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LEVIATHAN Rising: A Spacedy Pleblore Project [Part I: Intro and ZE GERMANS]

2020.09.14 08:52 TheAtomicEsquire LEVIATHAN Rising: A Spacedy Pleblore Project [Part I: Intro and ZE GERMANS]

Introduction to LEVIATHAN Rising: A Spacedy Pleblore Project
So, what is all this then? It is the out-of-control Kudzu Worldbuilding of a bona fide space cadet who simply loves trying to answer narrative questions about "how?" and "why?". Though that doesn't answer much. Probably best to start at the beginning.
LEVIATHAN Rising began as a submod idea for adding Space Race content for the other American presidents who are not John Glenn. It wasn't long before I could see that that was never going to happen, because I had no idea how to make my ideas mechanically meaningful nor any no good reason why, if I was just writing a story, why it had to be in HoI4 rather than a medium which didn't require me to learn to do some coding. It's since grown a bit in scope since then, with the goal of trying to reasonably detailed and (hopefully) workable space programs that are each unique and interesting in their own way.
The initial target of the project is to produce four installments -- like the one below -- addressing the origins up to 1962 of the space programs of the four nations that either are supposed to be part of the Space Race or who have events that establish them as having a mature launching capability: Germany, Japan, the United States, and Italy. (I will probably break my own rule and take Italy past 1962, as it's the odd duck whose becoming a space-launching power is the one that occurs in-game.) That should provide, at the very least, a resource for anyone who might be pondering these questions themselves and maybe even provide some inspiration to someone.
Whether I finish is another question entirely. And given that we haven't even gotten to the titular LEVIATHAN Plan yet, well...
Part I: Those Stupid Jetpack Nazis and a (Not So) Brief History of Der Mondflug
The Origins of the Ten-Year Plan and Reichsparteitag Mission Architecture
Unlike its American and Japanese counterparts, the origins of the German space program can be traced directly to the actions of just two men: Werner von Braun and Hermann Goering. The former, the father of the German ballistic missile program, had always seen his work at Peenemunde as merely a first-step on the long road towards mankind’s expansion into the great expanse beyond our world. Braun would never be shy about evangelizing on the subject of space or using the immense pool of aeronautical talent assembled over the years at Peenemunde to tackle the problems associated with sending men to the stars. This penchant for, as the Heer’s and Luftwaffe’s mandarins called it, “misappropriating official resources” earned him no kudos with the military bureaucracies, who in turn were apt to write-off his calls for a lunar expedition as a fool’s errand as much because of the proposer as the proposal itself.
Sometimes, however, only one friend is necessary, if sufficiently high-ranking. And there were few men higher-ranking in the Reich than Hermann Goering. Spaceflight, by its very nature, spoke to Goering’s technophilic sensibilities and love of great machines doing even greater works. The exploration of space would also give the Luftwaffe a new frontier of its own to conquer, a project on the scale of Atlantropa or the colonization of the Slavic East, at a time when the German air force was distinctly lacking an animating mission beyond strafing untermenschen for fun and profit. So it was that, in May 1952, Goering requested that Braun conduct a design study on the feasibility of placing a man on the Moon by the end of 1963. Goering further requested that, if such was possible, Braun develop a plan for doing so which could be presented at the 23rd Reichsparteitag (Party Congress) the September of the coming year. The Reichsmarschall also promised Braun all necessary support in obtaining a “favorable report”.
With Goering’s backing, Braun finally had the freedom and resources to tackle the task he had wanted to for his entire professional life. And tackle it he and his team at Peenemunde did. In just under nine months, they produced An Introductory Primer on and Ten-Year Proposal for a Lunar Mission, an eight-volume, 3,000-page report that was equal-measures high-concept study and mission reference document. Braun confidently predicted that the Reich could land a man on the Moon by 1963 and outlined his steps for a lunar expedition:
1) Developing a three-stage Earth Ferry Shuttle (“EFS”) to provide access to orbit, with each stage being piloted and returning to the launch site after deployment of the payload, allowing each stage to be refurbished and reused;
2) Building a Large Space Station (“LASS”) in near-Earth orbit, to gain experience in building things in orbit in space, provide an environment to learn how humans adapt to zero-g, and provide a jumping-off point for the eventual lunar expedition;
3) Assembling a fleet of three Moonships at the LASS from payloads boosted into orbit by several squadrons of EFSes. The combined payload of the Moonship fleet would be 50 people and 250 tonnes of payload.
4) Mounting the expedition when the Moonships are built and their crews delivered from Earth. The expedition will spend 6-8 weeks on the surface of the Moon, before returning to the LASS via the Moonships.
Bold and ambitious, The Ten-Year Proposal represented more than a decade of accumulated watercooler discussions, off-topic thought exercises, and piecemeal research, plus half-a-year of frantic design work by a half-dozen newly created working groups. Its attempt to be a comprehensive treatment of the subject were admirable, though its eclectic breadth and wildly varying levels of detail attested to where the specialties of the team at Peenemunde were, with the most work going into the sections related to rocketry. (More esoteric topics addressed included the mechanical difficulties of using the bathroom in non-standard gravities, the potential inclusion of ships’ pets for morale purposes on a long and dangerous journey, and theoretical considerations for human reproduction beyond Earth’s magnetosphere.)
The Ten-Year Proposal was everything that Goering had asked for, and more much more besides. A draft was prepared for circulation to the Fuhrer – removing, for example, such potentially seditious discussions of human sexual relations on the Moon – for his approval, which came immediately. Hitler’s interest was so stimulated that it was decided that the theme of the 23rd Rechisparteitag would be “The New Order on All Worlds”, celebrating the twin great works of National Socialism: The forging of the new continent Atlantropa and Germany’s impending conquest of the heavens themselves. By the 33rd Reichsparteitag, it was to be announced, there would be a swastika on the Moon!
And so, with the Fuhrer’s blessing came the resources of a continent, as the Reich’s bottomless reserves of capital, both fiscal and intellectual, were furnished to make the dream of a man on the Moon a reality. Neither Braun nor Goering had given much thought to the seemingly mundane task of naming the program that would take on a life of its own over the next decade. That came in September 1953, when the Fuhrer, in his dedication of the Reich Institute on Spaceflight at Peenemunde (RIS), stated: “The Ten-Year Program, carried out with wondrous machines of the sort shown to the Reichsparteitag, is a sacred duty and obligation entrusted to you. And there is no higher calling than performing such duties and fulfilling such obligations.”
And in the language of the Reich, the Fuhrer’s message was equally clear: The Ten-Year Program and Reichsparteitag Architecture would succeed. Failure was not an option. At least if the Ten-Year Program’s leadership wanted enough of themselves left for their families to bury.
“Die Glückliche Zeit”: Excelsior and Pride Goeth
Veterans of Peenemunde – both before and after the formation of the RIS -- would recall the period from the middle of 1953 until the start of 1957 as the “Happy Time”, when life was good from the seemingly infinite budgets and near-daily breakthroughs as Peenemunde became the site of the greatest scientific endeavor of the age. Werner von Braun had been named RIS Director at its founding and, at the helm of a major national project blessed by the Fuhrer himself, bestrode the political scene like a colossus. It was a time of Olympian propositions, in which nothing could not be done if the RIS just put its mind to doing it. Of course – as Dr. Heinz Schlicke never tired of reminding his new colleagues – the “Happy Time” that was being paid homage to ended rather badly for the Kriegsmarine, and emulating would not be desirable.
Contrarians like Schlicke aside, Braun happily counted himself as one of the contented at RIS. Everything was by no means perfect, as the start of the Happy Time was bookended by the young program’s first major security breach. Three months before the Institute’s founding, it was discovered – rather embarrassingly – that somehow the CIA had gotten ahold of a copy of The Ten-Year Proposal, when detailed (and nominally highly classified) technical diagrams appeared in a Collier’s article entitled “Man Will Conquer Space Soon!”. The resulting organizational debriefing by the SD was not pleasant, but for the whole of the Happy Time that followed, the Ten-Year Program’s contact with the Reich’s security services was incidental and nonintrusive, which was about as much as could be hoped for given the amount of public money and classified information were involved.
Work on the design of the EFS, LASS, and Moonships occurred in parallel from the inauguration of the RIS into 1955. The center of the project remained the EFS, to be powered by the Ragnarok family of rocket engines, from – as one junior engineer put it – “the feeling that the world is ending when they’re fired.” The first-stage would be powered by between five and seven of these R-1s, with each generating 750,000kgf of thrust. The second-stage would use a variant tuned for specific impulse rather than thrust, while the third would use smaller-still variants for final ascent and in-orbit maneuvers. Payload was expected to be 40 tonnes to LEO.
As it evolved, the EFS simplified in conception: The boosting stages became unmanned and, while work remained ongoing to make them fully reusable, the brutal time-table mandated by the Ten-Year Plan brought about a working assumption that least the first production models would be expendable. The third-stage, meanwhile, evolved into a spaceplane -- the Planetary Descent Orbiter (“PLADO”) -- due to the easier technical hurdles to clear as opposed to its originally envisioned tail-sitter configuration. These changes were, on the whole, to be expected as this sort of highly experimental project evolved. By March 1955, the EFS was complete enough to begin building assembly prototypes, as the testing on the various engines to be used was already underway.
While the Ten-Year Program’s principal booster was sorting itself out, it became increasingly necessary to sort-out the greatest physical impairment to the Reichsparteitag Architecture’s success. Quite simply, the existing facilities at Peenemunde were grossly insufficient for the task envisioned and basic geography prohibited it from ever being an appropriate launch-site. Situated at more than 54°N Latitude, its orbital inclination was useless and consumed precious delta-v performing maneuvers to reach equatorial orbits. Further, its launch corridor took rockets flying over the Reich and Ostland as they ascended, unless further in-flight maneuvers were carried out to track the Baltic, which further ate into payload capacity. If the Ten-Year Plan was to stay on schedule, a new launch site would need built.
Braun outlined the needs to Goering for a launch site that was compliant with the vehicles of the Reichsparteitag Architecture. What was ideally needed was a place near the Equator with coastal access to an expansive body of water to its east. Goering believed that either of Reichskommisariats Ostafrika or Madagaskar would likely have a suitable location. As the Foreign Ministry was briefed on the need to handle the diplomatic niceties, a rather unexpected turn of events occurred: They had a counterproposal! Both the Foreign Ministry and Ministry of Industry had long sought to foster greater scientific and economic cooperation within the Einheitspakt. And, in light of Mediterranean – specifically Italian – discontent owing to the Atlantropa Projects, that the Ten-Year Program’s needs provided an opportunity to kill three birds with one stone. As the Equator runs through Italian East Africa and the Somalian coast has a number of sparsely populated ports eminently suitable appropriation. Extending such a prestigious honor would also do much to placate the Italians and provide a nexus for scientific cooperation between all of the nations of the Einheitspakt. Goering’s violent reaction to this “Speerite subterfuge” did little to scupper the Foreign Ministry’s proposal, which was elevated to the Fuhrer for consideration. And, much to the Reichsmarschall’s chagrin, it was approved over his objections.
Much of the next eighteen months would be spent building the Goering International Space Center in Hermannstadt – as the port of Kismayo was renamed in a concession to assuage Goering’s wounded pride – in equatorial Somaliland. The joint Italo-German enterprise would consume, by most estimates, a billion Reichsmarks to build the most expansive spaceport in the world in one of the most underdeveloped corners of the world and on a taxing schedule, as everything in the Ten-Year Program was. The Goering Space Center was officially inaugurated on December 17, 1956, with the shakedown launch of the first all-up A17 “Loki” rocket. Composed of two stages, the A17 was powered by a single R-1 engine in its first-stage and a single R-2 in its second, representing the first flying accomplishment of the Ten-Year Plan.
1957: The Year of the Black Sun
The beginning of 1957 buzzed with the news that the Space Race was finally heating up: After half-a-decade or more of talking about going into space, technology had matured enough to actually allow attempts to be made. Both Japan and the United States were allegedly to be sprinting to be the first to orbit an artificial satellite, which was believed to be capable of happening as soon as the summer. For the RIS, such notions were quaint, as the Reich had no such plans. After all, why should the world’s premiere space program be concerned with the lobbing of a few dozen kilograms of electronics into orbit when it was planning on to send a man into orbit and bring him back in a capsule massing thousands of kilograms? And to launch such by the last week of February, no less?
There was, indeed, a confidence that permeated Peenemunde that the uncharitable might have considered hubris. Certainly no one noticed sudden spike in missed deliveries from contractors as winter 1956 gave way the new year. Nor was any heed given to the alleged murmurings of friends and loved-ones in RK Moskowien about ominous rumblings from the Russian Wastes. But when a summons came from Germania, summoning the RIS Director to brief Goering on the status of the Ten-Year Program’s finances, it was clear that something was deeply, deeply troubling was going on.
For, as of January 25, 1957, no one at RIS knew the exact state of the finances of the Reichsparteitag Mission Architecture or the Ten-Year Program. They were projects blessed by Fuhrer: With such things, requests – or demands – were made for whatever was needed to accomplish them, and that was invariably produced if the security services or Heer was not to be involved. What monies were involved were always handled later on RIS’s behalf by the Luftwaffe or other governmental functionaries who were, in general, loathe to discuss such with Institute personnel.
With no small amount of trepidation, Braun and a team from RIS made their way to Germania. And were shellshocked when they were informed that the Fuhrer had, in light of the Reich’s many earthbound concerns, determined that the Ten-Year Program was not a worthwhile investment of the Reich’s resources. Which was why it had been decreed that the RIS would suspend all operations related to the Reichsparteitag Architecture effective immediately and prepare a detailed report on the most cost-effective way to accomplish the Ten-Year Program’s core goal of placing a man on the Moon by the end of 1963. Braun protested vociferously that, if there were concerns about the value of the work being done, a mere six weeks would be enough time to demonstrate its worth to the Fuhrer. Goering, however, brooked no objection, just as the Fuhrer had when Goering had lobbied him for precisely what Braun wanted. And if anyone did have problem with that, he’d ensure they were issued a rifle and sent to Moscowien to die in the snow fighting Soviet remnants.
And thus a thick malaise descended upon the RIS, as efforts that should have been focused on beginning manned flights were forcibly rerouted into inventorying what might salvageable from the Ten-Year Program, if it was salvageable at all. Gone were the LASS and Moonships, as they required far too much mass – and cost too much besides – to keep. So too was PLADO, for without the LASS to fabricate, what purpose was served with a big and heavy spaceplane cutting into orbital throw-weight? The Ten-Year Program, if it was to put on a man on the Moon, would have to embrace cramming men into tiny spacecraft “like spam in a can”, as the baleful lament went. The Loki at least guaranteed a working base for boosting payloads and the A20 “Thor” – the full-stack of the EFS – had been expected to be ready for preliminary full-up trials by the first-quarter of 1958 with a third-stage that provided a simple ballistic return capsule while the PLADO had finished prototyping. A low-energy, low-payload (“LELOP”) manned mission with a time on the surface measured in hours was probably technically feasible within the timeframes available.
The LELOP concept evolved into what was deemed a workable design for a three-man mission, assembling a moonship in orbit, consisting of two components, each lofted into a parking orbit as the third-stage of a Thor: The Lunar Transit Rocket (“LUTR”) and a Lunar Expeditionary Ascender-Descender (“LEAD”). The crew would ascend into space aboard the LUTR and, upon reaching orbit, dock with the waiting LEAD that had previously been launched. The moonship would then boost to the Moon, where two of the crewmen would transfer to the LEAD and detach, making a powered soft-landing on the Moon. At the completion of the lunar activities, the two men on the surface of the Moon would board the Ascender capsule of the LEAD, detach it from the Descender landing system, and boost back into orbit, where it would dock with the orbiting LUTR. The reunified moonship would then boost for Earth, where the crew of the spacecraft would board the Ascender capsule and detach from the LUTR, engage in a kick-down maneuver into the atmosphere for aerobraking, and splash-down with the Ascender capsule somewhere in the Atlantic.
Determining that not all hope was lost should have been a cause for cautious optimism; the more irrationally exuberant might have even hoped that the thoroughness with which RIS had embraced its mandate might earn it goodwill with the Fuhrer sufficient to not have to make all of the cuts contemplated. As the RIS’s progress was being inventoried, however, it became increasingly clear the scale of the crisis in which the Reich was embroiled, as the Berlin Stock Market collapsed on Black Monday leading to a financial meltdown that destroyed the Reichsmark and soon contaminated the whole economy. While, within the fortnight, word arrived that the latest resurgent Soviet remnant – the West Russian Revolutionary Front – had declared war against RK Moscowien and launched a general winter offensive from the Arctic to the Caspian. With the domestic situation in freefall as winter turned to spring, it was clear that there would be no salvation of the Reichsparteitag Mission Architecture. The only question was whether the Fuhrer would see fit to allow for the Valkyrie Program – as the LELOP mission design was styled – would be given permission to resume.
The Report on the State of the Ten-Year Lunar Program was transmitted to Germania in April. It would sit until October, when Germania found itself in the dire predicament of not only being in a Space Race, but having fallen behind, with the Japanese Asagataningen-1 becoming the world’s first artificial satellite. The crisis precipitated by the Asagataningen-1, however, was in short-order swept away by the Reich’s announcement shortly thereafter of its intent to impound all further payments to and from the Einheitspakt’s Atlantropa Adaptation & Mitigation Fund, sparking a diplomatic rupture with the Iberians and Italians, which culminated in the dramatic withdrawal of the Iberian Union and Italian Empire from the Einheitspakt. And, disastrously for the German space program, the seizure and nationalization of the Goering Space Center.
As 1957 drew to a close, the German space program had been brought to its knees as the Reich was gripped by a wave of crises not seen in decades. But the lunar program had endured the year’s body blows. That was more than can be said for many ambitious projects – including the Atlantropa Projects themselves – and would, hopefully, prove to be enough.
By Hook or Crook: Valkyrie Ascendant
As 1958 commenced, the Valkyrie Program was in a shambles. Much of the Reichsparteitag Architecture it had meant to build on was in disarray, as contractors had moved onto new projects over the past year and key personnel, such as the original astronaut class that had been selected, were reassigned back to line service with the Luftwaffe. To say nothing of the total loss of the physical infrastructure that had been built specifically for the Ten-Year Program, as the Italians steadfastly claimed the Goering Space Center and its half-dozen Loki rockets in various states of assembly and the prototype full-up Thor as “compensation” for the Reich’s refusal to honor its obligations from the Atlantropa Adaptation & Mitigation Fund.
The news was not all bad, however. Desperate fighting had, over the winter, appeared to check the West Russian Revolutionary Front before the gates of Moscow. And the Russians’ withdrawal had turned into a rout as the WRRF disintegrated as the web of alliances between its various warlords came undone in the retreat. That would mean, in theory, there could once more be a pool of suitable astronaut candidates. But that meant little without a place to launch from: Either a suitable replacement complex would have to be built or there would have to be significant modification of the facilities at Peenemunde, to say nothing of the changes needed to vehicle design to accommodate the atrocious inclination angle.
Ironically, it would be the Foreign Ministry that would put forward a possible solution to the problem that, for many at RIS, was their fault to begin with. With the “West Russian War” over – or at the very least with the Soviets effectively scattered and incapable of offensive action– the Reich needed to reassure the world that it remained a superpower. A significant international construction program was just what was needed! And, given the disposition of the political leadership of RK Ostafrika, a show of goodwill and the Fuhrer’s primacy was necessary after Himmler’s abortive coup to ensure the RK remained in the fold. The Foreign Ministry could ensure that the resources were found to build at least a minimally satisfactory launch site if it were to be situated in RK Ostafrika. And, from the last time the subject was raised, Pemba Island in Zanzibar was considered a suitable site! Whatever skepticism Braun might’ve had was assuaged by the reassurance that Reichskommisar Huttig can be very…convincing when it comes to motivating the local workforce to meet deadlines. And the grim fact that the challenges of shipping rockets around the Cape of Good Hope to Zanzibar is still significantly less complicated than trying to make a lunar mission launched from Peenemunde work.
With the promise of a new launch site and renewed funding, the Valkyrie Program finally could begin putting its house in order. Had Braun and the rest of the RIS leadership known much of America’s national pastime, they would have concurred that 1958 promised to be a “rebuilding year”, even if their overly optimistic plans held. It had been hoped that a crash modification of one of the launch pads at Peenemunde, as well as upgrading the mission control suite, could be completed by July and allow the formal commencement of the manned Space Operations and Skills Project (“SOSP”) that had been delayed since the suspension of the Ten-Year Program. SOSP had been intended to be the first steps of learning how to operate in orbit and start acquiring the skills necessary to build the LASS; it would still be needed even with Valkyrie’s much less grandiose plan, which still called for several orbital dockings in both Earth and lunar orbits.
As it was, the economic waves caused by collapse of the Reichsmark and the removal of some of Europe’s most productive industrial zones by the creation of the Ordenstaat Burgund meant that it would be well into 1959 before the necessary modifications were made to Peenemunde to handle the launch of the Loki rocket which was intended to be used for SOSP missions. The delays imposed by the modifications to Peenemunde were, in their own way, a blessing: They allowed the drag-chute to be pulled and RIS, as an institution, to fully acclimate itself to the Valkyrie Program and conduct some badly needed operational planning relating to it, when previously most of the work done amounted to taking the relevant bits of the Ten-Year Program and/or Reichspartei Architecture and then attempting to repurpose them on the fly. The full mission reference document for the Valkyrie Program was finally written-up and a full launch time-table for SOSP was developed, with 16 SOSP flights between 1959 and 1963, as well as six flights – manned and unmanned -- shaking down an otherwise full-up Thor mission-stack, with a tentative lunar mission date to coincide with the 33rd Reichsparteitag, much to the delight of both the Fuhrer and Goering.
Unfortunately for the Valkyrie Program, it would not be allowed to keep its footing for long. For despite having finally developed a feasible operational plan for reaching its objectives and actively moving into terrestrial field testing of all major subsystems to achieve those objectives, it was due to once more be beset by the Reich’s tumultuous politics. On April 12, 1959, the Reich once more found itself upstaged in the Space Race, when the United States’ Pioneer 1 succeeded in making John Glenn the first man to orbit the Earth. This was the second time that the Reich had been humiliated in a field that, by all rights, should belong to the Aryan race. There was no active war or acute economic crisis to blame this embarrassment on this time. It could, in the Fuhrer’s learned judgment, only be the fault of the management of the Valkyrie Program. A way must be found to restore the Reich’s honor. And, to ensure that sufficient motivation was had by both the Luftwaffe and RIS, the SS would be conducting a top-to-bottom audit of the program to identify potential areas for improvement.
The SS’s audit, despite its ominousness, was surprisingly gentle on the Valkyrie Program, finding that no meaningful changes could be made in the mission architecture to facilitate a faster Moon-landing. (Just where the SS found a pool of spaceflight experts not associated with RIS was, unfortunately, not one of the topics remarked upon.) What the audit did recommend was a radical restructuring of the finalized mission calendar, finding – based upon comparable American and Japanese protocols – that a mere six SOSP launches should be necessary, as well as a manned full-up test of the Thor followed by the launching of the lunar mission. If done, and the New Equatorial Launch Site on Pemba Island became available by July 1961, the program could have an Aryan on the Moon by the end of that same year. The Valkyrie team objected strenuously to what it perceived as wanton corner-cutting with the lives of German astronauts, to which the SS auditors merely recommended that, if the Luftwaffe could not find astronaut-candidates willing to trust the engineering prowess of the Aryan race with their lives, the SS certainly could. Even more distressingly, the Fuhrer adopted the recommendation, ordering the recommended adjustments to the mission calendar under threat of transfer of the whole Valkyrie Program to the SS.
The rest of 1959 and the whole of 1960 would prove to be reminiscent of an earlier, happier time at the RIS, before the dreams of the Ten-Year Plan were shattered by the Year of the Black Sun. Work proceeded steadily as the first four SOSP missions were flown, final ground-testing was completed on the rebuilt Thor prototypes and the Valkyrie moonship was deemed ready for man-rating. As the finish line was increasingly within view, however, the question of what came next haunted the corridors of power at RIS. Because of the long lead-time on certain key items, especially things like large rocket engines, potentially years of foreknowledge and planning would be necessary to keep RIS’s production pipeline flowing. As early as the dark days of 1957, the question of what would come after the first lunar landing was being investigated by an Ad Hoc Committee on Future Manned Missions, with the general conclusion of RIS that while the adaptation of the original Reichsparteitag Architecture to the systems created by the Valkyrie Program and continued pursuit of the Ten-Year Plan was the best course of action, at the very least a continued program of lunar exploration was required if only to justify the immense sums invested in both the Ten-Year and Valkyrie Programs, as well as better define future requirements and needs for manned spaceflight beyond Earth and its immediate environs. Both the Goering, however, flatly rejecting financing for further Valkyrie Program mission-planning for at least a period of at least 18 months after the first lunar landing, though the flying of smaller Loki-based missions were not prohibited.
That another funding cliff loomed was disappointing, but by no means was it even one of the five-worst faced by RIS since the inauguration of the Ten-Year Plan. Thankfully, while the Luftwaffe had curtailed the flight-testing program for Thor, there had been no cancellation of the four Thors on order for the cancelled test-flights. The production lines for the Reich’s heavy-lifter could, with a little creative structuring, be kept open during the moratorium on Valkyrie mission-planning. Given that the Valkyrie Program had already had to restart the Thor production line once already, avoiding having to deal with the arduousness of that again would save the program headaches in the future, should the political climate change and allow for more ambitious spacefaring.
1961 brought further delays to SOSP-5 and SOSP-6, though in a pleasant change of pace, for positive reasons. For a given definition of “positive”, at any rate. RK Ostafrika announced to the Foreign Ministry that it had completed the New Equatorial Launch Site a full three months ahead of schedule and would be ready to christen it in mid-April. The whole world, unfortunately, knew that the New Equatorial Launch Site was ahead of schedule, as the rather loud murmurings about the hellacious treatment of the native workforce building the Site were noteworthy for the intensity of the alleged brutality, even by the rather disturbing standards of Reichskommisar Huttig’s fiefdom. Nonetheless, juggling the schedule to allow SOSP-5 and -6 to launch from the Frederick Barbarossa National Launch Complex – as the Fuhrer insisted on naming it – would allow for greater acclimation to the facilities prior to the all-up manned Thor flight. Such juggling would prove invaluable, as the breaking in of Barbarossa National would throw back the flight of Valkyrie 5 from an initial mid-July launch to a mid-October one.
What is most amazing about the Barbarossa National break-in missions – SOSP-5, SOSP-6, and Valkyrie 5 – was not that they were as successful as they were, but rather that they were successful at all, given under the crushing schedule and active mandating of cutting corners from on-high. With a recipe for a massive explosion on the launchpad, the break-in missions not only didn’t get anyone killed, but functioned well enough to be called successes. It would be, for many at RIS, their finest professional moment and a testament to the thoroughness of German engineering. Less charitable – and almost invariably American or Japanese – engineers would also note the rather healthy amount of luck involved, given the risks taken. And that observation would not be incorrect, either.
Valkyrie 5 would set a record for the longest continuous presence in orbit, at just under 45 man-days for the three-man crew, as a whole lunar transit was simulated while orbiting Earth. At the conclusion of the mission, Braun advocated for allowing the more or less fully-loaded Valkyrie 5 to remain in orbit, in the hope that it might serve as the basis for a low-cost second Moon mission at some point in early 1962. As on the subject of mission-planning, he was overruled, though this time on the basis of national security, as it was unknown whether another mission would be mounted and a more or less fully intact Valkyrie would be a tempting espionage for the other superpowers. When the Ascender capsule detached and kicked into the atmosphere, a kick-down burn was remotely engaged, plunging the whole of Valkyrie 5 into an orbit that would see its burning wreckage scattered across several dozen square kilometers of the Indian Ocean.
The rest of 1961 would be spent going over the technical data gathered from the full-up dress rehearsal flight and ironing out what glitches remained. The accumulation of delays led to the amended mission calendar’s original launch date of December 20, 1961 – which would have placed a man on the Moon during the Winter Solstice – to slip. But all systems appeared to be go for Valkyrie 6 to lift-off on January 1, 1962, to ring in the new year with a demonstration of the Reich’s long-fermenting capability to dominate space…
Author's Comments
TNO is a mod that loves its alternative history to rhyme. That is, for story beats (such as historical events) to happen in ways or at times which evoke OTL, but which are nonetheless creatures of the allohistorical work. I'll admit that I just couldn't help going whole-hog with the rhyming history here. I blame the fact that the rocket in the New Start screen is very obviously a Totally Not Saturn V, even though that makes precious little sense in context.
For those who are not as unheathily familiar with the history of space exploration as I am, let me explain. Most of what's discussed here is, in fact, 100% OTL with the roles inverted. Between 1952 and 1954, Werner von Braun wrote a series of articles for Collier's magazine -- the first, of course, being called "Man Will Conquer Space Soon!" -- that featured a lavish vision of an expedition to the Moon, and a process to get there consisting of building a rocket with a reusable spaceplane final stage, which would build a space station in orbit, that would assemble a fleet of moonships to take a massive expedition to the Moon. He found no real support for his ambitions, but did eventually get a job putting a man on the Moon, though the Apollo Program was a radically different beast with radically different philosophies than the Collier's project.
At any rate, here, Braun gets an infinitely deep pocket to build his Collier's project, and then, when forced to pare himself back to...Apollo, as Loki is the Totally Not Saturn I(b), Thor the Totally Not Saturn V, LUTR the Totally Not Apollo Command and Service Module, and LEAD the Totally Not Lunar Module. The guy just can't catch a break in either timeline.
If I Were A Rich Man Deep One Modder...
Consider this an idea that would make an interesting submod unto itself, but for which I certainly don't have the skill or chops to create. Who knows, maybe someone will get some mileage out of it.
Reichskommisariat Raketeland
Following the onset of the German Civil War, many RIS members -- including its director -- fled the Reich for Pemba Island in RK Ostafrika in the hopes of finding a safe port in a raging storm. While the Afrika-Schild was embroiled in its war with South Africa, Pemba Island was far removed from the fronts and OFN aircraft gave wide berth to the Barbarossa National Launch Complex, lest a provocation be caused that might draw the ire of the Reich. With the war drawing ever-more of RK Ostafrika's resources southward, Pemba Island is increasingly left to govern itself, and with a well-established leadership hierarchy from RIS and a battalion of regular Luftwaffe Fallschirm-Panzergrenadiers, it might just be able to do so/
submitted by TheAtomicEsquire to TNOmod [link] [comments]


