to enter the kitchen or to eat/ cook/ serve food to others or attend any religious occasion including weddings and funerals.

💀 Polygamy💀

Polygamy became illegal in India in 1956, uniformly for all of its citizens except for Muslims, who are permitted to have four wives and for Hindus in Goa and along the western coast where bigamy is legal. A polygamous Hindu marriage is null and void.

Some feminist commentary

Turkish feminist economist Deniz Kandiyoti calls this behavior Token Torture a form of bargain with patriarchy (PDF) where MIL gains some sense of control over a weaker female in her close proximity i.e. the DIL.

💀 State sponsored patriarchal control on married Indian women: 💀

  1. The Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956
The law upholds father as the natural guardians of a Hindu, minor and after him comes the mother. This means the father is considered the natural guardian of a child, with respect to all legal decisions over a child’s life or even if you need to sign a document on behalf of the child the mother can’t do it by herself. There have been some cases which have been taken to court because a mother has done some investment on behalf of the child and the bank has refused the papers saying that the father has not signed. The actual implication is that the mother is not able to make her decisions on her own especially when she is dealing with the government or official institutions.
  1. Adultery: Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code read with Section 198(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code
This one is tricky because prima facie it feels like it is pro-women since only, married men can be tried for this. The misogyny in this is that only aggrieved husbands can register the case. So the man whose wife is being cheated upon just has to grin and bear it.
  1. Marriagable Age: Hindu Marriage Act
Minimum age for marriage is 18 for girls and 21 for boys. Go figure why.
  1. Marital Property
In India, there is no concept of marital property i.e. shared property of the husband and wife. After divorce, the court asks the earning spouse (generally the husband) to provide the wife with a nominal maintenance. Unless the property is registered in her name, the wife does not get a share in the property. Also, maintenance stops if the husband dies. Then what? The divorced wife has no property in her hands. Her contribution towards the household is not taken into consideration so as to distribute the property, at least that which was acquired during matrimony, in a proportional manner. Instead, everything remains with the husband and is inherited by his heirs.
  1. The Hindu Succession Act
Section 15 of the Hindu Succession Act states that the property of a female Hindu dying intestate should devolve upon (after her children and grandchildren) the heirs of her husband before her own parents.
Even if her in laws mistreated her, by law, all her property could go to them.
  1. Rape of a separated wife
The rape of a separated wife carries lesser punishment than the rape of any other woman. Forced sexual intercourse with the former is punishable with two to seven years of imprisonment. Prison sentence for the rape of any other woman ranges from seven years to life.
https://qz.com/india/224632/indian-women-will-never-be-equal-as-long-as-these-9-laws-remain-on-the-books/
©To all the Queens for help. Thanks a lot! 🙂
So my desi queens, I suggest we learn something from our Japanese and Korean counterparts. They raised their voices but no one listened. So now they've stopped dating, marrying and having children in such large numbers that both these countries have a birth rate of less than 1 with a steadily declining population. So why should we contribute when the laws itself want to curtail us?

A fun fact: As per the Indian society, I'm a "home wrecker" because of this post. In their opinion, I'm trying to "destroy families and Indian culture".

submitted by CaramelxMarshmallows to ExHinduWomen [link] [comments]


2020.09.23 21:13 CaramelxMarshmallows Indian women should NOT marry: 1.3 billion reasons

Indian women should absolutely NOT marry in the current Indian climate and in this essay I'll explain why it's too risky and the laws DON'T help.
India has 77 million more men than women. Reasons? Extreme male preference leading to widespread female foeticides and infanticides.
Now that they've killed all the women, Indian men don't have anyone to marry so they're looking elsewhere, for more gullible targets.
Women in India accounted for 36% of global female suicide deaths in 2016, despite making up less than 18% of the world’s female population

💀 Patriarchal upbringing and male pandered brainwashing of women💀

This starts at birth. Desi women are told that their entire self-worth and purpose is wrapped up in being a self-sacrificing wife, mother, and pillar of the household. After a woman reaches X age, she's constantly pressurised to marry. Often against her wishes, marriage proposals are sent and she's forced to marry a NVM that looks like an elephant sized amorphohallus.

💀 Blaming the women 💀

The number 1 rule of misogyny is: Blame the women.
Whenever something is wrong in the house or the family, people always ask “why didn’t do something about this?”, so from the get-go, your entire future is framed in terms of marriage and your future family. So a lot of women don’t know any better, and they’re a failure if they try to leave.

💀 Internalised misogyny💀

For this reason, a lot of older women in the family/MILs will treat younger women piss poorly, but for some the intention is to teach them at a young age how to manage a household and survive in a joint family, especially when it was tough for a lot of these MILs.

💀The MIL nightmare💀

The MIL will treat you like a slave. Will make you bend over backwards to make sure her son with the face of an elephant sized amorphophallus lives comfortably.

💀 Trashy NVM💀

Don't expect them to treat you like a Queen. They don't care about your happiness and they'll blame you if you raise your voice or try to leave. They'd rather you burn your blood and be a fuckin slave while they act like they're living a good life.

💀Abuse💀

Financial, physical, mental, emotional, psychological, sexual. Endless gaslighting. You name it.
Let’s also mention the controversy over the existence of marital rape

💀No financial independence💀

You will be forced to resign from your job. If you don't, you face repercussions. The financial component is that men are breadwinners and they’ve never been taught to emotionally or intimately provide for their families, and it’s not like their parents’ relationships showed them any different. So women, even if they want things to change, don’t really have the financial backing or the power to get what they want. If they go back home, their family will be talked about or socially shamed (not to mention her family will probably be the ones doing the shaming).

💀Divorce💀

If they get divorced, the man will easily be married but she will have a “dirty/used goods” mentality about her. And kids make it all the more complicated, because if their lives are affected in any way, it’s the mom’s face and FDS mindsets will change things for women now, but the main thing is that women need to know that there are other options out there and the relationship they see with their parents isn’t the only reality they have to subject themselves to.
Speaking of the divorce, Triple talaq is a form of divorce that was practised in Islam, whereby a Muslim man could legally divorce his wife by pronouncing talaq (the Arabic word for divorce) three times. A divorced woman could not remarry her divorced husband unless she first married another man, slept with him for one night, a practice called nikah halala.
https://www.thequint.com/news/india/3-triple-talaq-victims-share-their-tragic-tales

💀Predatory grooming💀

Society strives to keep female financial independence to the bare minimum. Parents try to get girls fresh out of college or in their final semesters married, what life experience would these girls have?
Men, and their families want younger girls so they can "mold" them as they choose.

💀 Delusional romantic movies💀

Movies romanticize domestic lives, showing some stolen kisses in a kitchen while ignoring the larger nightmare that half the family is in the living room while this girl is cooking alone and her husband is distracting her.

💀Dowry💀

Be prepared to pay dowry at the time of: engagement, marriage, after visiting your own home, after your parents visit you, after the birth of every child.

💀 Housework💀

Be prepared to cook, clean and do all stuff while your family lounges watching TV and your MIL complains that you can't do stuff properly.

💀Family shaming💀

Your family will be shamed for anything your in-laws deem "inappropriate". Can't cook? Shame on your family. They didn't teach you to be a good DIL.

💀No healthy sexuality💀

Be prepared to have a lifetime of non-orgasmic sex and be ready to be sl*t shamed to the highest level incase you demand anything or masturbate. Men think sex is something humiliating and derogatory done to women.

💀 Restrictions on clothing💀

You maybe forced to wear ONLY traditional Indian dresses or your clothes may be regulated by your MIL to make you "fit to be a decent DIL".

💀 Entertaining guests💀

Your in-laws will call people to the house and YOU will be expected to prepare a luncheon and entertain them.

💀 In-law politics and gaslighting💀

They will make a mountain of a molehill at every point and you'll be seen as the trouble. If you buy something or get a gift from someone, expect your in-laws to get jealous and pass comments.

💀Womb- hijacking💀

You will be expected to be a good DIL and pop out kids as per your family's demands. You won't have a choice!
The DIL is supposed to have as many sons as possible. But a single daughter and the DIL along with her entire family gets shamed.
In some parts of the country, illegal tests are being done to determine sex of the child. If female, then it's illegal abortions, throwing DIL down the stairs, murder. You name it.
Especially MIL expects her DIL to give her grandchild within a year. I've seen my aunts and my mum's friends nag their DIL for it.
If you decide to be childfree, you'll be labelled "barren land" and someone who must be pitied. They won't care even if your husband is childfree which is unlikely.
After having kids and fulfilling their "kidesire", you'll be expected to "be mature" and leave your job, if you haven't already, to fully focus on child rearing. If you manage work and childcare, then be prepared to be exhausted and get gaslighted by the family for "riding two boats at the same time" while the in-laws will try to spoil the kids so that they can blame you.

💀Periodophobia💀

Menstruation is looked at as something impure in most families. Expect to be treated like an impure object, excluded from literally everything, separate utensils, no permission to enter the kitchen or to eat/ cook/ serve food to others or attend any religious occasion including weddings and funerals.

💀 Polygamy💀

Polygamy became illegal in India in 1956, uniformly for all of its citizens except for Muslims, who are permitted to have four wives and for Hindus in Goa and along the western coast where bigamy is legal. A polygamous Hindu marriage is null and void.

Some feminist commentary

Turkish feminist economist Deniz Kandiyoti calls this behavior Token Torture a form of bargain with patriarchy (PDF) where MIL gains some sense of control over a weaker female in her close proximity i.e. the DIL.

💀 State sponsored patriarchal control on married Indian women: 💀

  1. The Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956
The law upholds father as the natural guardians of a Hindu, minor and after him comes the mother. This means the father is considered the natural guardian of a child, with respect to all legal decisions over a child’s life or even if you need to sign a document on behalf of the child the mother can’t do it by herself. There have been some cases which have been taken to court because a mother has done some investment on behalf of the child and the bank has refused the papers saying that the father has not signed. The actual implication is that the mother is not able to make her decisions on her own especially when she is dealing with the government or official institutions.
  1. Adultery: Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code read with Section 198(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code
This one is tricky because prima facie it feels like it is pro-women since only, married men can be tried for this. The misogyny in this is that only aggrieved husbands can register the case. So the man whose wife is being cheated upon just has to grin and bear it.
  1. Marriagable Age: Hindu Marriage Act
Minimum age for marriage is 18 for girls and 21 for boys. Go figure why.
  1. Marital Property
In India, there is no concept of marital property i.e. shared property of the husband and wife. After divorce, the court asks the earning spouse (generally the husband) to provide the wife with a nominal maintenance. Unless the property is registered in her name, the wife does not get a share in the property. Also, maintenance stops if the husband dies. Then what? The divorced wife has no property in her hands. Her contribution towards the household is not taken into consideration so as to distribute the property, at least that which was acquired during matrimony, in a proportional manner. Instead, everything remains with the husband and is inherited by his heirs.
  1. The Hindu Succession Act
Section 15 of the Hindu Succession Act states that the property of a female Hindu dying intestate should devolve upon (after her children and grandchildren) the heirs of her husband before her own parents.
Even if her in laws mistreated her, by law, all her property could go to them.
  1. Rape of a separated wife
The rape of a separated wife carries lesser punishment than the rape of any other woman. Forced sexual intercourse with the former is punishable with two to seven years of imprisonment. Prison sentence for the rape of any other woman ranges from seven years to life.
https://qz.com/india/224632/indian-women-will-never-be-equal-as-long-as-these-9-laws-remain-on-the-books/
©To all the Queens for help. Thanks a lot! 🙂
So my desi queens, I suggest we learn something from our Japanese and Korean counterparts. They raised their voices but no one listened. So now they've stopped dating, marrying and having children in such large numbers that both these countries have a birth rate of less than 1 with a steadily declining population. So why should we contribute when the laws itself want to curtail us?

A fun fact: As per the Indian society, I'm a "home wrecker" because of this post. In their opinion, I'm trying to "destroy families and Indian culture".

ExHinduWomen if anyone's interested. It's a radfem GC sub for women.
Edit: Thank you so much for the awards, QUEENS! 👑
submitted by CaramelxMarshmallows to FemaleDatingStrategy [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 20:55 StevenStevens43 Humber the Hun

Humber the Hun
Humber the Hun:
Humber the Hun was supposed to have been part of the invasions of Albion, beginning in 1112 BC.
Humber the Hun
Humber the Hun (Gaelic: Emer or Éber mac Ír, or Éber Don mac Ír Ulaid) son of Ír and grandson of Miled, was a legendary king of so-called "Huns" who, according to Gafridian legend, invaded the British Isles in about the 12th century BC. His people successfully conquered Scotia but he himself was drowned during his campaign against Southern Britain. His sons became the Kings of Ulster and ultimately Dál Riata, the earliest Kingdom of Scotland. At some point, he began to equated with his namesake Donn, the Gaelic God of the Dead.
Latin:
Now, nobody knows who the Huns are.
Particularly modern Latin speakers.
In the Latin language, Scotti means Gaels.
Scotti
Scoti or Scotti is a Latin name for the Gaels,[1]
Link for photo
Royal Scottish flag
Hun:
However, even today, the Gaelic word for Scot, is Hun.
This means that Gaelic speakers might have a slightly better grasp on who the Huns might have been, than the modern Romanised Latin speaker.
It also means that when modern day Scots during football matches with the Auld enemy sing "Go home ya Hun", they are actually "wrong".
The Huns were the Scoloti.
Luckily the Scots don't face too much shame regarding this fact, as the other half of the Auld enemy are also unaware of the fact that they are infact "not" the Huns.
Pop culture
Modern Ulster Scots and other Scots Protestants are still referred to as Huns by Gaels.[10
Link for photo
2011 Gaelic speaking parts of Scotland
Hungary:
Now obviously, the word "Hun" is pretty much synonymous with the country named Hungary, suggesting that Huns may have certain origins in this area.
After-all, Humber the Hun is said to have arrived in the Humber from Germany.
Of course, there was no such place as Germany in 1112 BC.
It was Gaul, and Gaul was a name that pertained to the entire area of mainland inhabited by Gaelic speaking Gauls, which at this point in history, would have included Hungary.
Mediaeval history
When Locrinus raided Humber's ships after his death, he found Humber's consort Estrildis,[2][3] the daughter of the King of Germany there.
Link for photo
Hungary
Hungarians:
The modern day word for "Hun", as in Hungary, derived from the Huns from Eurasia, not the Huns from Humber.
Well, not immediately anyway.
Etymology
The "H" in the name of Hungary (and Latin Hungaria) is most likely due to founded historical associations with the Huns, who had settled Hungary prior to the Avars.
Link for photo
Hunnic warrior
Scythian sphere:
However, the land of Hungary pre-dated the country of Hungary, and back in the Iron age, Hungary did not exist, and was infact part of the Scythian sphere.
History of Hungary
Hungary in its modern (post-1946) borders roughly corresponds to the Great Hungarian Plain (the Pannonian basin). During the Iron Age, it was at the boundary of Celtic, Illyrian and Iranian (Scythian) cultural spheres.
Link for photo
Alba Albanian flag
Royal Scoloti:
Now, Scythia was a "big" region.
It also took in an Iranian area known as Sogdiana.
The aristocrats were known as the Royal Scoloti.
Scythians
.[10][13] Based in what is modern-day Ukraine and southern Russia, the Scythians called themselves Scoloti and were led by a nomadic warrior aristocracy known as the Royal Scythians.
Scythia
Scythia
Sogdiana:
Now Sogdiana, whilst being part of Scythia, in turn, ruled an empire which stretched to the border of China.
Sogdia
Sogdia (/ˈsɒɡdiə/) (Sogdian: soɣd) or Sogdiana was an ancient Iranian civilization that at different times included territory located in present-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, such as Samarkand, Bukhara, Khujand, Panjikent, and Shahrisabz. Sogdiana was also a province of the Achaemenid Empire,
Link for photo
Sogdia
Sogdiana princesses:
During the annexation of the empire by Alexander the Great, Alexander had Sogdiana princesses sent to breed with his Greek friends.
Biography
Antiochus I was half Sogdian,[2][3] his mother Apama, daughter of Spitamenes, being one of the eastern princesses whom Alexander the Great had given as wives to his generals in 324 BC.[4]
Link for photo
Alexander the Great
Auld Edina:
It is likely that Scotlands current day capital city of Edinburgh (Auld Edina), from the root word Dun Eideann, is derived from the Royal Scoloti sogdiana.
Edinburgh
Edinburgh (/ˈɛdɪnbərə/ (📷listen);[8][9][10] Scots: Edinburgh; Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann
Link for photo
Athens of the North
Xiongnu:
Now, this is where the Xiongnu come in to this.
The Xiongnu were a "Nomadic" tribe, and one might know to suspect, that when you see the word "Nomadic" it is likely referring to a certain Aryan peoples that got Nomadism in to their DNA after requiring to leave their homelands during the younger dryas.
Xiongnu
The Xiongnu (Chinese: 匈奴; Wade–Giles: Hsiung-nu, [ɕjʊ́ŋ.nǔ]) were a tribal confederation[3] of nomadic peoples who, according to ancient Chinese sources, inhabited the eastern Eurasian Steppe from the 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD. Chinese sources report that Modu Chanyu, the supreme leader after 209 BC, founded the Xiongnu Empire.[4]
Link for photo
Xiongnu territory
Huaxia people:
Now Chinese history draws a distinction between the more civilised Huaxia people (Indigenous Mongolians) and the more barbaric Nomadic Xiongnu.
Early history
.[19] It also draws a distinct line between the settled Huaxia people (Chinese) to the pastoral nomads (Xiongnu), characterizing it as two polar groups in the sense of a civilization versus an uncivilized society
Hua-Yi distinction:
It is called the Hua-Yi distinction.
Hua-Yi distinction
The distinction between Huá and (Chinese: ; pinyin: Huá Yí zhī biàn), also known as Sino–barbarian dichotomy,[1] is an ancient Chinese concept that differentiated a culturally defined "China" (called Huá, Huaxia 華夏; Huáxià, or Xià ) from cultural or ethnic outsiders (, conventionally "barbarians"). Although Yí is often translated as "barbarian", other translations of this term in English include "foreigners",[2]
Modu Chanyu:
Now, the Xiongnu under Mody Chanyu, almost overthrew the Chinese emperor.
State formation
After forging internal unity, Modu Chanyu expanded the empire on all sides. To the north he conquered a number of nomadic peoples, including the Dingling of southern Siberia. He crushed the power of the Donghu people of eastern Mongolia and Manchuria as well as the Yuezhi in the Hexi Corridor of Gansu, where his son, Jizhu, made a skull cup out of the Yuezhi king. Modu also reoccupied all the lands previously taken by the Qin general Meng Tian.
Under Modu's leadership, the Xiongnu threatened the Han dynasty, almost causing Emperor Gaozu, the first Han emperor, to lose his throne in 200 BC.[31]
Link for photo
Xiongnu expansion
Chinese princesses and Great wall of China:
The Chinese decided to build a great wall, as a border to define the territory between Xiongnu and China, and to attempt to appease the Xiongnu, they began sending them Chinese princesses, along with other gifts including money and alcohol.
Marraige diplomacy
The Han sent princesses to marry Xiongnu leaders in their efforts to stop the border raids. Along with arranged marriages, the Han sent gifts to bribe the Xiongnu to stop attacking.[31] After the defeat at Pingcheng in 200 BC, the Han emperor abandoned a military solution to the Xiongnu threat. Instead, in 198 BC , the courtier Liu Jing&action=edit&redlink=1) [zh)] was dispatched for negotiations. The peace settlement eventually reached between the parties included a Han princess given in marriage to the chanyu (called heqin) (Chinese: 和親; lit.: 'harmonious kinship'); periodic gifts to the Xiongnu of silk, distilled beverages and rice; equal status between the states; and the Great Wall as mutual border.
Cant beat them, join them:
However, the raids did not stop, and the Hans Chinese decided to attempt to forge an alliance with them.
Marraige diplomacy
The Xiongnu also practiced marriage alliances with Han dynasty officers and officials who defected to their side. The older sister of the Chanyu (the Xiongnu ruler) was married to the Xiongnu General Zhao Xin, the Marquis of Xi who was serving the Han dynasty. The daughter of the Chanyu was married to the Han Chinese General Li Ling after he surrendered and defected.[39][40][41][42] Another Han Chinese General who defected to the Xiongnu was Li Guangli, general in the War of the Heavenly Horses, who also married a daughter of the Chanyu.[43]
Envoy:
Behind the backs of the Xiongnu, the Hans Chinese sent an envoy to go and explore the Western world and try and find an ally to help fight the Xiongnu, however the information received back from the envoy, put China into a state of emergency, and expelling the Xiongnu became a matter of urgency.
It is not know exactly what the message was, but i assume it was along the lines of "those people are everywhere".
Han xiongnu war
The Han dynasty made preparations for war when the Han Emperor Wu dispatched the explorer Zhang Qian to explore the mysterious kingdoms to the west and to form an alliance with the Yuezhi people in order to combat the Xiongnu. During this time Zhang married a Xiongnu wife, who bore him a son, and gained the trust of the Xiongnu leader.[45][46][47][48][49][50][51] While Zhang Qian did not succeed in this mission,[52] his reports of the west provided even greater incentive to counter the Xiongnu hold on westward routes out of China,
Link for photo
Han China
Southern Xiongnu & Northern xiongnu:
The result of the war, was that the Chinese would be successful in putting a barrier between themselves and the Xiongnu, by placing a southern Xiongnu between themselves and a Northern Xiongnu.
Southern Xiongnu and Northern Xiongnu
In 48 AD, a confederation of eight Xiongnu tribes in Bi's power base in the south, with a military force totalling 40,000 to 50,000 men, seceded from Punu's kingdom and acclaimed Bi as chanyu. This kingdom became known as the Southern Xiongnu.
600 year empire destroyed:
In the year 439 AD, 600 years of Xiongnu living in this area came to an end, and finally China rid themselves of the last remnants of Xiongnu.
Juqu and)
By 439, the Juqu power was destroyed by the Northern Wei. Their remnants were then settled in the city of Gaochang before being destroyed by the Rouran.
Tribute:
Now, the Xiongnu done to the Chinese, exactly what the Huns would do to the Romans.
Significance
The Xiongnu confederation was unusually long-lived for a steppe empire. The purpose of raiding China was not simply for goods, but to force the Chinese to pay regular tribute.
Contemporary understanding:
Now, believe it or not, the Xiongnu being the same group as the Huns, is actually now the contemporary view amongst historians and scholars.
However contemporary, is not the same thing as general consensus.
Huns
.[70] Although the theory that the Xiongnu were precursors of the Huns known later in Europe is now accepted by many scholars, it has yet to become a consensus view.
Link for photo
Hunnic invasion
Turkic descendency:
Now, Turks claim that the Xiongnu were Turkish, because they are descended from Xiongnu.
However ascended, and descended, are two different things.
I am sure it is possible, that by the time the Sogdians came out of Mongolia, they were now quite Turkic.
Turkic
Uyghur Khagans claimed descent from the Xiongnu (according to Chinese history Weishu, the founder of the Uyghur Khaganate was descended from a Xiongnu ruler).[86]
Both the 7th-century Chinese History of the Northern Dynasties[87] and the Book of Zhou,[88] an inscription in the Sogdian language, report the Göktürks to be a subgroup of the Xiongnu.[89][90]
Iranian ancestors:
However, scholars tend to agree that when the Xiongnu first arrived in Mongolia, they were Northern Iranian speakers.
Iranian
Harold Walter Bailey proposed an Iranian origin of the Xiongnu, recognizing all the earliest Xiongnu names of the 2nd century BC as being of the Iranian type.[9] This theory is supported by turkologist Henryk Jankowski).[10] Central Asian scholar Christopher I. Beckwith notes that the Xiongnu name could be a cognate of Scythian, Saka and Sogdia, corresponding to a name for Northern Iranians.[27][
Chinese Hun:
Now, the word the Chinese used to refer to the Xiongnu as, translates pretty much in to English as "Hun".
Some may mistake this as the word "Hun" having Chinese origins.
However, it is more likely that the Chinese referred to them by a word similar to Hun, because, that is what the Xiongnu of the time likely referred to themselves as.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 23:18 clemaneuverers The book, "The Protocols Of The Learned Elders Of Zion", first published circa 120 years ago, is said to be a "fabricated antisemitic text", a "hoax", a "forgery". Recent research I have done leads me to believe that this is not the case and it is actually a genuine document. Long post!