2020.08.28 01:37 Sanity0004 My journey through The Challenge for the first time. (Part 6: Battle of the Seasons. Easily my longest post so far. Oof)

Probably a lot of errors and screw ups in this long winded rant/live watch. I'm sorry it's this long. I might need a damn break after this season. Boy, this took some wind out of my sails. This was rough.
Battle of the seasons:
Ok, I've heard I'm in for a string of really good seasons. Let's go!
1:
A whole lot of people I don't recognize at all. (I'm totally fine with this.)
Sarah looking different! I like it!
Danny and Melinda on the same season? Why weren't they on Exes?
I have limited exposure to Chet, but I like him!
Danny looks so different in his confessionals.
Knight being a dick right off the bat. Damn.
Oh hell, this Pennsatucky looking chick.
Actually like seeing Jonna and Jasmine again.
I thought I recognized Trishelle and Alton, hey I watched that season!
These fresh off the Real World rookies(Saint Thomas?) seem awkward.
So far, I'm really liking the looks of this cast. A lot of newer people, the old school vets are low in numbers. I'm liking this a lot.
"Best challenge house ever." Nah man, Fresh Meat 2's house was awesome.
This Frank dude does NOT give off good vibes right off the bat.
I'm all for the Sarah/Chet team up.
Wes shenanigans off the bat.
Oh shit, another team? No clue who it could be.
Oh shit. I am soooo for this. Cara, Big Easy, Brandon and Camilla. I'm good with all four! Please Brandon, don't get screwed again! I swear to god I could already see some Wes shenanigans of getting Easy/Cara to put in Brandon/Camilla or some shit. Don't you do it!
I feel like Austin is screwed with Melinda and Lacey. Melinda was never all that good in these challenges and Lacey doesn't look competitive at all.
Calling Jonna and Jasmine weak? They were small but seemed strong and wirey as hell.
Why is Cara Maria's name on her shirt like added on? lol Was she a last minute substitute or something? Everyone elses name is white letters on the shirt, but hers looks like it's a white printout strip thrown on the front of the shirt.
Big Easy making a great first impression... Good job bud!
God damn Eric. God Damn dude. Losing weight ain't shit for this show if you aren't also getting stronger and working on endurance.
As a newer viewer not knowing a lot of these people, this is a terrible first comp for judging people and their performance for first impressions. A lot of times its just names and seasons and there's no real way to tell anyone apart most of the time.
Why is this season treating just falling in the water so much worse? Just seems like a big escelation in the dramatization of danger. Only the first episode and it's had two falls in the water cut to commercial for drama. Exes alone had like 7 or 8 falls worse than any of these that were barely even noted on? lol
Did this season suddenly have a big editing change? So far I hate the editing on this season. So much added dramitization and commercial cuts. This show never felt that dramatized before this. Yes there were dramatic cuts to commercials and everything, but saying who the power team was? Fresh Meat getting out of the car? This is feeling too much like modern overdramatization of reality tv.
Ugh, Wes instantly on his shit. I like people owning their shit, but he's just a little too much sanctimonious about it.
Shocked they had no time with the Fresh Meat team with reactions after the challenge. So much more focus on the rookies and newbies.
First go off the bat gonna be all vets of the challenge. Nice.
Wanting Austin gone, but then picking physical against Fresh Meat? These new peeps don't seem the brightest.
Wes seems so slimmed down more than the last couple seasons. Wonder if he took the finals of Rivals to heart and been more focused on endurance and cardio?
I am so confused by this Frank and Zach guy...like....sexually. There's some strong homoerotic vibes going on right now.
I said it once, I'll say it again and again. Angry drunk is a damn requirement for this show.
Jonna, did you not watch the Exes reunion?! Ok she's at least going to call the dude before it goes on and on and farther and farther.
"My hearts pounding because I'm so excited you called." This is the ultimate of unconfortableness. I love the way this phone call is starting off haha I LOVE IT.
Cara Maria what the shit? All of a sudden wanting to get cold feet?
I still don't understand why Cara's shirt is different than everyone elses.
Oh shit, well this is the best possible case for Big E, damn. Tackle the dude and keep moving. My faith in Austin just plummeted. Lacey has no chance and Wes has a less than normal chance.
Well that was instant.
I actually wish these guy and girl elim's worked indipendantly. Why should a team lose two, could just lose the girl or guy seperately. Have both compete, but I'd more like the chance of two teams potentially losing one each rather than one team losing 2.
Eric just fucking tore through Wes like it was fucking nothing. I knew Eric had this, but shit that was nuts.
Wes trying to be smart and go under. I think Eric got it. Wes swung his arm out too much, he lagged behind.
Danny and Melinda just on their own battle of the exes now.
2:
The combo of Knight and Jemmye makes that season of Real World seem like the absolute most off brand casting I've seen on MTV lmao
New crew coming in with alliances. Good to see people aren't just coming in doing whatever vets or older cast say or say is normal.
A giant pit of olive oil....ewe
I look at that red line and wonder if someone is about get their back broken.
Oh ok, I can see the appeal of this comp immediately.
I like the schoolyard pick of this type of comp.
Punches and drop kicks and neck grabs all in the first guy/guy face off? Damn these newbies came in heated.
"Too much sensitivity in these newbie." Ok, I'm loving this post-win Camilla.
Jonna, man, just instantly stepping out.
Newbies coming in actually thinking about these games smartly. It's actually nice seeing this from people other than Johnny/Kenny/Evan and Wes.
Man they just completely close out multiple teams from even trying. Damn.
I'm glad the vets aren't just taking it sitting down and instantly strategizing themselves.
Hahaha, I love that this became a thinking mans challenge throwing competition. The people playing around and goofing off is just all around great.
That Big Easy has to sit here and talk to Cara and Camilla to actually play politics. Seriously guys, you two specifically have scated on being on the vets side so damn much to be talking shit about having to play politics. Brandon and Big Easy deserve better.
I'm a fan of these rookies coming in and wanting too say fuck how this game has been played in the past. Yes, I don't really know them, and we don't have any vested interest in any of them, but this is how EVERY SINGLE PERSON should be coming in to this game. Fuck how it was played in the past, play it how you want to play it. The best possible outcome of this is multiple people coming in like this and having a good tug and pull for control throughout the season. It's how you get evolutions in strategy.
Instant talk of love and connections bug the hell out of me. Jonna and her "I've never felt this way with a guy" come on chick, it's been a couple days.
Oh god, Melinda getting in this fight is hilarious. It almost got the girls into a fight lmao
I am not here for this New Orleans cast. Knight seems like a Vinny mixed with Johnny wannabe or something.
Cara Maria seems extra whiny this season. I haven't seen her not whining yet.
Brandon, I like you, but don't just come in and say "This is my fourth challenge, I'm tired of eliminations." Dude, did you come in expecting that vet shit too? Come on man.
I have to assume that they have to give the producers who they want sent in before they get to see the comps right? I mean, why wouldn't you just wait til you see it and then decide?
I don't like this Frank guy. He may be the head dude in charge with alliances and stuff, but he's not a great personality. He's not a fun evil, or fun bad guy to root for. He's just kind of annoying?
Is Camilla going to be tall enough for this?
On these type of competitions, why wouldn't you just sit back and wait until the last 30 seconds and then just send everything back?
Glad to see Fresh Meat stick around. No real surprise to see Danny Melinda go out so fast.
I feel like Austin being gone was like the Legacy members being gone. Yeah there is still vets left, but the rest left aren't really as well established.
3:
Big Easy getting some female interest? Hell yeah!
Damn Trishelle was gone for two episodes and comes blasting in with "Sarah is manipulative!"
I can't take this Knight dude.
I like this challenge a lot. Fresh Meat is definitely screwed, but I like it.
Yup, there goes Easy. What the hell is with this dude? He was never a bad guy in these regular challenges. He was always decent but never the worst, never this damn bad.
This competition really doesn't seem hard. It's more about concentration than anything else. Other than Eric the only thing people struggled on was not paying attention to placing the hook correctly.
Does each team have their own van/bus? Seems extravigant...
Damn Trishelle, you seem to be way more manipulative right now than Sarah is? You're the one running around telling everyone Sarah is manipulating Alton, but what you're doing is manipulating every team against one person.
I understand the politics of wanting to stick with the alliance, but you're being crazy about it.
Trishelle lmao "I'm a poker player, don't fuck with me." If I hear I'm a poker player one more damn time!
Damn Camilla, chill chick. Brandon trying to talk you up and get you out of your shitty mood and you just start screaming?
"Go fuck yourself!" "I will, I do it every single day!" I love it! hahaha
Cut to them talking about the argument. Huuuuge pet peeve of mine, discussing how the argument progresses and takes place and not focusing at all on why the argument happened. "You said some things in there that hurt and I don't know where they come from." What about the fact that you blew up because the guy was trying to talk you up?!
Thank you Chet! Trishelle, you're off your rocker. Why does Trishelle have this huge hate for Sarah? I feel like there is some context outside of the game or something? Why does she come in saying she's the most manipulative person in the game? What?
Cara has a point. If something gets hard and you say you want to quit, who's to say you won't do the same another time? That being said Cara just seems so damn whiney this season.
Trishelle pissed when Sarah volunteers herself lmao
Chet and Sarah vs Brandon and Cara? In this type of challenge? I think Fresh Meat's about to lose...
Spending so much time pulling the rope seems like a waste of time. You're never going to get that damn far you only have 10 minutes.
I don't know who I want to stay more. I kind of want Cara gone, but I don't want Brandon gone. Definitely want to keep Sarah/Chet around.
Not really surprised by the outcome.
Oh fuck off Cara. "The joke is Camilla is stuck with Big Easy. You seemed to so obviously come in to this season expecting to scate by on the vets take care of vets game style and obviously never expected to go in to any elimination.
I'd say Brandon got screwed again by a disfunctional team. Cara and Big easy is a tough saddle to bare.
Get that girl big easy!
4:
Devyn really? Dating guys collecting social security? really?
This fucking Knight guy. God dammit.
Trying to mentally breaking people? Really reafirming my Johnny take...
The new orleans cast as a whole looks like they were side castmembers on MTV's Buckwild and they threw them on Real World after Gandee died and the show was cancelled. That's my headcannon.
Eric talking shit, but obviously struggling holding the basket before anything is put in it...
Damn dude, going hard on Brooklyn.
Chet lol "Don' apologize, it doesn't mean shit."
Damn Easy, fucking keep going. The basket is just filling up.
Frank seems like a bitch.
I am absolutely loving this "Alliance" breaking the fuck apart already. lmao They're all seeing a pecking order and little spites and shit's gonna blow. Love it.
LOVE IT. Keep fighting!
I have a feeling this season is about to get real damn heated.
"Team meeting" this should go swell
"We're in an alliance with you....but not really we want your team in."
Sending in Fresh Meat again? Pussed out already?
"Why is Brooklyn on the bottom every time?"
Safe to say all these newbies got the JEK style of strategy. Clearly have a pecking order, but lets not acknowledge the pecking order. That's just messed up. Why would you think there's an pecking order? How dare you! Now you're just making yourself a target!
Camilla, you won a season by getting to the end with alliances. What are you talking about? Vets so clearly came in expecting it to be a vets to the end automatic run.
Be careful Camilla, that New Orleans cast look like they would actually start stabbing people. Especially the Pennsatucky looking chick.
After a comp? Everyone with their own bus. After partying and drinking? Cram all these drunk fucks in a bus!
Oh boy, you guys are underestimating Camilla if you think she would get her ass kicked. I'd put that money on Camilla.
Everyone just fucking throwing 'bows and shit. Body check after body check. I love this alliance.
How Nany kept her top on the entire time I have no idea.
Knight telling Trishelle that he's the best manipulator in the house? Better watch out. Lose an alliance mate for simply suggesting that it isn't Sarah.
Ughhh god, I can't take more of this Knight dude. He obviously took extensive notes on JEK's tips on playing the game.
Nany you're bitching to Fresh Meat about not losing and not going into elimination? You dense bitch!
IDK Devyn, you said you date people who collect social security. I feel like Easy should be a little uneasy on the dodginess. Not that it really matters, but the dodginess is weird.
Fucking Knight coming to the rescue lmao
Oh fuck off with this dumb suspense!
5:
Big E, what the fuck. I understand it's hard, but you don't fucking quit.
Fuck off Big E. You lost all my respect dude. It's like you get yelled at to keep trying and you get ptsd for Gauntlet or some shit and you just give up. Fuck off. Talking all kinds of shit about Camilla talking down to E, but fuck that she was telling him to try and that he has to think positively. She didn't talk shit till his dumb ass quit.
I now understand why people look back to gauntlet 3 far worse. At the time I just saw it as the dude biting on more than he can chew, but he stuck with it until he literally couldn't. Now he's just a quitter. What in the hell.
Nice bit of trivia for Sarah: she lives trivia.
I think I hate Trishelle. I think it's a couple episodes in, enough to say that I really dislike Trishelle.
I just got done watching Exes and I couldn't tell you what Island they go to at the end.
"If looks could kill, I'd be so dead." TJ is killing me this episode.
I love these trivia comps.
It comes down to Chet in a spelling bee lol
San Diego and Trishelle are basically my shit list. New Orleans would be on there too, but with them it's more of a disgust thing.
This Pennsatucky chick just gave me Pennsatucky vibes before because of looks, but her flipping out and being a control freak continues to give me Pennsatucky vibes.
What is New Orleans doing? lmao they're slowly tryin to walk the things to the wall lol Goodbye I guess?
Wait...what? Why is there more than one round? There was only one round the first time... Only one 5 minute round the first time and 3 90 second rounds this time around? It makes sense, but why did they only now think of this or make this change?
Good for Brooklyn.
6:
Fucking Frank. This dude is a cuntnugget.
This cast, or these newer players seem to take this game way more personal. Like the older school players seem to be able to openly realize it's a game and they're able to mostly put stuff away and have fun and chill when it isn't game related. This cast just seems to outright hate everything and will not put stuff aside for even a second.
Frank is just so damn smug, but he somehow still comes off as insecure? Like he has to try to prove himself any time another guy even thinks of talking to him or gets attention.
Why is Nany crying just entering the challenge?
The Horse mask lol
I think I'm on Team Brooklyn and Team Cancun at this point. And Teacm fuck San Diego and fuck Team Vegas. Saint Thomas barely even exists at this point.
Ear pull seems like the weirdest pointless crapshoot of a "competition"
Team Buckwild vs Vegas in a jousting competition lol
I guess I'm hoping for Vegas as they might make an attempt at San Diego since they know they comtemplated going after them the previous episode.
"I'm stronger!" "It's a fish!" "What does that have to do with this?" "It's a fifteen pound fish!" I love this argument.
She dropped the fish haha
I don't know if Laura deserves much respect really. Has she even had a single second of screen time before this?
I actually feel like Knight of anyone would come in here to fuck shit up with this power team.
Alton wanting his own team thrown in lmao
He's opening talking about wanting to leave, but he's talking to the two girls who would literally have to go too. What an idiot.
This season is going to start to annoy the hell out of me. Alton you dumb bitch.
Yeah, just not let Alton go in.
Frank, shut up. He wasn't allowed to do it, you idiot.
That the other teams just sat there and thought the rest of the team would just let Alton lose for the team is hilarious. Now all of them are wanting to jump in on Alton. What is with these baby clowns? I feel like they shouldn't really care at this point because they didn't like Trey and Laura from Saint Thomas anyways. So even if they lose what does it matter to them?
These guys are absolute bitches lol
Seeing how exhausting the first rope dome comp went, I'm surprised these teams didn't focus more on alternating vertically over and over again. The pulling the rope was the hardest part and pulling it through the top would be the most exhausting. Basically go over the top, do a bottom not, go back over the top and repeat over and over again. It wouldn't even need to be complicated, just exhausting. It's the strategy comp for a reason.