Russian edition 1912
American english edition, 1, 2
It was declared a forgery which means there was an original document somewhere.
–Eustace Mullins
First, a link to the wikipedia page for the protocols so those interested can see how much of what you're about to read is omitted from there:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Protocols_of_the_Elders_of_Zion
The book in which they [the Protocols] are embodied was first published in the year 1897 by Philip Stepanov for private circulation among his intimate friends. The first time Professor Sergius A. Nilus published them was in 1901 in a book called The Great Within the Small and reprinted in 1905. A copy of this is in the British Museum bearing the date of its reception, August 10, 1906.
All copies that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed in the Kerensky regime, and under his successors the possession of a copy by anyone in Soviet land was a crime sufficient to ensure the owner's of being shot on sight. (source):
The best evidence of the genuineness of the Protocols is that in March, 1917 the Bolshevik Revolution took place in Russia and one of the first things done upon the Jewish Bolsheviks taking power was to destroy all copies of Professor Sergius A. Nilus’ book, The Great Within the Small, by. That book, which was first published in Tsarskoe-Tselc (Russia) in 1901, contained The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. All copies of the Protocols that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed during the Kerensky regime. The law followed by Kerensky’s communist successors to power was that the possession of a copy of the Protocols by anyone in the Soviet Union was a crime punishable by being shot on sight
...Professor Nilus was arrested by the Cheka (Russian Secret Police) in Kiev. He was imprisoned and tortured. The Jewish president of the court, told Professor Nilus that the brutal treatment he received was as retribution for "having done them incalculable harm in publishing the Protocols."
[2011] Solving the Mystery of Babylon the Great by Edward Hendrie
The attack on the Protocols in the 1920’s proved above all else the truth of their contention; it showed that the standing organization for suppressing public discussion of the conspiracy had been perfected in the intervening 120 years . Probably so much money and energy were never before in history expended on the effort to suppress a single document.
[1956] The Controversy of Zion by Douglas Reeds
In 1865 the Jewish Rabbi RZEICHORN, made a speech in Prague. The speech was published 11 years later by Sir John Radcliff, who was assassinated shortly after its publication and it became almost extinct for years. Here are a few passages;
"With Gold one can buy the most upright consiences, with Gold one can fix the value of every stock, the price of every merchandise, one can loan it to states that afterwards one holds at ones mercy.
"Already the principle banks, the stock exchanges throughout the world, the loans to all governments are in our hands. "The other great power is the press. By ceaselessly repeating certain ideas, the press in the end makes them considered as truths. The Theatre renders similair services, every where theatre and press follow our directives. By an indefatigable campaign in favour of the democratic form of government, we will divide the Gentiles amongst themselves in political parties, we shall thus destroy the unity of their nations, we will sow the seeds of discord. Powerless they will have to accept the laws of our bank, always united, always devoted to our cause.
"The possession of land has always procured influence and power. In the name of social justice and equality, we will divide the great properties; we will give small fragments to the peasents who desire it with all their heart, But who will soon be indebted to us by the very exploitation of these properties. Our capital will enable us to be the real masters.
"Let us use all force to replace the circulation of gold by that of paper; our banks will absorb the gold, and we shall decide what then what value the paper money will have, this will make us masters of every mans existence. "We will promise to the workers salaries they have never dared to dream of, but we will also heighten the price of all necessities, so much so that our profits will be even greater.
"By our jokes and attacks we will render their priests ridiculous and eventually odius, their religion as ridiculous, as odius as their priests. We shall become the masters of their souls. But above all, let us get control of education, of the schools. By them we will spread the ideas that are useful to us, and we will mold the childrens brains as we wish".
David Icke writes, in his book "The Trigger" (2019), of the above quotes from Rabbi Rzeichhorn:
Make of that what you will because I can't prove authenticity, but
(a) you have the right to be aware of this information and
(b) there can be no doubt as we observe the world that the plans laid out in the Protocols, by the Sabbatian-Frankist Illuminati and attributed to Rabbi Reichhorn have happened or are happening.
This is so patently obvious that agents of Sabbatian-Frankism, some knowingly, some dupes, have employed the usual fall-back, fit-every-situation technique of condemning as 'antiSemitic' anyone who points this out and asks any questions about the plan described in the Protocols. I am not saying this is all a 'Jewish plot' - I am saying it's a plot by the Sabbatian-Frankist Death Cult that hates and despises Jews and Judaism as it hates and despises everyone else, and that this cult is part of the wider global satanic cult that infests every culture, race and country. On Sabbatian-Frankism I am at one with rabbis such as Marvin S. Antelman and many others.
The Protocols, whatever their origin, have been dismissed as a forgery since the articles by Irish writer Philip Graves in the London Times in 1921 which were also carried by The New York Times. Graves claimed the Protocols resembled a satire on Napoleon III by French lawyer Maurice Joly called Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ('Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu') published in 1864. This is where the story usually ends. The Protocols were proved to be a forgery in The Times in 1921 - move along now, nothing to see here.
There is, however, other background to consider. Phillip Graves was a captain in British Army Intelligence who worked with 'Lawrence of Arabia', another British agent, who manipulated Palestinian Arabs to drive out the Ottoman Empire and open the way for the new Israel to hijack their land. Graves' uncle was Sir Robert Windham Graves, a British Consul in Turkey and financial advisor to the Turkish government who worked for Civil Intelligence in Cairo, Egypt.
The writer of the articles in The Times was connected to British Army Intelligence and there's more. Peter Grose, a writer with the Council on Foreign Relations, revealed in his 1994 book, Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles, that Philip Graves' 'source' for the articles was a 'Russian emigre' provided to him by ... Allen Dulles. What a coincidence. Dulles, a Council on Foreign Relations stalwart, later CIA chief and instigator of the satanic MKUltra mind control horror, 'discovered' his man while stationed at the US Embassy in post-Ottoman Turkey.
The end of the Ottoman Muslim empire (brought about by World War I) was crucial to the establishment of Israel because it included Palestine. Peter Grose said The Times extended a 'loan' to the 'emigre' on the understanding that it did not have to be paid back. An Internet commentator said of the Allen Dulles 'scoop':
This was quite an accomplishment for a young American embassy employee, to both prove the major anti-Jewish plan for world domination was a forgery as well as unilaterally keeping Lenin out of the United States so he could be transported to Russia to begin the communist revolution. Strange coincidences like this seemed to follow both Dulles brothers during their long careers in 'public service' - or should we say 'serving the Anglo-American interests headquartered in the City of London'.
Dulles and dodgy are interchangeable words and Rabbi Antelman said that the Council on Foreign Relations is America's most powerful pro-Israel lobby group and controlled by Sabbatian-Frankists.
The Times articles that trashed the Protocols were written by a British Army Intelligence operative using an unnamed source provided by the infamous liar and manipulator Allen Dulles and the source secured a loan from the newspaper he would not have to repay. Oh, nothing to question here, then. Now shut up you 'anti-Semite'!
Colin Holmes, a lecturer in economic history at the UK's Sheffield University, claimed to have identified the Dulles emigre as Michael Raslovleff, a 'self-identified anti-Semite', who gave the information to Graves because he didn't want to 'give a weapon of any kind to the Jews, whose friend I have never been'. Surely having a document circulating that was alleged to be proof of a 'Jewish plot' is what an 'anti-Semite' would want rather than seeking to trash its legitimacy? Anyway, that's some background and people will have to decide what they think.
–David Icke, "The Trigger", 2019
After reading the above from Icke I had renewed interest in the Protocols and started to do a little research.
Wikipedia is "certain" that the Protocols are a "forgery"; here is what they have to say:
Source material for the forgery consisted jointly of "Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu" (Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu), an 1864 political satire by Maurice Joly; and a chapter from Biarritz, an 1868 novel by the antisemitic German novelist Hermann Goedsche, which had been translated into Russian in 1872.
Interestingly, however, when one looks up Herman Goedsche and his book Biarritz (again, on wikipedia), one reads:
In his 1868 book Biarritz, Goedsche plagiarized a book by the French satirist Maurice Joly, The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu
Also "Dialogue aux enfers..." itself appears to be somewhat plagiarized:
Umberto Eco considered that Dialogue in Hell was itself plagiarised in part from a novel by Eugène Sue, Les Mystères du Peuple.
Interesting, what is going on here? But let's continue. Wikipedia says:
Identifiable phrases from Joly constitute 4% of the first half of the first edition, and 12% of the second half
[Australian researcher Peter Myer comments on the above:]
[“Cohn's (whose research the wikipedia entry makes use of) arithmetic is incorrect. The word-count of the parallel passages from the Protocols as listed by Bernstein, is 4,361, while the word-count of the Protocols is 26, 496. That is, the parallel passages comprise 16.45% of the Protocols; this is substantial, but still less than one sixth of the total.”]
So... where does the rest of the book come from?
Back to Wikipedia:
A major source for the Protocols was Der Judenstaat (1896) by Theodor Herzl, which was referred to as Zionist Protocols in its initial French and Russian editions. Paradoxically, early Russian editions of the Protocols assert that they did not come from a Zionist organization.
Stepanov is said to have published the Protocols first around the same time as Herzl's book was published. That's awfully tight timing.
Curious.
The wikipedia page makes no mention of the original Philip Stepanov publication, or Stepanov himself (big omission), but the source authors the page quotes from do. Interesting that.
Time to look into this Stepanov character.
No Wikipedia page that I can find.
The first thing I found was this:
He said that the "Protocols" was not Jewish-Masonic but a Zionist document secretly read at the Zionist Congress in Basle in 1897. (This especially is a foolish notion since an affidavit written by Philip Stepanov, the first publisher, proves that the "Protocols" was first brought to Russia two years before that Congress took place.) source
Two years before!? How can a book that heavily relies on plagiarizing from a book published in 1897, be published two years before in 1895?
I went hunting for this affidavit, and found quotes from it in another document.
A bombshell document...
...that I shall now quote from extensively (source at the end):
According to Philip Stepanov, formerly Procurator of the Moscow Synod, Chamberlain, and Privy Councillor, a copy of The Protocols was given to him in 1895 by his neighbour Maj. Alexis Sukhotin, Marshall of the town of Orel, who had been given his copy by Mlle Justine Glinka. (Sworn statement of Philip Stepanov, dated 17 April 1927).
Glinka, the daughter of a Russian general, had been in France since 1884, working for Gen. Orgevskii, secretary to the Minister of the Interior. Joseph Schorst, a Jewish member of the Mizraim Masonic Lodge in Paris, was in her employ, and offered to obtain a document which became known as The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. Schorst later fled to Egypt where he was murdered. Returning to Russia, she gave a copy of the Protocols to Alexis Sukhotin, who showed it to Stepanov and Professor Sergius A. Nilus.
In wishing to refute the later allegation that The Protocols were formulated at the 1897 First Zionist Congress in Basle, Herman Bernstein, an early debunker of The Protocols, cites Stepanov’s sworn statement, the handwritten original being reproduced in Mrs Leslie Fry’s book Waters Flowing Eastward. Bernstein states:
"…This account of the history of the Protocols in Russia is accompanied by a facsimile affidavit made in 1927 by Philip Stepanov, one of the two friends to whom Sukhotin first showed the Protocols in Russia. Stepanov's telltale affidavit, translated from the Russian, reads as follows:
"In 1895 my neighboring estate owner in the province of Tula, retired Major Alexey Nikolayevitch Sukhotin, gave me a handwritten copy of the 'Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion.' He told me that a lady of his acquaintance (he did not mention her name), residing in Paris, had found them at the home of a friend of hers (probably of Jewish origin), and before leaving Paris, had translated them secretly, without his knowledge, and had brought one copy of that translation to Russia, and had given that copy to him, Sukhotin.
"At first I mimeographed one hundred copies of the Protocols, but that edition was difficult to read, and I resolved to have it printed somewhere, without mentioning the time, the city and the printer; I was helped in this by Arcady Ippolitovitch Kelepkovsky, who at that time was Privy Councillor with Grand Duke Sergey Alexandrovitch; he had these documents printed at the Provincial Printing Press; that was in 1897. S. A. Nilus reprinted these Protocols in full in his book, with his own commentaries.
"Philip Petrovitch Stepanov, former Procurator of the Moscow Synod Office; Chamberlain, Privy Councillor, and at the time of the publication of that edition, Chief of the district railway service of the Moscow-Kursk railway (in Orel).
"This is the signature of a member of the colony of Russian refugees at Stary and Novy Futog. "Witnessed by me, Stary Futog, April 17, 1927. "Chairman of the Administration of the Colony, "Prince Vladimir Galitzin." (Seal)
–(Herman Bernstein, The Truth About "The Protocols Of Zion": A Complete Exposure, 1971, pp. 37-40. Bernstein quotes from L. Fry's book Waters Flowing Eastward).
...there are internal indications that The Protocols date well prior to 1900-01. For e.g. a reference to "the Panama scandal" of 1888 which caused a furore in France during the 1890s. Also had The Protocols been contrived by Golovinsky ca. 1900 (see source below for more info) or at least sometime after 1896, it seems reasonable that anti-Semites would draw widely on references to Zionism, the First Zionist Congress taking place in 1897. However, there are no references to Zionism at all in The Protocols. The initial opinion of Nilus et al that The Protocols were not derived from the Zionist movement, but from a Jewish faction of Masonry, were correct.
It is particularly interesting that Cohn [historian Norman Cohn, quoted extensively in the wikipdeia entry] bases his refutation of The Protocols on the assertion that they are plagiarised from Maurice Joly’s Dialogues in Hell, and refutes the notion that The Protocols could emanate from the Alliance Israelite Universelle, yet fails to make any mention of the close association that existed between the Alliance’s Adolphe Cremieux and Joly. After all, most of the publicists for The Protocols seem to have considered the association, but Cohn, eager to nick-pick on various details, neglects refuting these most damning connections. Both Cohn and Bernstein were fully aware of Joly’s associations with Cremieux and with Masonry as stated in Mrs Fry’s book Waters Flowing Eastward (both mention the book) yet they say nothing of these associations. We must therefore assume that Mrs Fry’s assertions regarding Joly, Masonry and Cremieux are correct.
Whilst we shall shortly deal with the alleged parallels between passages of The Protocols and Joly’s work, we shall first deal with background of Joly that Cohn, Bernstein et al conspicuously avoid. Joly (1831-1878) had a family background in Masonry from his maternal grandfather. Studying law, he secured a post in he Ministry of the Interior. In 1860 he founded a newspaper, Le Palais, for lawyers and attorneys. The principal stockholders were: Jules Favre (Mason who served in the Gambetta Government, the so-called Government of National Defence, which arose after the fall of Napoleon III in 1870), Desmaret (Mason), Leblond (Mason), Adolphe Cremieux, Mason and head of the Alliance Israelite Universelle, a member of the Gambetta Government, of whom more later), Emmanuel Arago, Mason, serving with Gambetta), and Antoine Berryer (apparently the only non-Mason around Joly).
Joly’s politics were self-described as "socialist", with the need to accept "extreme means". With Cremieux he shared a hatred of Napoleon III. However what The Times, as well as subsequent critics of The Protocols do not mention is that Joly’s polemic against Napoleon III was itself predated by a similar work entitled Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Rousseau, which was written by Jacob Venedey and published in Berlin in 1850. Therefore, Joly was continuing a certain polemical line of thought rather than inventing it. If there are similarities between Joly and The Protocols, then there are also similarities with Venedey. All three for instance refer to the Hindu God Vishnu in parallel passages.
According to the expert testimony of Col. Fleischhauer at the 1935 Berne Trial, Joly was himself Jewish, his name having been originally Joseph Levy, Joly being concocted out of four letters of his true name. This testimony was said to have caused a sensation in the courtroom. When the plaintiffs produced a "baptismal certificate" to prove that Joly was not Jewish, it was dated December 1829, i.e. several years prior to Joly’s real date of birth according to his own account.
Since Venedey, a communist, takes a position antithetical to Joly, his champion being Machiavelli, we can see here a dialectical process in operation, that was brought to revolutionary perfection by Marx and the communists, and has arguably been used by the ‘Elders of Zion’. The dialectical strategy consists of promoting tension in society to achieve change. This includes the promotion of ideas and movements seemingly antithetical to ones own aims in the short term to advance long-range aims. Hence, the seemingly contradictory and self-destructive phenomenon of international bankers financing supposedly anti-capitalist revolutions to bring down traditional societies, as we shall see in due course. That the dialectical process is operative here can be inferred from the fact that Cremieux was the mentor of both Venedey and Joly. Hence the seemingly contradictory, antithetical positions of Venedey and Joly represent two sides of the programme of the ‘Learned Elder’.
Venedey (1805-1871) was a Jew who sought refuge in France, due to his revolutionary activities in Germany. He was removed from Paris by the police, but was able to return due to the intercession of Arago (whom we have seen was to become a stockholder in Joly’s newspaper) and Francois Mignet, both friends of Cremieux. Venedey was closely associated with Karl Marx and helped establish the Communist International, and was also active in the Masonic order Bauhutte.
Masonry, Illuminati & The Rite of Mizraim
Mrs Fry and other authorities on The Protocols have claimed that the documents were taken from a Lodge of the Masonic Rite of Mizraim, by one of its Jewish members, Joseph Schorst. Whilst this suggestion is of course rubbished out of hand by Cohn et al, once again the Protocols deniers remain strangely mute as to the role of both Cremieux and Joly in Mizraim.
Cremieux was a prominent member of Mizraim as well as Scottish Rite Masonry and the Grand Orient. Cremieux was a member of the Supreme Council of the Order of Mizraim. He also became Grand Master of the unified Grand Orient and Scottish Rite Masonry.
The Aegpytian Rite of Mizraim or Misraim was founded in Milan, Italy in 1805 and transferred to France in 1814. Mizraim is Hebrew for Egypt. Its origins reach back to the cabalistic magician Cagliostro, who was an initiate of the Illuminati. But the Misraim-Rite was (and still is) not accepted by Regular Freemasonry.
In 1862, another irregular rite, the Memphis Rite was introduced to the USA. On 4th June 1872, John Yarker introduced the Memphis-Rite to England. Under his jurisdiction, Memphis and Misraim came together. This unification was called The Antient and Primitive Rite of Memphis and Misraim, or Memphis-Misraim.
In 1902 Theodor Reuss, a German espionage agent, gained sanction from Yarker to install the Scottish Rite (33 degrees) and the "irregular" MM-Rites (90 and 97 degrees) in Germany. In 1917, Reuss introduced some of the Scottish Rite and MM degrees into the Ordo Templi Orientis, an occult society founded in 1906. This OTO was to be taken over by the infamous "Black Magician" and self-declared "Great Beast 666", Aleister Crowley. Crowley, a cabalist, was to write his own manifesto for a "New World Order", which he called The Book of the Law, expounding a Nietzschean doctrine of "Force and Fire" on the ruins of Christianity. Crowley saw his movement as being a continuation of the Illuminati and counted its founder Adam Weishaupt among a long list of "saints". A major difference of course is that Crowley did not have the resources and influence of Organised Jewry.
In 1870 the Rite of Mizraim was established in England under the authority of Cremieux. Bro. Little, one of those at the founding conference of Mizraim in London, on 28 December, stated:
"…Brother Cremieux, however, as a proof of his willingness to assist, sent to the meeting his diploma as a member of the French Grand College of Rites, and this diploma was placed upon the table during the proceedings, and was examined by several out of the hundred Masons present. It was also understood that Brother C.'s diploma invested him with the power to found rites or orders recognized by the Grand Orient of France (the Rite of Misraim being one)…"
The Freemason reported that a
"Supreme Council General of the 90°, had been regularly formed here 'under the authority conveyed in a diploma granted to the Illustrious Brother Cremieux, 33° of the Rite Ecossais, and a member of the Grand College of Rites in France.'"
Bernstein and Cohn rubbish any such notion of Masonic involvement in any conspiracy, including involvement in the French Revolution. This repudiation is necessary on their part, since Masonry plays a major factor in the conspiracy expounded in The Protocols. We shall consider the role of Masonry and the Illuminati in due course. Suffice it here to cite several eminent sources that can hardly be said to be anti-Semitic. Benjamin Disraeli, the Jewish Victorian era Prime Minister of Britain and intimate of the Rothschild banking dynasty, one of the mainstays of Jewish world influence, states in terms themselves reminiscent of The Protocols:
"When the secret societies, in February 1848, surprised Europe, they were themselves surprised by the unexpected opportunity, and so little capable were they of seizing the occasion, that had it not been for the Jews, who of late years unfortunately have been connecting themselves with these unhallowed associations, imbecile as were the governments the uncalled-for outbreak would not have ravaged Europe. But the fiery energy and the teeming resources of the children of Israel maintained for a long time the unnecessary and useless struggle. If the reader throws over the provisional governments of Germany, and Italy, and even of France, formed at that period, he will recognise everywhere the Jewish element. Even the insurrection, and defence, and administration of Venice, which, from the resource of statesmanlike moderation displayed, commanded almost the respect and sympathy of Europe, were accomplished by a Jew - Manini, who by the bye is a Jew who professes the whole of the Jewish religion, and believes in Calvary as well as Sinai, 'a converted Jew', as the Lombards styled him, quite forgetting, in the confusion of their ideas, that it is the Lombards who are the converts - not Manini."
Secondly we have a remarkable statement from Leon Trotsky, the Jewish revolutionary who became commander of the Red Army and with Lenin the most powerful man in the USSR:
"It was during that period that I became interested in freemasonry. ... In the eighteenth century freemasonry became expressive of a militant policy of enlightenment, as in the case of the Illuminati, who were the forerunners of the revolution; on its left it culminated in the Carbonari. Freemasons counted among their members both Louis XVI and the Dr. Guillotin who invented the guillotine. In southern Germany freemasonry assumed an openly revolutionary character, whereas at the court of Catherine the Great it was a masquerade reflecting the aristocratic and bureaucratic hierarchy. A freemason Novikov was exiled to Siberia by a freemason Empress. . I discontinued my work on freemasonry to take up the study of Marxian economics. ... The work on freemasonry acted as a sort of test for these hypotheses. ... I think this influenced the whole course of my intellectual development.".
Note that Trotsky not only refers to Masonry as a major factor in revolutionary ferment, but how it had also infiltrated the hierarchy of the old order it was about to overthrow, and that both the Illuminati and the Italian Carbonari were involved. Yet Bernstein and Cohn dismiss such sentiments when expressed by Robison et al as "fantasy". Bernstein also opines that the Illuminati were a "rival" of Masonry and did not survive its banning by the Elector of Bavaria. As we shall see, this opinion is naïve at best.
Thirdly, Bernard Lazare traces the Jewish influence on Masonry and the Illuminati, as follows:
"…It is true of course that there were Jews connected with Freemasonry from its birth, students of the Kabbala, as shown by certain rites which survive. It is very probable too that in the years preceding the French Revolution, they entered in greater numbers than ever, into the councils of the secret societies, becoming, indeed, themselves the founders of secret associations. There were Jews in the circle around Weishaupt, and a Jew of Portuguese origin, Martinez de Pasquales, established numerous groups of Illuminati in France and gathered a large number of disciples, who he instructed in the doctrines of reintegration. The lodges which Martinez founded were mystic in character, whereas the other orders of Freemasonry were, on the whole, rationalistic in their teachings. This might almost lead one to say that the secret societies gave expression in a way to the two fold nature of the Jew, on the one hand a rigid rationalism, on the other that pantheism which… often ended in a sort of Cabalistic theurgy. There would be little difficulty in showing how these two tendencies worked in harmony; how Cazotte, Cagliostro, Martinez [de Pasquales]… were practically in alliance with the Encyclopaedists and the Jacobins, succeeded in arriving at the same end, the undermining, namely, of Christianity."
The Protocols (if obtained in 1884) refer to the Panama Canal scandal years before the scandal had become public knowledge (in 1892). Therefore whoever wrote The Protocols must have had inside knowledge of high powered financial manipulation.
We have already noted that The Protocols did not originate with the Zionist movement. This was the original opinion of Nilus and others, although subsequently modified after Zionism became an influential movement among the Jews. In fact, the majority of the most prominent figures of World Jewry were opposed to Zionism, and some Orthodox Jews are still antagonistic on the basis that Israel was not to be recreated until after the advent of the King-Messiah.
The principal allegation levelled at the supposed forgers of The Protocols is that the purpose is to foment "anti-Semitism". However, the following is a remarkable passage from The Protocols in which it is said that "anti-Semitism" serves the purposes of the "Elders of Zion" in keeping the Jewish masses herded under their leadership.
As one might say today, this seems to be something of a "protection racket". The Jewish masses are being milked of millions of dollars every year to fill the coffers not only of Israel but of numerous "Jewish defence" organisations such as the Anti-Defamation League, which continually feed the Jews the line that a pogrom or a new "Holocaust" is just around the corner if Jews don’t keep donating. Here is what The Protocols say about "anti-Semitism". It is surely a strange passage if the authors are anti-Semites wishing to incite pogroms:
"Nowadays if any States raise a protest against us it is only pro forma at our discretion, and by our direction, for their antiSemitism is indispensable to us for the management of our lesser brethren. I will not enter into further explanations, for this matter has formed the subject of repeated discussions amongst us." (Prot. IX)
There is much, much more to this story; what I have quoted above are abridged excerpts.
The full document is a fascinating read and you can read it here:
The PROTOCOLS of ZION In Context By Dr. K. R. Bolton (PDF)
"But you yourselves perfectly well know that to produce the possibility of the expression of such wishes by all the nations it is indispensable to trouble in all countries the people's relations with their governments so as to utterly exhaust humanity with dissension, hatred, struggle, envy and even by the use of torture, by starvation, BY THE INOCULATION OF DISEASES, by want, so that the goyim see no other issue than to take refuge in our complete sovereignty in money and in all else. But if we give the nations of the world a breathing space the moment we long for is hardly likely ever to arrive."
Protocol 10
The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
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2020.09.04 23:23 globalwp [CONFLICT] Avenging Al-Quds: Operation HOTAMAH

mood
“The UAR shall not stand idly as the Zionist entity slaughters our people, destroys our sacred sites, and tramples upon our honor. The UAR has launched a strike on the Zionist menace to punish them for desacrating the sanctity of the holy city. Jerusalem is to be free and open to people of all faiths. We can no longer tolerate fascism in the region. The last vestige of colonialism in the Middle East shall soon be eradicated. Let it be known that the UAR will fight for what is right, and we will do what we must to liberate Palestine once and for all. Israel will immediately withdraw from the occupied territories, and the lands will be restored to their rightful owners. Be warned, for our use of nuclear weapons was limited, and intended to reduce the blood shed by this war. We do not aim to eradicate the Jewish people, who are innocent bystanders born into fascist rule, but we seek to eradicate the power structures which have led to the oppression and subjugation of an entire nation, culminating in a direct attack and insult on both Arabs and Muslims across the world. Should we not act quickly, St. James’s Cathedral, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre would be next. Be warned, we will no longer tolerate such behaviour, and while we do not wish to harm civilians, we warn Israel that any nuclear retaliation would be grounds for a ten-fold response. The Falcon has awakened, and now soars with the Phoenix.” - Prime Minister Al-Zaidi, hours after the initial attack
The UAR, already in a state of high alert, and already mobilized due to the previous Iranian war, can afford to quickly mobilize its troops and move forward, providing it with a decisive advantage over its Israeli counterparts. The “military exercise” was but a ruse, and the UAR now seeks to liberate Palestine and establish a one-state binational solution by force, ending the Israeli occupation of lands stolen almost 90 years ago.
The destruction of Al-Aqsa and the planned “temple” has galvanized public opinion to a point where most muslims would consider joining the fight against Israel. It will thus be easy to recruit additional auxiliary units both from Palestine and from the Islamic world as a whole. As plans enacted by Jordan, Egypt, Turkey, and the UAR, come to fruition, one statement is becoming a reality, Jerusalem will be freed!

Opening Phase - Operation Hotamah

Woe to every backbiter, slanderer,
Who amasses wealth and counts it over and over.
He imagines that his wealth will make him immortal.
Nay! he shall surely be cast into the "hotamah".
And what should make thee know what the "hotamah" is?
Allah's fire as preserved fuel,
Which will leap suddenly on to the hearts.
It is locked up in outstretched pillars to be used against them. 1 - Quran 104-2
The Land-Based Missiles
With troops deployed in Jordan, and on the Zionist-UAR border, the UAR is poised to make a surprise first strike on the enemy’s most prized possession. Their nuclear weapons.
Israeli nuclear weapons are located mainly in one site, warehouses near Sdot Micha. While they may be potentially rated against conventional airstrikes, they would be unable to withstand a direct hit from a nuclear weapon, let alone a ground penetrating nuclear bunker buster. Israel’s other nuclear weapons are located on submarines that would presumably be located thanks to the UAR’s established hydrophone network in Lebanon.. Thus the main objective would be to overwhelm the enemy’s air defenses.
This will involve 5 different sources and directions forcing them to defend territory in 360 degrees in addition to a suter attack by EC-130 ELINT to paint the false picture of a clear sky prior to the attack:
Between the 75,000 rockets (including precision munitions), Hamas’s missiles, 1,500 cruise missiles, 2,000 ballistic missiles, and 200 JASSMs, it is highly unlikely that the Israelis will manage to intercept specifically the 5 INTIQAM-2TAAs that would be dropped on the area. A few cruise missiles alone are hard to intercept if taken by surprise, let alone thousands. The fireball would likely vaporize the neighbouring moshav of Sdot Micha, as well as Sdot Micha Airbase. The largest settlement that would be affected by the detonation would be Bet Shemesh which would suffer from the shockwave. The Negev Nuclear Research Centre in Dimona would similarly be targeted as well. This would effectively render Israel nuke-less and unable to retaliate.
Objective:
The Sub Hunt
The UAR Hydrophone network should reveal the locations of the submarines in Israel’s control. The UAR will deploy its fleet of ASW aircraft and ships to hunt the subs that are located to prevent them from firing. This will occur simultaneously with the attack to bring the UAR’s sub hunters within range to destroy the Israeli submarines within minutes of the initial salvo firing, faster than the time it takes for the news of a nuclear strike to travel to the 5 isolated subs.
Knowing vaguely where they are, ASW helicopters can be used to pinpoint their direct locations and thus allow them to be neutralized by torpedo fired either by helicopter, submarine, or surface the Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW ship designed specifically for this purpose. The limited range of fire of the enemy’s cruise missile systems used for nuclear weapons delivery dramatically reduce the search range. The following units will be deployed for this purpose:
Sub Hunter Group 1:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Sea Fighter LCS 5 Silorsky ASW Helicopter 1 Los Angeles Class Submarine
Sub Hunter Group 2: (First searches Tiran, then moves back to the Med.)
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Sea Fighter LCS 5 Silorsky ASW Helicopter
Sub Hunter Group 3:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Giuseppe Garibaldi-class ASW Carrier 15 AS332 Super Puma ASW Helicopter
Sub Hunter Group 4:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Independence Class LCS 5 Silorsky ASW Helicopter
Sub Hunter Group 5:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Independence Class LCS 5 Silorsky ASW Helicopter
An additional 25 Sayeh Naval Drone (clone of ScanEagle), with ranges of up to 100 km, will be launched to help in the detection of enemy submarines.
Objective:

Hotamah Phase II

After the nuclear strike which would end Israel’s nuclear arsenal, which would last in the order of minutes, followup strikes would be ordered on their airbases as a horde of UAR Aircraft begin dropping JASSM and SEAD munitions on Israeli air defense in the area, targeting aircraft believed to be nuclear capable while still on the ground.
With UAR Air Defenses featuring quantum radar technologies obtained from China, and the UAR’s newest aircraft featuring advanced stealth suites and EW, it is hoped that the enemy’s air defenses would be promptly suppressed and enemy aircraft that do manage to take off shot down. Operating the Arrow 3 as an ABM, the David’s Sling as an air defense system, and the iron dome as an anti-rocket system, the Israelis have a decent air defense system… for the 2010s.
Extensive use will be made of EW aircraft to scramble enemy defenses during the attack, as well as simply strength in numbers as the Israelis cannot hope to intercept the large barrage of missiles fired from Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Gaza, the air, and the Mediterranean sea at the same time 5 F-16CJ ELINT will be used for this purpose in addition to the 2 EC-130 ELINT aircraft mentioned earlier.
The UAR will also fire 20 conventional Mudafi’ missiles, designed to counter the Arrow III, the schematics for which were generously provided by our allies in Laurentia. Combined with further tomahawk strikes on airbases and air defenses, as well as mass JASSM strikes and artillery barrages where applicable, the airbases and the air defenses presumably deployed at the [following sites]()https://i.imgur.com/zJqN5y5.png will be destroyed, hopefully with much of the IAF as well. Emphasis will be placed on the early destruction of Nevatim Air base due to the presence of F-35s in that airbase.
The UAR has deployed a total of 180 5th generation aircraft, aircraft that are more advanced than the F-35 which defeated the F-15 with 20:1 odds. With experience in Iran, the UAR’s capable fighters will attempt to destroy much of the Israeli Air Force while they're still on the ground following the first wave of coordinated SEAD strikes on enemy air defense systems.
Israeli air bases will also be hit by a further salvo of 100 Tomahawk missiles each while the SEAD strikes are ongoing. Continued suppressive fire from Hezbollah and Hamas missiles will further augment the chances of the more sophisticated missiles hitting their mark.
Fortifications in the Golan Heights as well as Lebanon and the West Bank of the Jordan river will be struck in subsequent strikes and neutralized.
Aircraft deployed:
Once Phase 1 is complete and the Israeli air defense network is suppressed, the 580 aircraft deployed will assist with CAS operations and will bomb enemy supply lines.
The above aircraft will be supported by the Turkish deployment of F-16s that would perform similar strike operations, as well as friendly B-21 bombers from friendly Laurentian bases.
Objective:
Ground Operations
Map
Northern Deployment (250,000 men)
Amount Item Type
350 Engesa EE-50 Tanks
150 Altay Tanks
150 T-26 Tanks
250 M1A2S Tanks
100 T-90 Tanks
1100 M113 APC
300 LAV 6 APC
125 Tuwaiq-2 APC
250 Al-Shbil APC
75 Sarrir APC
200 Fahd APC APC
2050 APCs
150 S.A.U.D Vehicle Drone Vehicle
25 Type 08 IFV IFV
100 M2A2 IFV
25 AMX-10P IFV
300 IFVs
1500 Al-Masmak MRAP
500 Toofan MRAP
250 Oshkosk M-ATV MRAP
25 Digori Medevac Medevac
2275 MRAPs
245 Raad self Propelled Artillery (with basir laser guidance) SPA
150 M109 SPA
2 Chinese Artillery Battery SPA
8 Jobaria MLRS
42 PHZ-89 MLRS MLRS
447 Artillery/MLRS
20 Denel Rooivalk Attack Helicopter
8 Denel Rooivalk (SAUD) Attack Helicopter
40 AH-64 Apache Attack Helicopter
15 Aérospatiale Gazelle utility / scout
15 Boeing CH-47F Chinook Utility
20 Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk Utility
20 Bell 212 Utility
5 Aérospatiale Gazelle scout / anti-armor
347 Heydar 1 Autonomous Swarm Robot
50 Nazir UGV
150 CAIG Wing Loong UCAV
15 Ababil UCAV
2 Ramah-II Air Defense System
10 LPD-1 Laser Point Defense System
15,000 Misc Trucks Supply Trucks
The UAR currently operates several satellites such as the Yaogan series which can be used to determine the bulk of Israel’s positions and bases prior to the attack.
In the initial attack, the Jobaria MLRS systems will provide firepower to demolish much of Israel’s fortifications in the Golan heights, feigning an attack from the Syrian side. However, knowing that the Syrian side is the most fortified compared to the Lebanese side, the UAR’s main northern advance will come from Lebanon. The intention is to pin down as many Israeli troops in the Golan Heights as possible while sending troops pouring southwards towards a line established from Haifa to Tiberias. Cutting off the bulk of the Israeli troops that would eventually run out of supply, the offensive would hopefully see the Golan and much of the Galilee fall to the UAR.
In the Golan Heights, extensive use of Nazir UGVs and Heydar Autonomous Swarm Vehicles will be used to combat minefields. Controlled from a distance, and with support from drones, the vehicles would be able to clear minefields with a minimal loss of life. The Jobaria strike, each of which fires 240 missiles per salvo, will assist in the destruction of minefields and defenses in the area. One Jobaria is said to cover an area of 4 km2, 8 would cover far more. The Golan contingent will represent 2/5ths of the total force, with 3/5ths being deployed to Lebanon. The UNFIL will kindly be asked to leave/step aside.
The Arabs in this section, which make up 53% of the population, will be encouraged to rise up, and Arab localities will be given small arms via airdrop. Seeing as they are actively discriminated against, and saw their holy sites destroyed, they would be more than willing to assist the UAR in liberating their homeland. Of the 700,000 Arabs in the territory, it is expected that some 70,000 would assist. They will be used to police the area and maintain the occupations of villages and towns liberated by UAR forces. This includes the Golan heights where a large number of Israeli troops would be stationed.
UAR forces boast a multitude of drones, partially deployed by S.A.U.D drone vehicles (ie a successful version of the Dakotan slaughterbot project) which release swarms that can be used to provide full battlefield awareness to soldiers via their personal helmet augmented reality HUDs. This would drastically reduce the cost of urban warfare and when combined with the larger UCAVs and UAVs flying overhead, helps integrate air, land, and sea combined firepower.
Extensive use of the UAR’s superior artillery and aerial intelligence will be used to target armored columns and harass enemy supply lines, ensuring that the UAR is well supplied in comparison to the Israelis. Close air support from helicopters as well as support air strikes from the aircraft deployed to the skies will help speed up the advance.
Furthermore, the UAR’s experience in urban warfare, owing to its abilities in the Syrian, Lebanese, Saudi, and Iranian wars will provide its professional army with an edge over the conscription based Israeli army who’s dated combat experience is largely based on waving guns at unarmed protestors and Palestinian children.
Objectives:
Southern Deployment (250,000 men)
Amount Item Type
350 Engesa EE-50 Tanks
150 Altay Tanks
150 T-26 Tanks
250 M1A2S Tanks
100 T-90 Tanks
1100 M113 APC
300 LAV 6 APC
125 Tuwaiq-2 APC
250 Al-Shbil APC
75 Sarrir APC
200 Fahd APC APC
2050 APCs
150 S.A.U.D Vehicle Drone Vehicle
25 Type 08 IFV IFV
100 M2A2 IFV
25 AMX-10P IFV
300 IFVs
1500 Al-Masmak MRAP
500 Toofan MRAP
250 Oshkosk M-ATV MRAP
25 Digori Medevac Medevac
245 Raad self Propelled Artillery (with basir laser guidance) SPA
150 M109 SPA
2 Chinese Artillery Battery SPA
8 Jobaria MLRS
42 PHZ-89 MLRS MLRS
80 M88 Armored Recovery vehicle
20 Denel Rooivalk Attack Helicopter
8 Denel Rooivalk (SAUD) Attack Helicopter
40 AH-64 Apache Attack Helicopter
15 Aérospatiale Gazelle utility / scout
5 Aérospatiale Gazelle scout / anti-armor
20 Mil Mi-17 Utility Helicopter
20 Mil Mi-24 Utility Helicopter
347 Heydar 1 Autonomous Swarm Robot
50 Nazir UGV
150 CAIG Wing Loong UCAV
15 Ababil UCAV
2 Ramah-II Air Defense System
10 LPD-1 Laser Point Defense System
15,000 Misc Trucks Supply Trucks
Operating over 50 bridges, and with air cover from Jordanian based air defense systems, the UAR will cross the Jordan River with three main thrusts, north, central, and south, which would be of equal size. This will involve the destruction of Israeli forces on the other side of the river through mass artillery. With what can only be described as the largest artillery barrage in history the entirety of the West Bank of the Jordan that is fortified by Israel will be struck by 471 Artillery units in addition to salvos fired by 50 MLRS systems with salvos of 3600 rounds per strike. This will be supplemented by air strikes from UCAVs and friendly aircraft.
In the north, defined as the West Bank to the Golan Heights, troops will attempt a push forward with similar tactics to that mentioned in the previous section towards Umm Al-Fahm to Nazareth. The pressure put on the Golan front will pin down troops that do not wish to forgo the high ground, as the unexpected large bridge crossing would occur. Once again, urban areas will be dealt with using the UAR’s drone tactics. 2/5ths of the Jordanian force will be deployed here. In the West Bank, the objective in sight is Jerusalem, as troops will attempt to seize much of the West Bank with support from artillery and air units. Liberated Palestinians who would be more than willing to fight will be provided with AKM rifles and shall act as auxiliaries. In the West Bank, with a population of approximately 4 million people (estimate based on 2%), at least 400,000 men would be willing to join. The destruction of the holy sites would see nearly every eligible man join the fight, and as such 400k is extremely conservative and a figure of closer to 2 million would be likely. The West Bank should already be in open revolt given the actions at Al-Aqsa, and as such the advance would be facilitated by Israeli troops being largely bogged down by the fighting . Friendly units in the region will work to sabotage Israeli military positions and supply lines and shall assist the advance, particularly in Jerusalem proper. 2/5ths of the Jordanian force will be deployed here.
Once the troops reach Jerusalem, special care will be taken to prevent the destruction of additional holy sites, and prevent Israel from destroying sensitive Holy sites important to Arabs such as the Church of the Holy Sepulhcre and the St. James Cathedral. Jerusalem’ population, which is 38% Arab despite Israeli ethnic cleansing, will be instrumental to assisting the UAR’s advance.
In the south, along the Negev Desert, troops will establish a land connection to Egypt by Seizing Eilat. The Negev is sparsely populated, and relatively open, allowing large armored units to be targeted from the skies and by missile. Urban combat is similarly less of a concern as the towns are notably smaller, and easier to place under martial law. UAVs and UCAVs will be used extensively to destroy armored columns, as the battle becomes one of range and maneuvering. Friendly Bedouins, Muslims who make up 25% of the Negev’s population, will be used as local auxiliary units, with some 20-30k out of the 400k strong population (estimate based on 1%) willing to assist. With 1/5th of the Jordanian force deployed here, the objective is to push forward and control Highway 40 (Line from Eilat to Beersheeba to the West Bank) by attacking from the east.
Once again, given the range of the UAR’s air defense systems in Jordan, the troops should be reasonably protected against Israeli incursions as the Quantum Radar batteries should be able to easily pick up the few F-35s that may have survived the original blast, and most certainly the F-16s that survived.
Objectives:

Air Defense

The UAR boasts some of the tightest air defense systems in the world, with numerous layers of Radar tested specifically against the type of aircraft Israel is expected to deploy with successful tests. The Quantum radar within the chinese designed, UAR produced HQ-90 ABM and Air Defense System provides the UAR with protection against stealth aircraft and ballistic missile threats within 600 km [Analogous to an upgraded S-500]. The Ramah-II Quantum Systems provide 100 km of coverage [Analogous to an upgraded Patriot] and protection from cruise missiles and stealth aircraft. The LPD-I laser point defense batteries provide laser point defense within 20 km against smaller munitions. Additionally, THAAD, and Patriot batteries have been deployed across the country as well as HQ-19 batteries, integrated with the quantum radar suites elsewhere.
While the UAR already has a vast array of air defense systems deployed, it shall be deploying additional systems to key sites including:
Each site will be protected with 3 HQ-90 Batteries, 2 Patriot Batteries, 2 Ramah-II Batteries, and 1 LPD-1 Batteries. 2 THAAD Batteries will be placed at Medina, Damascus, and Beirut and 1 THAAD Battery will be placed in Baghdad.
This layout ensures that cruise missiles fired from the mediteranean will have ample time to be detected and intercepted by the Ramah-II batteries designed specifically for this purpose, with multiple layers of security should a missile fail to be intercepted. With each HQ-90 battery being able to intercept and track up to 20 missiles at a time within 3 seconds of firing, each deployment should theoretically be able to protect against the entirety of the Israeli nuclear arsenal which is estimated at 80-120 nuclear weapons. With 60 HQ-90 systems deployed, as well as redundancies and overlapping coverage, the UAR should be able to intercept anything that Israel may have been able to save.
The UAR has not forgotten its allies, as it has already deployed 5 HQ-90 Quantum ABM/ADS Batteries, 10 Patriot-3 Batteries in the above cities, 30 LPD-1, and 15 Ramah-II in Amman, Irbid, Ma’an, Ajloun, and Russeifa. Jordan’s location between Israel and much of the UAR means that these systems would intercept missiles headed for the UAR as well. The Egyptian deployment similarly consists of 5 HQ-90 ABM Systems,10 Ramah-II ACM Batteries, and 10 LPD Laser Point Defense Batteries deployed to Alexandria, Asyut, Cairo, Aswan, and Port Said.
To further improve interception chances, 10 KJ-3000 AWAC, 6 Boeing E-3s, and 2 Saab 2000s will be used to provide round the clock airborne warning and control to track potential hostile airborne threats.
Lastly, the Arleigh Burkes currently deployed in the Mediterranean theatre are equipped with an AEGIS SM-2 system that would be capable of intercepting missiles fired from the Mediterranean sea within range. This provides yet another layer of protection from enemy missiles.
Note that the deployment of batteries in Lebanon, Jordan, and Egypt, allow for the UAR’s air coverage to include the entirety of Israel greatly affecting the enemy’s abilities to field aircraft.
Objective:

Naval Deployment

The naval deployment intends to neutralize Israel’s submarine based nuclear arsenal by deploying various “Sub-hunter Groups” that would utilize intelligence about submarine positions in the relatively shallow Mediteranean (compared to the open sea). These groups would neutalize the submarines and then work towards eliminating the Israeli surface fleet, be it in port or in the water. The bulk of the force will be in the mediteranean, with Sub Hunter Group 3 clearing the Straits of Tiran prior to moving back to the Meditereanean.
Sub Hunter Group 1:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Sea Fighter LCS 5 Silorsky ASW Helicopter 1 Los Angeles Class Submarine
Sub Hunter Group 2:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Sea Fighter LCS 5 Silorsky ASW Helicopter
Sub Hunter Group 3:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Giuseppe Garibaldi-class ASW Carrier 15 AS332 Super Puma ASW Helicopter
Sub Hunter Group 4:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Independence Class LCS 5 Silorsky ASW Helicopter
Sub Hunter Group 5:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Sea Hunter Autonomous ASW Ship 1 Independence Class LCS 5 Silorsky ASW Helicopter
An additional “Fleet Destroyer” Group which would destroy the Israeli surface fleet while the other groups hunt for submarines, in port on on the water, the enemy’s ships will be destroyed. This will be made up of:
3 Arleigh Burke Flight II Destroyer 3 Ticonderoga Class Cruisers 2 Medina Class Frigates 3 Badr Class Corvettes
Extensive use of Naval UAVs such as the Sayeh Drone and the Fotros Drone will be used in eliminating the enemy’s naval capabilities. Munition drones, specifically, some 400 LJ-2 drones, will target Israeli warships during naval engagements to increase the odds of a direct hit. Aircraft mentioned in previous sections, once air superiority is achieved, will assist in dropping AshM munitions on the enemy.
Once the enemy’s fleet is destroyed, naval assets will provide shore bombardment support to attack Israeli Army positions.
Objective:
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2020.09.03 07:14 TodaystheDayeee In honor of the 75th anniversary of the end of WW2 (Sep. 2nd 1945), here's the Ares and Wonder Woman transcript to my next video.