Frank and Zach just descheveled lol Not even wanting to look.
Besides maybe Trey, I feel like this whole Saint Thomas cast is completely forgettable. I would be surprised to see any of them again.
"What they're doing to your team is what I did to people in high school." Nice self own? Calling yourself a bully? lol
7:
I spoke too soon, maybe they are able to just put everything aside for some fun.
There's been so little of Jonna and Jasime this season. Kind of surprising.
Glad to see some competitions that more resemble something close to a final challenge.
"I don't know how I got this reputation for being good at puzzles." "Because you brag about it." love Chet.
All this Cancun screen time makes me think they're for sure going in to the arena. They've been pretty absent.
Sarah with the helpful tips!
"Prove you're more than just high heels!" "I'm not!" this episode is hilarious so far.
Now you just know to drop Devyn soon.
Fuck Zach and Frank.
I'm pro Sam.
"I'm just encouraging you, STOP WHINING!" Hahahahaha Funniest episode of The Challenge to this point.
How the hell do you get through the whole thing and just now realize there are extra pieces?
Brooklyn took that! Nice.
Cancun being a damn team.
Frank and Zach are fucking disgusting. "Yoou don't like me telling you to speed up! FUCK YOU, YOU FUCKING FATASS!!!"
Frank and Zach are just spoiled children turned bullies.
I think this season has the most cast I actively hate.
Robb trying not to call TJ a bitch because he thought he said they lost. lmao
What the fuck was that? Frank and Zach act like twin brothers that will just say anything and do anything to back each other up.
Frank "Zach trying to make me look like the bad guy." hahahahaha does this mother fucker not hear himself? At all? Was it you yelling "You selfish piece of shit!" or "You fat bitch!" Frank, Zach doesn't have to try...
I love the infighting. I looooooooooooooove seeing Frank cry.
I don't know if it's likely, but Frank leaving right now would blow this game wide the hell open.
Come on. Seeing a note for someone else and reading it and laughing? Come on... It's not a prank, its malicious.
Just a good reminder I hate Pennsatucky and the BuckWild team.
Ha, suddenly Frank doesn't want to go in! Frank saying flat out that Sam won't be able to do it. These complete babies.
Have I expressed how much I fucking love this episode yet? I'm giddy.
I don't even think it will take Frank going home to break this game open. I think this team and alliance is fucked.
"If we were so hellbent on our word, I'd be going in with Ashley, but we're not so I'm not going in." What?! What technicality bullshit are you trying finagle your dumb ass out of right now you scared little bitch? lol
I hate Frank.
"Don't be upset, I'm here for you." Frank fuuuuuuck off with your dumbass back and forth bullshit. "Sam, you suck and you're going to lose. But hey, I'm here for you!" lmao This is Sociopath level manipulation.
Glad CJ could take this "Note prank" a lot more lighthearted than I'd be able to.
I wasn't aware they could only be unsure on one of the people going in to the arena? I thought for sure on a previous one the guys were pretty set and the girls weren't and both were picked? Like they didn't even give a chance for the guys to step up after the girls went in the power team just picked both. Then I'm even more confused by them telling Brooklyn they have total control, but then only having them pick the guy. WHAT ARE THE RULES!!!!
CJ being so close with San Diego bothers me. CJ himself seems cool, but I can't trust someone that would be close with these guys.
Maybe this comp is a lot harder than it looks lol
Sam pulling it out during this is great.
I find it curious that they haven't shown Frank or Ashley cheering on their team at all...
"Hey Frank! Fuck you!" I love to see it.
Glad to see Pennsatucky and Shain Gandee be eliminated.
"They haven't been able to win one challenge without me." Frank....THEY JUST FUCKING DID!!!!! You dumb bitch!
8:
"I just need to get them to the end, so I can lead it." Oh the ego Frank.
Trishelle reminding me I don't like her. Calling Frank a pawn and that he got played? What?! Lol, how? What are you even talking about?
I love whatever this gameshow schtick is.
"Guys, you can't make me look dumb." Jesus fucking christ Frank. This is how you start a challenge? "Hmm, now you're quiet." You toddler.
Ok, I think Trishelle was feeding the fire on her pawn talk. She's sitting back loving the infighting.
These numbers on this food is ridiculous. More than 10 baklava a peice in 4 minutes? That seems insane.
I don't even know what this second thing is.
Devyn and Sarah is just devouring these things. This one I actually think they'll get.
The instant reaction to JD almost puking was great. "JD, don't you dare! You hold that shit down!"
Chilis, now this number should be high as hell. I'm surprised how low they are. Sure they're hot but they're easy to eat. Put like 4 of those shits in your mouth at a time.
Vegas, good job making the team lose by having to eat the food. lol
Brooklyn, the power team again!
"And testicles make semen. I don't want neither anywhere near my mouth." Zach, you liar.
Glad to see San Diego going in again.
I love love love every time I see Frank losing it. You mean egotistical bitch that instantly cracks under the tiniest bit of scrutiny from someone he can't just bully in to silence or isn't ganged up on.
Sending in Cancun when you know it's going to be physical seems real dumb...
CJ not knowing how damn feisty and strong Jasmine is in these elims.
Sending Zach and Sam in again. Frank is straight bitches. At least Ashley wanted to go in.
Wow, everyone shitting on Jonna. God damn people. Trishelle calling her trash lol Am I the only one who remembers how tenacious and strong Jasmine was in these kind of elims? This just seems like the smarter choice.
Eh, she still lost. Darn.
Yessssssss, Zach getting his ass trounced.
Annnnnd he won. Damn.
Don't you fucking go back to being buddy buddy with Frank. Fuck that noise.
9:
Is this a longer season? I feel like we're not preparing for the final at this point?
Ugh, San Diego doing team motivation bullshit is just gross. Stop it. You disgust me.
It's weird seeing TJ without a hat so much this season.
I'm really liking the variety of challenges this season.
Yeah, no mention of the final. Must have more episodes to go than I thought.(I'm not looking out of stubbornness)
Robb, literally not being able to get the first bouie.
I kind of have sympathy for Trishelle panicking with salt water. I have the same issue. It's a weird sensitivity to salt water. I am the biggest fan of water and swimming, have never had issues in my life, but any time I get in to saltwater for the first time in a while, my mind goes through this panic the first time I taste saltwater every single time. It's like you can't breathe and you can't help it. Body just goes in instant panic and can't control it. As much as I dislike Trishelle, I completely get this specific issue. It's a completely mental side effect that you really can't help at all. There's literally nothing you can do about it but wait it out. Eventually your mind just adjusts to it.
Alton, don't talk shit. You literally threw your team in the arena and wanted to quit while taking out a team mate like two weeks ago.
"I am a southern man, and you know I don't talk to women like that." lol Dustin
Zach shut up. "We wanted to send ourselves because we feel pretty comfortable."
I feel like these people are not thinking about the comp types at all when they're making their choices. Vegas is all tall and you want them out so you throw them in endurance?
Frank isn't even being talked to, but he HAS to jump in with "Don't you point your finger at me." as she waives her hand meaning everyone lol Frank you whiny bitch that just wants an excuse to scream at people.
Chaos ensues because Frank had to make it two on one and had to jump in to an argument that he knew he had numbers on. Has Frank had any altercation where he is the only person involved? Other than with his own friends? Talks a lot of shit, but I haven't seen him say shit unless he's got people around him.
I'm not sure I even know who this Derrick guy is...
The Challenge and it's tradition of angry drunk casting.
"Nany, I was drunk and emotional, give me a break." Dude you got yourself fucking in this argument when you had numbers.
Wait....Dustin did gay porn? lol That's actually surprising.
You can tell Frank is the most insecure baby bully. You jump in to an argument and as soon as you can't just railroad the argument you just go as personal and as dirty as possible. Frank is a punk bitch. Plain and simple.
If I was in Dustin's position, I'd punch Frank and it'd be worth it.
"Those are just porn muscles." God I fucking hate this dude.
I really want to know how many cast members actually get in fights outside of the house.
Afraid of Alton wanting to go home all over again. "It's not fair people underestimating me." Dude, you've talked about going home multiple times!
Trishelle just gonna let the other team decide lol That's not the way to come out ahead in this fight. You suck just as much.
Wow Trishelle....wow. Good on you Nany, dumb, but good on you.
Trishelle instantly calling anyone that disagrees her a psycho.
Alton possibly not trying? Say it ain't so!
It more looks like Nany isn't trying on this third round. Every time it shows her it looks like she's ignoring ones that go past her and basically walking to the balls.
Trishelle, you trash.
Do we really need to see Frank's reaction to the results? Really?
Dustin: "Remember this."
Trishelle is garbage, but that doesn't stop you from competing dude.
10:
"It's hard to get him to see the big picture. He's very child like." Bitch you lost a challenge, refused to go in because you were afraid of losing, then basically forced your teammate to go in instead and they went home. I know it's not all your fault, but you definitely caused this.
"I can already feel this money in my pocket."-Chet, this is never a good sign.
Zach lol "I'm pissed now. I'm going too take it out on Chet and JD, I don't care."
Alright Zach and Frank, time to lock penises and become one.
Brooklyn guys falling. Ya'll suck.
Wow, guys being DQ'd what in the hell guys?
Sarah and Devyn straight look pissed. lol Chet not exactly backing JD up when he says "Believe me, I was in the tube with him." but then backing him up lol
It'd be dumb to NOT put in Brooklyn at this point.
This cast seems like everything is so personal. Wanting to put in Marie for pushing Derek and Sam being in the way. Not wanting Cancun in solely because of Jonna.
Marie, I'm not speaking is not the way to approach this.
Calling her a brat because you just don't want to send in your girl lol
These people act like it was some vicious and malicious act to push Sam. She pushed Derek. Sam was just behind him and got Derek pushed in to her. It's a dumb thing to get mad about.
Just seems like a dumb idea throwing Saint Thomas in. If the final isn't next you have an advantage by having a full team in these team comps.
Geesh, this feels like the first time they've gone out all season.
"When did you grow a dick anyways?" Frank, taking absolutely zero seconds to go personal lol
You're only just now seeing Franks true colors? Nah, you just weren't on the receiving end of it. You just chose to be fine with it before.
"Well I'll kill your man, how about that?" "OH yeah?! I'll kill your girl, how about that?" What and the fuck am I watching? lol
Wait, are Robb and Marie actually dating or something? I always saw them kiss, but it seemed like a weird brothesister kiss. I always thought it was weird and awkward.
Marie: "Your whole team knows you're a weirdo." She says to the team who all openly accepts being the outcasts and weirdos lmao
"You're just riding Jonna's coattails." That may be the best dig I've heard the entire season.
Angry drunks, angry drunks everywhere.
"Trishelle is like the newly divorced mom that's trying to party with her kids." Damn this episode is getting in some good digs.
It took you getting close to them too realize they're similar?
It's not focusing on Vegas much and just looking in the background it looks like Dustin is staying in the water constantly.
I think Trishelle is colorblind or something lol How she's having this much trouble is kind of astounding. Dustin seems to be killing it for her to not be doing better.
No Trishelle, Dustin is making it look good. You are trash and are completely blowing it.
Good god, I'd have been so pissed if I was Dustin and Trishelle lost that for you. She was having to literally check every single one of the cards. Good god.
"The house is probably happy. Don't have to deal with two drunk asses t-rex'ing around the house." What?
Marie your only contribution to the show was the 3 times you got mad.
Ok, so one more challenge then final. So 2 episodes to go? Maybe 3?
Ok, I was against the location changes lately, but I'm liking them going to afrika. That could be a really interesting intense final.
11:
"We're in Africa, we came here to poach!" oof
That atv looks tiny with the angle it's showing it.
"You don't even have to get your hair wet!" I like Brooklyn
I feel like Dustin is puking after every challenge.
Sarah going slow, but nice to see her whole team rally around her afterward.
Zach looks like he literally can't swim.
Vegas to the finale is kind of disappointing.
Honestly as much as I hate it you probably throw in Brooklyn. You either want a team out or you possibly weaken Brooklyn in some way. Who won a previous challenge that was very similar to a final.
San Diego is a fine choice. You want to weaken them to possibly weaken them too.
Frank can not STAND being talked aboout. I fucking love it. Oh my god...you talked about how he didn't fly far in the challenge that he had no control over? Time to get personal!
Why did Cancun stop like they were done?
I don't know if it's editing or if they gassed out but it looked like Cancun got near the end and just stood there barely doing anything.
"I don't know if anyone can finish this final." But I will fucking ridicule you to no end if you fucking quit!!!!! So if you can't finish just fucking die!!!!! signed with love, TJ
Thermal underwear? Guess a two night final. Ugh
"Could there be very little running involved?" Devyn, have you seen this show?
Frank Praying just pisses me off more. Fuck off dude.
Why is it trying to make this skydive prep sound creepy? It's got like high tone horror movie music over it.
12
Jumping off a plane and then just starting to jog like normal would feel so anticlimactic lol not sure why but just seems like a weird shift.
Frank and Zach are instantly bitching. FUCK
"You're not gonna talk to me? You're not going to talk to your teammate?" Sure, put the onus on Sam, Frank. It definitely has nothing to do with you verbally abusing her the entire time and just coming back to yell at her more...
"I'd say I'm the smartest person here." Stay humble Frank.
"I'd hate to hand over 250k to a bunch of bullies." I always knew I liked Sarah! There was just that one bad season of her working with Kenny.
Trishelle just spent time in a helicopter and somehow looks more tired now.
Oh my god. These people are terrible. Sam falls and they scream "You did that on your own!" and pick her up and tell her she's acting like a 3 year old. I can't tell you how much I hate these fucking people. I'd rather have 3 Wes's screaming "You dumb bitch" for hours than how these dumb fucks act.
Chet getting in on the shit talking of his own team...
I swear if Frank and Zach win this I will riot.
If Frank and Zach get lost in a dune slide or something I won't be sad. I promise, I won't bat an eye.
This fucking shit ass team. They literally can't stop bitching even when she's laying down.
"I'm going to strangle her!"
At least Brooklyn isn't fucking screaming and yelling at Devyn like she's a crying child on the ground. Jesus.
Sarah killing it at checkpoints.
Just perpetual sad face. I regret everything.
Trash finale. I'm just going to imagine the season is 11 episodes and the footage for 12 got lost. My head cannon is they wait until San Diego gets to the finish and TJ says they're DQ'd for abuse and incessant berating of a teammate.
Ugh, do I even want to watch the Reunion? Unless someone literally beats the shit out of Frank on stage I don't think I'll be happy.
Reunion:
I want to know how much Frank bitched for San Diego being in the back.
Why the fuck are the reunions mostly clip shows?!
Frank looking stunned that she's still mad. Money should make up for it right? Frank is trying soo hard to act cheerful and happy. Fuck off dude.
"It wasn't hard for me, I got to walk thanks to a teammate." Fuck off. Fuck off. Fuck the fuck off. Frank trying to come off like he is mad at what happened is going to send me over the edge.
I am actually advocating for full on assault at this point.
Sam/Frank for Rivals 2?
We just not going to address Frank at all on this reunion? Fucking hell?
Sure let's continue to bag on Sam. Sure lets fucking do that.
"Guys she's really not the victim here." JESUS CHIST
It was verbal abuse. You're disgusting to even pretend it was anything different.
Wow the reunion is making it fucking worse. Lets just get the whole cast to rag on Sam. Jesus. And we're just not going to talk about Frank at all other than the push? And don't even pretend you were pushing everyone up a hill in that clip. That push wasn't on a damn hill and the other two were well ahead. There was a damn shot that showed above it at the same time.
The team of Brooklyn is getting more shit on than Frank and Zach. This is gross.
I stopped watching. I don't even like a majority of these people and don't care.
I think I need a break after this season.
I don't even know what to put for a final thoughts type of thing. Just a big giant fucking OOF. This was gross.
submitted by Sanity0004 to MtvChallenge [link] [comments]


2020.04.17 21:18 Digitaldude555 List of PS3 and Console exclusive games playable on RPCS3 right now!