"To me you are the most hateful of all gods who hold Olympus. Forever quarrelling is dear to your heart, wars and battles." - Zeus, Iliad, Book 5
Our story begins in Olympus in the time of the old gods but it could be anywhere at anytime. Hera, Queen of Olympus, Goddess of Marriage and Women had a son with her older brother and husband Zeus, the King of the Gods. They brought forth Ares, God of War and personification of the primal carnage of men. Not just war, the brutality of it. He would wage a war against love and unleash death where death need not be.
But Ares was not the only name used to invoke war. Not even the first. It's actually not clear where or when it first manifested. In the long prehistoric infancy of our species large scale conflict was likely not even possible. Contact was probably limited to fights over game as small bands or tribes followed herds, staying close to fresh water and foraging grounds. One of the earliest cemeteries called Jebel Sahaba in the Nile river valley near the border of Sudan and Egypt dates back at least 11,600 years. Of the 61 individuals found, 26 skeletons had arrowhead fragments near them or in some cases still embedded in them, causing speculation of a massacre. There was also evidence of healed injuries indicating persistent raids.
In 2005, excavation work began in Hamoukar, a large archaeological dig near the Iraqi and Turkish borders. The settlement there dates back to the 5th millennium BCE, but it was destroyed about 3500 BCE. Slings and thousands of clay bullets have been found among the ruins, possibly evidence of the earliest urban warfare discovered so far.
Then finally, writing began in Egypt and soon after the Palette of Narmer is inscribed. It tells the story of the 1st pharaoh of a unified Egypt vanquishing his rivals. This marks the beginning of the first dynasty about 3100 BCE in the mythical, as yet undiscovered capital city of Thinis which worshiped the Egyptian God of war, Anhur, the slayer of enemies.
The rest, as they say, is history and there is a lot of it.
The causes of war are simple. Simple needs. Simple desires. Desperation and greed. All seven deadly sins. All four horseman. Some call it the devil, temptation and evil. Bad thoughts, bad words, bad deeds.
And the story begins again around 850 years before the common era. A man of myth and his followers establish a city of mostly male bandits. Shortly after they throw a festival and announce it to the neighboring cities as a celebration. During the festival, the myth tells of 30 young women, all but 1 a virgin, who were abducted by their hosts and later implored to marry their abductors. The mythical man is known as Romulus and the newly founded city was Rome.
The scene becomes popular among artists and sculptors and is known as The Rape of the Sabine Women. The resulting hostility with the surrounding tribes erupted into the invasion of Rome which they fought back. Rome was quickly becoming a powerful force and defeated 3 neighboring tribes. It was soon on the offensive against King Titus Tatius of the Sabines, fighting against the fathers of their abducted wives. Intervention finally came, according to Roman historian Livy when the women,
"from the outrage on whom the war originated, with hair disheveled and garments rent, the timidity of their sex being overcome by such dreadful scenes, had the courage to throw themselves amid the flying weapons, and making a rush across, to part the incensed armies, and assuage their fury; imploring their fathers on the one side, their husbands on the other, "that as fathers-in-law and sons-in-law they would not contaminate each other with impious blood, nor stain their offspring with parricide, the one their grandchildren, the other their children. If you are dissatisfied with the affinity between you, if with our marriages, turn your resentment against us; we are the cause of war, we of wounds and of bloodshed to our husbands and parents. It were better that we perish than live widowed or fatherless without one or [the] other of you."
- THE HISTORY OF ROME. BY TITUS LIVIUS, or "Livy"
A treaty was struck, and the Sabines united with the Romans as one nation. Titus Tatius ruled with Romulus until his death five years later and as we all know, Rome was just getting started. Like the Spartans and Egyptians before them, the Romans had an affinity with their war God, this time known as Mars.
There are many other war gods and goddesses as well such as Agasaya, Agrona, Agurzil, Ah Chuy Kak, Ah Cun Can, Ah Hulneb, Ahulane, Alala, Alaisiagae, Al-Qaum, Alke, Amphillogiai, Anahita, Anann, Anath, Andarta, Andraste, Androktasiai, Anhur, Ankt, Anouke, Apedemak, Aray, Ares, Ashtart, Ashur and Athena. And that ladies and gentlemen, is just the A's.
The longest conflict in history is the Reconquista on the Iberian Peninsula between the Christians in what is now Spain and the conquering Muslims who invaded in the year 711. It lasted 781 years, finally ending with the 10 year long Granada War. Christian forces made a massive offensive push, recruiting farmers to swell their ranks, destroying enemy crops and pushing the Muslims towards the sea. It ended on Jan. 2nd, 1492 with the surrender of Islamic rule. 7 other wars or conflicts lasted longer than 500 years. Another 106 wars lasted longer than 50 years. But the God of war is insatiable and humanity was about to manifest the most destructive incarnation the world had yet seen.
In 1162, in a desolate place where food and luxury was scarce, a baby was born in exile from a disgraced family. He would go on to become a warrior and unite the Mongol tribes as Genghis Khan. His conquest was fueled by fear. He readily employed brutal tactics like spreading disease by catapulting the dead over walls. So many people died that weather patterns were disturbed and forest grew back on previously populated land. The Mongol horde trampled empires, handing down ultimatums of death or alliance. Fear spread like a plague, and the horde rode in behind it destroying some to tame the rest. Khan would promise protection and relative normalcy in exchange for complete surrender and regular tributes. Those made subordinate became sources of income, fueling the Khan’s engine of war. For a brief moment in time, Genghis Khan and the Khan's that followed carved out the largest contiguous empire on Earth.
Perhaps the deadliest confrontation in history took place under Hulagu Khan during the Siege of Baghdad in 1258, which lasted only 13 days. At the time, Baghdad was the capital of the Islamic Abbasid Caliphate. Their leader, Al-Musta'sim, was either overconfident or incompetent or both. When the Mongols had overcome the city's defenses they executed Al-Musta'sim and massacred the people leaving it greatly depopulated. Contemporary accounts state Mongol soldiers looted and destroyed mosques, palaces, libraries, and hospitals. The Grand Library of Baghdad, called the House of Wisdom, containing countless historical documents and books on medicine to astronomy, was destroyed. Priceless books torn apart, their leather covers used as sandals, their contents dumped in the river with the dead. Its said the Tigris ran red from the blood of philosophers and scientists and then turned black from the ink of their wisdom. The siege is considered to mark the end of the Islamic Golden Age.
This level of carnage would not be unleashed again in so short a time until the 20th century during WW1 and again just 1 generation later in WW2. The Siege of Leningrad alone, which lasted from 1941 to 1944, would leave 1 million to 5.5 million dead. Then the Battle of Stalingrad began in August 1942. It lasted into the winter and added again to list of bloodiest battles in the history of warfare. Air raids dropped bombs on civilians as fighting devolved into close-quarter, house-to-house combat. Both sides poured reinforcements into the city and by the end, as many as 2 million were dead. After five months, one week and three days of fighting the Axis forces had exhausted their ammunition and food, finally forced to surrender in February 1943. It was a turning point in the war that began pushing the Nazi's back to Berlin.
In the middle of this hell on Earth, in July 1942, Wonder Woman issue #1 - The Origin of Wonder Woman is released by DC Comics. In it, for some reason, she's carrying a parchment in her outfit which tells the history of the Amazons. Of course, she loses it and obviously someone at the Smithsonian gets it and translates it so we all get to learn what's happening now.
The story returns us to Olympus, Aphrodite is arguing with Ares over who will rule the world - men and violence and hate and war or women with love. Their argument spills over onto Earth. Women throughout the world are enslaved by Ares. Aphrodite turns the tables with a magic girdle she gives to the Amazons. The girdle is eventually stolen by Hercules who enslaves them. Aphrodite intervenes again, granting the Amazons the power to break the chains and remain free for as long as they refuse to submit to men. Their strength lie in the bracelets they wear as reminders of the chains that enslaved them. Away from the influence of men, they create a utopian civilization called Paradise Island.
But back in the real world on a different island in the Pacific theater of WW2, Ares was about to transform the meaning of war and place humanity's very existence on a knife's edge.
bellum omnium contra omnes (Latin phrase meaning "the war of all against all")
On July 16th 1945, the US detonated the first atomic bomb in New Mexico as part of a test. 9 days later the decision to drop one on Japan was made and Allied forces issued the Potsdam Declaration on July 26th which handed down an ultimatum of complete surrender or "the inevitable and complete destruction of the Japanese armed forces and just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland". The bomb wasn't mentioned and it ultimatum was rejected.
On August 2nd, Truman and other high profile US officials boarded the USS Augusta, headed back home across the Atlantic. A group gathered in Secretary of State James Byrnes’s cabin the first night at sea to watch a movie. It was called Wonder Man. A nightclub owner is murdered by gangsters but comes back as a ghost to haunt his killers. Truman stayed in his cabin, perhaps thinking about the explosion that was coming and the weight of his choices. He had written in his diary the day of the decision that, "the target will be a purely military one". It's hard to imagine he didn't know better.
About 3 days later, on the other side of the world, Tsutomu Yamaguchi was going to work at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for what was supposed to be his last day in the city. It was 8:15 AM, on August 6th, 1945 in Hiroshima, Japan and an estimated 70,000 people were about to die. Yamaguchi heard a plane overhead, he looked up and saw The Enola Gay B-29 bomber and he saw the object drop and the parachute attached to it. What dropped was an atomic bomb equivalent to 18,000 tons of TNT. It was more powerful than the previous largest bomb ever used in warfare by more than 1,500 times.
Yamaguchi described the blast like “the lightning of a huge magnesium flare.” He had barely been able to dive into a ditch before the boom ruptured his eardrums and the shock wave sucked him into the air and tossed him into a nearby potato patch. His face and forearms were badly burned and he thought he might of fainted for awhile but he was alive. He described everything like the start of an old film before the picture begins, "when the blank frames are just flashing up without any sound." The morning sun was blotted out by dust and debris and falling ash. A mushroom cloud of fire was rising over Hiroshima. He was less than two miles from ground zero.
A mile and a half away, half a mile from ground zero, Shigeyoshi Morimoto was luckier than 95% of the others within the same blast radius. The master kite maker was part of a secret military study to use kites against American planes. Suddenly he found himself under the rubble of his cousins home where he was visiting but Morimoto, his cousin, and his cousin's son all survived.
He said in an interview by Robert Trumbull in 1956 that it was like a lightning flash, then "the house collapsed and we were pinned beneath the fallen ceiling and roof." When they dug themselves out they couldn't believe level of destruction. Every building was flattened within a mile of the explosion, and fire would soon destroy every building within a 4.5 square mile radius. Within weeks, another 70,000 would die in the aftermath.
Sixteen hours after the explosion, a video was released of President Harry Truman revealing the existence of the atomic bomb to the world for the first time. “It is a harnessing of the basic power of the universe,” he said. “The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the Far East.”
Truman was actually still aboard the USS Augusta in the Atlantic ocean. He was having lunch when a navy captain delivered the message. Truman turned to his Secretary of State James Byrnes and shouted, “It’s time for us to get on home!” He then addressed the sailors in the mess-hall, calling for attention by banging silverware against a glass. The sailors went quiet and Truman made his announcement to an explosion of applause. Morale was soaring all over the Augusta. A sailor's quote summed it up best saying, “I guess I’ll go home sooner now.”
Yamaguchi was thinking about home too. In a daze, he found a couple coworkers who also survived. After taking shelter for a night, the three began making their way toward the somehow still operational train. They trekked through a desolated city of smoldering fires, crumbled buildings and the charred and melted corpses of the dead. Yamaguchi was forced to swim through floating bodies at a river crossing because the bridges were twisted wreckage. All to reach the station, where he boarded a train full of other burned and bewildered passengers.
Morimoto had gone back to the hotel he was staying at for work. It was badly damaged but still standing and three of his colleagues were alive. They got permission to leave the city on August 8th. The four men along with Yamaguchi were trying to get back home, to Nagasaki.
At least three trains made the 190 mile trip from Hiroshima to Nagasaki and arrived there by August 9th, the day that city would be bombed. 165 survivors from Hiroshima are thought to have traveled to Nagasaki and lived through the 2nd explosion as well. People who experienced both attacks are called “nijyuu hibakusha,” or “twice-bombed person.”
Yamaguchi reported for work at Mitsubishi’s Nagasaki office and at about 11 a.m. he was giving a full report on Hiroshima. He recounted what he could, the blinding light, the deafening boom, the devastation—but his superior didn't believe it, didn't believe a single bomb could destroy an entire city. Suddenly, another white flash exploded outside. Yamaguchi dropped just seconds before office windows were shattered by the shock wave and debris blew through the room. In his panic, he thought it had followed him but he had just survived a 2nd atomic bombing in 3 days.
He ran out of the wrecked building and past the ravaged city to get home to his wife and son. When he got there part of his house was a pile of rubble but they were alive and barely hurt. His wife had left to buy burn ointment for him, and she and the baby were near a tunnel when the bomb dropped. If Yamaguchi hadn't been burned in Hiroshima, his family might have been killed in Nagasaki.
Morimoto, the kite maker, had just finished describing the atomic bomb to his wife when their house was suddenly flooded with the same blinding flash. He was shouting as he shoved his wife and son into their air-raid shelter and pulled the heavy door shut behind him as their home was destroyed. Morimoto and his family were also uninjured.
But many others were not lucky. Roughly 200,000 people died after four months, about half on the first day, from the effects of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It remains the only nuclear bombing used in warfare and although Hiroshima had a sizable military garrison, most of the dead were civilians. After the immediate aftermath, people continued to die in the thousands for months from burns, radiation sickness, and injuries, made even worse by illness and malnutrition. Japan surrendered to the Allies on August 15th, six days after Nagasaki and the Soviet Union had also declared war on them. Japanese government officials signed documents on September 2, effectively ending the war and beginning occupation.
It is generally thought the casualties from the bombings is at or near the low estimates for casualties had the war continued on the ground. It was feared the number of dead could reach a million or more if the Allies invaded the Japanese homeland. Americans were also war weary, the massive operations were expensive, and military strategists were worried about the Soviet Union expanding its influence in the East. However, the debate over the ethical and legal justification for the bombings in still debated today.
But it didn't matter then. The war was over and America was celebrating. Humanity began to rebuild but there was little time to reflect. The full implications of what had happened were still coming into focus. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, William Leahy once decried the use of atomic weapons as "an ethical standard common to the barbarians of the Dark Ages", but in 1947 he reported a military requirement for 400 atomic bombs . The Soviet Union detonated an atomic test in September 1949. Oppenheimer, concerned about the devastation that future nuclear war could bring, was stripped of his job and commission. Despite his opposition, the U.S. had developed and tested a Hydrogen bomb by 1952. Ordinary fission bombs like the ones dropped in Japan would henceforth be regarded as small tactical nuclear weapons, a thousand times weaker than the new versions. The US had 23,317 nuclear weapons and the Soviet Union had 40,159 by 1986. More than 90% of the world's remaining 13,865 nuclear weapons were owned by Russia and the United States at the start of 2019. Over 2,000 nuclear tests have been conducted in over a dozen locations around the world by 8 different countries. 9 countries have nuclear weapons.
A team of researchers studied 1,024 species of mammals, and found the rate of lethal violence between Homo sapiens is 7 times higher than the average among all mammals. A different study found that although there are 7.6 billion humans we make up just 0.01% of all living things. In other words, humans are statistically insignificant, not only in the universe but on Earth as well and yet since the dawn of civilization, humanity has caused the loss of 83% of all wild mammals and half of plants. And now our seeming dominance has put us on a path quite possibly to our own destruction. Unwittingly in some cases, proudly in others and cynically in some.
When Yamaguchi's son died from cancer at 59 in 2005, he went public with his story. After remaining silent since his 1950's interview, he began speaking out against nuclear war. Of the estimated 165 people who experienced both attacks and lived, he became the first and only survivor to be officially recognized by the Japanese government as “nijyuu hibakusha,” the “twice-bombed person.” A year later in 2010, he died at the age of 93. He said he got through the many years after the bombings with poetry.
It may seem as if the God of war is at his most powerful, feeding constantly on the chaos in the world and now humans have amassed the potential for total destruction. In the myths and the comics, Ares had done his best throughout the years to destroy the Amazons, sending Hercules against them and sacking their island but he had another plot for all humanity. To spark a war between the United States and Russia, provoking World War III. His ambitions were only thwarted when he was finally forced to face the truth that without the chaos of men he would cease to exist, having no one to worship him.
However, there would be survivors in this nightmare, like the Ginkgo biloba. A ginkgo tree survived in Hiroshima less than a mile from ground zero. It's nicknamed the Tree of Life and it happens to be the oldest species of tree on earth, dating back 270 million years. It also smells like vomit, helping it to survive thousands of generations of grazing animals. Along with the Ginkgo tree, other survivors would probably include rats, cockroaches, ants, scorpions, flies, wasps, worms, bacteria like E. coli, amoebas and the seemingly indestructible tardigrade. It wouldn't be the most pleasant world, but it would still be alive.
And the story begins again, one more time. There was once a utopia. At least that's what outsiders had come to think. It made sense from far away. It had been mostly forgotten, cut off from the world and for a long time no one questioned this supposed utopia. It had achieved an almost mythic, paradise lost status until finally an explorer came to stay there for awhile. At first it seemed the view from the outside was correct. But one day their leader died leaving a power vacuum and a tyrant emerged to fill it. Not all were willing to follow. A group of dissenters separated, forming a smaller group but this did not bring peace. A member of the new group was ambushed one day without warning, beaten badly and was never seen again. Over the next four years the smaller group was picked off 1 by 1 and systematically destroyed. The victors ate the flesh and drank the blood of their victims. They celebrated over the dead with hoots and screams. The explorer was horrified. There was no mercy. But it wasn't men that did these things, not this time. These were the events observed in the jungles of Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania from 1974 to 1978 during the Gombe Chimpanzee War. The explorer was Jane Goodall. By the end, 10 were dead or missing and only 3 females remained. They were beaten and kidnapped and in that way the two groups became 1 again.
Goodall discovered the systematic hunting strategies and aggressive nature of chimpanzees, exposing their cannibalism and taste for smaller primates. She turned conventional wisdom upside down and found it difficult to come to terms with what she saw herself. But she also observed peaceful and affectionate behaviors, intelligence, emotions, social bonds and forced man to redefine itself, "or accept chimpanzees as human".
In 2019, there were at least 29 conflicts or wars where more than 100 people lost their lives including 17 minor conflicts, 9 wars and 4 major wars in Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria and the Mexican drug war. But despite the headlines. Despite the violence. Despite the tragedy and chaos and the potential destructive power Ares or Anhur or Mars could unleash on humanity at any minute. Despite how things might feel right now. Overall, things are getting better and can get better.
Because something else happened in the 20th century. It was said that a soul of an unborn daughter held back from creation when the first woman was murdered by a man, was put inside a baby girl made out of clay from paradise island. The baby girl was given life by the Greek Pantheon of Goddesses and named Diana. She grew up among a legion of sisters and mothers and became the champion of the Amazons and emissary to the world of men. They would call her Wonder Woman.
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2020.09.02 03:34 planetpike75 [Battle] The Dragon Cast Down

[M] At long last, we have the conclusion to the great China-Bahrain-UAE-CIRAP-KSA-USA saga. This post will consist of multiple parts parts: some will be more like a typical modevent detailing the results of China's cyberattacks and other espionage actions against the United Arab Emirates. The other part will consist of the actual battle results as per usual. They'll be tied together throughout the post, and note the dates because this isn't entirely in chronological order for the sake of the narrative. That said, let's begin.
Also, ignore the fact that I posted this already. It didn't have casualties so it doesn't count. This thing is just about the 40,000 character limit and over 20 pages long; I did it in one day, so please don't be too hard on me. [/M]

The Digital Theater

3And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. 4And his tail drew the third part of the stars from heaven, and cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.
-- Revelation 12:3-4
Dubai International Airport Dubai, United Arab Emirates April 16th, 2028 14:58 Local Time
It was a normal day for the Dubai International Airport, the largest in the world and often one of the busiest. Despite the toll the oil embargo had taken on the Emirati economy, planes were still constantly in transit, flying in and out of the complex, carrying civilians, migrant workers, businessmen, royals, soldiers, doctors, and more. At one of its multiple international terminals, a young citizen of the Emirates, Muhammad al-Kadaj, stood by a flight board, tapping his feet impatiently. He and his newlywed wife were supposed to meet at the airport to board their flight to Ankara to visit his now father-in-law, but she was now almost twenty-five minutes late with no indication of what was taking her so long.
It's probably just running late, he thought to himself. The trains never run on time, anyway. She'll be here soon.
His thoughts were interrupted by a loud blast of the sound of the display next to him turning to static. The flight schedule had been scrambled as letters and numbers flew across the screen in between bouts of static, and a piercing ringing exploded from a nearby intercom. After a brief moment to cover his ears and adjust himself to the shock, al-Kadaj looked up to see not only the display next to him showing an error message, but almost every screen within his field of view was either shut down, turned to static, or showing an error message of some kind. His immediate thoughts were panicked. What was happening? Was this a terror attack? A government coup?
About ten agonizing seconds later, the displays returned to normal and the screeching ceased. A voice rang out from the PA system. It was clearly not a prerecorded message; the man was fresh out of breath and seemed as confused as the airport's patrons.
"Please stay calm, everyone. We have had a minor security breach that is now under control. Please stay calm. Continue to your destinations and we will return to -- wait, what was that? Right now? Oh, god. Okay. Everyone, we are under attack. Please seek shelter in the nearest available space. This is not a drill. This is not a drill."
Al-Maktoum Station Dubai, United Arab Emirates April 16th, 2028 14:52 Local Time
Between the roar of the high-speed train and the bustling cacophony of the voices of its passengers, Layla certainly understood what her husband meant when he said that there was no city like Dubai. Her hometown, a small village about three hundred kilometers outside of Ankara, was all she had known for most of her life until she met Muhammad while studying in the Turkish capital. While she had adjusted to life in the city during her university years, she was not quite prepared for Dubai. And while she was overwhelmed, she found that she loved it. She had never felt so alive as she did when she walked its crowded streets, taking in the sounds of a hundred languages, the sights of grand skyscrapers, and the smells of the street vendors. It was different, but it was good. She was quite happy to live out the rest of her days with her husband in the city.
However, family had called her back to Turkey. Her father had fallen ill lately; while it wasn't life threatening, she and her husband found it proper to visit him and her mother to help with some renovations to their house and farmstead that were underway. Despite her newfound love for the city, she was excited to see her family again. It had been years since she last visited the cottage of her youth, and it would be a nice change of pace from the breakneck speed at which the average citizen of Dubai is forced to live his or her life.
She was roused from her half-slumber by the calming voice of the train attendant.
"Now arriving at al-Maktoum Station. Al-Maktoum Station. Please be careful as you exit the train."
The voice spoke, but the train did not slow down. The passengers began to notice this after a few seconds and a soft murmur soon erupted into a steady drone. And in an instant, the lights on the train were shut off. The train drew closer and closer to the station, where another train was parked -- but it did not show any signs of slowing down. The drone rose and rose, reaching its final form as an unearthly chorus of screaming and wailing.
Then, silence.
Ruwais Refinery Al-Ruwais, United Arab Emirates April 16th, 2028 15:05 Local Time
The refinery wasn't the best place to work -- especially not for a college-educated man like Ismail bin Talaal -- but it certainly paid the bills. At least, until the embargo hit. Ismail was one of many who found himself down on his luck after graduating from university with a mostly-useless degree, pushed out of any available opportunities by those more connected, more educated, or more experienced. After two years of looking for a job to no avail, he eventually followed in his father's footsteps as a worker at the Ruwais oil refinery. A lowly job, but it was better than nothing. The embargo had taken its toll on his paycheck and possibly the future of his employment, from what he could gather from the hushed whispers of his superiors at work. However, he couldn't afford to quit.
He was nearing the end of a long shift of sweeping floors and mopping up residue when he overheard two IT workers yelling at each other from across a hall. Tired of the mundanities of cleaning bathrooms and wiping off water fountains, he stood against the corner of the wall and bent his ear in to listen.
"Hey, uh, boss?"
"What's up?"
"Is the internet down for you, too?"
"What? No. At least, I don't think so. Let me check."
A brief moment of silence. Ismail had almost made up his mind to go back to work when the other voice piped back up.
"Yeah, it's wo-- nope, it's out for me, too. Shit. Have you tried the Ethernet cable? We can't stay offline for too long."
"Got it. Give me one sec. Hang on. What's all this? What happened to the maintenance page?"
"Is everything good?"
"Everything's gone!"
The New Age of Warfare
Contracted by the People's Republic of China, cybersoldiers from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea carried out a series of attacks against various positions and people within the United Arab Emirates on April 16th, 2028, as a preface to a Chinese intervention in the region. A number of targets, such as the Dubai International Airport and multiple desalination plants, were able to fend off the digital offensive, but not every target was so prepared, or so lucky. Specifically, the Dubai High-Speed Railway and the Ruwais Refinery crumbled under the weight of the attack. The attacks on the rail system resulted in a catastrophic failure of the entire railway network, causing four train crashes across the system that killed 76 and injured over 450 passengers. The Ruwais Refinery found its entire digital maintenance system wiped out. Entire records were destroyed, and the refining process was halted in its tracks, creating a sharp disruption to the flow of oil that keeps the Emirati economy afloat.
Not only this, but thousands of deepfakes of Emirati officials, leaders, generals, imams, economists, and businessmen immediately began circulating throughout social media, spreading across the globe. Ranging from fake sex tapes of President al-Maktoum with a variety of popular porn actresses, to the most popular imam in Dubai confessing to be a practicing Jew in private, to a faked tape of the Emirati general staff discussing their plans to unleash nuclear armageddon on Israel via a hidden cache of hydrogen bombs, troll accounts from IP addresses around the world were flooding Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and Reddit. While many of these were easily identifiable as fakes, the more conspiracy-inclined people of the world were quick to latch on to a number of the fakes. In the UAE, hundreds of protestors gathered in Dubai to lament the sexual immorality of their President, while the "leak" from the military made its way across the pond to the United States, where large groups of evangelical Christians proclaimed that the end times were nigh, and that the antichrist, President al-Maktoum, would lead his army into Israel any day now as they demanded that President Cotton sever the American relationship with the great Satan, in a bizarre turn of fate.
In Bahrain, similar messages began to flood their networks and social media circles. The tyranny of Bahrain was laid bare for all to see as more and more people became sympathetic to the rebel cause. While they did not necessarily grow from this, a sort of apathy has spread throughout the Bahraini people as they can not bring themselves to condemn the rebels, but also can not bring themselves to join them.
In the immediate aftermath of these attacks, Emirati and Bahraini intelligence worked in cooperation with American and Saudi officials to determine the culprit of the attacks. They would not need to dig too deep, because the aggressor would soon announce its presence in the most obvious way possible.
After all, it is in a dragon's nature to roar.