List of games that are not available on PC but can be played with RPCS3 emulator. First list has PS3 exclusives plus playstation exclusives(PS3/PS4 or PS3/PSV). Second list has all games that are console exclusive. Third list talks about the big unplayable PS3 exclusives and their current status.
Do note that your PC needs to have the required specs to play these games. Go to https://rpcs3.net/quickstart to see the required specs. Also note that some games require specific settings to run at full speed or display graphics correctly and you should see the wiki or forums for info, plus go to the discord if you have problems with games.
Final note. Go to https://wiki.rpcs3.net/index.php?title=Help:Game_Patches for various game patches that unlock the framerate of exclusive games. Certain games can also do 60fps with Vblank settings in advanced tab of rpcs3 settings so no need for patches.

THE PLAYSTATION EXCLUSIVE LIST


THE CONSOLE EXCLUSIVE LIST



So thats the end of the list of playable console exclusives, so many Karting and Pachinko games... Now onto the ingame but unplayable PS3 Exclusives.

submitted by Digitaldude555 to rpcs3 [link] [comments]


2019.12.31 10:03 Barneyk Movie list watching project for the New Year...

So, for the past few years I set up a goal to finish a movie list by the end of the year every new years. This year is the first year I have failed my task, I met a girl, fell in love, bought an apartment, renovated and moved in together and that didn't leave me enough time and peace of mind to finish my project for the year.
Last year I finally finished my IMDB top 250 project, meaning I finished every single IMDB top 250 list from 1996 until the current year, as found here: https://www.imdb.com/badge/
https://preview.redd.it/cvsyd9or9v741.png?width=646&format=png&auto=webp&s=1aaea7cbe8ca91c23176512d9d71d9a5470a2aac
This year I had a bunch of relatively easy pick offs where only a few movies where missing from each and I am pretty happy that I managed to pick off as many lists as I did.
This year I finished: Oscar Best Picture Winner (1927-2019)
Reddit movies Top 250 (2015-2019)
Reddit movies Top 250 [No Recency Bias] (2019)
Wikipedia List of films considered the best (2019)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_films_considered_the_best
AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (1998)
AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) (2007)
I have also done good work on some award lists:
La Palme d'or (1988-2018)
Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama (1970-2019)
Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy (1988-2019)
Another project that I have started is to watch every top 10 grosser at the US box office for every year. It is quite interesting to see how some box office hits are completely forgotten today and to compare the top 10 lists from back than to the top 10 lists of today. And in my opinon people who complain about all the popular movies sucks today compared to back then suffer from serious survivor bias. So far I have finished every Top 10 US grossers 1980-2018
The lists I had planned to watch but failed is: Oscars Best Foreign Language Film 1997-2018 4 movies left to watch;
Una Mujer Fantástica (2017)
Saul fia (2015)
La grande bellezza (2013)
Nirgendwo in Afrika (2001)
and Empire's 500 Greatest Movies of All Time top 250 (2008) 12 movies left to watch;
L'albero degli zoccoli (1978)
The Long Goodbye (1973)
Los olvidados (1950)
A Woman Under the Influence (1974)
37°2 le matin (1986)
Viridiana (1961)
The Addiction (1995)
The Misfits (1961)
Sunday, Bloody Sunday (1971)
Distant Voices, Still Lives (1988)
Heimat - Eine deutsche Chronik (1984)
Die Büchse der Pandora (1929)
I make it so that the lists that I set up to finish watching each year is about 50 movies long so that I can pick off a movie a week and make sure to stay on schedule and not fall behind. The other lists I am working at I use as a suggestion list to find movies I might be in the mood for, but about once a week, I sit down and I pick a movie from the list that I must finish.
So my planned list for 2020 was to finish Empires Greatest 500, but I have instead decided to just finish the top 250 of that list that I was supposed to finish this year and instead watch my own personal list of "movies that I really should see one of these days". The list if anyone is interested, 33 movies:
Fiddler on the Roof (1971)
Beasts of No Nation (2015)
Kikujirô no natsu (1999)
Straw Dogs (1971)
Nueve reinas (2000)
Ultimo tango a Parigi (1972)
Salò o le 120 giornate di Sodoma (1975)
Novecento (1976)
Stranger Than Paradise (1984)
Körkarlen
Nosferatu: Phantom der Nacht (1979)
My Own Private Idaho
Mommy (I) (2014)
Ivanovo detstvo (1962)
Il conformista (1970)
Höstsonaten (1978)
Un prophète (2009)
Martyrs (2008)
Papurika (2006)
Kaze tachinu (2013)
Vals Im Bashir (2008)
After Hours (1985)
Inland Empire (2006)
La pianiste (2001)
The Longest Day (1962)
The Return of the Living Dead (1985)
Les triplettes de Belleville (2003)
The Last Temptation of Christ (1988)
Ultimo tango a Parigi (1972)
The Age of Innocence (1993)
Pâfekuto burû (1997)
Leviafan (2014)
The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985)
And of course to make sure all my finished lists are up to date. Like IMDB Oscar highlights, IMDB Top 250 and all the different awards.
That is quite a few movies more than the 50 I usually try and keep my list to, but there is more movies than usual that I was going to watch anyway and I feel like I need to make up a but for what I missed this year!
Lists that are on my long term plan to finish, in the preliminary order that I plan to finish them:
Empire's 500 Greatest Movies of All Time (2008) (37 movies left to watch after I've finished the top 250)
BFI Top 50 (sight & sound 2012) (17 movies left to watch)
Letterboxd top 250 (2017) (49 movies left to watch)
Sight & Sound "Greatest Films of All Time" Top 250 (2012) (101 movies left to watch)
Reddit truefilm canon 1000 (2019) (284 movies left to watch)
1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die by (all) members of Letterboxd (2019) (345 movies left to watch)
1001 movies you must see before you die (2013) (430 movies left to watch)
TSPDT Greatest 1000 movies (2019) (490 movies left to watch)
Jonathan Rosenbaum's Alternate 100 years 100 movies list (69 movies left to watch)
Venice Gold Lion winners
Berlin Golden Bear winners
Sundance Grand Jury Prize
So, are you doing anything similar? Do you have any list watching habits or goals to share?
submitted by Barneyk to flicks [link] [comments]


2019.12.26 21:21 Charxsone List of Rammstein demos (copy-paste from Wikipedia)

DISCLAIMER: As said in the title, this list is just copy-pasted from this Wikipedia article. the reason for me doing this is that the topic does not meet Wikipedia's notability guidelines for unreleased music#Unreleased_material) so the article is likely going to be deleted in the future (which is fair tbh). However, I find the list to be a good starting point for those first looking into the demos and to clear up quite a bit of confusion. I am planning to hyperlink all the demos that can be found on the internet, so feel free to help by providing links (that also means that this is WIP). Without further ado, here is the list:

Herzeleid English demos (1994)

The 4-track demo was presented at the Berliner Senatswettbewerb in February 1994 and the band won a one-week recording session in a studio.

Herzeleid studio demos (1994)

Herzeleid live demos (1994–95)

Sehnsucht live demos (1995–1997)

Mutter live demos (2000)

These demos were played at "Knaack Klub" in Berlin on April 16, 2000 (RammWiki concert page)). The number of viewers at the event was limited, however, an undisclosed source used a tape recorder in order to capture a majority of the songs on audio.
Here are all of the songs played during Rammstein's Knaack Attack performance in chronological order:
Note: "Flake Blues", "Punk" and "Ohne Dich", were not recorded.

MutteReise Reise/Rosenrot studio demos (2000–2004)

This section covers all three albums from 'Mutter' to 'Rosenrot' inclusive, since the songs for all of the given albums were realized and demoed in a parallel fashion. Many songs on the two albums after Mutter were taken from the selection of Mutter songs that didn't make the cut initially. For a rundown of what songs were released on Reise Reise, what songs were released on Rosenrot etc with links to the RammWiki pages for the unreleased demos, go to this#Recording) part of the Reise Reise RammWiki album page).

Liebe ist für alle da studio demos (2007–2009)

These were found on a 9-Track demo CD:
These demos were leaked and appear to be unfinished versions from the recording sessions of the album (for more info on the leak and a list of leaked songs, go to this#Demoleak) part of the RammWiki LIFAD (album) page):
Some demos didn't make it into the 2009 album's release, but may or have appear(ed) in later singles, compilations or other albums. These demos were still, however, made during the LIFAD recording sessions.

Untitled 7th album live demos (2016-17)

For all demos that were in a physical form one way or another, there is this RammWiki list.
submitted by Charxsone to Rammstein [link] [comments]


2019.12.02 03:26 JamiroFan2000 <> The r/Jamiroquai MEGA-EXPANDED Automaton Album/Tour 2016-2019 Year-In-Review <>

Hello My Dear Friends, Visitors & Regulars Of Jamiroquai,
The final Automaton tourdates have recently finished up closing tour chapter on the 3 year long "Automaton" Album tour for Jamiroquai from 2017-2019!
As I previously did on the subreddit for '2016-2017' at the end of 2017, and consecutively at the end of 2018 for '2017-2018', I have decided to do another expansive summary post looking at all the worthwhile events/summaries/artwork & much more of the 3rd and final year of Jamiroquai's "Automaton TouAlbum support" from 2018-2019. I hope everyone, be new visitors/old regulars of the subreddit, enjoy this summary post, Jamiroquai will be taking a rather lengthy break & have openly commented on their social media that writing/recording of Jamiroquai Album #9 have been/will be taking place VERY SOON!
Thank you again to everyone who contributed/enjoyed/stopped by Jamiroquai throughout 2017-2019, I'm still very proud and humbled by the astronomical growth of users/community this subreddit has seen in the last 3 years of "Automaton" and I look optimistically to the future for Jamiroquai, their potential new music and more fans coming into the fold! ENJOY!
Sincerely Still A JamiroFan,
~JamiroFan2000~

PREVIOUS YEAR-IN-REVIEW POST THREADS:

The COMPLETE Automaton Tour 2017 - 2019 ALL 'TouSocial Media Summaries' (Updated 11/9/19; FINALITY 2.0 SUMMARY)

<> The Jamiroquai 2016-2017 Year-In-Review <>

<> The Jamiroquai EXPANDED 2017-2018 Year-In-Review <>

SECTION #1

The 2016-2019 'Automaton' News/Album/Tour Timeline

A Year-To-Year Recap Of All The Major News/Events Of +3 Years Of "Automaton"

2016-2017

  • July 2016 Pictures From Social Media Show Jamiroquai Playing Private Gig, Assumption Being For Record Execs In The Swiss Alps! IMGUR ALBUM #1 & IMGUR ALBUM #2
  • Mid-July 2016 First 'Bandmember Spoken Rumors' Of New Jamiroquai/Single Start Circulating From Paul TurneSola Akingbola/Rob Harris Twitter Accounts Hinting Potential Release Sometime In November 2016! SOLA TWEET
  • Mid-November 2016 I Found 12-13 'Provisional' Song Listings On The American ASCAP Music Repertory Website; Additionally A Couple Days Later The Track 'Hot Property' Pops Up On The Site: ORIGINAL SONG LISTINGS MY INFO GRAPHIC ABOUT THESE SONG LISTINGS "HOT PROPERTY" SONG LISTING
  • December 2016-January 2017 The Official Jamiroquai Website Goes Down Online Temporarily And Returns With A "Holding Screen", Preparing For A FULL SITE UPDATE Of The Upcoming New Jamiroquai Album! The Official Site Would Relaunch In Early Jan. 2017 With A 'Social Media' Focused Approach For The New Album "Automaoton", Along With A New Official Merchandise Store, Online Live Tour Ticket Sales & Much Much More! Friends Of Jay Kay On Social Media Would Confirm A New "Jamiroquai Album" & Two Music Videos That Will Companion It's Release! Also The 'Privacy Policy' Page On The Site Reveals That Jamiroquai, Still Under A 'Universal Music' Album Contract, Have Moved From Mercury Records To Virgin/EMI Records: PICTURES OF WEBSITE HOLDING SCREEN METTABEAUTY INSTAGRAM PICTURE MESSAGE
  • December 2016 It Is Revealed, Through A Couple Instagram Pictures, That UK Artist/Lighting Expert Moritz Waldemeyer Is Working A New 'Concept Hat' For Jay Kay Of Jamiroquai! Additionally A Studio Tech Around This Time Tweets Out A Picture Of Jamiroquai Apparently Working On A 'New Music Video' & Gives A First Glimpse Of Aforementioned New Jay Kay Hat! PAPER TEMPLATE OF HAT ORIGINAL TWEET PICTURE
  • Late December 2016 First Indications, Throughout Social Media, Start Being Posted En Masse' For First Music Video From 8th Jamiroquai Album, Now Confirmed As Being Titled "Automaton", First Preview Of Title Track Music Video Is Uploaded On Newly Created 'Jamiroquai Official Vevo/JamiroquaiHQ TwitteJamiroquaiHQ Instagram' Social Media Accounts!: YOUTUBE PREVIEW CLIP
  • Early January 2017 The First Tourdates Of The 'Automaton' Album Era, For The European Summer Festivals, Was On All @JamiroquaiHQ Related Social Media Sites! Also The First Official Picture/Image Of The Waldemeyer Built Jay Kay "Automaton Hat" Was Sent Out On Social Media Channels!: TOUR ANNOUNCEMENT TWEET & FIRST AUTOMATON HAT PICTURE
  • Late January 2017 In Another Accidental Leak, The WeArtYou Website, On Jan. 26th, Put Up The Official "Automaton Album Art" Assets (Vinyl Album Release & 12" Vinyl 'Automaton' Vinyl Single), Including The First Single Art Assets, Onto Their Website, Artwork/Designs By CharlieLightningProductions!: WEARTYOU PAGE WITH AUTOMATON ART ASSETS
  • Late January 2017 Also On Jan. 26th, The "Automaton Album Cover" & The Title Track "Automaton" Would Have It's First 'UK Radio Airplay' On The BBC Radio 2's "The Jo Whiley Show"! Lastly "Automaton's Album Tracklisting" Would Be Sent Out From The @JamiroquaiHQ Social Media Accounts! The First Music Video, For Title Track, "Automaton", Directed By CharlieLightning, Would Be Released On Jan. 26th!: TWEET FIRST ALBUM COVER AUTOMATON ALBUM TRACKLISTING TWEET
  • Early February 2017 'Automaton's Second Single, For The Summery Track 'Cloud 9', Would Start Being Promoted Via Social Media. Included, UK Radio Debuts Of Other 'Automaton' Tracks, "Something About You"/"We Can Do It", Would Take Place On The 'Ken Bruce Show' On BBC Radio 2!: CLOUD 9 PROMO TWEET
  • Mid February 2017 The First 'Remix' Of The 'Automaton Album Era', Done By Deetron For Title Track "Automaton", Would Be Released In On February 17th!: DEETRON REMIX TWEET
  • Late February 2017 The Second Music Video, From 'Automaton', For The Single "Cloud 9", Starring Actress Monica Cruz, Directed By CharlieLightning & Filmed In Almeria Spain, Would Be Previewed On Social Media And Then Debut Online On Feb. 22nd 2017!: CLOUD MUSIC VIDEO PREVIEW TWEET
  • Late February 2017 In A First Press Interview For The 'Automaton' Album Era, Jay Kay Would Be Interviewed/Promote 'Automaton' On The 'Graham Norton Radio Show' On BBC Radio 1!: PROMO TWEET
  • Early March 2017 The Second Set Of Remixes, By DJs Fred Falke/Purple Disco Machine, For The 2nd "Automaton" Single 'Cloud 9' Would Be Released In Early March 2017, Including A Second 'Cloud 9' Music Video Set To The "Fred Falke Remix'! A Third 'Cloud 9' Remix, By DJ Tough Love, Would Be Released 2 Weeks Later After The Original Pair Of Remixes!: PROMO TWEET & TOUGH LOVE REMIX TWEET
  • Late March 2017 Jamiroquai Would Add New Bandmembers To Their Live Band Line-up With Nate On Guitars/Bass & Logan Running Ableton Live! Jamiroquai Would Make Their FIRST TV Appearance/Performance On "The Voice UK" Finals Episode Performing Their 2nd 'Automaton Single', "Cloud 9"! Also, Coinciding With The UK/Japanese Release Of Their New Album "Automaton" On March 28th/April 5th 2017, Jamiroquai Would Start Their 'Automaton Tour' With Playing La Salle Pleyel In Paris, France On 3/28 & The Camden Roundhouse In London, England On 3/31! Before The Roundhouse Gig, JK/Jamiroquai Were EXTREMELY Happy To Report On Social Media That Their New Album 'Automaton', Would Debut @ #1, Their 9th Top Ten Album Debut To Date, On Worldwide Album Sales Chart In OVER +25 European Countries!: NEW BANDMEMBERS TWEET JAMI 'CLOUD 9' PERFORMANCE @ THE VOICE UK ON YOUTUBE JAMI @ LA SALLE PLEYEL LIVE TWEET JAM @ ROUNDHOUSE LIVE TWEET
  • Early April-Mid May 2017 Jamiroquai Would Continue Promoting Their New 'Automaton' Throughout Italy, Performing 'Cloud 9' On "Che Tempo Che Fa" On Italian Television. Sadly Around This Time Jay Kay Would Reaggravate His Past Back Injury, Requiring Several Hospital Visits And Several Already Booked Automaton Tourdates, In Europe/Japan, To Be Rescheduled To A Later Date So Jay Kay Could Recover.: CLOUD 9 PERFORMANCE ON ITALIAN TV ON YOUTUBE JAY KAY CHECKS ON HOW HE IS TWEET VIDEO
  • Mid April 2017 It Was Sadly Reported On April 14th That Founding/Former Jamiroquai Bandmember Toby Smith, Had Past Away. Tributes, From Fellow Bandmembers To Other Musicians, Flooded In On Social Media In Rememberances Of Toby. JK, Bandmembers And Toby's Family Thanked The Jamily/Everyone For The Outpouring Of Condolences On Social Media.: TWEET THANK YOU TWEET
  • Late May-June 2017 The First Previews Of The Third Music Video From 'Automaton', For The Single "Superfresh", Would Start Hitting Social Media. The Music Video For "Superfresh", Directed By Charlie Lightning, Would Be Released On June 29th 2017. PREVIEW #1 TWEET *PREVIEW TWEET #2
  • Early-To-Late June 2017 Jay Kay, Upon Attempting To Return To Tour, Performed With Jamiroquai At A Private Function & Still Appeared To Not Be Completely Healed From His Back Injury. Jay Kay Would Return To The Hospital For Further Treatment On His Back.: DERRICK VIDEO CHECK-IN TWEET VIDEO JAY KAY VIDEO CHECK-IN TWEET VIDEO
  • Late June-Early July 2017 The Remixes For The 3rd 'Automaton' Single For "Superfresh", By DJ's Oliver Heldens/Solomun, Were Released.: OLIVER HELDENS REMIX TWEET
  • Early July 2017-Early August 2017 After Recovering, Jay Kay Would Make His Triumphant Live Return When Jamiroquai Returned To Starting Their Summer 2017 European Festival Tour @ The Cruilla Festival In Barcelona Spain On July 7th 2017! Jamiroquai Would Continue To Tour Till The End Of This Leg Of The Automaton Tour @ The Boardmasters Festival In The UK In Early August 2017.: CRUILLA FEST TWEET
  • Mid September 2017 Jamiroquai Would Make Up Their 2 Past Rescheduled Japanese Tourdates By Playing Two Great Shows @ The Nippon Budokan In Tokyo Japan On September 15th-16th!: THANK YOU TWEET
  • October 2017 It Would Be Announced That Jay Kay Of Jamiroquai Would Receive The 'President's Award" @ The BMI London Awards 2017! Jay Kay Received His President's Award On Oct. 9th At The BMI Awards 2017 Show And Dedicated It To His Songwriting Partner Toby Smith. Also IN A Band Milestone, October 19th 2017 Would Mark The 25th Anniversary Of The Release Of Jamiroquai's First Single, "When You Gonna Learn?", On The Acid Jazz Records Indie Label!: BMI ANNOUNCEMENT TWEET BMI AWARD RECEIPENT TWEET
  • Early December 2017 The Fourth Music Video From 'Automaton', For The Single "Summer Girl", Directed By Charlie Lightning & Filmed At The Sportpaleis Venue In Belgium, Would Be Released In Early December 2017 Featuring The Whole Band For The First Time In A Music Video For This Album Cycle!
  • Early November 2017-December 2017 Jamiroquai Would Return To Touring With Starting A 3rd Leg Of The 'Automaton Tour' Of European Arena Venues @ Manchester Arena In Manchester UK On November 2nd 2017. The Arena Tour Would End With Jamiroquai Performing Their Rescheduled 2 Day Residency @ The O2 Arena In London England On December 3rd/6th 2017.
  • December 2017 Jamiroquai Would Finish Off Their 2017 Automaton Tour With A 4th & Final Leg In Three Tourdates Of South America In The Countries Of Argentina, Chile & Brazil December 14th-18th 2017!