The Peninsular Theater

6And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.
-- Matthew 12:6
Before the true culprit revealed itself, however, there was another war raging across the Arabian Peninsula, one which had shaken the entire Islamic world to its core. The Gulf Cooperation Council had fully embraced its reliance on one another as a military alliance as the United Arab Emirates assisted Saudi Arabia in ridding itself of the Council for the Islamic Restoration of the Arabian Peninsula, and the Arab Republic of Egypt had also sent its Republican Guard to assist in securing the stability of its neighbor, and sometimes, friend. The Islamists reduced to the heartlands of its holy cities and their surrounding lands, the end was in sight. But one would be a fool to believe that radical Islamist jihadis would surrender Mecca and Medina without a fight.
The Battle of Medina April 18th, 2028
With the blessing of the Muslim faithful and the righteousness of the faith on their side, the GCC coalition forces led by the UAE and Saudi Arabia descended onto CIRAP in Hejaz like a pack of wolves. The morning light was greeted with the roar of hundreds of tanks as the Gulf's armies began their assault. Managing to catch CIRAP forces off guard, the town of Mahd al-Thahab was quickly secured by the Gulf with minimal losses. However, this victory would not bring entirely good news. Upon confiscating the armaments of the Islamist soldiers in the town, the Gulf forces found that their enemy was much, much better equipped than they had anticipated. From small arms and ATGMs to MANPADS and artillery shells, it seemed that the Council had a benefactor supplying them with arms to resist the Gulf's onslaught. Interrogation of local forces yielded information that Mecca and Medina were much better fortified than anticipated, and the Gulf's general staffs prepared themselves for the long road ahead.
When the Gulf forces arrived at Medina, they found that it was exactly as the captured CIRAP soldiers had described it. The city was loaded to capacity with guns; mortars and artillery lay ready to open fire on any who would approach, and soldiers equipped with rocket launchers took up positions in civilian buildings to fire on those who would not dare attack a hospital, a school, or a mosque. The Islamists had even gone so far as to forcibly conscript as many able-bodied men as they could coerce into fighting, many of them mere children handed an AK-47 and told to shoot anything that came from the east. It seemed that the former domain of the Prophet would not fall easily.
War is Hell, and the Battle of Medina was no exception. While the Gulf coalition had a relatively simple task in encircling the city, the constant harrying of their columns by artillery fire and suicide attacks by the CIRAP zealots would inflict many a wound upon their soldiers. Even so, the combined forces of the GCC managed to set up a ramshackle siege. However, this was only the beginning of the fight.
Siege warfare is insidious; when faced with adversity, men stand together, but when faced with hunger and poverty, men turn against one another. The siege took a great psychological toll on the CIRAP forces, and videos began to surface on al-Jazeera, MEMRI, and other social media circles of Islamist soldiers raiding civilians' homes to steal what food and supplies they could get their hands on. One particularly gruesome clip showed two CIRAP troops breaking into a home, beating a single mother bloody with the stock of an AK-47 while her infant child cried from within its crib, powerless to help its mother, who would eventually die from her wounds. All of these incidents lent a moral authority to the Gulf. While most of the world had never considered the GCC the "good guys," they were certainly better than this monstrous alternative.
With their hearts set on the liberation of their brothers in the faith and their rifles in hand, the Gulf coalition jumped feet first into Hell. They advanced slowly and precariously through the streets of Medina, fighting alley to alley, building to building -- breaking new ground as they fought a modern war in a city that housed almost two million people. Novel tactics were invented on the fly as the coalition armies sought out new ways to protect their armored vehicles from ambushes and keep a keen eye out for snipers hidden away in blown-out shells of buildings. The prevalence of the infantry squad remained at its all-time importance as the ever-changing cityscape required close cooperation by small groups of soldiers in coordination with one another. In the darkest alleys where tanks and vehicles could not fit, it was the infantryman who took the fight to CIRAP and liberated Medina, street by street.
Video footage from the battle made its way to all the regular destinations. Enthusiasts, families, journalists, and military officers alike were witness to the destruction wreaked by the conflict; each had their own reaction and used the footage for their own purposes. While this was not a Western war and most Americans and Europeans kept up with it very little compared to the White Russian War of the early 2020s, the rest of the world watched with wide eyes. A journalist from al-Jazeera, one Ali al-Assad -- of no relation to the President of the Syrian Arab Republic -- had this to say, a message recorded in the midst of a devastating artillery barrage from CIRAP:
"I'm here huddled with a few other journalists and a squad of soldiers in what looks to be a blown out elementary school. The entire building is nearly reduced to rubble; we're only in here because it's the only roof that looked stable enough to withstand a few artillery shells, and even then, you can see that each of us are taking turns praying for our own safety. The fighting here is fierce. I have never in my life seen anything like it, and I pray that no one ever has to witness what I've seen in the past few days. I have seen women and children hiding away, fearing for their lives, refusing to come out even at the call of Saudi and Emirati soldiers. I have seen enough corpses, both civilian and soldier, to fill ten graveyards. I have seen row after row of destroyed buildings, many of which will never be rebuilt. I have seen Hell, and I pray that God wipe from my memory the things I have seen -- things that no man should ever be made to witness."
Eventually, CIRAP was finally pushed out of Medina entirely. However, it was not without cost. The Gulf suffered heavy losses in the fighting, with hundreds of soldiers dying and losing millions and millions in valuable military equipment. They paid a heavy price, but Medina was finally free from the tyranny of the Islamists as one of two holy cities of the Arabian Peninsula was back in Saudi hands.
The Battle of Dammam April 20th, 2028
In the north, Gulf forces prepared for an assault on Dammam, the last stronghold of the PDF in the Arabian Peninsula. Unlike the Battle of Medina, this offensive would be relatively straightforward: the PDF operated mainly out of the countryside and struggled to maintain an effective presence in cities, so little would be needed in the way of a siege or protracted urban combat. The roar of tank columns and jet engines was almost enough to scare the PDF into surrendering; the actual devastation they wrought on the PDF emplacements was more than enough to break them apart. The PDF, a loose organization in the Peninsula, began to crack and tear away at the seams beneath the weight of the Gulf's offensive.
With Dammam secured for the KSA, the PDF's last major stronghold lies within Dhahran. The leader of the PDF in the Arabian Peninsula has sent a correspondence to the President of the UAE and the King of Saudi Arabia stating his intent to begin negotiations; he has made his position clear: the PDF will not surrender unconditionally, but has little desire to continue a war that it has no chance of winning, and is quite open to cutting its losses while it can. The decision now lies in the hands of the GCC on whether or not they will accept his offer or shatter his organization for good.
The Battle of Highway 85 April 21st, 2028
The hydra that is the Islamic State had again reared its ugly head in the Peninsula. Clearly not learning anything from its multitude of past defeats, it established itself in the towns of Hazem and Arar along Highway 85 in the deserts of northeastern Saudi Arabia. With little by way of natural protection and zero local support, the IS forces were left open and vulnerable, and the Gulf coalition knew this, taking advantage of the opportunity for a decisive strike.
The fighting was short and sweet. UAE air crews made short work of weakly-defended emplacements as Emirati and Saudi infantry moved in to secure the areas shortly afterward. The fighting had not even reached the population centers by the time the IS cell had crumbled, and when GCC forces rolled into Arar, they found almost no trace of the Islamic State as they had fled into the desert. While their presence did not evaporate entirely, their central command did, leaving scattered groups in the desert to carry out meager attacks on military police and other open targets.
The Battle of Mecca April 30th, 2028
As one wing of the Gulf's forces raised the Saudi flag over Medina once more, another wing crossed the perilous mountains to the birthplace of the prophet with the goal of liberating the city of Mecca. They had heard of the valiant struggle of their fellow soldiers in Medina and of the heavy price they paid to free the city. However, they were almost all ready to sacrifice their lives to liberate this holy city and return their home to normalcy. Many of them would follow through on that promise in the days ahead.
The Emirati and Saudi military leadership were not fools; they knew that radical Islamists would obviously not let the holiest city in Islam go without a fight. What they didn't expect was just how much of a fight they would put up. With a steady supply of Chinese and Qatari arms -- unbeknownst to the Gulf coalition -- what was once the shell of a guerrilla movement had reorganized itself into a semi-effective fighting force, and in a city as large as Mecca, a semi-effective insurgency force is one to be reckoned with. The story was similar to that of the Battle of Medina, but the resistance was fiercer as CIRAP was on its last legs. The fighters who managed to escape Medina alive had made their way to Mecca, and knowing that Jeddah would fall more easily than Mecca, CIRAP leadership ordered half of its forces on the coast to retreat into Mecca.
The strategic retreat of CIRAP from Jeddah led to an easy capture of the city by Gulf forces. It was becoming increasingly clear that CIRAP knew it would not survive, and that it was at this point merely determined to take down as many infidels as it could bring with it. Its death throes would be explosive; it would not go quietly into the night.
While the Gulf forces managed to encircle the city with relative ease, the siege of Mecca has seen suboptimal results. Suicide bombers, artillery strikes, and hit-and-run missions plague the Gulf supply lines and logistics chains. A host of soldiers equipped with anti-tank missiles and anti-air systems prevent any meaningful penetration of the city's interior. At this point, the Gulf coalition faces a decision: does it continue the siege, leaving the city's inhabitants to suffer as those of Medina did while maintaining the relative safety of its own forces, or does it muster up one final offensive to wipe the Islamists off the face of the earth? Whatever decision is reached will be bloody, and the world will always be left to consider what might have been had they chosen the other option. But such is the way and the cost of war: sacrifices must be made, regardless of the side taken or the outcome reached.
The Battle of Muharraq Island, Part One May 12th, 2028
In Bahrain, the rebels had been reduced to a small strip of land off the coast of greater Bahrain. With an indefensible position in spite of Chinese arms assistance and a disorganized leadership, the GCC set out to cut the head off the rebellious snake before it could do any more damage. In a violation of the Chinese no-fly zone, planes from the UAE took off toward Muharraq Island to assist in the liberation of the area, setting in motion a chain of events that would change the world forever.
Immediately after Chinese radars picked up the signature of Emirati fighters en route to Bahrain, a wing of Chinese H-20 stealth bombers took off toward the two airbases of the UAE. The strike was swift and decisive; the UAE was caught entirely off guard while their best pilots were away and the bases were sufficiently disabled. However, China overlooked two important presences in undertaking this mission. The first was the presence of European Union forces within the UAE airbases, which saw their fighters and equipment destroyed in the attack. The second was the presence of the one nation that could stand against the might of the Dragon.

The Gulf Theater

7And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; 8and the dragon fought and his angels, and prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven... 14And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.
-- Revelation 12:7-8,14
Dragons are proud creatures. They live upon a great hoard of treasure, greedily devouring any wealth they come across while threatening to incinerate any who would dare oppose them. However, their pride is often their undoing -- every dragon knows that one day, they will face a knight who could slay them, but they assure themselves that this knight is not that knight. And today, the Dragon faced this realization.
The honor of the People's Republic of China was stained. The audacity of the Gulf Cooperation Council to place an oil embargo upon it could not go unpunished; despite warnings from the PLA general staff that China was not currently equipped to embark upon a full intervention and a personal ultimatum from President Tom Cotton that he would personally sink a hundred Chinese ships should they be so bold as to even think of standing against America, Premier Xi Jinping ordered the attack to continue. A great Type 002 aircraft carrier flanked by numerous smaller vessels made its way to the Persian Gulf with the intent of enforcing a no-fly zone over Bahrain. They were met by the might of the United States Navy's Fifth Fleet. Time stood still as the two titans stared one another down and dared the other to blink. After an eternity passed within minutes, Admiral Li Jiayi gave the order:
"Advance."
The Battle of the Strait of Hormuz May 14th, 2028
Military strategists and political scientists have long wondered what would happen should the People's Liberation Army Navy and the United States Navy finally meet in combat. But despite this morbid curiosity, it was natural that none of them would ever actually wish for this to come to pass, as it could accompany the destruction of the world as it stands today. However, the world drifts toward entropy, and the fated collision between the two great superpowers that remained after the collapse of Russia had arrived to shake the planet to its core.
China had taken special care to not anger the United States in its mission. Admiral Li had even sent a message to the US Navy that Chinese forces would not interfere with US forces at any point, and insisted that their quarrel was only with the United Arab Emirates. But true to its ever-belligerent nature, it seemed that the United States would not take that as an answer. The moment the Chinese fighters jumped from the deck of the Type 002 carrier, a swarm of United States fighters rose to meet them. And thus begun one of the greatest turkey shoots of modern warfare.
Chinese air doctrine relies on the advantage granted to the PLAAF by fighting on its home turf. The Great Wall of Sand and army of anti-ship and anti-air missile emplacements that exist to defend the Chinese coast are essential to the formation of air strategy by the Chinese general staff; the PLAN is much less comfortable operating outside of its known waters. On the opposite side of this deadly coin, the US 5th Fleet has been operating in the Persian Gulf since the 1980s, making it essentially their home away from home. So when a confident and powerful defender stood against the attacker in waters foreign to them fighting a style of battle unfamiliar to them, it was clear that there could only be one real outcome.
The Battle of the Strait of Hormuz was the largest naval confrontation to happen until that point in the twenty-first century, and was an exemplary statement of American naval dominance. The moment that the F-22 and F-35 fighter jets opened fire on the inferior Chinese J-31s, J-7s, and Q-7s, the American submarine command -- hiding away, unbeknownst to China -- opened fire on the PLAN vessels, along with a swarm of Harpoon anti-ship missiles. While the People's Republic forces were able to land a solid few blows against the Americans, the battle was heavily one-sided and ended with the complete decimation of the PLAN strike force as the last few Chinese captains still floating relayed a message of surrender in desperation. The Dragon had been cast down by the Eagle, which reminded the entire world of its superiority in all aspects of war.
The Battle of Muharraq Island, Part Two May 15th, 2028
With the Chinese strike force obliterated, the United Arab Emirates and Bahraini forces carried out their assault on the rebels, driving them off of the island and into the sea. However, the rebellion itself was far from over. The Gulf coalition did not know it, but in addition to the already-known fact that China was arming the rebels, they had engaged in a moderately effective propaganda campaign, rallying discontents in Bahrain to continue the fight. While the formal rebel army had been effectively scattered, it would be a long time before the small Kingdom would ever return to any semblance of normalcy, if ever.

The Global Theater

8And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
-- Revelation 14:8
The Battle of the Strait of Hormuz -- an event that would soon be renamed to the Hormuz Strait Crisis due to being so one-sided that historians could hardly call it a battle -- marked a turning point in the course of the world as it was known, as a decisive blow was struck against the People's Republic of China, which was thought up to that point to be the premier rising superpower, the chairman of a new world order. In the Gulf, the people rejoiced at the sight of the Americans returning to their posts, heralding them as their saviors from the evil that was China, come to destroy them. In the same vein, a new wave of Sinophobia arose in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the other GCC member states. The "Great Satan" rhetoric that many imams had once applied to the United States of America was now being applied to China, drawing on its mistreatment of Uyghur Muslim minorities within its own borders and its audacity to attack the Arabian Peninsula itself. In their effort to usurp the United States as a global military power, they had mistakenly usurped another title that America once held -- one it was more than happy to give away.
In the United States and Europe, China was now seen in a new light. The United States had never been friendly with China -- especially not President Tom Cotton -- but not since the COVID-19 outbreak had such a pure hatred for the People's Republic run rampant in the country. And this vein of disdain was much, much stronger than that felt in 2020. China had spilled the blood of Americans, and while millions across the country celebrated that America had repaid their black eye with a gunshot to the head, the restless blood of the fallen continued to cry out for vengeance. American boys now lie dead in the Persian Gulf at the hands of the Chinese menace, and that was a transgression that could not be forgiven. President Cotton, once lambasted as a fascist lunatic, has seen his popularity skyrocket. 89% of Americans approve of his handling of the Hormuz Strait Crisis and his popularity within his own party has exploded. The Republican Party has surged with him, with thousands upon thousands of Americans joining the party in excitement after the great victory over China, many of whom would go on to join the Republican Vanguard and sign up to live in Vanguard communities. At the same time, the Democratic minority that was against the intervention were subject to a barrage of criticisms. Hawkish Democrats did their best to distance themselves from the pacifists while Republicans assaulted their rival party with accusations of being spineless cowards who did not have the faith in the American spirit that they had, the faith to trust that the United States military could overcome any opposition and destroy any foe.
The European Union would not be spared the consequences, either. French and British forces were in the UAE airbases destroyed by China; while no European soldiers were killed, European militaries were furious that China would be so bold as to think of damaging their property. At the same time, Europeans were both afraid and angry. They knew that they could not defeat China alone, especially given the United States' shaky relationship with the EU as of late, but the people did demand some kind of retaliation. In a matter of years, the EU-China relationship soured from the point of talks regarding an FTA to the European public demanding that the Union levy some kind of sanctions against the People's Republic.
In Asia, the nations of Japan, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, India, and South Korea breathed a heavy sigh of relief. The annihilation of no small part of the PLA was an embarrassing setback for China, and was practically guaranteed to force them to scale back their military aggression to focus on rebuilding and retraining due to a lack of confidence in their own abilities. Two factions have primarily emerged from this sentiment: those who believe that China is a non-threat and that Asia can now afford to let go of its fear and move past the need to counter China militarily, and those who believe that the time is now to strengthen a unified Asian military front that can match China and ensure that Xi Jinping and his ilk will never disturb their peace again. India, in particular, has fallen victim to the second position, as many in the BJP believe that there is no time like the present to solidify India as a real contender that can stand against China for years to come.
Finally, no nation has felt the impact of the Hormuz Strait Crisis more than China. With the utter failure of the PLAN to break the oil embargo and the collapse of their proxies, it would seem that their efforts of propaganda spreading and cyberattacking the Gulf were extremely effective in creating a disturbance and nuisance that would plague them for years to come, but not effective in forcing the Gulf to lift the embargo, especially with the results of the battle between them and the United States. China's alternative methods to acquire oil were largely failures, and due to this, their strategic reserves are running all but dry. China has been fighting on two fronts for some time now -- in Kazakhstan and in the Gulf -- and this has decimated its supply of oil reserves. The Chinese economy buckles under the weight of the embargo and loss of confidence in the central government as growth slows down to a halt; for a nation like China that is dependent on continued growth, this spells a looming disaster. The PLA has delivered a simple message to the Premier: lift the embargo and let us actually operate in Kazakhstan, or call all of this off and rebuild the country. There is no alternative left.
As predicted, the entire world quakes beneath the footsteps of giants. The Gulf's embargo has not been without its own costs. Oil prices all around the world are skyrocketing as the war takes its toll and the embargo weakens the GCC economies, not even to mention the disruptions caused to the Ruwais Refinery in the UAE by China's digital offensive and the disruptions caused by China's meddling in the global oil market. Furthermore, the strain on China's economy has reduced its ability to act as the world's leading exporter of cheap goods. In an alternate timeline where India, Nigeria, or Brazil may have been in a position to take over this role, this blow to the world market would be lessened, but unfortunately, this is not that reality. The entire global economy buckles under the weight of the clash of titans, and growth is expected to be down across the board as supplies of oil and consumer goods contract, causing price spikes that hammer the average consumer.
The world has changed. And as empires rise and fall, the only true certainty is that in spite of all of our differences -- be they cultural, racial, religious, or other -- is that we live and die as one. And should the world continue to live by the sword, we may soon find ourselves standing face to face with our own destruction.
CASUALTIES: THE HORMUZ STRAIT CRISIS
Side Killed/MIA Wounded Aircraft Ships
United States of America ~340 ~900 4 F-16 fighters, 4 F-15E fighters, 2 F-35 fighters 1 Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, 1 nonspecific supply vessel, 2 Cyclone-class patrol vessels
People's Republic of China ~3,500 ~4,000 26 J-31C carrier fighters, 8 Z-18 medium helicopters, 10 Z-9 utility helicopters, 8 J-7 interceptors, 9 Q-7 attack/strike fighters, 6 H6-Z bombers, 1 Y-8 transport/patrol plane 1 Type 002 aircraft carrier, 5 Type 052C destroyers, 5 Type 054A frigates, 3 Type 093 SSNs, 4 Type 096 SSBN, 1 Type 094 SSGN
CASUALTIES: THE PENINSULAR THEATER
Side Killed/MIA Wounded Aircraft Vehicles
Gulf Coalition (Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Jordan, United Arab Emirates) ~9,000 ~16,000 2 F-16s, 12 attack helicopters, various supply aircraft 180 APCs, 110 IFVs, 160 MBTs, 200 MRAPs, various supply vehicles
Bahraini Rebels ~2,100; wiped out ~1,500 N/A N/A
Islamic State ~1,400; nearly wiped out ~1,000 N/A N/A
Popular Defense Forces ~3,300; nearly exhausted ~2,200 N/A N/A
Council for the Islamic Restoration of the Arabian Peninsula ~6,000 ~14,000 N/A N/A
[M] If there is an issue with casualties please bring it to me as I have no clue how this all works, and will gladly fix any mistakes I made. Hope y'all enjoyed this read; it was very fun to write.
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https://preview.redd.it/nkj55z6qorj51.jpg?width=258&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e7aa4adf8e9dfe22912a4093cd2d3d1441af31b7
submitted by HaulA28Augl to u/HaulA28Augl [link] [comments]


2020.08.26 23:44 Arthanias Bannerlord Early Access - Mainline 1.5.0 & Beta Branch 1.5.1 Patch Notes

Greetings, Peasants.

CURRENT MAINLINE PATCH: e1.5.0

CURRENT BETA BRANCH: 1.5.1

Welcome to the patch thread, we make these threads to save us another pin space for other things.

Taleworlds forum bug reporting thread

Mount and Blade Discord

Link to wiki - Previous patches and threads inside

Main

Versions

Native: e1.5.0
SandboxCore: e1.5.0
Sandbox: e1.5.0
Storymode: e1.5.0
CustomBattle: e1.5.0

Latest Changes:

Fixed a crash at the MP lobby login.
Reverted some save and load-related changes that were causing issues with non-Latin characters.
Gamescom related preparations.
Fixed a load-related issue with the movement tutorial.

Previous Beta Hotfixes:

26/08/20

Leaving a faction while in an army is now fixed.
Fixed a crash that occurred when joining a kingdom as a vassal while being employed as a mercenary for the same kingdom.
Fixed a crash that occurred when Lord Wants Rival Captured quest was cancelled by a declaration of war.
Fixed a bug that caused the total issue count to be less and less over time.
Added meshes for the Highland Mail Shirt and Highland Mail Shoulders.
Clan game map selection list now consists of up-to-date maps.
Fixed an issue with white textures.
Fixed a Save & Load crash related to settlements that do not have an owner.
Fixed a bug that caused notables (mainly village notables) to disappear after some time.
Fixed a bug that caused a settlement ownership kingdom decision to trigger for enemy settlements if they were reclaimed before the vote took place.
Players can now only enter empty settlements if they are owned by their faction: the gate will now be down for enemy settlements, even if they don't have a garrison.
Fixed a bug with neutral heroes trying to create parties.
Fixed a bug in the loading order which led to instability after loading. This should resolve issues with "ghost" armies.

24/08/20

Fixed a crash that occurred while creating village issues.
Fixed an issue that caused the scene snow calculation to be misaligned with the campaign map.
Fixed a crash that occurred when talking to a companion after clearing an alley.
Fixed the swing speed of the Battania Axe.
Fixed a crash that occurred when an army sieges a settlement.
Fixed a crash that happened when the player tried to open the encyclopedia page for "Radagos' Raider.
Fixed a crash that occurred during tournament missions.
Clan tags are not added to player names that already have that tag.
Players can now see the clan leaderboard when they are creating clan games.
Fixed an issue that caused the player to be unable to end battles when enemies were fleeing.
Fixed Vlandia and Empire Heavy Infantry default shields.
Changed Voulgier two-handed Sword Perk to Sword and Shield Perk.
Slightly lowered Voulgier armour.

21/08/20

Clan names with white-spaces in them are now correctly validated.
Fixed a crash occurs when Chaikand is under siege.
Fixed a crash on load screen when there is a corrupt save.
Fixed a crash that occurred while fistfighting in TDM games.

20/08/20

Fixed the missing shader issues. This will fix the long loading screens and eventual freeze and/or crash after it.
Fixed a bug that caused a crash while preparing tooltips for villages in the town management popup.
Fixed the issue with the matchmaker that forced everyone to play on EU servers for a while. Sorry for the inconvenience!
Fixed a bug that caused expand tooltip [ALT] key to not work properly.
Fixed an issue that caused Left Mouse Click to be assigned whenever the player tried to rebind a key.
Fixed an issue with the unverified dll caution popup.
The create a premade game button is now enabled correctly.
Various world map navigation mesh errors have been fixed.
Added the missing loading images of the two new skirmish maps.
Added a deleted Battanian armour and shoulder piece.
Fixed the issue with being able to equip the billhook as a one-handed weapon.
Whitespaces can now be used in clan names.
UI fixes for the clan tab on the multiplayer Lobby.
Fixes and improvements to formation AI behaviours.
Chinese localisation fixes.
Fixed the issue of randomly disconnecting from the lobby while playing multiplayer.

Initial Beta Changelog

Beta

Versions

Native: e1.5.1
SandboxCore: e1.5.1
Sandbox: e1.5.1
Storymode: e1.5.1
CustomBattle: e1.5.1

Singleplayer

Crashes

Two end of battle crashes were fixed.
Fixed an issue with dead agents dropping equipment that was causing the game to crash.
Fixed a crash that occurred after arena practice fights.
Fixed a crash that was caused by garrisons without a bound settlement.
Fixed a crash that occurred due to a dialogue condition in the main storyline.
Fixed a crash that was related to corporal punishment.

Save & Load

Added a notification that informs the player that the game was successfully quicksaved.

Localisation

Updated Chinese translations.
Turkish translation updates.
Minor text and punctuation fixes.

Art

Fixed a visual issue with an Aserai Helmet
Horse_harness_a, horse_harness_roman_b and horse_harness_saxon have been remastered. Brought to your service under the names Saddle of Aeneas, Fortuna's Choice and Celtic Frost.
Added new Battanian chainmail armour.
Fixed some clipping issues on civilian clothes.
Updated some spear fur guard meshes for better aesthetics and optimized crafting spear pieces for future updates.
Fixed a bug where arrows went through some solid pots instead of getting stuck.
Improved on some of the Aserai and Vlandia village scenes.

Animations

Added new death animations for camel riders.

UI

Changes

Added missing troop tier and type icons to the new hideout troop selection popup
The selected skill now stays the same when the current character is changed in character developer screen for easier comparison

Fixes

Fixed a bug that caused a crash while preparing tooltip for villages in the town management popup.
Fixed some localization bugs in the encyclopedia.
Fixed a bug that caused development stats for items to be visible in item tooltip (Culture, StringId).
Fixed a bug that caused selected clan to change in Kingdom clan tab after supporting a clan.
Fixed an issue in character naming that didn't allow for 1 character names in Asian languages.
Fixed an issue that caused the raid icon to become visible in village nameplates when there is a battle happening nearby.

Battles and Sieges

Not being able to defend against ranged attacks when the Auto option was selected for blocking direction has been fixed.
AI will be less cautious while they are besieging settlements so the player has a greater chance to experience defensive sieges by breaking into a castle or town. In previous versions, the AI was giving up the siege in most scenarios when the player joined the defenders because of changed power ratios. Because of this sieges will also be won more frequently by defenders compared to past versions.

Character Development System

We have removed some of the starting equipment that was too strong or too expensive. This will create a more even starting point for each selection.
Added 24 for combat-related perks for Riding. This completes the perks for this skill.
Added 6 new campaign-related throwing perk.

Clan and Party

Starving parties healthy troops will be wounded 50% slower

Armies

AI changes its siege targets less frequently now so they lose less time while travelling from one target to another
Because of some bugs, weak factions were having problems in forming armies. Now they will form armies even if they are weak and they will not simply give up. In rare cases, some factions which have no settlements left will make comebacks by conquering a new settlement.

Kingdoms and Diplomacy

AI clans make their wapeace decisions more cleverly and take into account a broader range of situations. They generally do not want to face more than 1-2 enemies at the same time. So if they have lots of enemies they will try to make peace with some of them. This will reduce wiped out factions because in previous versions some factions were not giving logical decisions at diplomatic votings. Clans which have settlements that border the enemy will want peace more frequently. Similarly, they will not want wars in peace times. Rich kingdoms will not care about paying tribute as much as poor ones. If a faction has fewer men in garrisons or lord parties or if lots of settlements have food problems they will try to end the war with their recent enemies. There will be less snowballing due to all these changes because clans will try to act in the interest of their kingdom.

Settlement Actions (Town, Village, Castle and Hideout)

New "Barber" NPC added to the town centre of every town. For 100 denars, this NPC lets you decide on a new haircut. Depending on the culture of the town, these haircuts and beards can change.

Quests & Issues

Lord Needs Horses

Companions assigned for the alternative solution were not getting quest experience. This is fixed.
Added more detailed quest log entries for Lord Needs Horses quest.
Fixed an issue that caused the party encounter menu to pop up once the player finishes a conversation with the quest giver.
Minor faction leaders can no longer give Lord Needs Horses quest.

Landlord needs Manual Labor

Fixed a bug that allowed players to get infinite relation with the quest giver.
Fixed a bug that caused the counter offer NPC's dialogue to be wrong.
Defender and deserter parties spawned during Extortion by Deserters quest have their cultures set to the quest village's original culture.
Wrong usages of the gold transaction action were fixed in multiple parts of the code. This should fix wrong or missing logs.
Fixed a bug that causes dialogue counts to be wrong in Artisan Can't Sell Products quest.
Fixed a bug that prevents quest NPC's from sheathing their weapons after Family Feud quest fight.
Fixed duplicated persuasion dialogue text in Army of Poacher quest persuasion.
Fixed a bug that blocked quests from being completed with alternative (companion) solutions and made alternative solution companions disappear in some cases.
Fixed a bug that caused a Nearby Bandit Base quest to get stuck when players also had an active Needs Help With Bandits quest.

Conversations & Encounters

An issue with encounter side based logic was fixed. This caused the spawn points of heroes in hostile town and castle conversation missions to be reversed.
Fixed a bug that caused conversation buttons to become unresponsive after a bandit/looter party encounter.

Other

Tournaments will now use blunt weapons. Blunt weapons will make sure these events occur in a more friendly manner.
Fixed a bug that prevented removing corpses while ending a tournament round.
A new menu that notifies players about their situation has been added for cases where the village that they are staying in gets raided by someone else
Improvements for the automatic navmesh creation system were made
Fixed multiple encyclopedia log entries for 2 heroes meeting for the first time
Added a console command to disable day/night cycle.
Fixed a bug related to the atmosphere selection algorithm based on the location of the main map.

Multiplayer

Other - Miscellaneous

A player can from now on report the same player only 3 times per session.

UI

Added missing spear brace icons.

Both

Other

Couched lance and braced spear damages are reduced to a point where they are mainly effective with a high relative speed only.
First-person camera positioning is changed so that the clipping and being able to see the neck part of the body is significantly reduced.

Known Issues

submitted by Arthanias to mountandblade [link] [comments]


2020.08.25 21:27 Generation-Y Rojava Documentaries

I made a list of documentaries focusing on Rojava and Bakur that are either in English or have English subtitles. This list only contains documentaries that are free and available to stream online (mostly links to YouTube and Vimeo). I organised them by release date and roughly divided them into the following categories: Rojava, Women's Movement, International Volunteers, Battle against ISIS, Bakur and Short Docs.
This is a work in progress. I'll add more in the future and try to keep this list up to date.
Hope you enjoy these, and feel free to suggest more in the comments or dm me. Tips are welcome.

Rojava

Since the United States withdrew from northern Syria in October 2019, and the Turkish military operation began, what remains now of Rojava, created in 2014 during the battle of Kobane, won by Kurdish forces at the cost of enormous sacrifices?
What will happen next in northern Syria? All of the parties to the conflict — the Americans, Assad's regime, Russia, Iran and Turkey — have their own agendas for the war-torn region. But what do the Kurds themselves think about their future?
In the ruins of ISIS's caliphate syrian kurds are building a radical experiment in democracy and women’s rights in the old badlands of Islamic State. But as Yaara Bou Melhem reports, it could be crushed in an instant.
The Democratic Federation of Northern Syria, also called Rojava, is passing through a dangerous period. Turkey attacked and occupies Afrin, one of the three Kurdish provinces. The Islamic State is still active. The authorities of the Democratic Federation had talks with the Damascus government on its de facto autonomy, without success, as for now. A film by Chris Den Hond and Mireille Court.
An in-depth look into the inner workings of the commune system in Northeast Syria (Rojava) and how they work in practice to give people direct say over the decisions that affect their lives at the most local level. I also call for people to form communes throughout North America and the world.
This is a 45 minute documentary about the Kurds, Assyrians, Arabs, and Yezidis in Northeast Syria (Rojava) who’ve spent the last 9 years dealing with the uncertainty and precarity we are just now beginning to face, turned to their neighbors to get themselves through civil war and ISIS attacks, and are emerging through it all with a new society that is far more beautiful and far more free than they had before. It’s a story of hope and I think it is very instructive for us about the possibilities that can emerge out of crisis when neighbors “pod up”.
While battling the Islamic state, Kurds and other ethnic groups in Northern Syria are trying to install a political project. They call it the “Democratic Federation of Northern Syria”.
This project is at opposite to the religious project of part of the Syrian opposition, but also to the Arab nationalist project of the Syrian government. And it's also opposed to an independent Kurdistan." We don't want a Kurdistan for Kurds, but a democratic federation for everybody," they say.
From Qamishli to Kobane, from Membij to Raqqa, this story describes the difficult implementation of a new political experience in Syria, despite the obstacles of a the war and a suffocating embargo.
The documentary is telling the Rojava Revolution, with stories of Assyrian, Kurdish, Arabic people. This people are subjected to the ISIS attacks, on the other hand they are trying to build a communal system like democratic autonomy. This struggle is not easy in a region like Syria, where the war continues and showing the effects on people’s life.
“The future of the extraordinary feminist and democratic revolution in Rojava is now in danger. The US has announced it will withdraw its military forces from Syria, with whom the Kurdish forces have been fighting against ISIS. This will be a green light for Erdogan’s Turkey to fulfill its threats to attack Rojava and eradicate its nascent democracy. There’s never been a more important time to support Rojava. This clip from Accidental Anarchist shows why it matters.” - Carne Ross
The documentary The Silent Revolution explains the revolution involving nearly 3 million kurds living in Syria. With the outbreak of the civil war —in the frame of the called ‘Arab Spring'— the Kurds of Syria have taken advantage of the context to fight for their political and cultural recognition and thus end the repression that started more than 50 years ago.

Women's Movement

In October 2019, a rising star of Syrian democratic politics, 34-year-old Hevrin Khalaf, was brutally murdered in the Kurdish-governed north east of the country.
Yalda Hakim travels to Syria to investigate this young woman's killing, her battle for freedom and empowerment, and her colleagues' view that her death was the result of President Trump's withdrawal of support from the Kurds, who have been a key American ally in the defeat of so-called Islamic State.
The Democratic Federation of Northern Syria, also known as Rojava, managed to free itself from Syria in 2011 during the upheaval of war. Since this revolution, won by both men and women, a peaceful society is forming where women have taken up leading roles in government and wider society.
On the front line of the Syrian war, 30-year-old Commander Arian guides a female battalion towards the city of Kobane to release its people from the grip of ISIS in Alba Sotorra’s empowering tale of emancipation and freedom. When the war in Syria broke, a group of women from the Kurdish resistance assembled the YPJ—Women Protection Units. Arian, who witnessed at a young age the nefarious treatment of sexual assault victims, leads the unit and dedicates her life to battling ISIS. As the YPJ inches closer to their target, she implores her comrades to discover the true meaning of their fight: freedom for the next generation of women. With unprecedented access to the commander and her troops, including delicate scenes of her recovering from multiple bullet wounds, Sotorra brilliantly crafts an enthralling portrait of a woman on a mission.
The catastrophic war in Syria has brought about one good thing: the forming of the autonomous region of Rojava is radically changing the position of women in the Middle East. The fascinating story of Jiyan, a female guerrilla fighter who devoted twenty years of her life in the Kurdish militant struggle, reveals women's determination for freedom not only against another oppressive regime, but also against patriarchy.
Kongreya Star is a confederation of women's movements through out the region of Rojava, a predominantly Kurdish area of northern Syria, also referred to as West-Kurdistan. Kongreya Star was founded in 2005 and originally called Yekîtîya Star. Under the fierce oppression of Bashar Al Assad's Ba'th regime, women in towns and villages across the northern areas of Syria began to come together and organise themselves, creating a strong basis for the confederated women's movement. Kongreya Star plays an active role in organising women across all areas of life: education, culture and arts, economics, self-defence, social affairs, problem-solving and justice, politics, local government, ecology, press and media and international relations.
As the forces of ISIS and Assad tear through villages and society in Syria and Northern Iraq, a group of brave and idealistic women are taking up arms against them—and winning inspiring victories. Members of “The Free Women’s Party” come from Paris, Turkish Kurdistan, and other parts of the world. Their dream: To create a Democratic Syria, and a society based on gender equality. Guns in hand, these women are carrying on a movement with roots that run 40 years deep in the Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK) in Turkey. GIRL’S WAR honors the legacy of Sakine Cansiz, co-founder of the PKK who was assassinated in Paris in 2013, and reflects on the sacrifices made by all of the women in the movement, who have endured jail, rape, war, and persecution in their quest to liberate their lives and sisters from male dominance. With scenes of solidarity, strength, and love amongst these brave women soldiers, GIRL'S WAR is a surprising story of Middle Eastern feminism on the front lines.
RTD correspondents received an exclusive permission to spend three weeks in a training camp of the YPJ, the female division of the Kurdish People’s Protection Units fighting ISIS. The town of Serekaniye in Syria is the last major town bordering the “Islamic State”. The mainly Kurdish local population is determined to fight the murderous ISIS and prevent them from entering their town. Among the fighters are young women, who chose to defend themselves and their families from the belligerent invaders.
Deep within Kurdish Syria, the YPJ, made up of local women, are fighting the barbaric ISIS terrorist movement. Tara Brown travels to the war zone to see firsthand just how these extraordinary female fighters are winning the war. They are brave women who have lost family and friends, but won’t let anything weaken their resolve to defeat ISIS.

International Volunteers

The story of Anna Campbell, who travelled to northern Syria in secret in 2017. Just eight months after arriving and with no military background, Anna went to the front line to fight with Kurdish YPJ.
In 2019, Unicorn Riot interviewed three New Yorkers who volunteered to fight alongside the Peoples’ Protection Units (YPG) and Syrian Democratic Forces against ISIS and Turkey. The documentary features their oral accounts overlaid with contributed footage from anonymous sources to bring you a first person point of view of what happened to fighters as they held the front line in defense of Rojava, an autonomous zone in northern Syria. The three men share their perspectives of what they witnessed while playing a small role in the Syrian Civil War as international volunteers for the YPG.
To date at least 20 British nationals, some with no previous experience of combat, have travelled to Syria to fight Isis on the frontline. Eight of these Brits have lost their lives. This film follows the journeys of parents as they investigate why their children went out to join the Kurdish army in their fight against Isis, including visiting the places they died in Syria. What led these young Brits to risk everything, travelling thousands of miles from home to wage war against the world’s most feared terrorist organisation, fighting someone else’s war?
The New International is a biweekly, bilingual show broadcast on Kurdistan's Stêrk TV.
Each episode follows a day in the life of an internationalist revolutionary who has travelled to Rojava, Northern Syria, to work in solidarity with the democratic-confederalist, women-led revolution.
In an eye opening report, journalist Yuri Maldavsky follows an international brigade fighting for the Kurdish cause against Islamic state and subsequently Turkish forces, in besieged Afrin, northern Syria.
Fear Us Women follows Hanna Bohman, a Canadian civilian who has spent the last three years in Syria as a volunteer soldier battling ISIS. As a member of the YPJ, an all-female Kurdish army, Hanna gives an inside look at the brave women fighting for liberation in one of the world's most dangerous countries.
Part One: This 2-part series follows River Hagg as he travels to war-torn Syria, in hopes of documenting stories of the worst humanitarian crisis since WWII. He finds a medical unit of foreign volunteers as they provide aid to civilians, YPG fighters and ISIS. Part two: The volunteers continue to push with the YPG to the ISIS defended city of Manbij, Syria. River hears news from home and plans his exit. The team is granted access to the front lines and they find themselves on dangerous ground, surrounded by ISIS.
The documentary film documents the construction of a new health care center by international volunteers in the city of Kobane (North Syria/Western Kurdistan) that was destroyed by the fascist IS to 80 per cent. 177 brigadists of ICOR from 10 countries constructed the health care center together with local construction workers. With that they set a signal for the return of more than one hundred thousand people to their home city who had fled the city.
VICE journalist, Sebastian Weiss, met up with a German ex-soldier and former Foreign Legionnaire, a 19-year-old Canadian fighter, a mother of four from Poland, an ICOR brigade member, German social workers and a 25-year-old from Saarbrücken, who are deployed under the command of the People’s Protection Units, directly on the front and only 50 kilometers from the IS stronghold, Raqqah.
NAKED TRUTH: ISIS Fighters follows several American and western volunteers embedded with Kurdish militias as they make a push deep into ISIS strongholds, uncovering the brutality of life under the Islamic State.
The foreign Fighters who took part in Syria Civil War subscribe to different Ideologies & come from different countries: from USA, France, Germany, The Netherlands, etc; from a simple farmer to a university scholar; all gathered together in one place, either fighting for ISIS or fighting to defeat ISIS. The Documentary speaks about them, but this time we do not deal with those 25 thousand combatants who fight along with ISIS; rather, we selected those who are fighting against ISIS, along with other eight hundred foreigners, together with the Kurdish forces. They have arrived in Syrian Kurdistan which Kurds call Rojava from all over the world, and are fighting on the front lines under the command of the YPG, the People's Protection Units. Jordan Matson is a former U.S. Army infantryma and one of the first foreign volunteers to fight within the YPG. Matson flew from Chicago to Istanbul and then drove to Diyarbakir in southeast of Turkey. In October 2014, he crossed the border into Syria pretending to be a doctor. Matson currently lives in Sweden with his wife and son, Verdi and Kosta Leonidas Matson.

Battle against ISIS

The road to ISIS’ self-proclaimed capital, Raqqa, has been long and hard. The battle rages in the suburbs of the Syrian city. Improvised explosive devices, suicide bombers, sniper fire and grenade-dropping drones have been deployed by the surrounded terrorists.
This film features the stories of fighters in the Kurdish People Protection Units (YPG), as well as European volunteers who joined them. There are also stories of military hospital staff. Dr. Akhiv, a veteran military doctor considers his work a “sacred calling.” Adham, a frontline nurse, joined the field hospital after his brother was killed fighting ISIS. Sema, a Kurdish female commander, left her family to join the fight. “We’re not fighting for a certain nation. Humanity is what we’re fighting for,” she says.
Some Europeans have joined the YPG as volunteers. Rosa left a mundane life in Sweden to fight for women’s rights in Syria. Robin, a volunteer from Germany, got sick of hearing how “someone should do something about” ISIS after every terrorist attack in Europe. He left his girlfriend and a comfortable life to do something about them himself.
Meet the forces trying to beat Islamic State in Syria. Sky News joins them on the road to Raqqa.
FRANCE 24 reporters Romeo Langlois, Mayssa Awad and Mohammed Hassan were able to gain exclusive access to the fighters of this interethnic coalition that is taking on the IS group "caliphate". They witnessed firsthand the battle to take back the town of Shaddadi. This is their extraordinary 35-minute documentary.
The former EastEnders actor visits Iraq and Syria to follow Kurdish armed forces to the front lines of the ongoing fight against the so-called Islamic State.
If almost everything you had in life was lost, your house was turns to ashes, your neighborhood wiped out and most of your friends and family were killed... what were you doing? Leaving Kobani and Syria in favor of a new promising future in Europe? Or the opposite: Now, more than ever, fight for your land and for what might become a historic opportunity for independent state and freedom, in a place where Assad and ISIS are your immediate neighbors? It is a difficult question and we analyse it in Syria and in Germany. We check it with someone from Kobani who tried to flee - Abdullah Kurdi - who lost his wife and two children while trying to go on a boat and cross the sea from Turkey to Greece, and whose little boy Alan, was drifted to the shores of Turkey and was immortalized by a shocking photo that led to the opening of the gates and the heart of Europe (momentarily) to the refugees from Syria.
My second and longest journey to Kurdish controlled regions of Iraq and Syria. We explore the frontline against ISIS stretching from Shengal (Sinjar) Iraq, all the way to the edge of the Euphrates River in Syria. Without the constraints typical of our mainstream media, this documentary offers a deeply personal and humanizing view of the war.
In March of 2015, I set off to the Kurdistan region of Iraq and Syria to begin a new personal project. In the beginning, I thought perhaps it would be a still photography trip only. But just as I left the door, I decided to grab my GoPro kit in case anything interesting happened and I could just film it myself. This is that footage.
The City That Beat ISIS: For months the Syrian city of Kobani was under siege in a struggle that became emblematic of the international fight back against ISIS. In January 2015, ISIS were driven out - an event that made world headlines.
Few journalists managed to enter Kobani during the siege. But reporter Kiki King and director James Brabazon were there to witness the final week of the battle.
The Kurdish border city of Kobane in Northern Syria has been under siege by Islamic State fighters for more than three months. But Kurdish forces are managing to retain hold of most of the city. As well as keeping IS at bay – they see getting their story out to the rest of the world as a vital part of their mission. An Iranian Kurdish film-maker spent two weeks inside Kobane following the men and women risking their lives to publicise the ongoing battle.
On September 19th, 2014, after 2 months of siege by the Islamic State, the kurds from the city of Kobane, in northern Syria, are forced to flee to Turkey. Two days later, my father and I decide to make a trip to the Turkish-Syrian border to find our family and assist the refugees from my father's city. But what we will find there, at the foot of the border, will surpass any expectations.
In September of 2013, VICE crossed the border into Syria's Kurdish region to document the YPG's counteroffensive against the jihadists, who had struck deep into rural Hassakeh in an attempt to surround and capture Ras al-Ayn. With unparalleled access to the Kurdish and Syrian Christian fighters on the frontlines, we found ourselves witnessing a bitter and almost unreported conflict within the Syrian war, where the Assad regime is a neutral spectator in a life or death struggle between jihadist-led rebels and Kurdish nationalists, pitting village against village and neighbor against neighbor.
Is the Middle East's newest country a territory called "Rojava"? Out of the chaos of Syria's civil war, mainly Kurdish leftists have forged a radical, egalitarian, multi-ethnic mini-state run on communal lines. But with ISIS Jihadists attacking them at every opportunity - especially around the beleaguered city of Kobane, how long can this idealistic social experiment last? Our World has gained exclusive access to Rojava, from the frontlines, to the politicians and refugee camps.
On the frontline with the women taking up arms against Islamic State. These highly effective female fighters are taking on Islamic State forces in northern Iraq and Syria as part of the Kurdish guerrilla army. Through the camera of Israeli filmmaker Itai Anghel, we meet young women giving up any prospect of a normal life to train and fight in tough conditions.

Bakur

Voices of Bakur looks at the Kurdish movement in Bakur, Northern Kurdistan. It focuses on the period of 2015-2016, when more than a dozen Kurdish towns within the southeastern borders of Turkey declared autonomy from the Turkish state.
In the summer of 2015, the Turkish state launched a brutal war against the Kurds who were organizing an assembly based social system founded on the principles of women’s liberation and autonomy. According to the Diyarbakir Human Rights Association, 1,552 people, 320 of them civilians, and 75 of them children, were killed in Turkey between July 2015 and July 2016. The film features interviews shot on the ground with various Kurdish organizers, many who are now facing jail sentences, are already in jail or were killed, about democratic autonomy, women’s liberation, self-defense, and the civil war in southeastern Turkey. It features footage from various news sources, which have now been shut down and banned by the state. Voices of Bakur is an important document of an under-reported popular insurrection for autonomy.
The film was created by Two Rivers and a Valley, a collective of Turkish, Kurdish, European, and US radical filmmakers.
A documentary about the Kurdish Guerrilla fighting for a better future for the Middle East and perhaps the entire world.
A documentary about Kurdish women revolutionary Sakine Cansiz, who was killed in Paris in January 9, 2013. The documentary is about Cansiz's life and her legacy.
25 minutes story about Kurds, Turkey and Erdogan's referendum. Produced by Chris Den Hond and Mireille Court for TeleSur and Tariq Ali's program: "The World Today". April 2017.
Shot in secret, BAKUR: Inside the PKK is the worlds first documentary made with inside access to the Kurdish separatist group, who are considered a terrorist organisation by Turkey, the US and NATO. The result is an inside look at the undeclared war going on in Turkey for decades. This was the first time any film crew had ever accessed these camps.
Kurdistan, which is split over Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Syria, could play a major role in a Middle East that has been torn apart. But who are the Kurds? What influence do they have? And who exactly is Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party?
FRANCE 24 brings you a rare look inside the PKK, the Kurdistan Workers' Party, in the midst of fighting a guerrilla war against the Turkish army and the Islamic State group.
Some, such as the United States and the European Union, see them as terrorists, others as saviours. PKK fighters are waging a war on two fronts, between Turkey and Iraq. FRANCE 24 was able to meet several members of the group in their stronghold of the Qandil Mountains in northern Iraq.
Cizre, extreme south-east of Turkey. On 4 September 2015 a measure of the governor of Sirnak declares a state of emergency, a curfew of 24 hours 24 is imposed on the entire population. No one can leave the house, the hospital is closed as well as all commercial activities. There is no water or electricity, cell phones do not work, Cizre is isolated from the world. It begins the siege. The story of what happened in the 9-day curfew told directly by the people of Cizre. A journey through the streets of the neighborhoods where they are consumed very serious violations of human rights in the attack launched by the Turkish army against men, women and children that caused 28 deaths and over 100 injured.
My name is Kurdistan is the kilometers about a trip that covered three of four pieces by Kurdistan.
A documentary on kurdish kids in southeast turkey growing up surrounded by the violence of the turkish state.
From Boudica of the British Celts to Corporal Klinger, few things unsettle the male mind like a lady in arms. The Kurds of Northern Iraq have long recognized this principle and incorporated it into their quest to build a Kurdish homeland in the overlap between Iraq, Iran, Turkey, and Syria. Fighting alongside their male comrades in a region not exactly known for its progressive stance on women's rights, the female Peshmerga guerillas of the Kurdish Liberation Movement built a reputation for themselves in the 70s and 80s as demure diaboliques with the deadly poise of Leila Khaled or Tania-era Patty Hearst.
As a Kurdish teenager she refused to be given in marriage. Thirty years later Nuriye Kesbir is still fighting, now as a wanted female guerrilla leader. This film is a frank portrait of the background and motives of one of the leaders of the Kurdish resistance movement PKK. Director Wietsma followed Kesbir, warrior name 'Sozdar' (meaning: someone who keeps a promise) on her remarkable journey, beginning in a Dutch prison and ending in the rough mountains of Northern Iraq.
The film is a portrait of Leyla Zana, the first Kurdish deputy woman of the Turkish Parliament elected in 1991, and the «mother» of a whole country torn by a tragic history. A symbol of civic courage, a model of respect for all those who fight against injustice all over the world, the life of Leyla Zana also questions the commitment of a woman and the sacrifice of a mother. Through archives and accounts given by her relatives, the film recalls her development and her fight.
A war of national liberation or a war against terrorism? Film-maker and acclaimed freelance journalist Kevin McKiernan poses this question at the outset of this stirring, provocative film shot in part by legendary cinematographer Haskell Wexler. It's all in how you define "good" and "bad." "Good Kurds" are those in Iraq: they're Saddam Hussein's victims, whom we want to help. "Bad Kurds" are those waging an armed insurrection against Turkey, an American ally: they're at the receiving end of U.S. weaponry. McKiernan went to northern Iraq to cover the revolt against Saddam Hussein. Just a few miles away, no one was covering the hidden war in Turkey. McKiernan determined he would report the story independently. 'Good Kurds, Bad Kurds' brings a sharp clarity to a complex history, while providing disturbing insight into immigration practices and U.S. foreign policy.

Short Docs

Óglaigh Rojava meets three Irishmen who volunteered militarily and civically in the Rojava revolution, in the North of Syria.
In May 2017, Charlie left everything behind to go and fight against ISIS in Rojava, Kurdistan, a Middle Eastern utopia based on the notions of feminism and equality. Charlie recalls what it is like to be at war with ISIS and takes us to an outpost in the battle of Raqqa, ISIS’ capital.
As Charlie re-adapts to ordinary British life, his comrades in Syria are still fighting and paying the price. But if the price is high, so are the stakes.
Documentary on the Turkish invasion of Afrin in Northern Syria in 2018.
Documenting the life of Mehmet Aksoy, a British-Kurdish filmmaker, a leading figure within the UK’s Kurdish community and an activist. Mehmet was tragically killed on 26th September 2017, at the age of 32, while documenting the war between Kurdish forces and ISIS in Raqqa, northern Syria.
The documentary collective "Şopdarên rojê ya çandê" has made a short film about Jinwar, which gives a short introduction on the perspective of the free women's village with very nice shots from the village life.
“We can even say that women are ahead of men. Women lead men.”
Meet the fighters of the YPJ, the Women’s Protection Units in Syria.
“I wanted to believe in something.”
Swedish and American fighters reflect on leaving their homelands to fight the Islamic State.
The People's Protection Units (YPG) was formed underground in 2011 to defend the people of Rojava against attacks from the Syrian Bashar al-Assad regime and other reactionary forces as the war in Syria started.
Today, it is a force of 50,000 people and at the forefront of the revolution in Syria and the region.
Watch this short documentary to learn about the struggle, sacrifices and victories of this amazing force.
Filmed during the battle of Kobani, this film reveals the women at the heart of the fight against IS. With stoical perseverance and the aid of American airstrikes, these women are leading the fight for freedom.
The Sniper of Kobani is a portrait of Haron, a Kurdish fighter who came to the Syrian town of Kobani to end the IS occupation.
This short documentary about the radical democratic experiment in Rojava was made by the New World Summit, an artistic and political organization dedicated to providing “alternative parliaments” to host organizations that currently find themselves excluded from democracy.
The documentary focuses on the ongoing political, military and ideological transformation in Rojava-Northern Syrian Federation.
The report takes us into the new front against ISIS on the Euphrates River in Syria (Rojava for the Kurds). On the east bank of the river the Kurdish guerrilla - YPG. On the west bank - ISIS in the city of Jarabulus . Kurdish women are firing across the river on the positions of ISIS and explain the added value of the women in the battle against Jihadists.
We focus on volunteers who came to Syria to fight alongside YPG against ISIS. Where countries have decided not to intervene on the ground and look away from the atrocities, there are hundreds of individuals who left their comfortable life in the west and came to fight in Syria and Iraq . Here we tell the story of three of them: A doctor from Norway , a teacher from Sweden and an American student.
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2020.08.25 09:56 suramedia Oppressed Countries

We are individualizing as people, as Muslims.We are just self-centered and just think of ourselves and our close circle.We thought the world was permanent.Good , pleasant life has become our only goal.Better houses,better cars,better clothes.Whereas this world, It is a distressed station where we wait to go to our eternal accommodation.Allah(c.c.) didn't tell us that this world is a paradise,win the exam and go to paradise.Let's wake up and come to ourselves.This place is the world, this is where we live short,troubled and finally die.Let's realize our purpose of arrival, what we will do and who we are.We are Muslim and Muslim are brothers,we are the ummah of the Muhammad(sav).the Ummah sent for all humanity and we have duties.
My purpose of writing this book, show to new Muslim generations and worldly Muslims, where their brothers have been raped and persecution, torture.Our heart must be whining! Your sister is being raped ,your brother has been tortured for years.What a pity if you can't empathize! They are persecuted only because they are Muslims, because Islam is right case.If you don't help your brother, Allah(c.c) asks us! Let's come to ourselves! Let's have a noble temper! Let us be a worthy ummah of our prophet(a.s.m.).Let's notice and act before it's late.
Selamun Aleykum
East Turkestan
Uighurs are trying to survive their religious freedom, fearing their lives under years of Chinese occupation.The Chinese government has been implementing an ethnic cleansing policy for Uighurs since 1949, when it dominated East Turkestan and called the region Xinjiang, or "The Won Land".Tens of thousands of East Turkestans have been slaughtered, imprisoned and forced to emigrate since the founding of the People's Republic of China.Our Muslim female brothers were raped.rape was considered normal.Assimilation and repression policies continue continuously in east Turkestan territory where prayer, fasting, free travel, religious education are restricted.
East Turkestan is in the west of China; It is located in the middle of Central Asia. Since it was the center of the Turkish empires and the homeland of the Turks, it was called "Turkistan", which means the homeland of the Turks in the 7th century. In 1949, the Mao administration invaded East Turkistan and changed its name to "Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region".
According to official figures given by Chinese sources, the size of the East Turkestan geography is 1,600,000 km2 and its population is 20 million 500 thousand.However, contrary to the Chinese government, it is claimed that the real surface area of East Turkestan is 1,823,418 km² and the Uighur population is over 40 million.- The Chinese government has adopted its main mission to dissolve uighur and Kazakh Turks, the main element of the region.Population balance in the region has changed significantly as a result of the Chinese administration's "smelting policy".Today, 54% of east Turkestan's population is Uighur and Kazakh Turks, while the rest are Chinese.In 1949, however, the Chinese population was 3%.
In this smelting policy, the elimination of children, seen as surplus while in the womb, stands out as a method.Tens of thousands of women and children die every year because of abortion and forced sterilization practices; pregnant women's wives are dismissed if they are civil servants and are deprived of all social rights. The war against the religion and spiritual values that communist regimes have placed on the target board manifests itself with the most extreme practices in East Turkestan.For example, worship such as prayer, fasting and hajj of employees in government institutions is considered illegal activity.In order to receive any duties or promotions in the state, you must become a member of the Communist Party.Membership in a party in society means having an privilege in all aspects of life.If a member of the Communist Party committed a felony of execution, his sentence could be reduced to life imprisonment.More clearly, the minimum treatment that a person should see is only done to members of the Communist Party.But the cost of being a member of the Communist Party is quite high; Whether a party member is an officer or an ordinary citizen, it is forbidden to believe in religion by party statute.-Students are prohibited from performing religious obligations such as prayer and fasting, whether at school or outside of school.
It is very difficult to give the exact number of clergy killed by Red China in the 60 years that Turkestan lived under occupation.However, 120,000 clerics were known to have been executed between 1949 and 1952 alone.- When we look at historical sources, we see that the number of mosques built in East Turkestan is quite high.Unfortunately, there are very few people who have survived these mosques.Because Red China has implemented policies for mosques to free the people of East Turkestan.Between 1949 and 1979, 29,000 mosques were destroyed in East Turkestan.Undestroyed mosques were used as pigbarns, military barracks, warehouses or cinemas, theatre satison.In East Turkestan, this situation has recovered a little after Mao's death, but he has been prosecuted to this day.For example, since 1997, 1218 mosques have been forcibly closed in the Hoten region alone, and 939 mosques have been razed.- Whether women are civil servants or housewives, it is considered illegal activity to go to the mosque.Those under the age of 18 are also prohibited from entering mosques with students or not!!
It is imperative that the congregation of each mosque perform their prayers in their own mosque.It is considered illegal for someone to go to a mosque in a neighborhood other than a mosque in their neighborhood.Therefore, these people should be punished.It is forbidden to read the adhan with speakers in mosques. It is also forbidden to perform teravih prayers in mosques other than central mosques. In the higher education institutions that teach in Uighur language, it is mandatory for all courses to be Chinese.Lecturers who cannot explain the lessons in Chinese are pressured to evacuate their positions.This law, which aims to exclude those who do not speak Chinese from society, also aims to completely Chineseize future generations by forgetting its identity, nation, independence, religious faith and native language to the people of East Turkestan. In the higher education institutions that teach in Uighur language, it is mandatory for all courses to be Chinese.Lecturers who cannot explain the lessons in Chinese are pressured to evacuate their positions.This law, which aims to exclude those who do not speak Chinese from society, also aims to completely Chineseize future generations by forgetting its identity, nation, independence, religious faith and native language to the people of East Turkestan.
I give you an example of persecution, we are really sad. Forcing Han Chinese and Uighur women to live together, the Chinese Government aims to change the ethnic structure in East Turkestan with systematic rapes. Married women send their husbands to prison and replace them with chinese men.Uighur women are forced to stay in the same house as men from Han Chinese with the disgusting practice called 'Unite and Be A Family'. As a result, they have no choice but to get married.Han Chinese have been raping Uighur women under the name of marriage for years.
Hooray hill for cruels !
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Afghanistan
Afghanistan, one of the poorest countries in the world, has a population of about 30 million.Almost half of this population is children. The whole country is almost Muslim.Twenty-three refugees from every thousand
In 1919, he gained independence from a ostensible British control.A short-lived attempt at democracy ended in a coup in 1973 and a communist counter-coup in 1978.The Soviet Union invaded the country in 1979, triggering a long and destructive war to support the Afghan communist regime, which had difficulty staying in power.Hundreds of thousands of people have been martyred. The USSR withdrew in 1989 after international forces backed up anticommunist mujahideen.A series of civil wars. Afghanistan has rich underground resources that are not yet untouched.There are very rich coal and iron deposits on Afghan soil, which are still dependent on exports in many areas, as well as copper, lead, berilyum and zinc. The country's rich hydro power potential is unavailable due to poverty. and in the target of many countries.The September 11, 2001 attacks have launched a new era for Afghanistan. The United States blamed the al-Qaeda group and its leader Osama Bin Laden for the attack in Afghanistan, asking the Taliban, which ruled the country, to close al-Qaeda bases and hand bin Bin Laden over to the United States. On October 7, 2001, a new war began in Afghanistan when US and British aircraft launched airstrikes against Taliban and al-Qaeda targets after the Taliban rejected the request.The 13-year war has been the scene of major debate and human rights abuses. Afghanistan is a victimand oppressed country where wars, occupations, political turmoil and conflicts never end.In 1979, thousands of people were killed and tortured in the country as a result of the Soviet Union's occupation of the United States and coalition forces in 2001.Millions of them had to migrate to the surrounding countries. The growing poverty, political instability and conflict have plunged Afghanistan into great chaos.This has made it difficult for the lives of the people of the country. Deaths, poverty and substance abuse in Afghanistan, where life and property cannot be ensured, never leave the public.
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Africa
And africa .oppressed continent.Material and spiritual exploitation since it was discovered by civilized states.?! The continent that is not considered human because the skin is black.The history of massacres in Africa begins with the white man set foot in Africa.For the first time in South Africa, Koi Koi natives learn what the massacre is when white upremacists kill more than 100,000 people. The white man also committed one of his massacres in Namibia.Today, German authorities who want to bring up the events of 1915 do not even want to remember the Nama and Herora massacres. Germany occupied Namibia from 1885 to 1915.this invasion of the Germans was neither like the Invasion of the Portuguese nor the British. Instead of an exploitation scheme for dominating or embracing, they chose a model for destruction and carnage. More than 100,000 Nama and Herero women were killed without saying the child was elderly.In the Kalahari desert, the bodies of locals were eaten for days by wild animals like lions. Drinking water was poisoned to kill the surviving locals, their pastures were burned.From 1885 to 1915, the number of locals they killed was over 600,000. Many local women were raped and impregnated in camps that did not end up killing alone.Today, the community, which is referred to as a hybrid, is nothing more than the legacy of these wild German soldiers.
It's been 25 years since the genocide took place in Rwanda.In a hundred days, nearly a million moderate Hutu and Tutsi were brutally killed by Hutu militia.a million human !In particular, the United States and France were able to watch this crimes against humanity.In fact, France has been proven to contribute to genocide.
Everyone heard of the Algerian massacre.
Algeria, which lived peacefully and peacefully under Ottoman rule for many years, was first occupied by France on June 14, 1830. France has started a systematic study in the region and has tried to assimilate the Algerian people with both ethnic and cultural assimilated offices in most parts of Algeria.Arabic and Berber are banned, French have become the only dominant language, and people's freedom of religion is disrupted. The French army has resorted to a brutal path against the Algerian people who want to get rid of colonial rule; The bombings with the air force, the chemical weapons used, the torture scarring people were tried to intimidate.Despite all the practices and massacres, the Algerian people never gave up their struggle for independence. The most horrific massacres were in 1945.He survived the invasion of Nazi Germany in World War II, when Algerian youth fought for France.In exchange for his help to France, Algeria only wanted independence. But France broke its promise.He sent his army to the squares where the celebrations were held. Cities and villages in Sétif and Guelma were bombed, innocent people were shot, thousands of people were slaughtered without the name of women, children, elderly.About 45,000 people whose only crime was to seek independence were brutally murdered.A massacre was carried out by France, particularly in violent clashes between 1954 and 1962, killing 1.5 million Algerians.. What I'm sorry about here is that most Algerian youths now love France .
The official language of 27 of the 54 countries in Africa is French. Almost all countries have been persecuted in Africa. Here are some of the countries whose civilized state is the colonies of France; Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.There are more colonial countries that maybe we do not know.France has become rich here by killing and raping millions, committing torture, genocide.civilization state ! Hooray hell for oppressors !
On the other hand, the states that have been left to poverty , most of whom are Muslims , Somalia Ethiopia Mali Niger Burkina Faso Tanzania and many other states.Tens of millions of brothers and sisters there are starving and in drought.They can't find clean water.They're starving and dying of thirst.Newborn babies and children die due to various diseases due to the higen-free environment.Women make excuses for children every day because there are no food.They boil the stone in the pot(look like soup).Dads work hard all day for 1 cup of water.Our brothers are hungry and thirsty.They don't even have shoes to wear.We are romp from wealth and abundance.We can't give account. And we have to do something for our hungry brothers. Every 1 minute our brother dies of starvation.
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Arakan
Rohingya Muslims are one of the most persecuted ethnic groups in the world, according to United Nations reports.About 3.5 million Rohingya Muslims live worldwide.An estimated 800,000 of them live in their homeland, Arakan, and are still persecuted and tortured. Mynamar's government, which doesn't even take UN officials into the country, is committing genocide against our brothers and sisters.state-sponsored by Buddhist gangs.The Myanmar government's policies, which ignore Rohingya Muslims, attacks by Buddhist gangs, are aimed at extinct muslims from fertile land.Since 1784, Arakan Muslims have been subjected to great persecution on different dates.One of the largest of these took place in March 1942.Buddhist Rakhines attacked Muslims in the village of Çanbilli in the town of Minbya, slaughtering women, men and children in the village with swords and spears.Rakhines brutally murdered women after raping them, looting the area after the massacre.At least 150,000 Arakan Muslims were massacred and villages were looted and razed to the ground in the attacks, which began in the village of Minbya and spread throughout Arakan and lasted nearly 40 days.The last of the Buddhist attacks took place in June 2012, and thousands of Muslims were killed.several Arakan Muslim women were raped by Myanmar soldiers.hundreds of thousands of them have left the country.Almost all the villages are burning.At the moment Arakan Muslims are not considered citizens in Myanmar, they are not even given identities.
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Bosnia
They kill kids with a little bullet, don't they, Mom?
This massacre, carried out on July 11, 1995, is one of the blackest pages in human history.It was the largest massacre in Europe since World War II. 8,372 people died in the massacre.In July 1995, during the Yugoslav civil war, the Serbian army invaded in Srebrenica as part of operation 95 Krivaya. They identified the homes of Muslims, carried out a great massacre.Because at least 8,372 people have been killed by a heavily armed Serbian army in Srebrenica.On that day, .Ratko Miladiç (head of army,murderer) used the following phrases: "Finally, it is time to take revenge on the Turks(Muslims) in this land.".Thousands of people died in the massacre.Thousands of Muslims have been tortured.thousands of women have been raped by Serbian soldiers.Neither the United Nations declared Srebrenica a safe zone nor prevented the military massacre of 600 Dutch Peacekeepers in the city.The United Nations has again been ineffective. Srebrenica massacre and genocide in Europe were engraved in The History of the World.
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Central African Republic
Before the massacre began in 2013, Muslims accounted for 10% of Central Africa's population of 5 million.The total number of Muslims in the country is currently unknown, with even official officials refusing to count the number of Muslims killed.There are people who say we have no Muslim brothers.More than 1 million people left their homes after the events that began in December 2013 in the Central African Republic, where different ethnicities coexist.Thousands of people have been killed.more than 2 million people have become unable to meet their basic needs.As Christian gangs began slaughtering Muslims without saying women, children, elderly, large migrations took place from the country.Gangs called Balaka carried out executions, especially by raiding Muslim villages, mosques and houses.The activities of balaka gangs, which have engaged in inhuman acts such as slitting children's throats, slitting pregnant women's bellies, feeding crocodiles alive, are eyeing the activities of the French in the region.As persecution continues against Muslims in the Central African Republic, hundreds of thousands of Muslims are fighting for their lives in refugee camps in Chad and Cameroon.Almost all of the mosques were destroyed.Most of us don't even know this country.
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Chechnya
The population in Chechnya, under Russian rule, is about 1.5 million.Thousands of Chechens can't go home because they are in life-threatening danger.Some of the countries they have sheltered deport chechens and hand them over to the pro-Russian Chechen government.In December 1940, when Russian troops invaded the territory of Chechnya, the Chechen-Russian War began.and thousands of Chechen mujahideen were killed.After this war ended on August 30, 1996, a cross-party peace agreement was signed on 12 May 1997.Russia again attacked Chechnya in October 1999, violating the agreement.With human rights violations during the war, Russia targeted hospitals, maternity homes, markets, settlements and convoys of refugees until the end of the war.More than 1500 Chechens were arrested, men were tortured by electric currents, looted houses and seriously questioned thousands of Chechens without saying children, women and old men. The part that could never be put in place was to try to make a deaf and mute Chechen speak by making the most severe tortures, especially the electric current.According to the reports of the High Commissioner for Refugees of the United Nations, approximately 500 thousand Chechens became refugees after the 2nd Chechen-Russian War. The Russian army massacred hundreds of thousands of people, tortured them, and raped women,little girls.The war ended in 2009 with the establishment of a pro-Russian Chechen government. And this government is a butler of Russia. The pressure on our Chechen Muslim brothers still continues.
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Egypt
During this time, the Pharaohs, Byzantines, Fatımis, Eyyubis, Mamluks, Ottomans and The British dominated Egypt, which dates back thousands of years.The country, which has a population of about 90 million, is still in a critical position for the Middle East.Ottoman became the focal point because of its position after withdrawing from the country.The February 2011 revolution, which ended the regime of Hosni Mubarak, who ruled the country with corruption and repression for years, was greeted with joy in the entire Islamic world.In the elections after the revolution, Muhammad Mursi, the candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, became the country's first democratically elected president.Mursi's election promised a stable legal process in the country, but the intended failed.First, the constitutional court's decisions made parliament dysfunctional, then the media work, which was funded from abroad with huge sums and constantly deroded Mursi's image in the public way, destabilised the stability.After the july 2013 military coup, peaceful demonstrations by people who opposed this lawlessness in Egypt were severely suppressed, killing thousands of people.and leaving persecution.To break the will of the people and to ensure that he submits, the junta regime, which refers to all kinds of human rights violations, is to make unlawful arrests without saying women, elderly, children; he began to issue harsh sentences and death sentences that were not based on any valid legal practice.and thousands of people were imprisoned.Sisi, who has been in charge of the coup, is supported by the Saudi Arabia, Arab Emirates and the United States.Now our Muslim brothers are under pressure
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Iraq
Having a say over rich oil reserves after the Ottoman collapse was the main policy of Western countries in this region.Clashes, repressions and occupations were not missing in the history of the country, whose borders were set to rulers after World War I.Since 1980, nearly 1.5 million people died in the country, which has been plagued by war, embargo and internal tensions, with the u.S. invasion in 2003.Thousands of people have been tortured unimaginably.thousands of Muslim siblings have given birth to American children.women have been raped in front of their husbands.The war in Iraq has never ended since.Millions of people were displaced and forced to migrate.The U.S. withdrawal in 2011 did not end the conflict and chaos that pushed into the country, and Iran's growing influence on the region has caused confusion.Persecution and torture in Iraq continue as a result of the discriminatory and repressive policies of the governments that came to power in the country.America and Iran still keep our brothers and sisters under pressure.Hooray hell ! for the wrongdoers.
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Kashmir
About 4 million people live in Kashmir territory.Muslims make up 90% of this population.When Kashmir gained independence from Britain's colony in 1947, it remained an unsolvable problem between India and Pakistan since then.India invaded Kashmir. Today, 80% of Kashmir is controlled by India and 20% by Pakistan.To date, serious human rights violations have been carried out in the remaining part of Kashmir in the Indian occupation.There has been severe pressure against the Muslim people of Kashmir who oppose the occupation and seek independence.As a result of these pressures, more than 70,000 Kashmiris have been killed so far, and more than 1.5 million Kashmiris have been displaced.Kashmir remains an unsolvable problem between the two countries, while Muslims continue to live under persecution.Our brothers are under pressure by Indian forces.
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Crimea
In World War II, Crimean Tatars were persecuted and exiled from their homeland by the Russians.Crimea, which has a population of about 2 million, is now a minority of 350,000 Tatar Muslims.Tatars, who began to return to their homeland in the late 1980s with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, have been fighting for 30 years to keep their religion and culture alive in very difficult circumstances .Crimeans , who lived under the flag of Ukraine and lost their grandfathers and fathers in exile, were treated as third-class people since they returned to their homeland.They faced constant pressure and obstacles by disenfranchised religious, cultural and social rights.With Russia annexing Crimea in 2014, the country became a territory affiliated with the Russian Federation.The Russians and Ukrainians living in Crimea see Russia's declaration of Crimea as a new opportunity, while Crimean Tatars, with their population of around 350,000, are trying to maintain their hopes for the future.Tatars, who are forced to choose between Ukraine and Russia, are looking for ways to carry out rights struggles in unity.There are more than 200,000 deaths.Thousands of our brothers were tortured, raped by Russian soldiers.More than 300,000 deportations.there is now a state of repression.
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Moro
Moro Muslims have been fighting for independence against the Philippines for many years, and today it has a population of about 5 million.Moro Muslims, who lived in their own independent states until the 20th century, lost independence in 1946 when the U.S. colonial rule was released to the Philippine government of the region.Until a few years ago, when there were heavy conflicts, millions of people became refugees; In Moro, where he has been subjected to numerous rights violations such as attacks, detentions and torture, more than 120,000 people have been killed in ongoing conflicts between the Philippine state and Moro Muslims for more than 40 years, and 2 million have been forced to live as refugees.The peace process, which began in 2012, hopes to establish bangsamoro autonomous region today.The Bangsamoro, Autonomous Region, which will be established in Mindanao, one of the three main island communities of the Philippine state, is a major gain for the outcome of the struggle of the Moro people.Now the hopes for a lasting peace in the region are much stronger.Allah(c.c.) help them in the resistance of our brothers and sisters. Amin !
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Palestine
And Palestine, the privacy of Muslims.Masjid al Aqsa, our first qibla.Palestine, the holy site of the heavenly religions, is a geography that has been the center of attention of many communities throughout history. The Ottomans protected Palestine for hundreds of years.They knew they couldn't take Palestine as long as it was ottoman.But all the great forces were together with zionists, destroying the Ottoman empire from the inside and outside.the Zionists set up Israel, and became a neighbor to Palestine .In the last century, the Zionist Jewish occupation was the scene of greater atrocities than ever before. Muslims were removed from their homes, displaced, exiled, imprisoned,slaughtered.Thousands of people were killed and tortured.The blockades and massacres committed by the occupying State of Israel to the Muslim people were never over ,ısrael had condone Palestine and attempted to take its land.Thousands of Muslims were killed, especially as a result of air and ground attacks in Gaza.Turning into an open-air prison in Gaza, basic needs such as electricity, food and health are becoming increasingly difficult to address.The persecution of Muslims has been going on for a century..We can't make our voices heard in a collective way by Islamic states. Even some Arab states supported Israel..They invaded They invaded Jerusalem.they invaded our private.we didn't make a sound.We are muted.
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Patani
Patani is one of four administrative districts with Muslim majority, despite being affiliated with the Buddhist rule in Thailand.Malay (Malaysian) Muslims make up about 88% of its population.Although the languages they use are Close to Malaysia in Malaysian and Thai.They're trying to make the world known as South Thailand, not Patani. Since 1909, the Thai government has been trying to change the demographics by bringing Buddhist civilians to Patani continuously.Patani is called "Palestine of South Asia" because the Buddhist government is conducting the same policy as Zionist Israel.The people of Patani, who were constantly attacked by Thai soldiers, are estimated to have killed 20,000 so far.More than 30,000 people have been imprisoned by the Buddhist government.In February 2004, an attack on a mosque was carried out by the invading Thai soldiers and 36 Muslims were killed.Thai soldiers who also intervened in the people who staged the demonstration in order to condemn the massacre also killed 83 more people and arrested more than 200 others.There are checkpoints set up by Thai soldiers in the city, where attacks on civilians by the army have been routinely made.The Buddhist administration, which has repeatedly put pressure on the Muslim people, receives the greatest help from Israel and the United States in preventing patani persecution from the world.Although resistance groups continue to fight against Buddhist persecution, they are unable to achieve victory because they do not receive sufficient support from Muslim countries!
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Syria
Everyone knows the persecution in Syria.
The last eight years of Syria, which has a population of 25 million, have been driven into civil war with the regime's massacres.Minimum 400,000 dead, 7 million refugees.The Syrian people, who have been fighting against persecution, oppression, corruption and poverty for nearly 60 years, are again facing a large mass slaughter today.The civil war, which began in March 2011 and is still ongoing, has killed more than 400,000 people and displaced millions.the country's head killer continues to kill his own people.Regime soldiers tortured all kinds of torture.thousands of people were injured.women were raped in front of their husbands.Increasing the number of people affected by the crisis and continuing to inflict great wounds on the lives of both society and individuals, it is imperative that efforts to solve the problem be increased.Almost half of Syria's population of 25 million is in need of humanitarian assistance.Nearly 7 million people have taken refuge in neighboring countries as refugees.Right now, the regime is still bombing our Muslim brothers and sisters.And Syria is now fragmented . Iran-backed terrorist organizations in Syria.american-backed terrorist organizations.There are activities of a Russian-backed terrorist organization and many states.Russia and Iran(supposedly Muslim country) are the regime's protects.If it wasn't for Turkey, death and persecution would have increased more.
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Uzbekistan
Muslims make up the majority of Uzbekistan's population of 30 million.According to a 2014 report by Human Rights Watch, there are 12,000 detainees in the country for religious reasons, while torture in prisons has become routine.Uzbekistan gained independence on 1 September 1991 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and Islam Karimov took over the country after a controversial election.Kerimov painted a portrait away from his own people and culture in all aspects, arresting thousands of people who opposed him, shutting down dozens of radios, newspapers and televisions.The Kerimov administration, which also prevented the Uzbek people from living freely, closed mosques in the country; He had those who grow beards arrested those who prayed and banned hijabs in public places.Karimov, who is still the country's head of state, continues his repressive and prohibitive stance.In Uzbekistan, which came up again with the news that mass iftars were banned during Ramadan, students were banned from praying at the mosque at all times, especially teravih.It is forbidden to grow beards, teach others the Koran even in their own home, to make pilgrimage to young people, to talk about Islam on the street, to wear Islamic clothes, or even to take religious lessons in schools for men.
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Yemen
In Yemen, where one of the world's worst humanitarian disasters is taking place, 22 million people are in urgent need of humanitarian aid and protection, which account for nearly three-quarters of the population.The United Nations says that every 10 minutes a child under the age of 5 is the victim of a preventable death.Yemen went into a spiral of violence in 2014 when the Shia Husi militia and its allies increased their dominance of the country at gunpoint and coupd against the legitimate government in the capital, Sana.Tensions have escalated in the country since Saudi Arabia and the other Arab-led coalition launched operations against the Houthis in March 2015 to restore the legitimate government.The war in its fourth year has brought Yemen's weak economy and infrastructure to a level of destruction and turned into drama, described by the United Nations (UN) as "the world's greatest humanitarian catastrophe." In the country, women and children are at the top of the vulnerable list.Boys are forcibly armed by groups, while girls are forced into marriage at an early age so they can survive.A quarter of school-age children are deprived of education and nearly 2,500 schools cannot be damaged or educated and most importantly, one mother and one child die every 10 minutes.hundreds of thousands of brothers died.These are our brothers!The persecution here is because of Saudi Arabia and Arab Emirates. What a shame !
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Leaders
And our heads of state
There are many oppressed geographies.There are so many Islamic state.why don't they gather and make a sound! Almost all Muslim countries have unmerited presidents.Most dictators (Muslim Middle East states).Even from the presidents who see themselves as prophets.There's no need to count Arab countries, you know.Corruption exists in all Muslim state rulers.Muslim countries can't be ruled like Muslims because of money and ambition for authority.In my opinion, the our Prophet(sav) informed us with the rulers of the Islamic State at the end times .Please look at t Hadiths in Bukhari.
I think we have entered the end times or we're only a little short time to enter.Let's put on and secure our seat belts(our belief,credo).
Islamopbohia
Islamophobia means hatred, discrimination, hostility and hatred towards Muslims.This idea, which came out as a project in Europe, which sees itself a land of civilization, is directed towards Muslims.Mainly in Europe Australia and America.These hatred acts and discourses against Muslims lead to polarization.Thousands of Muslims are slaughtered, killed.mosques are being burned.books are being burned.Muslims are being insulted.The states are quiet.maybe they like it.but civilized!They're calling the police because he's a Muslim.This idea is increasing and more effectively.hatred and hatred are increasing every day.We as Muslims must stand together, we must look out for each other and tell them islam in a beautiful way.Those who want to wear out Islam by projecting and setting traps do not know this.Islam is the sun.U can't touch it.Allah (c.c) is the most auspicious of the conspirators.
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And as I've stated, my main purpose in writing this book is to open our eyes,especially young and worldly Muslims.I was so upset when I wrote the book.I cried from time to time.Maybe u too while you're reading.I didn’t give much details in this book . I couldn’t.The details are full of sadness.ı give you a painful example.in countries that are persecuted for example Palestine,Iraq ,Syria.The husbands maimed in front of their wives, became unable to do anything.in front of husbands eyes.their wives, daughters, their mothers, they were raped by dozens of oppressors.they got pregnant.I wonder if we can empathize.can we put ourselves in the situation of that husband or woman.we can't stand it!don't forget that woman, husband is our brother.we're still silent!let's act! like a Muslim.
I'd like to point out that they have the most powerful weapons. we have just stone. we won
Best regards,
Selamu aleykum
resources:İHH,İNSAMER,Wikipedia Newspapers:Sabah,Yenişafak,Sözcü,Milli,RushanAbbasYeniçağ,Akit,Ömer Polat ,diyanethaber eyüp demir , ibrahim tığlı ,AAMustafa Efe
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2020.08.20 20:41 Changeling_Wil Greeks are just Baltic people wearing funny hats