2017-2018

  • OCTOBER 2017: Due to some logistical issues, JK announced on Twitter that the recently cancelled Jamiroquai Automaton Tourdates, for Munich Germany/Zurich Switzerland, would be rescheduled for early Jan. 2018. TWEET
  • MID-OCTOBER 2017: Jamiroquai's own Jay Kay was honored at the 2017 BMI London Music Awards with the 'President's Award' For his influential achievements in the music industry. JK ACCEPTANCE SPEECH VIDEO
  • NOVEMBER 2017: Amazon.com & other online retailers announced the 2nd 'Vinyl' reissues of Jamiroquai's first 3 albums, "Emergency On Planet Earth"/"The Return Of The Space Cowboy"/"Travelling Without Moving", released in the U.K. & U.S., in November 2018. INFORMATION CARD BY JAMIROFAN2000 NEWS POST #1 NEWS POST #2
  • EARLY DECEMBER 2017: Official Jamiroquai social media accounts started slowly announcing tourdates for the band's 'European Summer Music Festival' & 2 Tour legs of the United States.
  • EARLY JANUARY 2018: Among the first U.S. Tour leg tourdate announced for San Francisco, festival promoters announced, for the first time in the band's history, Jamiroquai would be a co-headliner at the 2018 Coachella Music Festival transpiring the weekends of April 13th/20th 2018 in Indio, California! COACHELLA MUSIC FEST ANNOUNCEMENT POSTER
  • EARLY JANUARY 2018: After accidentally being uploaded via JasonSmithFilms Vimeo video page & intended as the promotional music video for 2nd Automaton single "Cloud 9", Jamiroquai's 5th music video for the single "Nights Out In The Jungle" was released on all social media platforms! TWEET
  • EARLY-TO-LATE JANUARY 2018: In his first official foray into social media, Jamiroquai's own Jay Kay announced via a Facebook Vlog that the band would be releasing, as a thank you to the Jamiroquai fanbase, a 'couple leftover tracks', origins ranging from 'Rock Dust Light Star' to 'Automaton' album sessions, through their social media. Later on Jan. 28th 2018, the first 'leftover track', titled "Now We Are Alone", would be released via the Jamiroquai Official YouTube Channel. No more 'leftover material' would be released in 2018 thereafter. JAY KAY FACEBOOK VLOG "NOW WE ARE ALONE" VIDEO
  • JANUARY 2018: It would be announced that Jamiroquai, for the first time in the band's history, would play their first tourdate in the Middle East In Tel Aviv, Israel on May 2nd 2018! ANNOUNCEMENT
  • LATE JANUARY 2018: The 5th and final single & companion Music Video from "Automaton", for 'Nights Out In The Jungle', would be released, though worth noting, no remixes for this final single release would come out. 'NIGHTS OUT IN THE JUNGLE' MUSIC VIDEO
  • FEBRUARY 2018: In more pleasant reissue news, online retailers listed a 'Vinyl' reissue of Jamiroquai's 4th album, "Synkronized", for release in the U.K./U.S. on Feb. 23rd/25th 2018! AMAZON.CO.UK LISTING
  • MID-FEBRUARY THROUGH MARCH 2018: Two new remix sets, respectively by Gerd Janson & The Mack Brothers (Steve Mac + Derrick McKenzie), would be released on music streaming/single pay download for Automaton's 3rd single "Summer Girl". GERD JANSON SUMMER GIRL REMIXES ON SPOTIFY MACK BROS. SUMMER GIRL REMIXES ON SPOTIFY
  • APRIL 2018: While attending the Baku, Azerbaijan F1 Race event, Jamiroquai's own Jay Kay said, after being posed the question about the band's next album, that the band would be taking a 'break' after their 2018 Automaton Tour. STREAMABLE VIDEO CLIP OF INTERVIEW
  • MAY 2018: In MORE reissue news, it was reported via music streaming sites/online retailers that the 'LateNightTales: Jamiroquai' compilation would be getting a reissue release in 2018! JAMIROQUAI MINUTE EPISODE
  • MID-MAY 2018: The 2nd U.S. Tour leg tourdates would start getting announced/confirmed in May 2018 by Jamiroquai Official social media with Sept. 2018 tourdates for Chicago's 'North Coast Music Festival', Forest Hills Stadium in Queens New York City & for the first time at the Suwannee Hulaween Music Festival in Live Oak, Florida in late Oct. 2018!
  • JUNE 2018: On June 18th 2018, Jamiroquai's first album, 'Emergency On Planet Earth', would celebrate it's 25th anniversary release in the U.K.! JAMIROQUAI MINUTE EPISODE
  • JULY 2018 Official Jamiroquai social media reported that the 'AAA' (Access All Areas) companion website, featuring special perks & an updated 'social media' feed to all Jamiroquai News, accessable to purchasers of the 'limited/Deluxe' album releases of 2017's "Automaton", would be shutting down at the end of July 2018. E-MAIL NOTIFICATION
  • JULY 2018: The weekends of July 13th-14 2018, saw Jamiroquai's performance return, after being away for nearly a decade, to the famous Montreux Jazz Festival 2018! Their performance at the 2018 Montreux Jazz Festival was additionally 'livestreamed' online! LIVESTREAM ON YOUTUBE
  • JULY 2018: At the beginning of the July 2018 Tourdates, most notably starting at their Montreux Jazz Festival 2018 appearance, it was discovered by fans, later confirmed by Jamiroquai's own Matt Johnson via Instagram, that the band was playing an 'Unreleased Instrumental', leftover of the 'Automaton' album sessions, entitled "Street Fighter", at the beginning & throughout of all their latter 2018 Automaton Tourdates! LIVE VIDEO OF 'STREET FIGHTER'
  • LATE JULY 2018: It was announced, in tandem, by Jamiroquai Official Social Media & Kurt Geiger, that Jay Kay, among a group of select celebrities, would be featured in Kurt Geiger's Fall Fashion Campaign, with Jay Kay's promoting 4 pairs of new trainer designed shoes! This Kurt Geiger Autumn Fashion line would release in September 2018! KURT GEIGER JAY KAY COMMERCIAL
  • THROUGH SUMMER 2018: Throughout the Spring/Summer of 2018, the Official Jamiroquai YouTube Channel would start uploading/importing all of the Jay Kay recorded Vlogs, from Instagram, to their YouTube Channel with a great frequency! JAMIROQUAI OFFICIAL YOUTUBE CHANNEL
  • AUGUST 2018: Like earlier this year, on August 10th 2018, Jamiroquai celebrated their 25th anniversary release of their first album, "Emergency On Planet Earth", in the United States! JAMIROQUAI MINUTE EPISODE
  • LATE AUGUST 2018: In an Twitch Q&A after one of this recent gig soundchecks, 'Chic' musical legend Niles Rodgers announced, when posed the question by a viewer of his livestream, confirmed he invited Jamiroquai drummer Derrick McKenzie to Abbey Road Studios for a potential 'collaboration' near future! Q&A VIDEO SNIPPET
  • EARLY SEPTEMBER 2018: After triumphantly returning to U.S. Touring after nearly 13 years away with tourdates in San Francisco/LA earlier in 2018 with headlining the Coachella Music Festival, Jamiroquai made their highly energetic tour return to the East Coast USA with playing gigs a North Coast Music Festival in Chicago on Sept. 2nd & then in the Big Apple at Forest Hills Stadium in Queens, New York City on Sept. 8th 2018!
  • OCTOBER & DECEMBER 2018" Jamiroquai only have two more yet-to-be played tourdates for the 2nd & final year of the 2018 'Automaton' Tour in November 2018 at Suwwannee Hulaween in Florida & finally in Moscow Russia in late December 2018.

2018-2019

  • MID-DECEMBER 2018: Across Their Social Media Portals, JamiroquaiHQ Announced Their Spring/Summer European 2019 Tour Schedule! TOUR POSTER
  • EARLY JANUARY 2019: JamiroquaiHQ Social Media Announces A Tourdate Addition For Late Feb. 2019, With The Band Making First-Time Tour Appearance In The Middle East @ The Dubai Jazz Festival In The United Arab Emirates! TOUR POSTER TEASE
  • LATE JANUARY 2019: The First Of A Couple 'Jamiroquai-Themed DJ/Nightclub' Events, Entitled "Canned Heat: A Jamiroquai Party", Took Place In Los Angeles, California! EVENT FLYER EVENT PICTURES #1 EVENT PICTURES #2
  • LATE JANUARY 2019: A Press Release Comes Out Online Promoting An Performance, By Jamiroquai, At The 2nd IQOS E-Cigarette Launch Taking Place At The Premiere Nacional In Madrid, Spain On 2/13/19! ONLINE FLYER SETLIST OF GIG LIVE VIDEOS & PICTURES FROM EVENT MORE PICTURES #1 MORE PICTURES #2
  • EARLY FEBRUARY 2019: High-end Fashion Designer, 'LOUIS VUITTON', Announce Their 'Virgil Abloh Curated' Fall/Winter 2019 Fashion Clothing Line That Is Inspired By The Musical Roots Of Michael Jackson & Jamiroquai! MODEL GALLERY
  • MID FEBRUARY 2019: Sales Listings Started Popping Up On Retail Sites Noting 'Reissues' Of Jamiroquai's First Three Albums, For The Japanese Market, With A Release Date Of March 13th 2019! INFOGRAPHIC
  • LATE FEBRUARY 2019: Jamiroquai Begin Their 2019 Tour Playing The Dubai Jazz Festival In The United Arab Emirates On Feb. 21st 2019! EVENT POSTERS LIVE PICTURES
  • EARLY APRIL 2019: The Second 'Canned Heat: A Jamiroquai Party' DJ/Nightclub Takes Place At The SchimanskiNYC Club In New York City, New York On 4/4/19! EVENT PICTURES
  • EARLY APRIL 2019: On 4/13/19, The Official Jamiroquai YouTube Channel Broke A Milestone With Hitting OVER 500,000 YouTube Subscribers! SOCIALBLADE PICTURE
  • EARLY APRIL 2019: Another Addition Is Made With It Being Announced That Jamiroquai Will Return To The UK With Them Co-Headlining The ONBlackHeath Festival On 7/13/19! EVENT POSTER
  • LATE APRIL 2019: It's Announced On JamiroquaiHQ Social Media That Legendary Musical Artist Afrika Bambaataa Would Be The Special Guest Opening Act For The Upcoming Jamiroquai Forest National/O2 Arena Automaton May 2019 Tourdates! EVENT POSTER
  • LATE MAY 2019: Jamiroquai's Matt Johnson, Over On His YouTube Channel, Uploads His First 'Tour Vlog 2019'! TOUR VLOG #1
  • EARLY JUNE 2019: MelodyVR, Among Other Music Artist Concert Releases, Announces The June 1st Release Of One Of Jamiroquai's O2 Arena London Concerts From 2017 Via Their Virtual Reality Headset Platform For Pay Download! MELODYVR ARTIST PAGE PROMO VIDEO
  • EARLY JULY 2019: Jamiroquai Play A Private Gig In Capri, Italy On 7/6/19! SETLIST OF GIG
  • MID SEPTEMBER 2019: A Limited Edition LP Release Of The NEW Dimitri From Paris Remixes, Part Of His Recurring 'Le Edits' Remix Series, Of The Classic Jamiroquai Track "Cosmic Girl" Is Announced For Release On Oct. 25th 2019! BANDCAMP PAGE
  • MID OCTOBER 2019: In A New JamiroquaiHQ Instagram Video, Jay Kay Thanks The Jamily For A Great Automaton Tour, Looks Forward To Playing The Upcoming Final Tourdates, And Notes A New Jamiroquai Album Will Soon Be 'In The Making'! INSTAGRAM VIDEO
  • MID OCTOBER 2019: In A Deleted Instagram Video From JamiroquaiHQ, Jay Kay Notes He's Got A 'New Album Coming Soon' & Has Been Doing 'Writing' For The New Album While On Holiday In Spain! STREAMABLE VIDEO
  • EARLY NOVEMBER 2019: Jamiroquai Play Their Final 2 Tourdates Of The 3 Year Long Automaton World Tour At BIMELive In Bilbao Spain On 11/2 & The Silknote Festival In Another FIRST Appearance In The Country Of Armenia On 11/6! BIMELIVE LIVE PICTURES SILKNOTE LIVE PICTURES
  • MID NOVEMBER 2019: It Is Announced That Jamiroquai's First 2020 Tourdate Will Be Co-Headlining The Winter In Tantora Festival In Saudi Arabia On 1/24/19! EVENT VIDEO

SECTION #2

FULL GIGS & ALL 2019 YOUTUBE PLAYLISTS OF FAN VIDEOS @ EACH AUTOMATON TOURDATE

FAN FULL GIGS:

FAN VIDEO PLAYLISTS:

SECTION #3:

UPDATED 2019 'AUTOMATON TOUR II' IMGUR ALBUMS GALLERIES

SECTION #4

YOUTUBE LINKS/PLAYLIST LINKS

UPDATED AUTOMATON MUSIC VIDEOS:

SECTION #5

BEST OF 2019 'JAMIROQUAI FANART/REMIXES' ON SOCIAL MEDIA!

FANART:

REMIXES:

SECTION #6

2019 Jamiroquai Wiki Page Additions

submitted by JamiroFan2000 to jamiroquai [link] [comments]


2019.07.02 15:33 Atimo3 Real hotep hours 2: Afrika saves Christmas

Kwame Nantambu, our old friend who I remind you looks like this, is (was?) an Associate Professor in Kent State University. An eccentric man from Trinidad who game himself a Twi first name and a surname from the Pathfinder Game series.1
In today’s episode we will enjoy some of Nantambu's obsession of with an imaginary version of Egypt and we will discover the true meaning of Christmas, with his article “Jesus' Birth: Afri-centric Analysis”… this is going to be good.
On the walls of the Temple of Dendera in ancient Kemet(Egypt), there are four scenes dated 1700 B.C. that depict the birth of the royal Pharaoh. In the B.C. era, the Kemites considered their Pharaoh, Divine, that is, God incarnate. These scenes depict the Divine birth as it is known today.
Now, I have a very limited understanding of Egyptian mythology, and I lack the expertise to make sense of the various scenes depicted in the Temple of Dendera. But I can say with a lot of confidence that Mr. Nantambu doesn’t really know a lot about the temple either because none of the surviving structures are that ancient. The oldest part of it is the Mammisi (chapel, kind of) which was built by Nectanebo II (360–343 BC) and the bulk of the structure comes from the Ptolemies’ time.2
But what mysteries do these (not that) ancient pictures hide?
In the first scene, God Thoth, messenger of the Gods and the God of science, writing and knowledge, comes to the Divine Mother, wife of the Pharaoh and announces to her the impending birth of the Divine child, who is descendant from the God Amun-Ra in the personification of Heru (Horus). This represents the Annunciation event in Christianity.
My understanding is that Thoth was not really a messenger for the Egyptians, he was more of a scribe as one can see when the scribe in the Book of the Death calls for his protection.
"I am thy writing palette, O Thoth, and I have brought unto thee thine ink-jar. I am not of those who work iniquity in their secret places; let not evil happen unto me."3
Now, this interpretation of Thoth as a messenger is probably not something that Nantambu pulled out of his ass, as the Greeks latter decided to fanfic their way into declaring that Thoth was the same guy as Hermes, who was indeed a messenger.
This is definitely not as old as 1700 B.C. as Mr. Nantambu claims. But hey, the bulk of the temple was made under a Greek dynasty so maybe there is such a scene in the temple (I couldn’t find it, but I am not that good at identifying these things anyway). He may be forcing some kind of equivalent with the Archangel Gabriel but so far he hasn’t said anything that crazy.
In the second scene, God Kneph, personification of the Holy Spirit, holds the symbol of life to the mouth of the Queen/Mother. This scene shows that the Queen is conceiving by the power of the Holy Spirit.
And now he said something that crazy.
The Holy Spirit is very much an Abrahamic invention derived from some specific biblical interpretations. Here Nantambu is trying really hard to see parallels between this scene and the biblical annunciation, but randomly declaring that some picture in the side of a temple is in fact the biblical Holy Spirit is hardly a solid argument.
Hence, it need occasion no great surprise that in the Christian gospel, Mary conceives by the power of the Holy Spirit. This is known as the Immaculate Conception in the Christian faith/belief system.
Immaculate Conception refers to the conception of the Virgin Mary free of original sin, not her being the mother of Jesus.4 Common mistake, but I will still point it because it shows he doesn't know that much about the subject.
In the third scene, the Divine child is born. This is equivalent to the nativity of Jesus in Bethlehem.
I mean… why? That’s it, that’s the full extent of the argument presented by Nantambu. Some guy was born and thus it is the same as Christmas now.
In the fourth scene, all the Gods in the ancient Kemetic pantheon gather around this Divine child to sing his praises and adore him--- just as the angels gathered around the infant Jesus to sing his praises and to adore him.
Here not only is Nantambu making weird connections again, but he is also getting his Bible wrong. In Christian tradition nowhere is said the angels gathered around the infant Jesus to sing his praises and to adore him. The closest would be the Gospel of Luke in which a group of angels announce the birth of Jesus to some shepherds who in turn go to adore him.5
It is also very interesting to note that all the Sun Gods of ancient Kemet in the B.C. era, particularly Heru(Horus), had their birthday celebrated on 25th December.
It seems like everybody and their mom wants to find the real origin of Christmas by claiming that some old deity was born in December 25, this is often done with no source whatsoever trusting that nobody will bother to check. As far as I know there is no actual evidence of ancient Egyptians believing that Horus was born in December 25. Hell, since the old Egyptian calendar didn’t have a leap year and therefore didn’t match the Julian calendar I don’t even think they had a proper December 25.
Furthermore, and although I don’t fully dismiss the idea of a pagan origin for Christmas (the date of Saturnalia seems very convenient), I think Andrew McGowan makes a decent argument for the date of Christmas being a Christian original invention unrelated to pagan celebrations.6
In ancient Kemet, Sun was synonymous with Son. In other words, the worship of the Sun God under Afrikan spirituality in the B.C. era has now become the worship of the Son of God under the Christian religion in the A.D. era.
At midnight on 25th December 3,000 years ago, when the Sun comes up on the eastern horizon, the constellation Virgo is sitting on the horizon so that the Sun can be said to be born in a cave of the virgin.
I don’t even know where to start here. I think is sufficient to say that the constellation Virgo as a Greek concept, and that the words Sun and Son are unrelated. Yeah, that’s probably enough.
Also, Sirius, is the brightest star in the heaven at that time. Sirius is a very important ancient Kemetic star because it rose in such a way to announce the flooding of the Nile River. Indeed, it is universally accepted that it was the star Sirius that led the so-called Three Wise Men to Jesus, to the Sun/Son.
Is it universally accepted? I don’t think it is, I don’t think any of this is even close to be accepted. This man taught at Kent State.
In other words, if one looks at Sirius on the night of 25th December in the southerly latitude, it is directly overhead on the meridian
Egypt is in the Northern Hemisphere.
So, for geo-political reasons and power control intent, albeit European supremacy, the birthday of Jesus was changed from 6th January to 25th December at the Council of Nicea, May-August 325 A.D.
It is remarkably anachronistic to talk about any kind of European supremacy in a time in which the Roman Empire covered both sides of the Mediterranean and thought of North Europe as inhabited by savages who only said bar bar bar bar.
But don’t let that distract you from the fact that the Council of Nicea had nothing to do with the date of Christmas.
This geo-political power control-religious decision is the origin of the universal "Twelve Days of Christmas" carol.