Greetings badhistory!
So, long story short I had been discussing hyperborea with a friend. As in 'the classical myth' not the neo-pagan/neo-nazi/neo-fascist insanity.
Afterwards I thought to myself 'I don't actually know that much about how much the ancient Greeks knew about the baltic, I should google it'.
First thing google brings me is a site going on about 'the baltic greeks exposed'. It was wild. Anyway, I think 'oh I could make a badhistory post about this' but now the site doesn't exist/when you try to access it it just wants you to buy the domain.
Thankfully wayback is here to help https://web.archive.org/web/20200305042946/http://siegekultur.biz/the-baltic-greek-expose/
So first things first: They have no footnotes or bibliography. This is a big yikes.
Before I properly start this groundbreaking work off, I should mention that, in order to fully understand it, you should at the very least have a basic understanding of Felice Vinci’s earth shattering book, “The Baltic Origins of Homer’s Epic Tales”.
Now, annoyingly I couldn't find any reviews of this over on jstor so I'm forced to look elsewhere for reviews of the work .http://www.paabo.ca/reviews/BalticHomericVinci.html
But from looking around it seems the work tends to cherry pick and focus on evidence that supports its theory instead of actually judging the evidence and details offered by the source material.
So that's a big yikes there.
Circa 1800 BC, a large group of people from the modern day Baltic Sea, namely the states of Lithuania and Latvia, formed a mighty civilization. While they often fought, their technological advances were amazing. Eventually, the Balts moved southward through the Dnieper river, for reasons unknown. Eventually, they reached the Black Sea and the Aegean sea, forming what would eventually become Greece. They conquered and subjugated the locals, hereafter referred to as ethnic Greeks, and imposed their history on them.
I...is this The Finno-Korean Hyperwar?
I'll admit I'm no scholar of the Baltic in the classical/ancient period but as far as I'm aware, there was no 'grand technologically advanced baltic state' there as much as the Waring baltic tribes with the germanic ones to the west of them? Feel free to correct me.
Also, 1800bc? As in the 18th century BC? Before the Greek Dark Ages and the Dorian invasions? Weird place to put your population movement theory. I'm not sure on the exacts but aren't the Ionians and Aeolians fully moved in by the 16th century BC? Or at least settled there before the Dorians later punt them about.
The stories of the Balts, hereafter referred to as Baltic Greeks, eventually became legend, and the Baltic Greek caste partially forgot their ways, and believed that the stories that had been passed down to them had taken place in the Mediterranean, when they had actually taken place in the Baltic Sea. An author, Homer, eventually wrote these down circa 800 BC, confusing ancient Baltic cities such as Troy for places in the mediterranean, and believing that great Baltic Kings like Agamemnon were Greek. This is where I depart from Felice Vinci. I know that the priest subcaste of the Baltic Greeks never truly forgot their ancestral home. The priests were the last to agree to leave the ancient Baltic land, and their undying dream was to see their new home, Greece, joined in a mighty empire stretching to their ancient home in the Baltics.
Dude. Duuude. Citations. Please.
Like...where are you getting this? At all? You had one (sketchy and not using evidence correctly) book to support your first bit. But where are you getting any evidence for 'they were the last to leave'.
The Baltic Greek priests knew that powerful secrets existed in ancient Hyperborea, which they believed could help them rule the known world. They believed that Hyperborea was located either in the Baltics, or very close by.
I...if they didn't forget their history and used to live there, surely they'd know if it was or wasn't in the baltic?
So, the priests had to bide their time. Decades turned to centuries, and the Baltic Greek priests were still plotting as to how they would regain the Baltics, when a potential puppet came to power in what was now called Macedonia, namely king Amyntas III, in 393 BC. [...]Amyntas III presented a rare opportunity for the Baltic Greek priests: he was a Baltic Greek nationalist, and a strong military leader. [...] they would wait until the time was right, and Amyntas would share the knowledge of the Baltic homeland with his sons. One of them, or one of their descendants, was to retake the Baltics whenever possible.
What can be presented without evidence can be dismissed without evidence.
This being said: No, Amyntas III was not a baltic-greek nationalist. Putting aside the issue of using the term nationalist for classical material...just no. The fuck.
Alexander was taught the Baltic Greek secrets as soon as he could talk, and he made their retaking his life’s goal. However, as Alexander and his father both grew older, they realized their problem: the other Greek states wished to invade Persia, and they would have never supported a seemingly haphazard expedition north, through completely uncharted territory. Alexander, Philip, and the priests were unwilling to tell the other major greek states about the ancient home in the Baltics, if they did, the ancillary Greek states may have attempted to get there first.
'The Greeks wouldn't want to march north if we didn't tell them because they want to invade rich Persia, if we told them they'd ignore persia and march into the frozen north on the off chance the land that clearly wasn't great because we moved from it exists'.
What.
Philip II and Alexander both knew that the earth was round, but were unaware of the circumference of the earth, and they did not know of the large bodies of water and other continents. So, their plan was this: they would form a league, known as the league of Corinth, which was made of many Greek States. They would declare war on the Persian Empire, and defeat them, and would continue with their conquests until they eventually circled around the earth and reached the Baltics.
'People don't want to march far from home into the great unknown. We'll make them march far from home into the great unknown'.
Poison was placed in Alexander’s wine, and he died after 10 days of agony. Alexander’s reported last words were that his empire should go “to the strongest”, but this is not true. His real last words certified that his unborn son should take the throne. The Generals knew that allowing another Baltic Greek from the bloodline of Alexander would be disastrous. So, they themselves took over various parts of Alexander’s empire, knowing that, as seperate states, it’d be harder for the Baltic Greeks to take over all of their land.
If Alexander was poisoned, had fever, drank too much etc is still disputed.
50 years after this, ethnic Greeks in Italy finalized their complete victory over the native Etruscans. They formed a mighty Republic, eventually an empire, that was by and large free of Baltic Greek taint.
I'm sorry when the fuck did Rome become Greek. Rome, the great Latin power. Did this guy just hear that Greeks lived in Magna Gracia and went ham? Are the baltic greeks meant to be the 'proud wise rulers' or an 'evil taint'? Is this fascist doublethink or not? I'm confused.
As you all know, their empire degenerated badly, and eventually a Baltic Greek was allowed to take control of the Roman Empire, a man by the name of Tarasis Kodisa Rousombladadiotes, later to be known as the Emperor Zeno. By this time, almost all Baltic Greeks, who were then and are now about 10% of the total Greek population, knew of the ancient homeland in the Baltics. Under Zeno, the once great empire was Hellenized, and their unspoken goal was to take the Baltics. This was the true goal of what was now called the Byzantine Empire for nearly 1000 years. The Byzantines, however, were constantly rebuffed in their attempts by the heroic efforts of the Bulgarians, Germans, and Persians, among others.
Okay so first off:
Man the Byzantines must have really sucked at reading maps then, huh? Reclaiming north africa, Italy, bits of Spain, fighting off Persians and Turks in Anatolia, trying to keep the bulgarians and Balkans controlled. Not really a path to the baltic.
The only bright spot in Byzantine history, which was full of typical Baltic Greek atrocities and greed, was the Emperor Justinian, the final Ethnic Greek Emperor of Rome. 50 years after the hostile takeover of the Roman Empire by the Baltic Greeks, the Emperor Justinian ceased any foolish attempts to invade the north, instead regaining the Byzantine Empire’s rightful land in the Mediterranean.
...
I'm sorry what? An illyrian who spoke Latin natively is the 'last ethnic greek'?
there was not a single Ethnic Greek crowned Emperor from Justinian’s death in 565, to the final fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453.
I mean... in the sense of 'they're Romans, not Greeks' he's not wrong.
A majorly important event, unbeknownst to the Baltic Greeks at large at the time, occurred in 1230 AD. [...]somehow, this insane priest walked 750 miles north, to Transylvania, which at the time was the home of the heavily Germanic Teutonic Knights.
Andrew II of Hungary expelled them from transylvania in 1225.
He again survived the perilous journey back home, and gave the texts personally to the Byzantine Emperor John III. Emperor John took these texts to his greatest alchemists, but they informed the Emperor that they would take 250 years to decipher.
That's now how translating texts works. That's not how it works at all!
The Empire would not last that long. The Turks from the east slowly but surely took Byzantine land from them, until the Baltic Greeks were left with only the city of Constantinople to call their own.
We just ignoring the Despotate of the Morea here? The one that didn't fall till 1460?
a Baltic Greek defector informed the Ottoman Turkish Emperor Mehmed II of the entire Baltic Greek history, and the maps that were nearly fully deciphered, that would lead to the Byzantines potentially taking over the known world. Mehmed could not allow this, and he decided to attack Constantinople.
Dude, you've made a massive deal about how hard it is to march from Greece to the Baltics. How the hell were the Byzantines going to do that in 1453? With or without maps?
Constantine XI, the final Byzantine emperor, would not allow the loss of the last possible aid for the Baltic Greeks. So, right before the city fell, Constantine left the city under cover of darkness, and fled to a cave, where Baltic Greeks believe he became a Marble Emperor, who will one day, when Greece and the Baltics are under the same Baltic Greek flag, arise and rule the world, providing the needed map to Hyperborea.
That's not how the marble emperor myth works. An angel stole him away and hid him in a cave as a statue till he'll one day return to unite the Greeks.
32 years later, in 1485, Christopher Columbus had an idea. A Baltic Greek himself, the descendant of the still-extant Italian Griko community, he knew that things were desperate. Columbus wished to help his people dominate the world, and he set out to do the only thing he could think of: like Alexander, he would set out to circumnavigate the world, and find a new route to the Baltics. He wished to find a route above Russia, that would lead him straight to the Baltics, which he planned to, at a later date, attempt to capture with a Baltic Greek force.
Man the people in his story really don't know how to go places do they. Does he have the same issue following directions? Does he end up in the bathroom when trying to get to the kitchen?
The Baltic Greeks came to view Columbus as a traitor, and they became stagnant for many years, secretly dominating the culture of other countries such as Italy and Russia, the latter of whom they had spread their Orthodox ‘Religion’ to.
The Rus started to convert to Orthodoxy in the 10th century. Officially. Unofficially it's older.
Also note that we've gone from 'baltic priests keep their old religion alive and it mingles with hellenic' [no shit they're both from indo-european roots] to 'baltic priests made the orthodox church'.
[...]
Sadly, Napoleon was defeated by the crafty tactics of the Baltic Greeks
[Confused British noises]
After 8 long years, the Greek forces had won, and a king was to be chosen. They chose a German, Otto, of House Wittelsbach. Many people then, and to this day, have asked why this was done. It’s obvious when you think about it. If a Baltic Greek was made King, just like the Byzantine emperors many years prior, he would have been obsessed with openly capturing the Baltics, which would have been potentially disastrous to Baltic Greek plans. So, a hapless German Royal was chosen, allowing the Baltic Greeks to operate in the shadows.
...
Honestly I'm expecting them to say that Baltic Greeks are lizardmen.
Otto was related (somewhat) to the Komnenos and Laskaris dynasties via his ancestor John II (John's maternal grandmother's mother's father's mother was Maria Laskarina whose mother was the daughter of Alexios III Angelos whose father was Andronikos Doukas Angelos whose mother was Theodora Komnene who was one of the daughters of Alexios I Komnenos). A Monarchy was decided upon and chosen without the input of Greeks.
[...] side note: similar to jewesses, Baltic Greek girls are trained from birth to use their looks and charms to try and ensnare powerful men in their trap)
Ah, it's a neo-nazi. Gotcha.
The Baltic Greeks also wanted Russia to lose, and they sent their Orthodox Christian lackey Grigori Rasputin to ensure that this would happen.
No conspiracy theory is complete without Rasputin, is it?
The Baltic Greeks would easily be able to dominate Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, as they are taught all three languages surreptitiously by their parents.
Knowing a language doesn't make you king of places. I'm not the bloody king of England just because my parents and schooling system taught me English. If I ran around saying I can dominate a small bit of France because I know some French, they'd call me a loony. Supreme executive power derives from a mandate from the masses not from linguistic expertise.
The Baltic Greeks were soundly defeated by 1922, and the 1,000,000 Greek interlopers in Turkey were finally kicked out for good.
...are we calling 'ethnic cleansing and population transfers' 'cleaning up interlopers' or am I misunderstanding this?
n the Jewish Communist state known as the Soviet Union
Why do these crazy people always end up being Nazis?
His plan was to make the Soviet Union into a death machine
Why hi there black book of communism.
Hitler knew about the Hyperborean magic that Baltic Greek Stalin wished to harness
Are we in an anime now? Is it magic hitler v technocrat mecha Stalin time? Is Cyborg FDR going to fight tentacle-girl Hirohito? Was WW2 a harem anime with Churchill as the star?
1939 came along, and Mussolini, although he was a great man, made a mistake.
'Great man' is a weird way to spell 'fascist that ended up dangling upside down after being torn to pieces by the people'.
That same year, Stalin invaded all three Baltic States, and the ancient Baltic Satellite state of Finland.
The fins aren't baltic and we're ignoring the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact now?
Hitler’s attack on the Soviet Union seemed bound for success, and he soon took back the Baltics, and appointed Alfred Rosenberg to lead them. But, there was a menace far to the west: Franklin D. Roosevelt, himself a Baltic Greek
...
He sided with the Baltic Greeks Stalin and Roosevelt. Initially, he wished for peace after the German victory in France, but Stalin and Roosevelt blackmailed him with secrets involving his various affairs, and he was forced to stay in the war.
You're confusing Churchill with Halifax.
Enver Hoxha, the Heroic head of Albania, knew about the Baltic Greek menace. He split with the USSR when he found out about it, and afterwards he opposed them at every turn.
This guy is both pro Hoxha and pro-hitler.
I don't get it.
But they are still used. Young Albanian teens use them to make love in, often resulting in pregnancy. Hoxha’s spirit sees this, and smiles at the copulating couples, knowing that his dream is still alive, and that the great Albanian race will continue to exist.
Wait, it was Albanian nationalism all along?
As you may see, the Albanians are possibly the last great hope for us all. Someday, I hope to live there in peace, after my victory against the Baltic Greeks. That day may never come, but it is my dream, my desire, my very essence lives in Albania. [...] I have recently acquired a gorgeous Albanian bride, and she is currently pregnant with my first Albanian Son, who I shall name Adolf Enver. I have acquired multiple shirts with the Albanian flag on them, and I shall wear them exclusively until my last day.
Oh, so he's not even Albanian.
Also 'acquired' by the emperor they're your spouse not a potted plant.
Some of you may ask if my motto is still “88”, for Heil Hitler. The answer is yes and no. To me, 88 is still my motto, but it stands for something else: still H and H, but now it is Hitler and Hoxha.
I...what?
Hitlerism with albanian characteristics? We must secure bunkers for the race to continue?
Baltic Greeks by and large blend in with the average Greek population, yet they are generally less Swarthy. There are two major strains of Baltic Greeks, the Latvian Baltic Greeks, and the Lithuanian Baltic Greeks.
Breaking news! Estonia doesn't real.
Just...what.
Bibliography
submitted by Changeling_Wil to badhistory [link] [comments]


2020.08.15 19:43 classyybougieratchet AMA: I am an AA female in my 20s with scarring alopecia (CCCA). Three weeks ago, I received a partial HT in Istanbul, Turkey.

I answered questions I think people might have below. Please feel free to ask me additional questions! Sorry for any typos!
I should be clear — I am a cis-female. Meaning I was born a female. Happy reading!
Diagnosis: My official diagnosis is scarring alopecia (also known as Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia or CCCA). Essentially, a bald spot starts in the crown and spreads outward. For me, it’s mostly impacted my crown and front portion of my hair. I’ve had it for 10+ years.
What causes scarring alopecia/CCCA? Studies are still being done about this. All I know is that it's an autoimmune disorder. Basically, my body attacks my hair follicles because it believes it's hurting me.
At what age did you notice the balding? I noticed it at around 12. It started as a small spot in the center of my head. No bigger than 0.5 inch. This was in the early 2000s so doctors were unsure of what to do. My first dermatologist took a biopsy and told me there were no hairs visible. I don't remember getting a prescription for anything.
When were you officially diagnosed with CCCA? When I was in my mid 20s. I saw probably 10 doctors in the span of 10+ years. Other doctors told me it was alopecia areata, but turns out, it wasn't!
Okay, but I heard that "ethnic hairstyles" can contribute to CCCA. Did you do any of those hairstyles growing up? I never braided my hair until I was around 20 -- at which point, I started getting weaves to hide my CCCA. However, my mom did perm my hair regularly since I was... (hold your gasp)... 2-3 years old. Her rationale was that I had "too much hair" and would "cry" when she combed it. SMH! She understands how dangerous it was -- now. My mother is from a Caribbean country.... Hispanic. If you know, you know.
Can you quantify the amount of hair loss you had at the point right before the procedure? I would say I had about 50-55% hair loss at the time of my HT.
When was the last time you noticed "new" hair loss? Probably 4 years ago. I noticed the hair in the front of my head was thinning. Before that, it was just my crown that suffered from it.
How did you style you hair after your CCCA continued to progress? As I said above, I wore weaves, but then I stopped because my head is super sensitive. Luckily, wigs have been looking better and better, so I stick to that now. Glueless ones. Also, I am able (at least before I shaved my head) to tie my natural hair in a bun, which is pretty incredible given my hair loss. You can't tell I have CCCA when I do that. Baby hairs laid and everything! I watched Youtube tutorials and it showed me how to create hair ties that had curly hair on it. Then I tie those to my bun. It sounds complicated, but it definitely helped provide an illusion.
Why HT vs. other treatment? It was recommended to me by my last dermatologist. I went to him to try more steroid shots. I had literally tried everything. He's the one who told me I had CCCA and not alopecia areata. He recommended that I look into a HT, which had never crossed my mind before. There was also the fact that I was/am young. That being said, some doctors are reluctant when it comes to performing a HT on someone with CCCA, but luckily there are a few that think it’s worth a try. There are studies that show someone with CCCA can experience positive results from a HT. One of those doctors that thought it was worth a shot -- was in New York.
Well, that sounds pretty risky. Can it awaken your CCCA? Maybe, but I literally have nothing to lose. I am so used to wigs. I'd be okay! I had to at least try.
So you just jumped into the HT? Nope, I knew it was risky given my case so I opted to get a “test site” done in NY. The implants were placed in my crown... the test site itself was the size of a nickel, at best. The doctor used the FUT method — which is arguably better for “afro-curly”’hair. With FUT, you have to get stitches. That was the painful part of the procedure. Nothing else hurt -- not the implants, etc. After about three months, I saw growth — I couldn’t believe it.
What was the cost of the "test site" via FUT in NY? About $1,400.
How long did it take? Maybe 2 hours max.
*I highly recommend doing a test site if you’re unsure as to whether it will work*
Why did you get the HT in Turkey vs. NY? Mainly pricing. In NY, the doctor wanted to charge me around $20K to do "as much as could be done." I can afford NY prices, but given that my condition can really be a hit or miss, I didn't want to spend $20K and be pissed if it didn't work. Then COVID hit. I had too much time on my hands and it led me to researching getting a HT elsewhere. I decided on Turkey after reading it was the HT capital of the world.
What clinic did you select and how much did you pay? I went to (name taken out — don’t want it to look like an ad.... message me if you want to know) and I paid around 2,130 euros for ~2800 grafts. This price included transportation (roundtrip from airport to hotel and from hotel to clinic and back for each appointment -- also, the van has wifi!), 5 days & 4 nights at a 4 star hotel near the clinic, and of course the procedure itself.
There are so many clinics in Turkey... so why did you choose your clinic? Again, some doctors are reluctant to work on people with CCCA. Others are reluctant to work with people who have "afro-curly" hair. I was deciding between a few clinics, but aside from looking at before/after pictures & testimonials, this clinic just gave me the best vibe overall. The people I was in contact with were just super amicable and gregarious.
Why did you get a partial HT and not a full HT? I didn't have enough hair to get a full HT. The doctor wanted to take hair from the back of my head only -- vs. any that was in the front because the front has been thinning, but the back has been pretty solid. So look at it this way: my donor area (just the back of my head) accounts for ~40-45% of my hair. If I have 50-55% hair loss, it's impossible to cover all of that with my donor area.
So will you go back to finish it or at least make it fuller? It all depends on the results from this HT!
Was the procedure painful? The most painful part was the local anesthetic (numbing you for the procedure). The best way to describe it is... it feels like someone is snapping a rubber band against the your head like 30 times. The actual retrieval from the donor area and implanting the hair did not hurt — not even after the procedure! Not an hour after, not days after. Because I had done this in NY, I already knew what to expect. The other painful part is laying down for hours!!!! OMG. My back was killing me! They injected pain killers into the thing in my arm during the implantation part -- pretty sure, everyone gets this as a precautionary measure.
What other medication did you get? I got pain killers (didn't take it at all), anti-inflammatory, and something to prevent infection. I took them for about 7 days. One of them taste like CRAP -- dissolves in your mouth quickly, so just FYI. LOL.
What time was your procedure? I was picked up from my hotel at 7:30AM. The clinic is less than 5 minutes away. I did some paperwork, etc. and the procedure (including numbing) started at 9AM.
Can you explain a little bit more about what happened between 7:30AM and 9AM? I talked to the intake person (who gave me a goodie bag, post-care instructions, etc.) and then saw the doctor at around 7:45AM. It wasn't Dr. XXX who is on all the promotional materials (but I met him later on and he was super nice). This doc took a look at my head -- and of course, this is the first time ever. He drew on it with marker and asked me where I wanted the hair placed since I could only get a partial HT on this trip. At 8:30AM, I paid for the procedure with credit card and had to walk to a different part of the building to do that. At 8:45AM, I got my room, they shaved my head, and I changed into a gown. Under the gown, I kept on my pants, but on the top, I could only keep on my bra. They gave me a blanket during the procedure because it was cold.
Did you get FUT or FUE in Turkey? I got FUE. That is the newest technology and doesn't require stitches, unlike FUT. There is debate about whether FUT is better for "afro-curly" hair, but back in NY when I did my test site, the assistant (who had 10+ years of experience) told the doctor that I was an excellent candidate for FUE, but my the doctor still wanted to do FUT.
Who performs the procedure in Turkey? The assistants. They may be nurses... I am unsure. The two male doctors checked in a few times. I do not believe that any doctor actually did any part of my procedure... maybe the cutting of the slits to place the implants? I’m not sure. Remember, you’re laying down the entire time (my eyes were covered or closed). I could only listen for voices, which were in Turkish.
In NY, did the doctor perform your procedure? Nope, the assistant did (who had about 10+ years of experience and was such a gem). My doctor only cut the slits in my head for the implants, so when I was looking at clinics in Turkey, I was not expecting the doctor to do the procedure.
Okay, back to Turkey! How long did the procedure take ? The extraction from the donor area took about 2.5 hours. The implantation took about 4-4.5 hours. Disclaimer: The doctor and staff said it's because of my "afro-curly" hair and that for straight hair, it takes less time.
Did you have a bathroom break? Yes, a 5 minute break during the extraction and same during implantation. I asked! I wasn’t afraid to. If you gotta go, you gotta go. Plus, like I said before, my back was killing me.
What does the procedure room look like? It looks like a private hospital room. There is a private bathroom inside. A bed in the center. A side table.
When and where did you eat lunch? What did you have? I ate when they finished extracting the hairs from my donor area. Lunch was about 15 minutes at the side table I mentioned above -- and delivered to the room. It was a simple sandwich and a juice box. The juice was good lol.
Why did you stay for 5 days and 4 nights? Isn't the typical stay 3 days and 2 nights? I flew in from NY. I didn’t want to leave so quickly... I mean the flight alone is ~10 hours! Plus, I was able to stretch out my appointments. I had my blood drawn on Day 1 (day I arrived). I had the procedure on Day 2. Bandage removal on Day 3. First hair wash on Day 4. Airport on Day 5. No rushing :)
Were there other people getting HTs at the same time? I would assume so, but not in the same room as me. I saw a handful of people in the waiting area with bandages, etc. Sometimes, I shared a ride with them to the hotel. On the way to the airport for departure, there were 3 other people with me.
More men than women? Definitely. . I’m pretty sure I was the only woman there for that week. One patient asked to take pictures of my head because he was fascinated that a woman was getting this done.
Do they shave your head before the procedure? Yes. There was an option to keep some of my donor hair, but it just didn't make sense to me. I think because of my "afro-curly" hair it would have made it harder for them, so I was happy to shave it. It felt so freeing.
What is sleep like with the bandages and just post surgery generally? The first night after the procedure was uncomfortable. I could hear my head leaking into the bandages LOL. It's just a nasty feeling. It was the saline or whatever they used leaking -- not blood, by the way. They give you a cover for your pillow so you don't leak on it. You have to sleep upright for the first few nights and use the neck pillow. Again, super uncomfortable.
At the airport, did you have to expose your head? I wore a scarf on my head... think: bandana. I was not asked to take it off. Honestly, it wouldn’t matter though. You’ll never see the airport people ever again anyways!
So, they do your first wash. What's hair washing like after that? Well, after the first hair wash, which is always 48 hours after your procedure, you have to wash your hair daily for the next 10 days. They give you a special lotion and shampoo. They also give you a spray bottle because they don't want you standing under a shower head. It would be too much pressure on your head. You put the lotion on for however many minutes it says (I think it's 20 minutes). Spray it off (in the direction of your hair growth pattern). You put the shampoo on for ~5 minutes. Spray it off in the same manner. Done!
Okay so what's next after the 10 days of solo washing your hair? Then you have to make sure the crust is off your head. Yup, your head will get scabby! It's nasty, but hey, they cut slits in your head so it's expected. You can lightly just tap it off with your hand. It looks like dandruff is falling. This is from Day 11-14, I believe. Make sure it's all off by Day 14. After that, back to regular hair washing with whatever products you normally use. No more spray bottle.
Does your donor area get irritated? For sure. My donor area was super raw afterwards! I put the special lotion on it to soothe it (yes, you can also use it for that, and not just before the shower). I also started breaking out a bit -- yes, like pimples. It's much better now though.
Did you experience any swelling? Yup, ON MY FACE, three days after the procedure. It was from all of the fluids they injected in me, but it was weird to look at. It took about four days to go back to normal.
Did you wear a headband on your head to help with the swelling? Oddly enough, I didn't get a headband in my goodie bag. I think they forgot to give me one, but when I asked (I was on the way to the airport) they said it's because of the location of my implant. Don't know if that's necessarily true though or if they just felt bad for forgetting lol.
Did anyone accompany you on the trip? Nope!
What was it like traveling during COVID? It wasn't too bad. I did have to do a temperature check on my way to Turkey. Seating on planes vary -- some flights have you skip the middle seat -- other's don't.
What was it like getting the procedure itself during COVID? It was fine. I kept my mask on during the procedure.
Does the hotel have measures in place for COVID? Yes, you must have your temperature checked every time you enter the hotel.
Do you have to do anything after surgery to stimulate hair growth? They provide you with a list of recommended medication (hair growth ones), but PRP treatment is also on the list. PRP treatment is when they take your blood and inject it into your head to help with hair growth. I actually had PRP performed as part of my procedure at the clinic before implantation. I think everyone does.
Why PRP over medication? I just did not want to take medication. I already take meds for other stuff, so didn't want to add to it. I googled numerous before and after pictures from reputable sources in the U.S. and I am pleased with the potential results of PRP.
When should you start the PRP treatment? You can start the PRP treatment one month after your procedure date.
How often do you have to get PRP treatment? Once a month for the first 3 months. Then, once every 4-6 months after that. I'm unsure if I’ll go beyond a year. It depends on what my dermatologist recommends.
What is the cost of PRP treatment per session in the U.S.? It’s about $400-$800/session! I would say more so closer to $800. Yup, definitely more expensive than medication, but I just wanted a more natural remedy.
What was the hotel like? It was nice and clean. I felt super safe. It was actually a short walk to the clinic, but the driver always picks you up. There's a mall across the street and they have Krispy Kreme which is super delicious! Also, they have room service, so I spent the majority of my time in the room and ordered that way. My room service bill was 114 euros.... I ate probably 3 meals a day for the 5 days I was there (including steak a few times), so definitely inexpensive.
I want to experience some relaxation. Is it possible to get a massage? Yes! I got one at the hotel spa. It was amazing. It cost about 60 euros for 90 minutes and they knew I had just had the procedure so they were careful not to bump or touch my head.
​
​
*OKAY -- Please feel free to ask me anything! But, make sure no one has already asked it.
Also, I’ll be sure to post photo updates of my HT results and PRP results. I truly hope this can be a resource for anyone who wants a HT, people of AA descent thinking of getting one, and women with scarring alopecia who are considering it. When I was planning on getting my procedure, there wasn't a lot to go on -- as far as AA women getting the procedure. I will keep everyone updated!
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Progress Pictures.
\**DISCLAIMER: I'm noticing the quality of the pictures look mediocre one uploaded through* ***IMGUR. I will try and remedy this....***\
TURKEY
Before Surgery
With Hair
*Sorry! I have no pictures with my head fully shaved right before surgery :(
Post Surgery
1 MONTH UPDATE collage FRONT: https://ibb.co/M7sm10H RIGHT: https://ibb.co/HtWFHHZ LEFT: https://ibb.co/9qvy0fx BACK: https://ibb.co/RNJBFfR
I have experienced breakouts in my donor area.
2 months (Mid-Sept): https://ibb.co/vV4DnP3
3 months (Mid-Oct):
(Planning to go to 1 year mark!)
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PRP Treatment
1 Month (coming mid-late September!):
2 Months:
3 Months:
submitted by classyybougieratchet to tressless [link] [comments]


2020.08.13 16:17 JTarrou The Great Siege, Malta, 1565 #5

Unknown to either Valette or Mustafa at the time, the day St. Elmo fell, several ships containing reinforcements had come to the island. The commander was under orders from Don Garcia to reconnoiter the situation and not to land if St. Elmo had fallen. Aboard was forty-odd members of the Order of St. John, another fifty or so “gentlemen adventurers” from across Europe, and six hundred Spanish infantry. One of the Knights was sent ashore and he quickly learned that St. Elmo had fallen merely hours before. He returned to the ships, told the commander that everything was kosher, and the troops unloaded. The galleys returned to Sicily blissfully unaware they'd been tricked, and the men of the “Piccolo Soccorso”, the “Little Relief”, holding to lesser trails and traveling at night, skirted the besieging army and slipped into Birgu a couple nights later.

Meanwhile, the defenders had almost two week's respite as all the massive earthworks and artillery batteries so carefully arranged by Dragut were torn down or re-positioned to now face the twin towns. The entire peninsula of Mount Scibberas was now a bank of cannon firing at their defenses. And as the defenders watched these preparations, they saw something else on the heights of the mountain. The prows of ships began cresting the ridge, and then slowly sliding down the slopes into the far end of the Grand Harbor. Mustafa was having Piali's ships dragged on rollers overland from the Marsamuscetto to the protected inlets behind the Corradino. The guns of St. Angelo still blocked the entrance to the harbor, so he simply entered the harbor from the rear. Valette did not waste his time. All private food was confiscated (paid for, but confiscated nonetheless), and all dogs were killed (they spread disease, barked incessantly, and crucially, consumed precious food). Even Valette's own hunting hounds were destroyed. A new system of defenses was begun along the harbor-side of Senglea, basically a series of enormous stakes arranged not so differently from anti-tank obstacles, all chained together in the water off the shore. This was meant to keep the Turks from running their landing boats right up to the shore, at least. A deserter from the Ottoman army, a high ranking one named Lascaris (a Greek nobleman) had brought news that the coming attacks would focus on Senglea, and would include amphibious landings. This man, having fought at St. Elmo, was apparently so overcome with admiration for the defenders of that fort that he “reproached himself for fighting with the barbarians, and returned to the faith of his fathers”. Previously having been a member of the war council, he had detailed information about much of the Ottoman dispositions, invaluable to the defenders.
It is now that we take one of my patented rabbit trails to talk for a moment about the native Maltese. They are criminally underreported on in this story, and the primary sources are simply too thin to make a solid narrative of them. But they more than anyone bore the suffering, hardship and cost of this grand battle. We get tied up in the named men, the generals and the nobles, the sort of guys who got their name in the paper, so to speak. We get precious little about the men who, for instance, swam the harbor and dragged Lascaris' unable-to-swim ass back to the garrison. Every time I write something like “Valette sent word”, what that meant is that some crazy Maltese took a message, swam through a naval blockade, under the cannon of the besiegers, slipped through enemy lines, stole a boat, ran the blockade again to Gozo, and hopped a larger ship to Sicily. There is no record of a message failing to get through. At a time when the ability to swim was rare, the Maltese were born to it. Descended originally from Phoenicians, by this time with a mix of a thousand other nationalities, they spoke an Arabic-based language but considered themselves some of the first christians. Short, brown, barrel-chested, anyone who has seen a mediterranean fishing village has seen their type. We get a few Hispanicized names down through the years, most notably a local folk hero named Toni Bajada, a Robin-Hood-ish figure, a famous scout, messenger and peacetime bandit whose intimate knowledge of the island helped him guide many of the cavalry raids. We do not know much about the mass of the common people. I will write as best I can the story of the siege, and that involves the names and dates that come down to us. But the honor of Malta goes not to the professional soldiers, not to the monk-pirates, not to the generals. It goes to the mostly-untrained fishermen, the mad, brave, resourceful natives of the island who time and again came through when crack troops failed, when the high-born deserted. It was their faith, toughness and skill that made everything else possible. They came from common lives, did immense deeds, and then slipped back between the lines of history to their fishing boats, (what remained of) their families, many no doubt bearing the scars and maimings of this vast struggle for the rest of their lives. We shall make do, but I will have failed in this story if you, the reader, do not read “and a whole bunch of local Maltese” into everything I have the leaders doing. Broglio did not stem the penultimate assault at Ft. St. Elmo, he lead a charge of mostly Maltese militia that flung the pride of the Ottomans back from the breach on the 22nd. We are talking about bit players, these long-forgotten people are the protagonists of the real story.
Back at the siege, Mustafa did not fail to notice the new obstacles to his planned amphibious assault. He sent out a request for soldiers who could swim (as I said, this was rare at the time, but he had a lot of men). These were mustered on the shore of the Corradino just across the inlet from Senglea. Armed with axes and hatchets, they swam the couple hundred yards to the obstacles and began to dismantle them. Seeing this, the alarm went up inside the town, and a mob of Maltese climbed down the walls, lept from the rocky shore and with daggers and short swords in their teeth, swam to meet the Turks. This may be the strangest and least bloody of all the conflicts on the island, only a few people were killed that day, but the end of the swimming battle saw the Turks driven off with a couple losses, and the defenders managing to repair what damage had been done to their new palisade. A new plan was devised. Under cover of darkness, the Ottomans attached large ship's cables to the massive chain running through the palisade, ran these lines back to capstans installed on dry land, and hundreds of slaves began to wind the cables up, dragging the obstacles out of the water. Once again, this plan was thwarted by the locals, who swam out to the palisade (this time without opposition) and chopped the cables free.
Mustafa had seen enough, and he was now under pressure from a new arrival. Hassem, the governor of Algiers had arrived with fresh troops (we are not sure how many, but it was substantial). Hassem was son-in-law to the recently deceased Dragut, and inspecting the defenses, his read was much as the original spies. He didn't understand what was taking so long. He and his lieutenant, Candelissa, apparently talked some shit in the camp and volunteered to do the amphibious assault themselves. Mustafa was happy to let these ignorant youngsters get a taste of what he'd been dealing with for over a month. The Algerians were given the water assault portion of the plan. Our information here is excellent, as Balbi, one of our chroniclers, was posted to Senglea and watched all this from the bastion. On the 15th of July, the first major assault of the towns began. Hassem's Algerians, with Candelissa in the van, launched their boats from the Corradino toward Senglea. They, of course, were soon entangled in the palisade, but they poured out of their boats, swam or thrashed their way ashore, and laid their ladders against the bastion itself. Needless to say, this was all a slow process, and one which the defenders did not neglect to make them pay for. Artillery blew great holes in the mass of men, while the musketry and incendiaries did their work. But the Algerians were fresh, rested, and confident. They scaled the walls in the face of terrifying casualties and took the battle to the defenders. They soon had a beachhead on the walls themselves. It was at this critical moment that a powder magazine inside Senglea was ignited by a spark, blowing a huge breach in the outer walls at the worst possible time for the defenders. Shocked by the explosion, with their defenses in disarray and the north africans continuing to land, the defenders began to fall back. Valette's foresight now bore fruit. In addition to the palisade, he had also ordered a pontoon bridge built across the creek between Birgu and Senglea. Seeing the enemy banners waving on the far walls of the opposite town, he dispatched his reserves to stanch the wound. Hassem's men were thrown back, out of Senglea, off the walls, into the water. The defenders left the walls and chased them into the shallows, where the fleeing men were hacked apart by the hundreds. But even as this happened, the second part of Mustafa's plan was going into action. From the shores of Mt. Scibberas, he had ten large landing boats, each containing a hundred Janissaries. While the attention of the defenders was on the fight on the southern walls of Senglea, these slipped across the harbor on the north side of the town to make a landing there. Unfortunately for these picked men, the spies and scouts had missed a concealed battery of five guns hidden in the very cove they attempted to land in. The commander of the cannon let them come very close before opening fire with chain shot (two cannonballs attached with a heavy chain). At less than two hundred yards, the opening salvo sank eight of the ten boats, and only one of the surviving craft managed to escape. The water and the arquebusiers took care of the Janissaries. The few who reached the shore could not surrender. “St. Elmo's Pay” was the term used now, for any action in which surrender would not be contemplated. It was a cost the Ottomans would pay for some time.
With Hassem's troops now properly blooded (having lost some three thousand men), the besiegers escalated their bombardment. Mustafa may have taken some grim solace in the fire-eater's humiliation, but he was no closer to eliminating the Order. The defenders had lost around three hundred men, among them the teenaged son of Don Garcia, left with Valette back in April. When the reserves of Birgu were dispatched to Senglea, he slipped away from his minder and joined them. He made it to the walls of Senglea and died on the ramparts to a cannon shot. The siege would now proceed as a larger version of St. Elmo. The walls would have to be reduced, the entirety of the two towns would be surrounded, and to avoid the reinforcement bridge being used to ferry reserves to the weakest point, both towns would be assaulted. This was work that the Turks knew how to do. Mustafa repeated his heraldry to the town, as he had to St. Elmo, offering safe passage to deserters. The Maltese and the Knights were not biting, and when one of the professional soldiers evinced the opinion in public that this might be the best deal they were going to get, Valette had the man hanged.
All these maneuvers took time, the artillery most of all, and it was not until the second of August that the next major assault was raised against the towns. For two weeks, the Ottomans had hammered the defenses with their siege cannon. The walls were cracked and smoking everywhere, and there were breaches aplenty. The ditches and outworks were partially filled with debris. Valette had his slaves working to repair the damage, but they were easy prey to the turkish snipers, and so could work primarily at night. Inside the outer walls, they blockaded streets, and built an entire network of inner walls inside the town, in case the main defenses failed. The attack on the second thrashed the defenses with artillery fire, the most intense the defenders had endured, and then the walls of both towns were assaulted. Five times the Ottomans attacked, and five times they were driven back. Mustafa pulled out and directed a further five days' bombardment.
New dispositions were made, Piali was placed in command of the Birgu part of the siege, Mustafa personally commanding the troops facing Senglea. The outer walls of the towns were now more breach than wall. On the seventh of August, the Turks threw themselves in a massive wave at the bastions of the defense. At Birgu, Piali's men swamped the walls, bypassed the bastion of Castile, and drove the defenders back into the town. But here those internal walls now trapped the attackers between the mass of men pressing forward from the rear. The slaughter was terrible. Even the women and children mounted the walls to dump boiling water on the trapped men, or to hurl grenades and incendiaries down. And then, when the weight of the assault slackened, the defenders counterattacked. Piali could only watch as his men broke and streamed back from the town. But they had done their job. They had occupied the defenders and prevented them from reinforcing Senglea. While all this was happening, Mustafa's men had taken the main bastion defending that town, and now pressed into Senglea itself. The old zealot was there, at the head of his personal guard, and at the crucial moment, he sent in his Janissaries, with himself in the lead. They smashed through the defenses, and the townspeople and soldiery began to flee to the fortress, or across the bridge to Birgu. But then, with no discernible reason, the assault halted. The retreat was sounded, and the newly-promoted Aga of the Janissaries could be heard screaming at his men to fall back to the camp. A messenger had dashed through the burning town to find Mustafa and tell him that a large army had attacked his base camp and was slaughtering his wounded and sick. His worst nightmare had come true, apparently. Don Garcia had arrived and taken him in the rear while he was attacking Senglea. Arriving back at his siege camp, it was indeed in ruins, and few of the camp followers or invalid were left alive. But there was no sign of an army.
The savior of Senglea was in fact Copier and his cavalry. From Mdina they could hear the bombardment, and they could hear it crescendo and then slack as the assault began. Surmising correctly that this indicated a mass assault was happening and the camp would be lightly defended, they slipped out of Mdina and scouted the camp itself. With only a few sentries posted, there was little to stop them. Their charge swept the camp clean of defenders, slashed the tent wires, set fire to anything they could and killed everyone they could find. They hamstrung horses by the hundred, butchered the sick and wounded, burned or spoiled the food and supplies. It was a massacre of the first order. And then, as the troops began streaming back from the now-failed assault, they remounted their horses and escaped back to the city. Bitterly Mustafa must have remembered giving in to Piali and failing to take Mdina before beginning his siege, bitterly he must have remembered the counsel of Dragut. With victory snatched from his grasp, he could only rage. Tearing his beard out in clumps, he swore an oath on the tombs of his ancestors to take but one prisoner. Valette he would leave alive, to drag before the Sultan in chains. Everyone else was doomed.
submitted by JTarrou to TheMotte [link] [comments]


2020.08.13 11:03 _kajGOD_ Balkanci vs Konjušari: A Retrospective

Western Perceptions of Slovenes, Croats & Serbs between 1918 - 1948

Content excerpted from Anglo-American print media

Summary: The state of affairs in Yugoslavia is contextualized through a comparison of the civilizational traits of its three primary ethnicities.
Slovenes & Croats are observed to be decidedly more Westernized, cultured and developed than Serbs and other South Slavs. This is attributed to their historical kinship with the Catholic West and long-term Habsburgian influences and is contrasted with the historical Eastern Orthodoxy and long-term Turco-Byzantine influences of their eastern brethren.
These key differences in conjunction with growing Serbian hegemony appear to be a major cause of the brewing ethnic tension in Yugoslavia, primarily between Croats and Serbs.
Reading Time: 12 min
The Serb, who has been under Turkish rule for over 400 years, and who on account of the barbarous Turkish oppression has always been in a state of rebellion, is a sturdy mountaineer, a fighter, a hardy and aggressive agriculturist and cattle raiser.
The Croatian and the Slovene, who during the same period of time have been under the rule of the autocracy of Austria and Hungary, and who have been in touch with the Teuton (German) and Italian civilization, are less sturdy but more subtle. They are very clever artisans and artists and merchants.
The Croatians have always excelled in art. Milka Ternina, the famous opera singer, is a Croatian; Mestrovich, the sculptor, is a worthy successor to his master Rodin, is a Croatian; Stefan, the great physicist of the University of Vienna, was a Slovene, and many other brilliant examples in art, literature, and science could be enumerated to prove that the Croatian and the Slovene stand high in the intellectual and artistic world.
published in 1918
https://i.imgur.com/0NWQkJx.png
Referring to Slovenia and Croatia, which form two of the most important sections of Jugo-Slavia, the writer finds that the people, though Slavs, are in many ways different from the Serbs. The Slovenes and Croats use the Latin characters in writing, whereas the Serbs use the Russian characters.
And while the greater part of the Serbs are members of the Orthodox Church, the Slovenes and Croats are almost entirely Roman Catholic, and among their peasantry religion has a much greater significance than it has among the Orthodox Serbs. The writer goes on to say:
"One cannot possibly travel and mix with the people as I have done without being struck by the fact that the civilization and culture of the Slovenes and Croats, particularly of the former, is vastly greater than that possessed by the Serbs.
"While the Serbs, especially the country people, possess courage and many other excellent qualities, one must admit that in almost every way except in the direction of things military, they are at least two hundred years behind their brothers and sisters who have now been freed from the domination of Austria-Hungary.
"The people know full well that their standards of life and culture are higher than those of Old Serbia, and they make no secret of the fact that they desire, expect and may insist upon measures of autonomy which will give them comparatively free hand, at least in local affairs."
published in 1920
https://i.imgur.com/C7GCxbc.png
There was for a time hostility between Serbia proper and Croatia. The Serbians, basing their demands upon the long fighting record of their country, sought to dominate the Croats. But the Croats have a history and culture of their own. Zaghreb (sic), the capital of Croatia, is a beautiful town. Its library and museum are especially noteworthy structurally and in contents.
published in 1921
https://i.imgur.com/8iZh8kR.png
One of the worst messes left by the war was in Jugo-Slavia. "Self-determination" left a strange and incongruous mixture. Old Serbia offered an established government with a King and the new territory, far exceeding her own in extent, was nominally annexed.
But it included Croats and Slovenes and Carniolians with which the Serbs had little in common in language, viewpoint, ambitions, customs, employment or religion.
published in 1921
https://i.imgur.com/AvupwBp.png
During four centuries the Serbs were under the Turks. During six centuries the Croats and the Slovenes were under Germans or Italians. The Serbs are adherents to the Orthodox Church. The Croats and Slovenese (sic) are nearly all Catholics.
During the war the Serbs fought with the allies while the Croats and Slovenes, against their will, were enrolled in the German ranks. The Serb is the fighter who liberated Jugoslavia; the Croats and Slovenes are workers and administrators.
Thus, while springing from the same stock, these peoples have had different education, and have different traditions. The difference is shown in all their activities. Belgrade is an interesting, but backward Balkan town, while Zagreb is a modern place of industry and art.
published in 1922
https://i.imgur.com/Frtbdsm.png
One racial group feels itself superior to the other, and thinks in consequence it ought to have a greater voice in the affairs of the country. The Serbians, for example, feel that by reason of their numbers and their experience in government and state-craft, they dominant (sic) part in guiding the country's destinies.
The Croats and Slovenes, on the other hand, feel that the education, culture and modern training they received under the Austrians, gives them an intellectual and cultural superiority over their brother Slavs to the South and that therefore they are the best qualified to lead the nation through the difficult days of organization, reconstruction and consolidation.
published in 1922
https://i.imgur.com/ScDIedJ.png
In the case of Jugoslavia, the Croats, the Slovenes and the Dalmatian Serbs (sic), by their own volition, threw off the yoke of the Hapsburgs. They were equally rebellious against Austrian and Magyar domination. But in the long centuries during which they had been subjects of Austria they had shared in the developments of a modern state, industrially and commercially, at the least.
Serbia, on the contrary, was at once a backward agricultural country and industrially primitive. The land was divided among the peasants and the population lived almost exclusively in the rural districts. There were no really considerable cities, few railways, poor roads and all the circumstances which marked off the Balkans from the rest of Europe.
published in 1923
https://i.imgur.com/QfrHkt8.png
The Croatians and Slovenes are more numerous than are the Serbs. Moreover, intellectually they claim to be on a higher level. During the centuries while the Serbs were under the Turkish yoke the Croats and Slovenes were under Austria and profited by the higher standard of civilization. While the Serbs were busy fighting for their independence the Croats and Slovenes were enjoying almost complete tranquility under the protection of the then mighty Austrian empire.
The result is that, while intellectually the Serbs have remained somewhat backward and the other two Slav races have progressed, the latter are a negligible quantity in a military way, while the Serbs are probably the best soldiers in the Balkans. Because they consider themselves intellectually so far ahead of the Serbs, the Croatians and Slovenes demand, if not supremacy in the kingdom, at least an equal footing with the Serbs.
published in 1924
https://i.imgur.com/zHxJgNQ.png
The Croats and Slovenes came under the influence of the Austrians and Hungarians. Most of them were converted to Roman Catholicism, and today they are Roman Catholics. They were affected by the civilization of the Latins rather than that of the east. They use the Latin alphabet and in the new kingdom many of the papers are printed in both Latin and Greek letters, the words being the same. This is true of the Congressional Record of the new parliament and of many public documents.
These two branches of culture clash in the making of the new nation of Jugoslavia. The Serbs think more like the Russians. The Croats and Slovenes, although they are cousins to the Serbs, are inclined to think somewhat like the Latins. The Croats and Slovenes rather despise the Serbs for their roughness and the Serbs look down upon them as weakened and on the way to degeneration. The orient and the occident clash, as it were.
published in 1924
https://i.imgur.com/JDAzfjc.png
Political strata in Yugoslavia are still subject to the danger of serious internal strains. The official name of this new State is the Kingdom of the Serbs, the Croats and Slovenes. The name itself suggests the chief source of peril.
There are wide differences between the Serbs on the one hand and the Croats and Slovenes on the other. This "fault" follows the boundary between the influence of the two Romes, the Eastern and the Western. The Serbs looked to Constantinople for their religion and culture. The Croats and Slovenes derived theirs from Rome of the Catholic Church.
published in 1924
https://i.imgur.com/zhlviJw.png
The (Yugo)Slavs of the south differ from those in the north. Mixture of races has brought new characteristics. Germans and Hungarians have mixed with the Slovenes and Croats of the north. Italians have mixed with the populations along the coast. The Serbs have mixed with Greeks and Turks. And there are still traces of Turkish occupation in Serbia and German possession of Slovenia.
The Croats and the Slovenes are blonder than the Serbs or Montenegrins or the people from the coast. Indeed, in the hundreds of dark years in the history of the Balkans, who can tell what racial changes occurred?
During many centuries the Slovenes and Croats lived under the civilizing and softening influence of Vienna and Budapest. They became Catholics. They became versed in the arts and sciences. The Serbs, during almost as many centuries, were educated by the Turks. They learned bad government and stubborn, passive resistance. Finally they became free, and during 12 years fought almost constantly trying to defend their country. Theirs was a hard school. They had no time for education in arts and sciences outside of the art of war.
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/yrfaEeh.png
The Serbians are Greek Orthodox, the Croats and Slovenes are Roman Catholics, and there are numerous Mohammedans in Bosnia and Macedonia. The Serbians have Cyrillic letters; the Croats and Slovenes, Latin.
But above all, the Serbians and Croats come from a different culture. Until a few decades ago the Serbians belonged to Turkey and hence to the Balkans, and the Croats belonged, as Austro-Hungarian subjects, to the Western cultural world.
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/AsmfS5t.jpg
It is impossible to write of Yugoslavia as a whole. The North is frankly Austrian. Zagreb and Ljubljin (sic), the capitals of Croatia and Slovenia, are gay Germanic cities with excellent hotels and opera. They have an air of well kept purposeful prosperity. Their culture is particularly emphasized in order that politicians and officials may show the superiority of their Western veneer to Belgrade, which they consider Eastern and barbarian!
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/MTd4iEy.jpg
When the great war ended, Croats, Serbs and Slovenes came together. The idea of the Croats was to have some sort of federated state. But they were overborne and the big new state of Jugo-Slavia was formed.
For ten years there has been dissatisfaction. It centers in Belgrade, the capital of the majority, and in Zagreb, formally known as Agram, the chief city of Croatia. Zagreb is a splendidly built, thoroughly modern metropolis of 100,000 people. Belgrade is slattern, slovenly. The citizen of Zagreb looks on Belgrade with contempt.
The Croats and Slovenes complain the Serbs seek to centralize all power in Belgrade; that taxes are collected and money spent for the aggrandizement of what was once Serbia to the detriment of the other portions of the triune kingdom.
Religion, too, plays a big part. Old Serbia in the main is orthodox like Russia. Croatia, in the main is Roman Catholic. The Zagreb business man is a better one than his rival of Belgrade. The Croatian farmer is a more up-to-date agriculturist than the Serbian.
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/JYUwC7z.png
The Serbs do not take the Croats into their confidence; they show distrust and reserve; they carry on the internal and foreign policy of Jugoslavia without permitting the "Pretchani" to participate. The Croats say, "We are a nation of superior culture and traditions. We are asked to submit to the rule of an inferior people. We are treated as a conquered province."
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/r3X4GUQ.png
Croats and Slovenes are Western peoples with a Western inheritance of culture, administration and custom. The Serbs are Orientals. Even the religious denominations are different. The Croats and the Slovenes are Roman Catholic, the Serbs are Orthodox.
Ever since the union of the Croats and Slovenes with Serbia in a single Jugoslav state the Croats have conducted a campaign against what they have often described as the "Balkanization" of their country. Through Rome, Venice and Vienna the Croats have a long tradition of ordered rule and a strong and proud belief in their right to at least an equal share in governing the Triune kingdom.
The Serbs are proud of their military record. They admit that their original culture is more Byzantine than Western. They admit that in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, there may be more culture than in Belgrade. But they say "It is only our military resistance, our dogged courage, our record of battles than created an independent Jugoslavia."
published in 1929
https://i.imgur.com/57Y03D3.png
By contrast with the Serbs, the Croats and Slovenians have lived for long centuries within the Hapsburg monarchy. They have adopted the customs and methods of Western Europe, the manners of living, the system of doing business. And this is also measurably true even of the Serbs of Bosnia, who came under Austrian administration nearly half a century ago.
The Serb of Serbia and Montenegro, on the other hand, continued to live the primitive life, which had antedated the Turkish invasion. The mass of the population lived on small farms, their customs were those of the Middle Ages, their methods of doing business were equally ancient, and their political morals were poisoned fatally by the double vices of corruption and violence. Magnificent as fighters, the Serbs were and remain totally ignorant of all Western method and manners.
But having freed their race brethren, the Serbs undertook to rule them. And in practice that meant the control of civilized and progressive elements by backward and primitive fractions. The Serbians were fighters and farmers, but the Croats and Slovenians were men of affairs, in the modern sense. To see their national business run in accordance with ideas which were at best obsolete with the collapse of the Turk was naturally intolerable.
And the Croats, who have a proud tradition and certainly represent all that is most progressive and educated in the Jugoslav state, naturally undertook at once to resist a domination conducted from Belgrade, which treated Croatia as a conquered province.
published in 1929
https://i.imgur.com/RjREDFi.png
In the centuries of different political unities the three branches of the one race developed quite differently. The Serbs have been independent of Turkey since 1878, after 500 years of Turkish oppression. They remain ignorant peasants, without even modern agricultural implements, but dependent upon wooden plows. The religion - what there is of it - is "Orthodox Greek."
The Croats have been under the influence of Hungarian civilization and are farther developed in literacy and industrial prosperity. While the Croats pose as the Peasant-Democracy, they include many wealthy aristocratic families.
The Slovenes, too, have been under modern European influences, through their connection with Austria. Both Croats and Slovenes are Catholics. Civilization in Yugoslavia is highest in the northern parts where live 1,200,000 Slovenes and 3,000,000 Croats, rather than among the 5,000,000 Serbs of the south.
published in 1929
https://i.imgur.com/F1htUra.png
History has worked to emphasize the differences between the Jugoslavs. While all the nations in Europe are Western or Eastern, the Jugoslav nation seems divided into two parts by the imaginary diagonal line dividing East and West in Europe.
Lubljana (sic), the main city of the Slovenes, near the Italian frontier, is one of the most Catholic centers in Europe, while Belgrade is Orthodox; Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, is a town of strong Western vitality, while Sarajevo is more Turkish than modernized Stambul (sic).
In Slovenia, around Lubljana, we find one of the most perfect developments of the modern proletariat, while Serbian Montenegro brings us back to the class system as in pre-French Morocco.
As a rule, all of the Jugoslavs who until 1918 belonged to the Austrian Monarchy had become Western Europeans - or, at least, they looked so.
The two parts of the nation being so different, the Croats say more and more of the Serbians: "They are Balkanics, they are Orientals," while the Serbians, proud of their war record, look with contempt on the Croats and call them "Austrian."
published in 1931
https://i.imgur.com/p1LQp8s.png
The three elements of the Jugoslav kingdom, though belonging to the same racial stock, represent considerable national and cultural difference. The old Serbs, the most sturdy stock of the Southern Slavs, are less refined, less influenced by Western culture than their brethren of Croatia and Slovenia. However, they naturally took the lead in the formation of the new tri-partite kingdom, trying to make the old Serb element the dominating factor in the life of the new state because they deemed it their right won by four years of war.
Such an assumption irritated the Croatians and the Slovenes, who, since 1878, constantly and gradually became westernized under the influence and rule of Austria-Hungary and who were unwilling to submit to the domination of the less cultured Serbian element. The Croatians especially resented the attitude of the old Serbs.
published in 1932
https://i.imgur.com/mDlLfQd.png
The fire of rebellion burns most fiercely in Croatia, whence came the assassin, Petrus Kelemen.
Surpassing the Serbs in culture and economic development, the Catholic Croats of Croatia-Slavonia and Dalmatia, numbering three millions, clamor for autonomy. But always Alexander had refused.
published in 1934
https://i.imgur.com/7h949p8.png
Yugoslavia has not yet been unified. It is too early to speak of Yugoslavia as a political entity a variety of people like Serbs, Croats, Dalmatians, Albanians, Germans, Hungarians, Bulgars and Rumanians (sic) have not been assimilated.
There are too many religious and political differences between its component parts; too many differences in the levels of education of its people. The Serbs, who for centuries were under rule of the Turks, have a somewhat Oriental outlook on life. The Croats, Slovenes and Dalmatians, who were under Austro-Hungarian rule, have a Western political philosophy.
published in 1939
https://i.imgur.com/SwqB15x.png
The hard core of the nation are the Serbs, a primitive peasant folk, fanatically devoted to their independence, won a century ago after many generations of struggle against their former Turkish masters. Their intense nationalism has a religious tinge from their devotion to their Orthodox Church, which is the symbol of their national identity.
Very different in history and temperament are the Croats and Slovenes of the northern provinces. These folk were civilized and Christianized from the West. They are therefore Roman Catholics, use the Latin alphabet and look westward for their culture and attitude toward life. Never under Turkish rule, they formed part of the Hapsburg Empire until it vanished during the Great War.
published in 1941
https://i.imgur.com/Apvx73z.png
The South Slavs, especially the Serbs, are a rather primitive people. Foreigners used to crack jokes about their new capital, Belgrade, which certainly is no Paris. Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, is much more beautiful and much more civilized.
published in 1941
https://i.imgur.com/HKVEV6J.png
The fundamental issue which has disturbed Yugoslavia since the creation of the kingdom has been the nationality problem. The federal democratic solution - originally promised by the dominant Serbs - was later rescinded in favor of authoritarianism and centralization. Serbs, Croats and Slovenes are nations with profoundly different cultural inheritances. Serbia is Greek-Orthodox; Croatia and Slovenia are Catholic.
Serbia lived for centuries under the Ottoman Empire and retained many oriental political practices. Croatia and Slovenia were part of the Western European Austro-Hungarian Empire. The very aspect of the cities and countryside and the way of life of the people is different. Yet the majority of all South Slavs wish to live in a South Slav state; the Croats and Slovenes fought for it in the Austrian monarchy. But they did not and do not wish to live under centralized Serbian rule, in many respects backward compared to previous Hapsburg rule.
published in 1943
https://i.imgur.com/SSQUDtH.png
The main line of division is that between the Serbs with their Greek Orthodox faith, their Byzantine culture and their background of long subjection to the Turks on the one hand, and on the other hand the Croat-Slovenes, who got their religion and culture from the Latin West and lived for centuries under the Hapsburg Empire.
But there are still other groupings like the large Mohammedan minority in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Dalmatians of the Adriatic coast with their legacy of Italian influence, and the Macedonians who are partly Bulgarian.
published in 1944
https://i.imgur.com/7ry50TM.png
The dynamic factor in this political unification were the Serbs, a people with a strong national consciousness, great fighting ability and resolute ambition to mold the new Yugoslavia in harmony with their spirit and ideals.
This objective, however, ran counter to the aspirations of other elements, especially the Croats, who are Roman Catholics with a western culture, outlook and historic connections, whereas the Serbs are Greek Orthodox with a culture derived from Byzantium and bearing traces of the long period under Turkish rule.
Lesser difficulties were encountered with the Slovenes, Catholic and "western" like the Croats; with the large Mohammedan element in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and with the Macedonians, who are partly Bulgarian in affiliation.
published in 1945
https://i.imgur.com/FaGorTG.png
The Yugoslavs, as their name indicates, are all members of the southern branch of the Slavic race. They are thus fundamentally one in blood and language. But their historical evolutions have been so diverse that they profess different religions and have different cultures and outlooks.
The Serbs, the first to attain independence, are Greek Orthodox, have an East European culture, and are mostly small land-owning peasants, individualistic and conservative. Ardent patriots and fierce fighters, they were the primary architects of Yugoslavia and they aspired to forge the new nation in their image. The Royal House of Karageorgevitch, intensely Serb in character, naturally took this nationalistic point of view.
But the other elements politically fused in the new state thought otherwise. They thought of Yugoslavia not as a "Greater Serbia," but as a federation loose enough to enable each of them to maintain their historic individualities.
This was especially true of the Croats, Roman Catholics with a West European culture which they deemed superior to that of the Serbs. Much the same applied to the Slovenes, the Dalmatians, the semi-Bulgarian Macedonians and the large Mohammedan minority of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
published in 1945
https://i.imgur.com/gFxhD7E.png
The Slavs of the Western Balkans were converted to Roman Catholicism, and thus became spiritually part of Western Europe. Those on the Adriatic coast fell under the influence of Italian culture, while the Croats and Slovenes to the northward became subjected to German cultural influence.
On the other hand, the Serbs and Bulgars of the central and eastern Balkans were converted to the orthodox form of Christianity from Greek Byzantium, together with its Byzantine culture. This drove a deep cleft between the Balkan Slavs with has never been obliterated.
published in 1948
https://i.imgur.com/7i4sBwc.png
submitted by _kajGOD_ to croatia [link] [comments]