ಠ_ಠ

In the name of big head Yakub: Wat? Do I have to argue with this? Do I really need to present arguments against it? No, I am not going to put effort here. I am going to say that the carol was created in the 18th century and that’s it.7
Truth Be Told: The Holy Bible is very clear that he was not born "Jesus Christ". This prima facie evidence is presented in the Gospel of St. Matthew 27:17. Pontius Pilate, the governor of Galilee, gave the people a choice as to whom he should set free. According to St. Matthew, he asked: "Whom will ye that I release unto you--- Barabbas or Jesus which is called Christ?" Furthermore, in 27:22, Pilate said: "What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ?" The people replied unto him: "Let him be crucified." Pontius Pilate never referred to him as Jesus Christ, period.
I am not even sure what he is trying to argue here. Christ comes from Christos meaning “the anointed one”. So what? I didn’t do selective quoting, he doesn’t even try to relate any of this to the rest of his weird Kemet theory. He just says “Christ was not in Jesus birth certificated” and then acts like this is some grand discovery.
Shem Hotep ("I go in peace").
This man taught to classrooms full of students at Ken State University.

Sources and notes

  1. This is a joke, but I am like 80% convinced he made up the name, because I can’t find a single reference to a human being from Africa named Nantambu. If anyone want to look for one and restore the man’s honor, then godspeed.
  2. There is even a portrait of Cleopatra and Caesarion on the temple.
  3. “The Book of the Dead” Translation by Sir Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge.
  4. "Ineffabilis Deus” Pope Pius IX.
  5. Luke 2.
  6. “How December 25 Became Christmas” Andrew McGowan.
  7. My source is 5 minutes in Wikipedia, this doesn’t deserve a better source.
submitted by Atimo3 to badhistory [link] [comments]


2019.05.01 00:23 Scolar_H_Visari Shermans? In my clickbait? It's more likely than you think with this one weird trick!

So having Yahoo! as my home page (as people who still use Netscape Navigator often do), I was not too terribly surprised to have yet another article from the half-witted imbeciles good people at The National Interest appear in my feed.

However, instead of hard hitting, fact filled articles like, "The German Wiesel Is a Cute Mini-Tank" and "F-22 Raptor Gets Shot Down by Old F-14 Tomcat? Yes, It Could Happen", I got something else in my poorly thought out news feed:

"The Sherman Was America's Best Worst Tank"

It really is just as bad as you think it was. Now, typical to The National Interest's sweat shop approach to meaningless clickbait, the article itself is in fact a republished version of an article that previously appeared on War is Boring back in 2014 and penned by a Kyle Mizokami (who styles themself a, "Freelance writer on defense issues").

Yes it is old and no, I don't care.

But enough of that background story! Let's get into this overflowing landfill of a story, shall we? How about the first two sentences?
"American tanks in World War II were generally inferior to their German counterparts. German tanks boasted better armor protection and more firepower."
Well, I guess we're off to a good start, then. Well, for starters Mr. Mizokami, most German tanks weren't Panthers and Tigers, and most German combat AFVs were not tanks. Instead, the most numerous tanks were all variants of the Panzerkampfwagen IV, and the most common vehicles intended for anti-tank combat were assault guns. Additionally, the armor on those Panzer IVs was inferior to that of the M4 family at the best of times. Starting with the Ausf. G variant onward, the IVs at best used a maximum of 80 mm of frontal hull armor at a nearly vertical angle. This can be contrasted to the M4's starting hull thickness of 51 mm of armor at slopes of 56 degrees from the vertical, giving stock, early M4s an effective front hull thickness of over 90 mm, which is only 10 mm less than the vertical frontal armor of the Tiger tanks.

While the most common German AFV mounted gun, the 7.5 KwK 40, did higher maximum penetration (given the right rounds) than the 75 mm M3, it also wasn't really enough to mean much of a difference in reality.

Continuing on . . .
"But armor and lethality don’t tell the whole story. The same American tanks were superior to their rivals in other important ways. The M-4 Sherman, in particular, helped the U.S. Army win the war—even though, in battle, German tanks destroyed them en masse."
Given that the author referred to the M4 as the, "M-4" and will continue to do so throughout, I'm going to hazard a guess and bet they'll never really bring up specific circumstances or evidence of this particular claim or of anything else in particular. I mean, after all, their research could've been tainted because they instead kept bringing up results for the Maule M-4 aircraft.

"The Sherman’s inadequacies were products of its origins. Before the war, American tank design and development was bipolar—a result of the competing demands of the Army’s infantry and cavalry branches.
The infantry wanted a tank that—no surprise—could support the infantry on the battlefield. Infantry generals favored a vehicle with a big gun that could sit still and take out enemy bunkers.
The infantry walked into combat. They weren’t all that concerned about a tank’s speed.
By contrast, the cavalry—the Army’s scouts—preferred a fast-moving tank that could speed through gaps in enemy lines. The freewheeling cav didn’t fret armor protection.
Two tank philosophies, totally at odds with each other. And the Great Depression exacerbated the problem—the R&D money ran out.
The American tank force idled until the war jumpstarted it."
Now, if I were a generous cephalopod, I would simply assume this author was lazy. However, I am not generous, and the safe bet is on the writer being lazy and dishonest. While The National Defense Act of 1920 specified that tanks were to be developed for and to support infantry units, development of infantry tanks by the U.S. military was completely discontinued by the mid-30s to the chagrin of a few officers as described in The Evolution of the Armored Force, 1920-1940. By the time work was being done on medium tanks (including the M4), official military doctrine specified that tanks were to function in mobile, independent units capable of fighting infantry and AFVs alike. That other famous and numerically gifted tank of the war, the Soviet T-34, had a similar objective.

I'm also interested in (well, not really) where the author got the idea that there was no money at all for R&D when the U.S. Army was actively developing light and medium tanks before its entrance into the war. The M4 itself has its origins in prewar designs, but I suppose U.S. mid-war AFV development no real. Underfunded, yes, but no real?

"Shortly after the outbreak of World War II, the United States began supplying the United Kingdom with tanks. Losing France was a staggering blow to the Allies’ industrial production—the U.K. couldn’t produce everything it needed on its own."
The only American tanks in service at the war's beginning, the M1 and M2, were never exported. More importantly: The U.S. did not start exporting tanks until 1941, as the Lend-Lease Act itself wasn't even passed until March of the same year. For those keeping track, 1941 is not really, "shortly after the outbreak of World War II" unless you're using some really weird starting date.

"The first American export, the M-3 Grant, had a 75-millimeter low-velocity gun mounted in the hull for engaging infantry, and a high-velocity 37-millimeter anti-tank gun in the turret."
What, no love for the earlier combat debut of the M3 light tank? Oh, wait, that would assume this author knew such a vehicle existed. I think they may actually believe there were no American AFVs until the M3. The M2 and M1 just being myths, like anything older than 6,000 years old or Gray 17 on Babylon 5.

"That may sound impressive, but the Grant packed two guns because the Americans lacked a single gun capable of engaging both infantry and tanks. The Grant’s layout also gave it a high profile on the battlefield, making it easy to spot … and thus destroy."
Ah, another critical research failure. I'm, frankly, surprised Mr. Mizokami's readers haven't died from fatal levels of ionizing radiation this far in. At any length, the real reason for the M3's unusual configuration has nothing to do with wanting two guns and everything to do with getting a 75mm equipped AFV to production and combat sooner rather than later. As the Germans found out independently, removing the otherwise large and mechanically complex turret tremendously simplifies the mounting of larger guns as well reducing construction time. As it stands, the M3 was always intended to be a stop-gap measure until a tank with a 75 mm gun mounted in an sufficiently large turret was produced.

Additionally, the 75 mm M2 and M3 guns were not, "low velocity" weapons. They were dual-purpose unlike the much lower velocity 7.5 KwK 37 of the early Panzer IVs and StuGs (even with their optional HEAT rounds), quite similar to the main armament of the T-34 in this regards, and not far removed from the performance of higher velocity 7.5 cm guns on later incarnations of the Panzer IV.

And while the total maximum height of ~3.12 meters would indeed seem tall, that's counting the commander's cupola, which itself was a small target relative to the hull. Unless tanks got real weird, low fidelity hit boxes back then, this sort of matters outside bad games.

"The Grant’s baptism of fire was the battle of Gazala in North Africa in the spring of 1942. The British Army deployed 167 Grants against Panzer III and IV tanks from the German 15th Panzer Division.
Although the German Afrika Korps ultimately forced back the Brits, the appearance of the 75-millimeter gun—a first for the British—was a shock to the Germans."
So we've gone from, "gun mounted in the hull for engaging infantry" to praising the 75 mm in anti-tank warfare that quickly? Speaking of bipolar . . .

"Back in America, tank designers were already working on a successor to the Grant. The new Sherman packed a single 75-millimeter gun. Crew was just five, compared to the Grant’s seven. The M-4 featured a host of improvements based on British experience with the Grant in North Africa."
As was stated before, it was always the intention to produce a tank with a 75 mm in the turret.

"Even at the time of introduction, the Sherman was really nothing to get excited about. Protection was unremarkable and required constant improvement—such as an extra inch of steel plate welded to the hull to protect main gun ammunition, plus a “wet stowage” system which bathed the ammunition in water to prevent it from detonating in the event of a direct hit."
Improvements in protection were common to all AFVs of the war, and this is actually one field in which the Sherman was ahead of by leaps and bounds. The reduction and movement of ammunition stowage made it the least likely tank to, "brew up" at the war's end, whereas even the heaviest German AFVs never solved this problem, but I suppose it's just as well that the author just focused on the liquid jackets instead of the more important factor.

"The Sherman’s 75-millimeter gun was also nothing special. It was powerless against the latest German tanks—particularly the Tiger and Panther. The gun was more suitable for taking out less well-armed targets—half-tracks, artillery, infantry."
Powerless, except when attacking on the flanks, which is how most AFVs were knocked out and more often than not by towed anti-tank guns at that. We'll just never mind, again, that most German AFVs were not tanks and that most tanks were not obese kitties with chronic spare parts catnip shortages.

"U.S. intelligence had assessed the Sherman as equal to the Panzer IV, the mainstay of the German tank force. America concluded the Sherman was good enough. Unfortunately, the U.S. had failed to accurately forecast production of newer, more powerful German designs such as the Panther and Tiger.
The U.S. military believed that although the Sherman was inferior to those tanks, the new German models would rarely appear on the battlefield.
That proved wrong."
Except in the case of the Tiger, which was vanishingly rare at the best of times, except for the Panther's numerous issues conspiring to reduce its operational numbers throughout the war to well below that of its kind produced, and except for the reality that German AFVs in general were very rare in spite of increased production. Though, as confrontations like the Battle of Arracourt indicate, the Panther was far from a dominating tank in practice despite its popular characterization as such. The way people bring of the Panther, it's like they're talking about it being some sort of Super Saiyan fighting off nameless opponents with ease instead of the non-entertaining lackey to Hercule/Mr. Satan that it was. At least the real Hercule was funny and didn't genocide the Hell out of people.

"Finally, the Army viewed the tank force holistically within a veritable ecosystem of weapons. Infantry, tanks, artillery, engineers and planes were all part of the same team.
By this way of thinking, tanks shouldn’t take on other tanks. Instead, the armored vehicles should exploit gaps in enemy lines, rush in, start blowing up stuff. Infantry, airplanes, artillery and tank destroyers—vehicles similar to tanks, but lightly armored—would engage the enemy’s tanks while American tanks were running rampant.
There was a problem with this reasoning. Just because the Army wanted its Shermans to avoid the more powerful German Panthers and Tigers didn’t mean those encounters didn’t happen."
United States military doctrine published before the war acknowledged that tanks had to be able to fight other tanks, hence the longstanding characterization of the M2 and M3 guns as dual purpose weapons.

"For its part, the M-4 was good in 1942, adequate in 1943 and totally outclassed by 1944. Unfortunately for American tankers, the war lasted until 1945."
Unfortunately for the Third Reich (and fortunately for opponents to genocide worldwide), the M4 wasn't really outclassed at any point in the war. I mean, there's a good reason it saw extensive use worldwide even after the war. It's also weird that this writer even stated that the Panzer IV was the mainstay of the German armed forces and conveniently forgets that both A. It was outnumbered in turn by similar assault guns filling in the anti-tank role and B. All German AFVs were outnumbered by Allied vehicles to a ridiculous degree and constrained by a horse drawn, drooling idiot operated lines of communication that only worked if victory was obtained in an unrealistically short conflict.

"Still—as maligned as the Sherman often is, it’s important to view it in context. The side with the Sherman won the war."
It's also important to view this article in its proper context: As worthless click bait written by some one who couldn't even bother to perform five minutes of research before submitting it to an equally clueless editor. This reads like some one's experiences with tanks after fighting a few matches of Company of Heroes, more than anything else, and even then within the context of listening to a Wehraboo Discord the whole time.
submitted by Scolar_H_Visari to ShitWehraboosSay [link] [comments]


2018.11.24 12:07 radiofan15 Kanye West's 808s & Heartbreak, one of the most influential pop albums of the century, turns 10

https://preview.redd.it/xmus30kna9021.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=eb6091965c75efd6a2fe0b4f67ef759f2b3e134c
Kanye West started as a producer wanting to become a rapper… after touring as the opening act of U2 in their Vertigo Tour he wanted to become a rock star… after the release of his third studio album, Graduation, Kanye didn’t know exactly what to do next: Although another education-themed follow up (known as Good Ass Job) was planned to complement the trilogy of albums that started with The College Dropout and continued with Late Registration, destiny will change those plans for the Chicago rapper.
On November 10 of 2007, Kanye’s mother, Donda West, passed away after a heart attack product of a failed plastic surgery (from which Kanye blamed himself); this was followed by the end of his on-and-off relationship with designer Alexis Phifer which started in 2002 and officially ended in early 2008; and, of course, it was the issue of fame: with Graduation seemingly kick-starting a new era of hip-hop above the ashes of gangsta rap (Graduation outsold 50 Cent’s Curtis by more than one third in their coinciding debut week), Kanye should have been, theoretically speaking, happy of having archived everything he ever wanted, however he was alone at the top, subject of constant public and media scrutiny and surrounded by the kind of unwanted attention most overnight superstars struggle to accept.
Rapping wasn’t enough for Mr. West, and as such, the hip-hop genre was way too small to describe what was going on with him and the melodies he had inside of him needed a new way to be translated to the real world… ironically this would lead to the creation of a minimalistic pop album.
Today is not that hard to visualize it but, in the perspective of the 2007-08 music era, it was considered career suicide and a brave experiment: As mentioned above, Graduation was, mostly, responsible for the decay of the gangsta rap genre and Kanye’s production techniques and combinations of genres were seen as a watershed that helped diversify the genre, in other words Kanye was the closest thing hip-hop had to a savant innovator at the time; also, the kind of pop music that was leaving its mark in the Hot 100 included bubblegum (by the era standards) music from Katy Perry and Natasha Begingfield, Disney icons like Miley Cyrus and the Jonas Brothers, mellow balladers like Jason Mraz and Leona Lewis and crossover acts like Coldplay and Finger Eleven, with the biggest representation of urban music coming from pure R&B or pop/R&B acts (Mariah Carey, Jordin Sparks, Chris Brown) or relatively unambitious rap acts (Lil Wayne, T.I. Lil Mama)… in this scenario, and considering how maximalistic Kanye’s previous output was (with its soul samples, anthemic arena-ready choruses and intricate production values), the idea of Kanye not only ditching samples and going minimalistic, but also pop was a hard pill to swallow in the hip-hop world.

https://preview.redd.it/uowcagfpa9021.jpg?width=1600&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0f3dc63a2d58441aca50b515bae182659bff873b
808s & Heartbreak was, interestingly, recorded in a three weeks period in September and October of 2008, contrasting with the 2 years it took Graduation to materialize (and unintentionally starting Ye’s tendency of erratic album producing schedules that still continues up to this day), in California and Hawaii with a surprisingly limited palette of collaborators:
As you can see, the number of producers and writers is quite minimal when compared to Kanye’s later work, with him being the sole main producer of the entire project.
As the title indicates, the album makes use of the Roland TR-808, a drum machine introduced in the early 80s that, despite being a commercial failure in spite of its low price, went out to develop a cult classic and became one of the most influential music devices of the decade, being used in pop (Whitney Houston’s I Wanna Dance with Somebody, The SOS Band’s Just Be Good To Me), hip-hop (Beastie Boys’s Paul Revere, Afrika Bambaataa’s Planet Rock), R&B (Marvin Gaye’s Sexual Healing), and electronic (the Yellow Magic Orchestra’s entire BGM album), among others. The 808 continues to be used and/or referenced up to this day among most of the popular music genres.
Kanye use of the instrument was inspired by the 80s icons Phil Collins, Gary Numan and Boy George, who used the drum machine in combination with their songwriting to evoke a set of emotions than normal synthpop and/or electropop couldn’t achieve, a concept introduced by the producer and film composer Jon Brion, a producer in Late Registration.
Although the album still contains some hip-hop elements (more on that later), they are mostly masqueraded by the inclusion of several elements that adds to the mix of genres 808s includes: the album has been described as synthpop, experimental pop, electropop, avant-garde R&B and 80s New Wave, with Kanye himself referring to the album’s genre as a “pop art”, not to be confused with art pop, both the music genre and the artistic movement. To contrast with the bleak atmosphere of the 808, Kanye added several more ‘physical’ elements to the music, always trying to keep a “minimal but functional” sound, like taiko drums, synth-bass, somber piano melodies, choir monks and lengthy string sections.
In spite of its description as a pop album, 808s features some rapping (outside of the occasional guest rapper), although Kanye drowns it with some sing-talking and actual singing, all processed through some heavy Auto-Tune (with some input from the master T-Pain), because the idea of Kanye singing is not the most enticing one. The much-mocked tool, first popularized by Cher in her comeback single Believe, was reintroduced to Kanye while he was recording his verse in Jeezy’s Put On, having previously only used it on background vocals in tracks like Jesus Walks, and he fell in love with the technology, calling it “the funniest thing to use” and comparing the negative reception it gets from people who openly mocked the use of the pink color in clothes when he was a kid for being considered “gay”.
The auto-tune in 808s is used to contrast the mechanical, almost robotic, delivery of Kanye with the austere production and the introspective subject matter of the lyrics, creating an album that is both heavily personal yet detached from the performer, with the mostly sterile production contrasting nicely with the album’s narrative motifs that includes heartbreak, existential crisis, regret, self-examination and fame.
The opening track, Say You Will, demonstrates this better than any other song on the album: lyrics aboutan ex-girlfriend you call on Friday nights just to have sex” and she “says she’ll come over but you wait all night and she still doesn’t come knocking on your door” masked with a two-notes beat and drums in loop above a menacing and ominous background synth line that overruns the lyrics and continues for almost as long as the original track lasted. If this version is too sterile for you, there’s a warmer version with Caroline Shaw vocals on Soundcloud.
In the Kid Cudi-assisted Welcome to Heartbreak, Kanye describes how, despite all the money and fame he has accumulated through his career, or rather because of them, he finds himself trapped and removed from what he perceives as the right way to live one’s life: “My friend showed me pictures of his kids, all I could show him was pictures of my cribs” says the opening line of the depressive synthpop anthem which, as we might be aware, doesn’t apply to Mr. West anymore.
Heartless, whose single cover nicely contrasts with the deflated-heart balloon artwork created by Kaws, is the poppiest track on 808s (no surprise it was the biggest hit of the album) and yet is the closest to a vocal rap performance you get from Ye on this album. The beat, originally intended for Jay-Z, features an uncredited but very prominent sample of the 1984 song Ammonia Avenue by prog rock group The Alan Parsons Project, and lyrically continues with the subject matter of heartache and heartbreak from his doomed relationship with Ms. Phifer… also this song was done dirty on the ongoing Winners Rate.
The Grammy-nominated Amazing (unfairly, the only Grammy nomination to the 808s era) was the first song completed for the album, and features an obscure tribal beat with a menacing piano lurking in the background which fits nicely with the dark verses (“I'm a monster, I'm a killer, I know I'm wrong, yeah; I'm a problem that'll never ever be solved”) but heavily contrast with the optimistic hook (“No matter what, you'll never take that from me, my reign is as far as your eyes can see”) and Jeezy’s guest verse (“I'm amazing, born on a full moon; I was bred to get it in, no spoon”).

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The next song, and of the GOAT singles in Kanye’s repertoire, is the iconic Love Lockdown, the public’s introduction to this moody and introspective Kanye as it was debuted in the 2008 VMAs two months before the release of 808s. The upbeat but minimalistic pop track features features a somber, lush, and beautiful instrumental in which the 808 replicates the sound of a heartbeat while tribal drums and heavy instrumental layers complements the verse-chorus-verse structure, all while Kanye sing-talks about a failed relationship and what caused it: “I'm not loving you, the way I wanted to; see I had to go, see I had to move; no more wasting time, you can't wait for life; we're just racing time, where's the finish line?”.
Afterwards, the Mr. Hudson-assisted Paranoid hits: the new wave-influenced synthpop single came out with a noir video starring Rihanna (she was also supposed to appear in a remix of the track, which remains unreleased) with all and a different mix of the track, that still doesn’t detach from the mostly rapped lyrics about a partner who is controlling and neurotic, a not so subtle attack to Ms. Phifer: “All of the time you wanna complain about the nights alone; so now you're here with me, show some gratitude, leave the attitude way back at home”. If you let me be impartial, this is my second favorite song on the album and in my Top 5 of Kanye tracks, this is just pure pop perfection.
Robocop, the next track, has nothing to do with the violent movie from Paul Verhoeven, but rather uses the reference in the title to describe a “spoiler little LA girl” who’s cold and calculated, comparing her to the lead character in the Stephen King novel Misery (played in an Oscar winning performance by Kathy Bates), even though he finds some of those crazy attributes desirable (“Shorty kind of crazy but it turn me on; keep it up enough to keep it going on; I told her there's some things she don't need to know; she never let it go, oh”)… the track features a sample of Patrick Doyle’s Kissing In The Rain, a song from the score of the much-forgotten Alfonso Cuaron movie adaptation of Great Expectations with Gwyneth Paltrow and Ethan Hawke, and writing contributions from T-Pain and Tony Williams, making it the most loaded song on the album when it comes to credits. A music video starring Amber Rose was filmed but never released.
The next track, Street Lights, is Kanye’s most simple yet most gorgeous song, and a personal favorite of mine. A synthpop/R&B hybrid, Street Lights has Kanye contemplating about the repetitiveness and monotony of his life as it passes in front of him: “Seems like street lights, glowing, happen to be just like moments, passing, in front of me; so I hopped in the cab and I paid my fare, see I know my destination, but I'm just not there in the streets”. Perfection. (PS. there's a music video, but I could only found it without sound)
Just like the opening track, Bad News is a partially instrumental track about a girl who can’t keep her word… only that in this case is about a cheating partner: “Didn't you know, I was waiting on you, waiting on a dream that'll never come true; didn't you know, I was waiting on you, my face turned to stone when I heard the news; when you decide to break the rules, 'cause I just heard some real bad news”. This is the first time, although not the last time (outside of this album), in which Kanye would mention a cheating partner, which seems to happen more often to him than expected.
The penultimate track, See You in My Nightmares, has Lil Wayne top help him to finish the narrative started by Bad News, creating a sinister-sounding song about Ye moving out of a toxic relationship and leaving behind the person that causes him so much pain, relegating her to his nightmares (“And I might see you in my nightmare; ooh, how'd you'd get there? cause we were once a fairy tale but this is farewell”). The rappers’ spooky, angry delivery complements quite nicely with the auto-tune and the menacing and suffocating atmosphere of the song. An accompanying short film, called We Were Once A Fairytale, directed by Spike Jonze was released on iTunes in October 2009... also, here's Jonze smacking Kanye just because it's too funny to not share.

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At this point of the album, Kanye has addressed her ex-lover, himself and his celebrity life… and Ms. West remains untouched, at least until the last track of the album: Coldest Winter, an ode and farewell to Donda West, which interpolates Tears for Fears’ Memories Fade to create a cold-sounding track in which Kanye wonders wherever will he “ever love again” as the “memories made in the coldest winter” keep tormenting him and leave him waiting for the passing of time to heal him (“If spring can take the snow away, can it melt away all our mistakes”); however, the ominous drums that closes the track and the last lyrics (“I won’t ever love again”) doesn’t paint the brightest future for Mr. West.
A bonus track in all of the versions of the album is the freestyle Pinocchio’s Story, recorded live at the Singapore stop of the Glow in the Dark tour. Included in the album at the request of Beyoncé, the track features Kanye’s stream of conscience about how his life choices and his lifestyle are responsible for his constant unhappiness and his mother’s death, with Kanye comparing himself to the famous character as he just wants to be “a real boy”: “I turn on the TV, and see me, and see nothing; what does it feel like, to live real life, to be real? Not some facade on TV that no one can really feel; do you really have the stamina? For everybody that sees you that say, "Where's my camera? For everybody that sees you, to say sign an autograph… For everybody that sees you cryin, say you oughta laugh”. And the worst part is that Kanye himself realizes that he has no Gepetto to his side, and that he blames himself for that.
During its release cycle, the hip-hop community was skeptical of the album, believing it to be nothing more than an experimental throwaway detour and expecting it to flop, criticizing Kanye’s “sappy” approach to his music, although his collaborators (Jeezy and Lil Wayne) and Common expressed support for West before the album’s release, with Michael Jackson himself being a huge fan of the release. When the release date, November 24th, approached, the critical response came in and it was… positive… sort of. Most of the critical response at the time focused on the use of auto-tune and the general coldness of the project, although even the strongest detractors couldn’t deny how strong was the concept and that some of the track were top tier in the rapper’s discography.
It would take a while before the genius of 808s & Heartbreak wound up being recognized: although it ended in several year-end lists, 808s was largely overlooked by the Grammys but it garnered some nominations in smaller awards ceremonies like the NCAAP, the Teen Choice and the Soul Train Awards. In 2009, Rolling Stone ranked it number 63 on its list of the 100 Best Album of the Decade, then in 2014 they named it one of the 40 most groundbreaking albums of all time in which it was only one of two albums to be released in the 21st century.
Despite the mixed initial reception, the album was a huge hit, debuting at the top spot in the Billboard 200 with over 450k units in its first week, being certified platinum two months later. Two of the singles, Love Lockdown and Heartless, debuted at the top 3 in the Hot 100 in their release week and ended up becoming some of Kanye’s biggest hits, with the former being certified 3x Platinum and the former 6x.

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As the Glow in the Dark Tour was about to finish by the time the album was released, no real tour was made for 808s: a promotional joint tour with Lady Gaga, called The Fame Kills, was planned to promote the album but it was cancelled after the first Taylorgate happened. Kanye promoted the album with a performance in VH1 Storytellers and then moved into his next effort: My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, although he would return to 808s by performing it in its entirety in 2015 at the Hollywood Bowl in LA.
808s’ influence in the current musical landscape can be easily seen within the most successful and/or acclaimed performers currently working today: Drake basically owns his career to the album, Travis Scott took a cue from the way Mr. West works, Frank Ocean and Childish Gambino definitively were inspired by Kanye’s output, Bon Iver and James Blake have expressed how influential was 808s’ sound in their music, the current wave of emo/melodic rappers (Lil Uzi Vert, Juice WRLD) can be traced back to Kanye and his soul-cleaning album… even in the wave of minimalistic pop or indie of today everything can be pointed towards the release of an album very few believed, yet everyone todays seems to appreciate.
USEFUL VIDEO LINKS:
What’s your favorite song in 808s & Heartbreak?
How do you think it changed the musical landscape?
Considering that the people who listened to the record when they were teenagers are now musicians, do you heard some of 808s in their musical output?
How would you rank 808s & Heartbreak among Kanye’s discography?
submitted by radiofan15 to popheads [link] [comments]


2018.10.10 02:03 doodle_sm Fallen Eagle Dev Diary #6 - The Rains in Afrika

It's been some time since our Last Dev Diary, and for that we do apologise - we have been working on a lot of different things, so it was hard to find a coherent topic for a diary. Now however, as asked by you, we will be revealing to you Mortals our Beautiful Afrika - From the Naval Bases of the Cape to the Gleaming Lights of Alexandria!Africa, as a whole Region, has remained relatively unchanged since the 1910s. The Region has, as always, seen insurgent forces rise and fall, yet the Colonial Triumvirate of Germany, France and the UK Stand Strong - with their colonies tightly under their belt.Without further Ado - Let's Get into It

Egypt
https://imgur.com/a/pb2t1S5
Whilst nominally a Vassal of the Ottoman Empire, the Egyptian Khedivate has been in fact under the 'protection' of the British Armed Forces since the 1880s. Seeing Egypt as their Asset, the British have kept a tight Grip of the Region, wishing to control Trade in the Mediterranean as well as keep the Suez Canal safe from the greedy eyes of the Germanic Threat. In 1921, the British established a full occupation of the Country, in the same act limiting the Egypt army to nothing more than local militias. The Khedive however has been very submissive to the British, almost suspiciously so - the British fear that there is Trouble brewing in Egypt, a time bomb ready to blow up...

Cyrenaica
https://imgur.com/a/smCofnr
Ever since their Invasion in 1911, Libya has been nothing but trouble for the Italians. With the Senussi Order foiling their plans at every single step, the Italians have seen little success in their campaign in the Area. Whilst being able to keep control of the Coastline, the Ghost of 1895 has overshadowed their Successes against the Ottomans. Their forces, not yet suited to fighting in the Deep South of Libya, have been at a standstill, with the Cyrenaican guerillas keeping the Italians at bay. In their Capital, Idiris I stands as the leader of this Resistance, ready to fight till the End against the Italians. Yet trouble is brewing, as some of his supporters are pushing for an Invasion into Egypt to liberate their Brethren there - yet this could only cause retaliation from the British.

Morocco
https://imgur.com/a/WbR9LUk
Ever since the Agadir Crisis of 1912, the Moroccans have felt abandoned by everyone. The Germans, up to a point their 'staunch allies' have abandoned hope of gaining support in the Region Completely, leaving the Country to become Carrion for the Spanish and French. Being declared a Joint Protectorate in 1915, the Region has been under the Occupation of Spanish and French Forces alike, loosing control of their Vital port of Ceuta in the North to the Spanish. Mohammed sits atop his throne of Woes, being the Sultan yet unable to carry the Legacy of his Predecessors - hoping for a Chance to ally himself with the Germans or any other Power wishing to Intervene in his sad state of Affairs.With North Africa out of the Way, it is Time to move onto the Domain of Men with Hats - and we have Lots of them!
British Governorate of Sudan
https://imgur.com/a/eBaX2jQ
A British Colony for quite some time, Sudan is the largest of the British Colonial Possessions in Africa. This however comes at a cost for the Local Governor - with the vast Expanses of South Sudan, and a Small Military, it is hard for Carl von Slatin to keep the Nation together. With many rebellious groups in the South, the Country is in a constant state of Inner Conflict, with Intervention from Mainland British Forces not being uncommon. Slatin himself prides himself as a close friend of the Exiled Habsburg royalty, serving as Lieutenant in the K.u.K before the War of the Federation. He now reigns in Khartoum with an Iron Fist. Whilst the forces at his disposal are small, his use of Austrian Drill has ensured that they fight at peak performance, and any encounters with the Natives end with a Bloodbath. Emperor Franz Ferdinand even once jokingly remarked that should Slatin have a Larger Force, he could have conquered all of Africa for the Austrians.East Africa Protectorate
https://imgur.com/a/ibM6R8b
A protectorate only in name, the East African Protectorate is by far one of the Poorest Colonial Nations in the Empire. With the Neighbour from Hell, Germany, Right over the Border, all of the Funds in the Nation are funneled into the Border Forces, leaving little to none to be spent on other areas of the Government. Whilst being so poor, the Protectorate does boast one of the largest Militaries in the Region however, with large amounts of Native Kenyans and Ugandans conscripting for the Military. Should the Germans ever try to invade, they would be met with the East African Army. Many doubt in Sir Edward Northey's Leading capabilities however, as the man has proven to be incompetent at times, being routed by Native Rebels near Lake Victoria in 1920 - fighting a force Numerically and Technologically inferior to himself. With his failing health, it is hopeful to even believe that the Governor will stay in power for Much Longer.Deutsch-Ostafrika
https://imgur.com/a/jqJuvy7
The Largest and by far most well off of the German Colonies, Deutsch-Ostafrika is considered to be the Jewel of the German Empire. Whilst seeming to be the greatest of German Colonial Ambitions, much of the Information made public to the Kaiser however is false. Whilst seeming to have been almost completely Germanised, with the local pushed to the Sidelines, the Colony has had a large problem with Native Uprisings in the Last few Years. Whilst kept at bay for now by General Lettow von Vorbeck, no one can tell for how long the Brave Askari under Vorbeck can hold. The only hope for the Colony is a Crackdown on the Rebels, much like that between the years of 1904-1908 - yet it is uncertain whether such a Genocide would be left without International Recognition this time. Atop of this Mess stands Heinrich Schnee, governor of the Colony for almost two Decades. There are many who look hungrily at his position, wishing to further their Standing within Germany by being given this most Prestigious of roles....

Zanzibar
https://imgur.com/a/585KJLc
This small, yet surprisingly set of Islands has baffled British and Germans alike for Decades. Within the British Sphere of Influence, the Sultanate has seen very little Changes in the Nation since the Anglo-Zanzibar 'War'. Quietly tucked away off the Coast of Tanganyika, the Country has a small yet loyal population, ready to lay down their Lives for the Sultan. Should a War come however, few are certain that the Sultan will remain loyal to the British Yoke...

Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland
https://imgur.com/a/C8PRL1N
Formed in 1925, the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is the second most prosperous of the British African Colonies, just after their South African brethren. Commonly known as the Breadbasket of Africa, the Colony is close the being granted Dominion Status, due to its strategic importance and fierce loyalty to the British Empire. Led by the Staunch Godfrey Huggins, the Colony is far from the Apartheid of South Africa, with the Coloured Population of the Country being close to on-par with the White Minorities in the country. Also seen as the "Heart of Sub-Saharan Africa" the nation is prosperous and has relatively low poverty levels, and is seen truly as an asset for the British.

Bechuanaland
https://imgur.com/a/NNF274W
Almost an Anomaly, Bechuanaland is in fact a Protectorate of the British Empire - which functions as as protectorate. Ruled by the same Monarchs as it has been for almost a Century, the Colony is large in size yet small in Population. With the Current Regent, Tshedeki Kama, the area is seeing a relative period of Peace, with internal strife being at an all time low. The only problem posed to the Country comes from the Outside however, with a substantial Boer Minority growing in the South ever since 1919, when the Second Transvaal Republic Fell.

Deutsch-Südwestafrika
https://imgur.com/a/iOAe3vd
Known to many as the Wild West of Africa, the German Colony of South West Africa is the second largest after Tanganyika. Whilst containing a substantial population, the Area is still largely in the process of Colonisation by the Germans. Because of this, the area is seen as rugged and empty, with very little authority outside the City. A Common saying in the Country is "If the Sands and the Animals won't kill you, another German will". The country however has seen a large influx of Boers in the last Decade however, as many have fled South Africa, after the harsh Repercussions that the Third Boer 'War' had brought. It is the perfect place for any German looking to find his fortune.

Belgian Congo
https://imgur.com/a/PfJTUlH
The only Belgian Colonial Possession, the Congo itself is much, much larger than the Country of Belgium, and it's vast unexplored swathes of Land are seen as a danger to all those wishing to visit. With the increasing German Pressure, it is possible that at any time the Congo could fall into the German hands, as the Belgians would rather give up their Colony than see their nation fall to German Hands. But for now, the Colony rests in its uneasy fate, with the Belgians keeping a tight grip on authority within and without the Major Cities.

French Equatorial Africa
https://imgur.com/a/lv1pvPs
One of the two "Autonomous" divisions of the French Empire in Africa, French Equatorial Africa is a mix of many different Cultures, religions and peoples - nomadic and others. With the country being such a melting pot, the Colony has unsurprisingly become very tolerant for a Colonial Nation. Having one of the largest Armies in the Whole of Africa, the Colony conscripts many of the Local denizens, contributing a large amount to the French Foreign Legion. Placed under Military Rule in 1923, the Colony is under the Rule of Edgar de Larminat, a staunch believer in the idea of self-governance within the Area.

Deutsch-Westafrika
https://imgur.com/a/5xo3oWG
The Smallest of the German Colonies in Africa, Deutsch-Westafrika was established in 1920, integrating both German Kamerun and Togoland. This however, was nothing more than simply placing Togoland under the Administration of Kamerun, which cause a lot of unrest in the Area, culminating in the Shelling of Lomé by Reinhard Heydrich in November of 1929. Due to the Corruption inherent in this system, the Area has been temporarily made a Military District, with Schutztruppe Commander Harry Puder in Command of the Whole Nation, holding almost supreme Dictatorial Power.

French West Africa
https://imgur.com/a/ENGlEjB
Finally, we reach French West Africa. A conglomerate of many different French Colonial Authorities, the Region is highly decentralised, with most decisions being made by Local Authorities. Many times larger than Mainland France, the Region also incorporates a large portion of the Sahara, the largest Desert in the World. It is home to many Nomadic Races, and order is hard to keep, especially in the Northern Reaches of the Nation. Because of its high Decentralisation, many ideas have been brought up in the French Government, with two Main Options arising - the Splitting of the 'Nation' into many smaller Colonial Nations or integrating it into France proper. Only time will tell however.We have now reached the End of our Journey in Africa. As you may have noticed, we have kept silence about some other Countries in the Region such as Ethiopia, Liberia or South Africa. The fate of these will be revealed in Due time. We have big Plans of Africa, as we feel that it is underdeveloped in many mods. Be set that for the Initial Release of the Mod, there will be Generic Trees for French, British and German Colonies, meaning these nations will at least be useful for their overlords, and even to play as. Similarly, we have plans for many flavour events for these Nation, as well as many revolts arising in the area.Europe itself stands on the Verge of a 'Great War' , yet the Vast open plains of Africa may be where the real fighting may take place - a continent where Empires rise and Fall, where the Sun burns foreigners mercilessly. It is a place for only those brave of heart to enter...
Once again, many thanks to the Devs in our Team, who are working hard to bring you this mod at a date before 2030. If you want to stay updated with the Content of our Mod, as well as the Progress we are making, make sure to visit our Discord ( https://discord.gg/WwwjQU ) and follow our Reddit.We hope to see you in the Next Diary!Baldrick and the FE Dev Team
submitted by doodle_sm to TheFallenEagle [link] [comments]


2018.09.15 05:50 MeredithDLawrence [Epub] Wildcard (Warcross #2) by Marie Lu

[Epub] Wildcard (Warcross #2) by Marie Lu
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https://i.redd.it/9jughz03rbm11.jpg


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Details of Book
Author : Marie Lu
ISBN : B07BPM3B2C
Number of pages : 352 pages
Editor : G.P. Putnam's Sons Books for Young Readers
Date of Publication : September 18th 2018
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Emika Chen barely made it out of the Warcross Championships alive. Now that she knows the truth behind Hideo's new NeuroLink algorithm, she can no longer trust the one person she's always looked up to, who she once thought was on her side.
Determined to put a stop to Hideo's grim plans, Emika and the Phoenix Riders band together, only to find a new threat lurking on the neon-lit streets of Tokyo. Someone's put a bounty on Emika's head, and her sole chance for survival lies with Zero and the Blackcoats, his ruthless crew. But Emika soon learns that Zero isn't all that he seems--and his protection comes at a price.
Caught in a web of betrayal, with the future of free will at risk, just how far will Emika go to take down the man she loves?
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2018.09.06 04:24 TeresaRScruggs [Kindle] Wildcard (Warcross #2) by Marie Lu