2020.08.11 02:40 Sadbunny2 Please help with marital issues. Need Islamic advice.

This is a throwaway. I am facing marital problems and am in dire need of outside perspectives. I have posted this to relationships before but the only advice I got was "DIVORCE!!". I would like to get some advice that is preferably taken from an Islamic perspective. This is a LONG POST, so buckle up.
So I am 22F and an orthodox Muslim (meaning I practice Islam as it is stated in the Quran and do not believe in nationalism, culture or traditions.)
Some backstory: I am from the UK and 2 years ago I started attending a pretty prestigious uni studying history. I got involved in Islamic societies and that is where I met my future husband, Ibrahim 28, who was doing a PhD. He was very nerdy and quiet, and a little chubby and the type who was too shy to speak to girls, but he was my type. He was the quintessential patriarch as men are supposed to be in Islam. After 5 months of being in the same groups and clubs he asked me out and I fell for him pretty quickly. He immediately expressed the desire to wed so as per practice told my parents who also fell for him too. It was honestly the best time of my life, he was someone who I could spend the whole day with and not get bored, besides having similar interests such as video games and anime, we most importantly clicked on Islamic views. He was ethnically Turkish but a devout Muslim who agreed with my views of not caring.
Now, a couple of things about his family. His father left his mother and went back to Turkey leaving the kids; I was initially told this was because he was an abusive man, turns out the reason was different. Now my Mother in Law had always (seemed) to like me, though she was a bit disappointed that I was not Turkish. I am south-Asian but do not remotely look like it, pale skin ,light eyes, I take after my mother; both my parents are Bengali. That was her only grievance, she found nothing else against me but my race, I was iffed but whatever. Ibrahim's older brother 33 Amir, unmarried, was very unsettling. He looked at me in a way no brother in law should look at a sister in law. It was pretty gross, but he lived in Nottingham and we in London so it was not a big deal I thought.
We got married in late 2018, and it was beautiful. I should also state Ibrahim was head over heels for me. That is not to say that I did not love him, I adored him; But he acted like I was some goddess, this is because 1. God has given me a very pretty face so I never lacked male attention in my life and in his words, " picked him out of everyone". 2. I reciprocate his feeling as despite his age no girl had ever paid attention to him as he isn't the beauty standard, not that I cared. This seemed to INFURIATE his mother, she never fully said it out loud to me because I don't take BS from anybody and she knew that. But small things like washing my white summer dress with coloreds and then claimed that it was an accident she ruined it. Or the time I caught at night her putting FISTFULS OF SALT in the lamb chops I left to marinade in the fridge to grill the next day and then claiming she was sleepwalking? I caught her red-handed with her eyes open and singing.
I remember having an argument with Amir. We went to Epping forest and I couldn't walk around for even a second without him taking pics with his flash camera and got pissed. His mom told me that I was rude and he was just taking pics. I looked at the camera roll and I kid you not 77 pics out 83 were of me just minding my own business. I told him it was Islamically inappropriate for him to have so many pics of me. He apologized and deleted them. That was the first time I confronted him about his behavior. Now one thing to say about my husband as that besides being super smart, he was never good at handling social issues, so when it came to things about his mom and his brother, he just apologized on their behalf.
Mid-March I found out I was carrying twins, a boy, and a girl. My husband was through the roof and I had never seen a man cry so much. Everything was well and the babies were healthy and we were happy, right? wrong. About 3 months into my pregnancy Ibrahim got cold towards me. I felt awful because I thought I did something to upset him. I probed him pointlessly, and he just got more distant and distant, he did not talk to me, we got less and less intimate and I was miserable.
Then it happened. About 7 months into my pregnancy, he came up to me and slapped me. I was just so utterly shocked I felt like my soul had left my body. I started crying uncontrollably, as he kept yelling at me. All I heard was whore this, bitch that, cheating and the rest, he punched a couple of times too. Honestly, I fully blacked out even though I was still awake. Until then you could have held a gun to my head and I still would not have believed you if you told me this man has a capacity to hit me or swear at me, I was just so lost.
All I knew that I was told to pack my things and leave immediately. He was sobbing too. I left like a robot on autopilot, just confused as to what was going on. I called my dad and he picked me up. Hw got into a massive argument with Ibrahim and then he left. And then he looked at me and told me "Don't worry about anything" and this is why I love my father. We drove home and I locked myself in my old bedroom and cried for what seemed like 2 weeks, only ate bcs I was pregnant. I felt physically hollow, such emptiness apparently is brought on by the body to "numb" you from excessive sadness. Honestly, it felt more like my husband had died, and in a sense, he did to me anyway. After the sorrow had passed it was intense hatred. So much so I started shaking every time I thought of him. I am not even sure how it is possible to hate someone like that to the point where you erase their existence from your mind. But it happened, in a matter of 2 months I forgot what he looked like, more like deleted him. I looked at a picture of him and it was blurry, not the picture itself but the way my eyes saw the picture. Apparently that's what PTSD will do to you, I was diagnosed a week later. At this point divorce was obviously going to happen, my parents supported me in this fully.
Throughout he sent multiple messages, calling my children "whore babies" and that they are definitely not his. I was just so numb to this but it was useful evidence in court in case he tried to claim custody, which he likely would have because the kids are his. But anyway, I gave birth (C-section) in November and my babies were perfectly healthy and absolutely adorable, like cherubs. He was not told of the birth but found out through the grapevine. Now he was still a Muslim so he wanted to annul the Nika in an Islamic court and be emancipated from the kids "because they were not his". This required a DNA test and I was grinning because I wanted to his face when those results were readout. We met in January 2020, frist time since the incident, and he avoided looking at me. I just wanted to get the nikha annulled so I really did not care about him in the slightest. His fat mom came and his brother, who smiled at me.
The imams began reading out the proceedings and rulings and I stated that I did not want to go through the 3-month trial thingy as he had beaten me. They regrettably agreed and then...the results. Throughout the whole proceedings, he was fully stoic and looking at the ceiling. Now I bought my kids with me because it was required but they were asleep in their carriage next to me. Something about my kids is that while my daughter is a mix my son is the spitting image of Ibrahim, same curly black hair, same face, same shorter than average index finger. The imams had played with my babies before the proceedings and they could tell too, which is why they were vehemently against me not doing the trial. The results were read aloud and obviously they are his.
Well that was the only time he looked directly at me like a deer caught in headlights. I gave him a half-smile and quickly looked away. He looked at the imams with a gaping mouth but said nothing. Then I see one of the sisters handing some tissues to him, I was like seriously? Cry outside. His mother started crying and asking if she could hold her grandkids. I surprised myself but I walked out of that mess like a badass, feeling satisfied.
Now this was at a pretty big mosque in London, if you live here you probably already know. But I was in the third-floor breastfeeding. A sister comes in and tells me the head imam wants to talk to me. He asked if I could let him see the kids. I was like are you serious? I have a soft spot for good religious leaders plus he was a sweet old man and he begged me for it, so I said reluctantly yes provided his mom or bro were not there. I walk into the Imams office and see Ibrahim sitting there, looked like he been wailing with snot everywhere. I stood at a distance from him when he tried to hug me. Then a sister came in and handed him my daughter who is a more social baby, my son is more introverted. He held her, hugged her, kneeled and just started wailing, LOUDLY. I had never been so uncomfortable like I was watching a soap opera on the TV. The imam had hoped that I would regain some of my feelings for him after that shit show, I was like lol not happening. My son did not want to be held by him and I said "you are stranger to him, stay away from him, besides you called him a devil so why do you care anyway". That was spiteful I know but just didn't care.
He kept saying sorry this sorry that bla bla. Apologized to my babies, "Daddy's sorry" .I just got up and left, the divorce was now confirmed, or so I thought. I felt sick to my stomach that he had the audacity to act like this after everything he did. A week in and the head Imam calls me and said that I need to come because "not everything is clear". I went alone this time. Saw the fucker waiting in an office with a glass wall. The imam sat me down facing him, I looked at him like I would look at any stranger. He began his shitshow of apologies and crying and I asked if my time was to be wasted. The imams told him to talk about "it".
So according to him, this is why he acted the way he did: About a week later we announced my pregnancy, his mother showed him a slew of texts that she told him was from me to other men, like how lazy do you have to be. That upset him but he did not believe her. Then, and this was all told to me by the way I never saw any evidence, his brother showed him a video of me making out with someone. I do not know how or why or when but I just nodded with a large grin. His brother is a computer engineer he might have photoshopped shit, but honestly, I don't care.
That's the day he kicked me out. After he wasted 1 hour of my time telling me this all the while pathetically crying, I just looked at the Imam and "What do you want me to do with this info?". He said I should give him another chance, I just laughed and said he was an idiot for believing anything my ex said. He just begged me but I went home. I should also say that by this time I had already met someone. Like I said I do not have trouble attracting men, and he was a 29-year-old divorcee, Ahmed, with the cutest 3-year-old daughter who both got really close to my kids. He moved in as a tenant in one of my dad’s houses and asked me out, and was excited when I told him I had kids because he did too, since then he has been a defacto dad for my twins . We were planning to get married in April but, Covid. I knew I had a pretty good case against him if he ever tried to sue for custody so I was not worried. I thought yep, that's it all done My family is complete.
Apparently no. The imams in the mosque got really invested in the case and they contacted my favorite Imam, think someone like Mufti Menk who was touring at the time. They asked him to talk to me as apparently it was a very difficult case and were not sure about giving me a divorce. I went just cause I wanted to meet him. He basically told me that while my divorce was fully grantable, it would be immoral for me to leave a man who was fully remorseful. I just played along and said suure. So next month my ex and I met in the Imam’s office, frist thing he told is that he cut his mom and brother. He also told me the reason his dad left his mom was because she was psychotic and he believed his mom had changed. He looked like death, super skinny which was soo weird because I am used to seeing him chubby. His under eyes were so deep he looked like a panda, he was starting to resemble a corpse.
So I let him know my conditions if he ever wanted to get back which were mainly designed to be so outlandish he would back out:
  1. He would get a vasectomy. There is no way I want another kid with him.
  2. He would disown his family
  3. He would write off any and every bit of property he owned to me.
  4. I would NEVER make the him kids father on paper but he could raise them alongside me
  5. He would pay me £20,000 before anything .
  6. I told him that I would still after all this likely marry my boyfriend, which up until then he did not know I had.
And the most ridiculous one of all: “Cut off 3 fingers from the hand you hit me with”. I near damn laughed when I said it and I could see the people in the room get angry. Except him who just mumbled a pathetic “yes I will”. I was told off by the Imams but reminded them that I couldn’t care less and that I only came cause of them, I have nothing to gain out of being with Ibrahim.
Now in the coming months he actually fulfilled almost everyone of them. He got a vasectomy the next day. Put in the processes to get himself emancipated from his mom. And was arranging the rest.
Me on the other hand just ignored everything and kept on going on dates with my bf and let our new family bond with each other. His little girl never had a mom, so she clung to me so sweetly it was hard not to fall with her. Until one day 1 am the cops knock on my door.
HE. CUT. HIS. FUCKING. FINGERS. I was freaking wailing when they told I had been an accessory to a suicide. Everyone was panicked. My babies had to see their mom in handcuffs thank god they won’t remember.
I was rushed to the police station and spent an hour there and then went to the hospital when my lawyer called their bluff. Ibrahim had tried to cut a finger but passed out due to pain; His roommate found him in the new place he moved to, and he told the paramedics I TOLD HIM TO DO IT. I did not say anything to him but he was super high on whatever drugs they gave him and delirious.
My mom has since softened on him and said that maybe I should get back with him. My dad on the other hand says if he is psychotic enough to do this then he can harm the kids. I’m not so sure about that.
1 day after he got himself patched up, my mom invited him to our house without telling me. I was furious but did not want to upset the kids. He bought soo many toys and other stuff for me (dresses I think, i do not know as I did not open them) and handed me some legal paperwork regarding the thing I said about the property. I thought OMG he lost it, he crazy crazy. I was mostly quiet and just answered a bunch of questions with a yes or a no.
Ex: How are you?
Me: Going a date in an hour so you should be leaving soon.
Ex: Are you taking the kids?
Me: Yeah. Our kids like to play together.
Ex: Listen, I wanted to ask when it was ok when to talk to you privately.
Me: Why private? You’re gonna try and cut my fingers?
Ex: Please
Me: No can do. Whatever you had to say you could have told me in front of the Imams. Also take these freaking papers back. I don’t need your money to take of MY kids, and I WILL NOT NEED IT IN THE FUTURE.
Ex: Sorry…
Me: Look you clearly love the kids and you actually did a vasectomy, so I thought that maybe we could have shared custody. I go ahead and marry, you do what you want, and you can still raise them with me.
Ex: You are still...going to marry him? Are you serious with that?
Me: Here is picture of me in my wedding dress, I ordered it last week. My frist one was white so this time I went with black. Hopefully the second marriage doesn’t end up as shitty as the frist one.
Ex: I did everything. I just want to go back the way it was.
Me: I have PTSD because of you. I have terrors of being beaten by you repeatedly. Believe it or not I hate you so much looking at you makes me sick. I don’t say that as a metaphor, I just have this endless amount of hate for you, it scares me too.
Ex: We can work on it. I’ll do anything please I’m sorry.
And from there he just started his usual routine of crying. I’m so over it. This was 2 weeks ago, since then he comes over every day to spend time with the kids. My dad hates him and tells him off all the time and punched him once, but he does nothing. My boyfriend knows he is bonding with the kids and he is not happy.
I think I am convinced that he regrets everything. He is psychotic but he showed it. I am between a rock and a hard place. This is why I do not know what to do and wanted advice.
I have a couple of options.
  1. Blow off my boyfriend who I love who knows the pain of divorce and the pain of betrayal as he has experienced it himself and likely will not do it to me. And be in a mediocre loveless marriage with a man whose guts I hate, a marriage with no intimacy because I am not letting him touch me. And just put all my attention and focus into my kids.
  2. Blow Ibrahim off and live a long and loving marriage with my bf and my new daughter completely cutting him off. I lose nothing here.
  3. Move to Australia and just blow both of them off. Unlikely.
So, ladies if you were in my shoes what would do?
Also gentlemen, what do you think?
Also huge thanks for reading this mammoth post. But remember that although this sounds like a soap opera, It’s my life, so please keep comments civil.
Peace be on you.
submitted by Sadbunny2 to islam [link] [comments]


2020.08.07 08:05 gschoppe [PI] It's more than likely that Covid-19 will still be around at Christmas time - how are we going to explain to kids that Santa is still allowed to go into millions of houses?

I originally posted this in response to this AskReddit post. I recognize that it is nowhere near Christmas, but everyone needs a dose of alternate history once in a while.
I apologize for the dry nature of this post. It was definitely written as an exercise in recording my stream of consciousness. At the very most, this can be considered a brief world-building experiment.
TL:DR; For ethical reasons, your personal Santa does not live long enough to contract or transmit COVID '19.
To properly understand Santa's COVID resistance, children will have to be let in on the secret history of the Kringle Consortium, and the ancient conspiracy behind our modern Christmas traditions. This may be shocking to many children, so it is up to parents to choose when and how to expose their children to the truth. I consider it the same as explaining to a child where chicken nuggets come from; They may initially be disturbed by the truth, but knowing will eventually help them grow into well-rounded adults.
With that in mind, I present a chronological history and brief analysis of the Christmas Conspiracy, in 9 parts.

Part 1: Ancient History (300AD - 550AD)

Santa Claus was initially a mortal man - Nicholas of Myra (270 AD – 343 AD). He was a Catholic bishop in what is now Turkey, who saw the state of the poor, and would occasionally help by leaving anonymous gifts of toys, food, and money outside their homes in the night. When Nicholas died, a dedicated cabal of Christians memorialized him by secretly leaving anonymous presents for the poor in his name, on the date of his death, December 6th.
Unfortunately, Christianity underwent an exponential growth phase, under the Holy Roman Empire, and soon there were tens of thousands of Christians needed to run this operation and to maintain the myth of an immortal St Nicholas.
From about 500AD, they had realized that many cities had no idea who Nicholas of Myra was or what he looked like, and belief in him was waning, in favor of various local fairies and goblins.
The Cabal of St Nicholas, as they were known by then, had taken to arranging sightings of "St Nicholas", dressed in his iconic vestments, to combat this doubt, but they were facing an issue. At some point, people would compare descriptions of the Faux Nicholas' features. They needed reliable continuity.
Thus began the first major undertaking of this group.

Part 2: Wax Santa and the Travelling Corpse (550AD - 1100AD)

Like many holy men of the time, Nicholas of Myra's body had been painstakingly preserved and maintained, rather than being left to decay. This gave the cabal a couple of options.
First, they made molds of Nicholas's face, and constructed very detailed wax masks that could be worn when delivering gifts. These, when combined with a small costume change to obscure most of the head (this is the origin of Santa's hooded and fringed coat), allowed the gift-bringers to seem identical to the occasional child or drunkard who caught a glimpse of their activities.
However, this alone wasn't enough. The wax masks were rigid, and wouldn't pass close inspection. Santa needed to be able to occasionally make carefully managed appearances where he would speak or be seen to nod and wink or similar actions.
In or around 750AD, the cabal hired the services of Boutros Al-Hadrami, a Moorish master puppeteer, to help them resolve this issue. Al-Hadrami rigged wires and armatures to Nicholas' actual preserved corpse, to allow it to be manipulated as a sort of puppet. By all accounts Al-Hadrami was the only Turkish man available with both the skill and strength needed to operate this macabre marionette, so he travelled from town to town for decades, operating the "Hero Nicholas" puppet.
Eventually, the presence of this seemingly silent, massive black man had to be incorporated into the myth; and so began the stories of Black Peter or Krampus, depending on the region.

Part 3: The Crusades and the Age of Automation (1100AD - 1600AD)

Around 1100AD, the Knights Templar came into power within the Church, and folded many other secret orders under their direct authority. This included the Cabal of St Nicholas.
The Knights Templar were a smaller organization at the time, and were focused in part on simplifying and reducing the number of convolutions and complexities that each order added to the Faith. To that end, they were responsible for moving the date of Nicholas' appearances to December 24th, to coincide with other Christmas operations of the time, as well as reducing monetary expenditures, by giving only childrens toys, rather than money or food.
The Knights Templar were exceedingly well-funded by the riches they attained during the Crusades, but they were also extremely cautious with their money. By all accounts, they were the ones who began to run the conspiracy like a business, rather than a religious observance.
They introduced dolls in the form of Saint Nicholas for the poor, as well as running an underground network where well-off families could pay a premium to have their child visited by St Nicholas. These rich families would even be able to select the toy that Nicholas would bring their child (thus introducing the idea of a Christmas list).
The Nicholas puppet had been rarely used since the death of Al-Hadrami, as few could even come close to managing to operate the puppet, with any sense of realism.. The knights had resorted to purchasing slaves specifically for their strength, then training them to operate the puppet, but this route was producing less and less convincing performances.
Eventually, the Knights would hire Leonardo da Vinci himself to design a new form of puppet, operated entirely by springs and gears. This new "automaton" would play one of several pre-recorded actions from a pegged programming disk. However, it's size and weight made standing performances impossible.
To hide the mechanical components, and to conceal the actor providing Nicholas' voice, a large sledge was added to the myth, upon which Nicholas would be seated. To prevent close examination, this sledge was hoisted onto rooftops, and a story was concocted about flying from home to home, to deliver presents via the chimney.
However, by the end of the 15th century, it became clear that the Knights had a new problem. Christianity was spreading rapidly outside of Europe, into Africa, Asia, and even the new American continent. There was no way that they could maintain the myth across that large an area, with their current scale, and there was no way to transport the Nicholas Automaton to the new world, without significant risk of loss, damage, or exposure.
The myth needed revising, yet again.

Part 4: The Lapland Illusion (1600AD - 1900AD)

By the mid 1600s, the invention of the steam engine and the burgeoning field of optics had drawn the attention of the Knights. They needed a way to manifest "Father Christmas" (as St Nicholas was becoming known) around the world, without the logistics of world travel, so they turned to optics.
Building off the research of Galileo and his peers, Jesuit Priest, Christoph Scheiner, worked with the knights to develop a series of collimating lenses and optical repeaters that could be secreted within strategic church bell-towers, which would take an image, projected at a high brightness from a few sources, and relay it from church to eventually project a moving image onto cloud cover in many locations, potentially thousands of miles away.
However, to implement this new technology, they needed to produce a massive amount of light and motion at the origin point, without drawing attention. These hubs were built in low population areas around the world. We only know the precise locations of a few of these hubs, but they include Lapland, Tunguska, Alaska (at that time Eastern Russia), and Greenland.
It is unknown how many of these projections were actually produced, or what the effective area was for each northern operations center, but this time period was when the flying sleigh and reindeer entered the mythos.
The funding for this massive undertaking came from possibly the strangest place yet. In 1670, the knights began marketing "Candy Canes" as a Christmas confection that looked like St Nicholas' shepherd's crook (aka his bishop's staff). Soon this candy (little more than common sugar and peppermint extract) was a staple of the holiday season.
On a darker note, the commercialization of the Nicholas Conspiracy was almost complete by this point, and the manufacturing and door-to-door labor was almost entirely done by young orphans, who were paid in basic room and board. Most of these orphans didn't live to see adulthood. These "elves" were just another victim of corporate greed.
As central banks became common, the Knights Templar, now known as the Freemasons, began to divest their holdings into a group of large corporations, to launder the funds and divide and hide their large expenditures. This group of companies was called the Christkindl Consortium, or Christ-child consortium. Among the notable members were: The Federal Reserve, The Royal Bank of England, Lord and Taylor, Macy's, Hallmark, and Coca Cola.

Part 5: The Pre-Modern Era (1900AD - 1950AD)

Advancements in photography and aeronautics began to pose an existential threat to the myth of Father Christmas. An airplane could theoretically interrupt a beam path or photograph an apparition from the wrong angle. Furthermore, the isolated regions that they operated from were becoming more and more accessible to travellers. And so, the Kris Kringle Consortium, as it had become known to its American members, began a shadow arms race against the world.
Initially, things were going well, advancements in miniaturization and global power distribution seemed to indicate that they were less than a decade away from being able to produce and control full 3d apparitions of Santa from completely local base stations. Something the size of a police call box could have served an entire village. But on Jun 30th 1908, disaster struck.
A test of a power transmission tower in New York overloaded several prototype image transmitters in the Tunguska research facility, causing a massive explosion that demolished the entire facility. There were no survivors.
It was decided that the future of St Nicholas lay on a completely different path, and research was halted on the global poweimage transmission technology. Much of the developed hardware was eventually simplified and commercialized by another Kringle member, RCA. And thus, the age of television was born.
Meanwhile, the consortium shifted all funding into high-energy physics and biology, hoping to discover a fundamental paradigm shift. This was expensive, but by now, making money from Christmas was second nature to the group. They tasked Coca Cola, of all organizations, to develop a new worldwide branding for St Nicholas, complete with product tie-ins in every vertical. In the 1930s, this campaign launched, and the world finally met Santa Claus.
Unfortunately, the two world wars didn't completely bypass the Kringle Consortium. Hitler, being a consumate business man, became aware that some of his nations businesses had significant world-wide holiday reach, and he demanded that these member companies divulge the secrets of the Consortium to Nazi high command.
In 1942, Nazi Germany siezed control of the northern hub in Lapland, and used it to distribute propaganda gifts throughout mainland Europe for almost 2 years, only being successfully driven out in November of 1944. In the process, the Germans destroyed the hub, and killed all employees.
It was, in fact, a direct response to this occupation that led to a certain group of Kringle-affiliated particle physicists being brought together in the Nevada desert to find a way to definitively win the war for the Allies.

Part 6: Multiverse Traversal (1950 AD - Present)

In 1952, Irwin Schrodinger had the breakthrough that made modern Christmas possible. He was a Kringle-sponsored physicist, working on understanding quantum phenomena. Irwin had previously hypothesized that until the state of the universe is observed, it is in a state of quantum superposition, where all possible outcomes exist simultaneously. These possible outcomes represent the infinite probable variants of our universe. Observing the system collapses all the other possibilities, except the one which is selected, effectively ending these infinite and unique universes.
With the assistance of Richard Feynman, Schodinger made a further discovery in 1955. He discovered how to isolate specific objects from the quantum superposition, and cause them to persist in our universe, even after the collapse of their source universe.
Using this discovery, real versions of Saint Nicholas could be selected from universes where they lived in contemporary times, and where they were about to present a gift to any given child in the world. This discovery had almost limitless potential for the consortium's mission, but came with serious ethical considerations.
The machine made no separation between objects and people. Anything could be pulled from the waves of the Quantum Foam, just by providing accurate targeting parameters. The few members of the Catholic Magisterium tasked with oversight of the project were adamant that it could not be used on a human.
They believed that either the resulting human would have a soul, in which case they would have to admit that every choice we make destroys an infinite number of human lives, or it would be a soulless homunculus, imitating humanity in open defiance of God. Either was seen as an abomination.
The project was firmly restricted to whiteboards and notebook math for another 5 years, until a compromise was reached. The design was modified to allow for two types of extraction: permanent and temporary.
A permanent extraction manifested physical objects from other universes, but would not allow for the extraction of anything living. Meanwhile, a temporary extraction would last only until the quantum waveform was collapsed, by observation. At that time, a temporary extraction would return to their own universe, and cease to exist.
However, none of the scientists or business men could be trusted to operate the machine continuously. Instead, a board of executives would meet once a year, and would summon a single temporary overseer. One whose trustworthiness, ethical purity, and commitment to the cause could never be questioned, as it was confirmed by Mother Church herself.

Part 7: Nicholas Springs Eternal (Present)

On December 26th of each year, the executive board of the Kringle Consortium meets in one of two locations, The HAARP center in Alaska or the Pine Gap base in Australia, and ask their quantum machine a single, binary question: "Does the human race deserve joy."
This question is used as the basis of a quantum superposition which is sustained for an entire year, and which is used to manifest that year's Santa Prime (sometimes humorously called Old Nick, or The King in Red). This incarnation of Saint Nicolas (or simulacrum thereof) is immediately given full control of the machine and of all associated resources, to prepare for the next Christmas.
Over the course of the year, question after question is queued into the machine's massive registers, with all the associated intelligence needed to answer it. "Is [James Voorst, Sally Embry, Xiu Chen, etc] NAUGHTY or NICE?". Old Nick's job is to ensure that no answer is predetermined, and no name is missed.
On December 24, as the first time zone reaches midnight, the machine's primary function is triggered, and Santa Prime takes his seat as observer. Hundreds of thousands of superpositions are created every second, and the machine selects the best universe match it can find within an time for walking the tree. From that universe, the relevant gift is permanently manifested, and the relevant santa is temporarily manifested to deliver it.
Once delivered, and properly out of sight, the result of the machine is observed by Santa Prime, destroying any evidence of that local Santa's existence, except for the gift, and perhaps as a final mercy to the deceased, a consumed final meal of milk and cookies.
When at last his nightly harvest is done, the King in Red, would-be savior of the poor and executioner to millions of his own kin, lays down for his own winter's nap, never to wake.

Part 8: How Does This all Relate to COVID '19?

Children can be assured that the universe pruning algorithm has been designed to reject any universe in which an ongoing pandemic threatens the health of the child. Santa will be perfectly healthy when he delivers your gift, and then will be ethically disposed of in the collapse of the quantum waveform.

Part 9: Frequently Asked Questions

Why doesn't every child get presents? Why isn't every present perfect? Why do children sometimes see their parents place their gifts?
The universe selection algorithm is a variant of a MIN/MAX pruning of an infinite binary tree of universes. 1.5+ billion of these selections need to occur every night. So naturally, there is a timeout that will select the best universe evaluated, even if it doesn't meet the minimum threshold for a perfect santa experience. The project targets year over year improvements in this field, rather than perfection.
What about bad santas? Could one be selected by accident?
Unfortunately, a small number of casualties must be considered acceptable by the project. That's why suicide and abduction rates all increase slightly around Christmas. This has been identified as an opportunity for potential improvement of the project in future years.
What about Santa Prime? Could we ever select a bad one?
Thankfully the longevity of Santa Prime's manifestation allows the machine to perform a much more exhaustive search of the multiverse. So long as there is a reasonable chance that the Prime question could be answered "yes", we should never receive a negative Prime Manifestation. So, you tell me, "Does the world deserve Joy?"
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