[Kindle] Wildcard (Warcross #2) by Marie Lu

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Emika Chen barely made it out of the Warcross Championships alive. Now that she knows the truth behind Hideo's new NeuroLink algorithm, she can no longer trust the one person she's always looked up to, who she once thought was on her side.
Determined to put a stop to Hideo's grim plans, Emika and the Phoenix Riders band together, only to find a new threat lurking on the neon-lit streets of Tokyo. Someone's put a bounty on Emika's head, and her sole chance for survival lies with Zero and the Blackcoats, his ruthless crew. But Emika soon learns that Zero isn't all that he seems--and his protection comes at a price.
Caught in a web of betrayal, with the future of free will at risk, just how far will Emika go to take down the man she loves?...READ MORE►►

Details of Book
Author : Marie Lu
ISBN : 0399547991
Number of pages : 352 pages
Editor : G.P. Putnam's Sons Books for Young Readers
Date of Publication : September 18th 2018

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warcross keira
warcross kitap yorumu
warcross keychain
warcross kinokuniya
warcross kitap
submitted by TeresaRScruggs to u/TeresaRScruggs [link] [comments]


2018.08.11 00:50 jinxxterlore The Order

The Order
They are the men and women of the order. Sworn to protect a thousand world from the fires of destruction. The order was founded with a single goal to never let another human life be lost to war or sickness. It started with a single person wanting to change the world. After he lost everything in war and the diseases that after the war wiped over his home. He worked with single minded focus toward his goal and pulled other to his cause. First, they were a single chapter of 50 men and women. But soon the Order expand faster than anyone could suspect. The order number in the hundred then the thousand then the million. They divide the Order in to 3 branches.
The first was the Docere. These were the doctors and the researcher but also shrinks and entertainers. They fought a vicious war with every disease known to men from those the belong to the realm of the physical to those that belong to the mind. They found ways to extend a human live far beyond its neutral life span. They create a society were no human had to fear that their disease was gone get them ridiculed or banished.
The second was the Constructione. These were artist and builders but also the traders. They build massive buildings that spanned hundreds of kilometres and dozens of kilometres upwards. The build breath taking statues to the heroes of humanity from Neil Armstrong to Stephen Hawking. The traders made sure that the whole of humanity shared in the wealth of this new-found power and wealth of the Order. They build the first seed-ship that was send in to the stars.
The thirds were the Fraternitati Fieri. These were the peacekeepers and the diplomats. Their only goal was to unity humanity under one banner and make sure everybody was saved under that banner. They fought in the European against the reborn fascist faction. They fought across Afrika against the warlords and crime lords. But after the wars were done they stayed and together with the Constructione they rebuild everything they destroyed and together with the Docere they repaired mind and body.
This system worked for more than 200 years and on more than 6 systems and 23 planets under humanities control. But not everything is meant to last forever. When we encountered alien life on one of our border worlds. We met the devourers, the destroyers, the harvesters. They destroyed a colony with 2 billion humans on it. They first blasted the planet with energy-based weapons for 3 days straight than they went down and hunted down any survivors and ate them alive just because they want to make a point to stay out of their area of space.
This changed humanity the past 200 years made sure that humanity left behind its bloody past. Armies didn’t exist anymore, soldiers didn’t exist anymore. But when the news broke out of what had happened the Order dropped its peaceful ways and turned its gaze toward war. The Docere started to device ways to weaken the enemy and break them mentally. The Constructione started building warships for the first time in 200 years. The ships were not works of the beauty but works of cold steel. The Fraternitati Fieri focuses on creating soldiers of war, soldiers that left were ready to leave their humanity and become cold hard killing machines. On the date of 11/08/2609 the first human high commander was sworn in. On this day humanity was going to war again and every human was looking forward to it.
submitted by jinxxterlore to HFY [link] [comments]


2017.12.25 16:29 Crowe410 Subreddit Stats: TankPorn top posts from 2016-12-24 to 2017-12-23

Period: 363.98 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 19484
Rate (per day) 2.75 53.28
Unique Redditors 214 3434
Combined Score 217826 159717

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 28160 points, 145 submissions: ShadowSVK
    1. Soviet union wasn't a country. Soviet union was a life style. (624 points, 37 comments)
    2. Australian KV-2. (555 points, 35 comments)
    3. German Wiesel 1 armed with MK 20mm autocannon deployed in Afghanistan (528 points, 65 comments)
    4. In case anyone was wondering how they put the gun into the T-54 (485 points, 29 comments)
    5. Deadly moss (436 points, 18 comments)
    6. The true scale of the Maus (401 points, 30 comments)
    7. It can't get much more Japanese than this. (393 points, 29 comments)
    8. General Motors proposal for the XM1 Abrams (375 points, 58 comments)
    9. Leclerc obliterates a car (364 points, 35 comments)
    10. The Submarine-Land Dreadnought tank will dominate the battlefields of future! (356 points, 35 comments)
  2. 20781 points, 93 submissions: Jimmyjamjames
    1. Scimitar 2 at the pub (656 points, 30 comments)
    2. The last surviving Jagdpanzer Ferdinand on display in Kubinka (553 points, 97 comments)
    3. A privately owned Stormartillerivagn Sav m/43 on display at the Welland Steam Rally (UK) (526 points, 50 comments)
    4. 3 generations of Merkava tanks (418 points, 28 comments)
    5. How Call of Duty interprets WW2 tanks (411 points, 57 comments)
    6. A fleet of turreted FV432s converted to fire paintballs (398 points, 46 comments)
    7. The last surviving KV-2 on display in Moscow during the winter. (395 points, 23 comments)
    8. After 10 years of restoration, a private collectors StuG III Ausf. G is ready for its public debut at Bovington Tankfest (390 points, 20 comments)
    9. A restored Panzer 38T advances through the snow during a battle reenactment (360 points, 17 comments)
    10. A Rare Type 2 Ka-Mi Amphibious Tank on display in Kubinka (350 points, 35 comments)
  3. 18165 points, 91 submissions: Crowe410
    1. The "Big Wind", a Hungarian fire fighting tank based on the T-34 and equipped with two engines from the MiG 21 (798 points, 51 comments)
    2. M1 Abrams "Symphony of Destruction" equipped with mine rollers (494 points, 31 comments)
    3. Ukrainian tank destroyed during the offensive for Debaltseve, outside the city of Chornukhyne, Ukraine, March 2, 2015. (416 points, 25 comments)
    4. Since we're doing favourite pics - American troops advance under the cover of an M4 Sherman 'Lucky Legs II' during mop up operations on Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Mar 1944 (408 points, 40 comments)
    5. Finnish soldiers in a propellor driven ski armoured car thing (373 points, 25 comments)
    6. Tortoise heavy assault tank (A39) at the Bovington Tank Museum (343 points, 24 comments)
    7. Hey kids wanna buy some Chobham? (333 points, 25 comments)
    8. Abandoned M4 Sherman on Flamenco Beach, Culebra Island, Puerto Rico (313 points, 13 comments)
    9. Churchill on a Churchill on a Churchill (302 points, 14 comments)
    10. T92 240mm Howitzer Motor Carriage (301 points, 48 comments)
  4. 15828 points, 53 submissions: abt137
    1. A Sherman "Tiger" in Korea. (741 points, 19 comments)
    2. Some generations separate them. (666 points, 35 comments)
    3. Surrender or else! (597 points, 70 comments)
    4. M1 Abrams firing a sabot round (596 points, 37 comments)
    5. Canadian Leopard 2 tanks column in Afghanistan (568 points, 69 comments)
    6. Panhard EBR Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle, introduced in the early 50s and one of the most successful French vehicles post WW2. It had a symmetric body and the driver could sit on any end depending on the direction to take. (554 points, 59 comments)
    7. WW2 improvised anti-tank Jeep, soldiers added armor plates and a double bazooka mount. (472 points, 50 comments)
    8. A German Tiger I opens fire with its 88 mm gun (391 points, 22 comments)
    9. The standoff at Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin. Soviet tanks facing American tanks, 1961. (380 points, 33 comments)
    10. Tank protection (377 points, 60 comments)
  5. 6278 points, 22 submissions: gbc-ocd
    1. When your ''Wunderwaffen'' is too heavy for streetfighting... (691 points, 66 comments)
    2. Mark IV Landship crushes automobile in a public demonstration, 1920's. (679 points, 23 comments)
    3. The Afrika Korps specialty: Panzereier. (475 points, 47 comments)
    4. Karl-Gerät, also known as Mörser Karl, was a WWII German self-propelled siege mortar. Here it's being loaded and fired during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944. Only 7 was ever produced. (397 points, 17 comments)
    5. Allied evaluation of Japanese Type 95 light tank. (388 points, 47 comments)
    6. Restored King Tiger (345 points, 50 comments)
    7. Tiger tank plows through a house. (320 points, 23 comments)
    8. A7V 'Elfriede' being tested and inspected by allied officers during WW1 (271 points, 22 comments)
    9. Speaking of attention seeking tanks, here's Tiger '231' of the 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion with 227 impact marks. It was still operational. (265 points, 132 comments)
    10. The Mark VIII ''Liberty'' tank climbing a ramp (262 points, 18 comments)
  6. 5369 points, 23 submissions: patriot-renegade
    1. The original "Fury," Normandy, 1944. (530 points, 28 comments)
    2. No caption needed. (473 points, 19 comments)
    3. Free French M3 Halftrack with a unique hood ornament. (435 points, 14 comments)
    4. IS-3 belonging to the Northern Fleet on the Kola Peninsula (362 points, 26 comments)
    5. Leopard 2MLU, a Swiss upgrade package for the Leopard 2A4. Consists mainly of upgrades to the tank’s armor and the fire-control system. (362 points, 20 comments)
    6. Ukrainian BMP-1UM upgrade (263 points, 17 comments)
    7. M4A3E8 of the JSDF (250 points, 14 comments)
    8. Yugoslavian M36B1 Jackson in firing positions near Kosovo, 1998. (244 points, 9 comments)
    9. Bradley IFV's during the invasion of Iraq [2464 x 1648] (224 points, 8 comments)
    10. Ostwind, is that you?! (223 points, 11 comments)
  7. 4978 points, 26 submissions: mojave955
    1. Singaporean Leopard 2SG main battle tanks (369 points, 32 comments)
    2. Vietnamese SU-100 in active service (315 points, 49 comments)
    3. V-150 "ISIS Hunter" with improvised armor in Marawi (311 points, 4 comments)
    4. US M60 Patton being ticked (?) by South Korean Police in 1980s (309 points, 21 comments)
    5. Anti-tank obstacle commonly found in rural South Korea (307 points, 47 comments)
    6. Japanese Type 74 main battle tank (292 points, 5 comments)
    7. Japanese Type 16 maneuver combat vehicle (242 points, 35 comments)
    8. Destroyed North Korean T-34 tank circa 1950 (198 points, 11 comments)
    9. South Korean K2 Black Panther shows off its 120mm L/55 gun (186 points, 6 comments)
    10. M2 Bradley's secondary armament: the knife hand (181 points, 9 comments)
  8. 4442 points, 23 submissions: standlucian
    1. Designed in the last days of the Soviet Union as a means to disable incoming missiles, the 1K17 was, and is, one of the only working laser armed tanks in the history of AFVs (713 points, 50 comments)
    2. The infamous IS-7, or Object 260, was the most heavily armored tank ever produced by the USSR. (318 points, 30 comments)
    3. The famous A43 Black Prince was an oversized version of the Churchill Infantry Tank, carrying from the start the powerful 17-pounder gun. (239 points, 30 comments)
    4. Born in the fires of the Syrian Civil War, the T-72 Mahmias received uparmoring with slat armor and ball chains. (219 points, 29 comments)
    5. The Canadian Skink AA tank was based on the Canadian built version of the Sherman. It was armed with no less than four 20 mm autocannons. (216 points, 22 comments)
    6. This German Panzer IV tank was extensivelly modified with a new hydraulic transmission unit. (208 points, 20 comments)
    7. The High Power Gun Projects were meant to give the ISU a real tank-killing ability (201 points, 29 comments)
    8. The FV4005 was another British project to mount the deadly 183mm L4 gun. There were 2 versions, the Stage I with an open top fighting compartment, and the Stage II with a fully enclosed turret. (195 points, 13 comments)
    9. The South African Casspir was initially designed for counter insurgency operations (167 points, 25 comments)
    10. The A39 Tortoise was one of the heaviest Tanks Britain ever built. It was designed to smash through the anticipated defenses of the German Siegfried Line. (163 points, 6 comments)
  9. 4238 points, 25 submissions: TheShowaDaily
    1. An Egyptian Army Sherman Tank with a FL-10 Turret at the Al-Alamein War Museum (274 points, 9 comments)
    2. Bazooka man of the 1st Infantry Division posing with his kill, a Jagdpanzer IV, Ardennes 1944. (266 points, 16 comments)
    3. Destroyed North Vietnamese Armor in Saigon 1975 (248 points, 33 comments)
    4. A Syrian Panzer IV Ausf J captured intact by Israel in The Six Day War in 1967 and today is a monument in Migdal Ha Emek, Israel. [100 x 620] (225 points, 44 comments)
    5. Finnish Army Panzer IV Ausf J leads a parade of T-26 light tanks in 1952 (211 points, 16 comments)
    6. A U.S. Marine Corps tank on the central front stops at a destroyed Chinese Communist anti-tank gun, February 1951. (206 points, 15 comments)
    7. a Israeli Sherman Tank armed with a French 75mm gun in the Golan Heights. 1973 (195 points, 20 comments)
    8. A Syrian army Panzer IV side by side with a T-34 in the mid-1960s (180 points, 9 comments)
    9. Wrecked Jordanian Armor in the West Bank, 1967 (177 points, 14 comments)
    10. The wreck of a German tank, which was destroyed during a battle on the Western Front. 1918 Autochrome Photograph (174 points, 19 comments)
  10. 4149 points, 18 submissions: FlyingNederlander
    1. A Churchill tank on a Churchill bridgelayer on a Churchill bridgelayer. Italy, 1945. (535 points, 34 comments)
    2. A AMX-13 with a 105mm gun in the NMM, this variant was only used by the Dutch and Argentinian army. (349 points, 20 comments)
    3. USMC M60A1 with mineplow and AAV-7s during Operation Desert Storm, 1991. (309 points, 21 comments)
    4. Oh look, a penny! (281 points, 18 comments)
    5. A Merkava prototype with a M48 Patton turret, 1970s. (226 points, 14 comments)
    6. My favorite tank picture, 2 Dutch army Leopards during a training. (223 points, 21 comments)
    7. A M4A1 (76) with the E8 suspension at Utah Beach, Normandy. OC. (222 points, 25 comments)
    8. Kpz 70 prototype in the Deutsche Panzermuseum Munster. Pic by me. (217 points, 27 comments)
    9. US Soldiers with a knocked-out Tiger II, 1945. (217 points, 33 comments)
    10. A US army M4A3E8 moving up a hill in Korea, ca 1951. (214 points, 16 comments)
  11. 4103 points, 18 submissions: asparagustasty
    1. Versuchsträger 1-2 - when tanks watch too much Hollywood and start dual-wielding (543 points, 48 comments)
    2. Super Sherman used as a "German tank" prop in the movie Big Red One (1980) (402 points, 107 comments)
    3. Staghound Armored Car undergoing tilt test because Australians love upside-down things (388 points, 20 comments)
    4. British soldier hiding the rain under overturned Tiger - Italy, 1944 (309 points, 28 comments)
    5. PAV-1 Badger - One of the smallest manned "tanks" in the world (305 points, 32 comments)
    6. T-72 using spent shells as spaced armor (214 points, 25 comments)
    7. Oka 420mm SPG - one of the longest guns mounted on a tracked vehicle ever made (20 meters long) (196 points, 28 comments)
    8. Char 2C - With a row of people standing beside it for size comparison (184 points, 10 comments)
    9. Simms War Car - The first motorized armored car in existence (182 points, 14 comments)
    10. TV-8 - "Does this hull make my turret look big?" (182 points, 27 comments)
  12. 3962 points, 17 submissions: A410821
    1. Tiger I in the Deustches Panzer Museum, Munster, Germany (427 points, 12 comments)
    2. Christmas Lee Oh Christmas Lee (357 points, 17 comments)
    3. Churchill in a Churchill (You asked for it) (354 points, 21 comments)
    4. Sherman tanks lined up in a snow covered field, near St. Vith, Belgium - Christmas 1944 (318 points, 43 comments)
    5. The largest AFV in the WW2 German arsenal - Maus (mouse) (281 points, 66 comments)
    6. Soviet Armour (IS-2 and Lend-Lease Sherman) in Berlin - May 1945 (272 points, 26 comments)
    7. Restored WW2 French half-track - Le Chateau Du Tailiss 2016 (270 points, 19 comments)
    8. Matilda tanks being prepared for shipment to Russia (268 points, 38 comments)
    9. German Sd Kfz 251 half-track in the Deustches Panzer Museum, Munster, Germany (213 points, 7 comments)
    10. British and American tank crews taking a break in the Western Desert (187 points, 5 comments)
  13. 3719 points, 16 submissions: 3rdweal
    1. Anti-tank projectiles and their effects animated [gif] (672 points, 42 comments)
    2. "Wobbly plates" - M3 crew trainees on simulators intended to replicate the difficulty of taking aim from a moving tank - 1941 (388 points, 19 comments)
    3. All aboard the StuG Bus - Normandy 1944 (311 points, 30 comments)
    4. 5th SS-Panzer Division "Wiking" sniper looks through his scope while riding on a Panther Ausf. A - 1944 (253 points, 36 comments)
    5. Wehrmacht troops with a KV-1 Model 1940 abandoned on a train in Smolensk - 1941 (233 points, 7 comments)
    6. T-34-76 during US evaluation at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds (227 points, 47 comments)
    7. Panther and PzKpfw IV engage Soviet armor in the distance near Kovel - Early 1944 (214 points, 0 comments)
    8. Glancing AP hit to the turret of a lucky M4A2 Sherman (Mark III in British Service) (193 points, 5 comments)
    9. Tiger I rolls past a knocked out SU-122 Assault Gun in Belgorod - 1943 (190 points, 33 comments)
    10. T-34-76 Model 1943 seen from the turret of a Schwere Panzerabteilung 503 Tiger on the Eastern Front - Early 1944 (170 points, 8 comments)
  14. 3574 points, 20 submissions: kraftykid1204
    1. The T249 Vigilante was a prototype 37 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG) designed as a replacement for the Bofors 40 mm gun and M42 Duster in US Army service. The system consisted of a 37 mm T250 six-barrel Gatling gun mounted on a lengthened M113 armored personnel carrier platform. (458 points, 53 comments)
    2. T95 Doom Turtle from the rear (408 points, 31 comments)
    3. Two American M10 Wolverines cross a stream in France (colorized) (216 points, 11 comments)
    4. The ARL 44 was a French heavy tank of which the development started just before the end of the Second World War. Only sixty of these tanks were ever completed, from 1949 onwards. (196 points, 15 comments)
    5. The Object 279 Kotin was a Soviet experimental heavy tank developed at the end of 1959. This special purpose tank was intended to fight on cross country terrain, acting as a heavy breakthrough tank, and if necessary withstanding even the shockwave of a nuclear explosion. (190 points, 14 comments)
    6. Spähpanzer Luchs in a military history Museum in Dresden (185 points, 22 comments)
    7. A39 Tortoise heavy assault tank, armed with a 32 pounder (94mm) gun (162 points, 9 comments)
    8. The IS-7 heavy tank was developed in 1948. Weighing 68 tonnes, thickly armoured and armed with a 130 mm S-70 long-barrelled gun, it was the largest and heaviest member of the IS family. (158 points, 43 comments)
    9. Object 704, next to an IS-3 (156 points, 6 comments)
    10. A T-54 patrols a super sekrit base somewhere (145 points, 12 comments)
  15. 3555 points, 16 submissions: MightyVanguard
    1. What an FT looks like at full throttle (483 points, 29 comments)
    2. Two ARL-44 heavy tanks on parade (353 points, 45 comments)
    3. A beautifully photographed convoy of beautiful Leopard Is from 1965 (324 points, 43 comments)
    4. Schwarzenegger's own M47 Patton (262 points, 35 comments)
    5. Column of Egyptian IS-3Ms on parade (251 points, 26 comments)
    6. Why, hello there old chap! (Conqueror) (232 points, 5 comments)
    7. A monstrous M103A2 performs for a crowd. Take a wild guess where. (231 points, 35 comments)
    8. A7V playing choo-choo train (228 points, 5 comments)
    9. Sometimes it's easy to forget just how massive some tanks are. (M103) (183 points, 17 comments)
    10. M48 (A3?) Patton tanks with their exhausted crews, ~1953 (166 points, 9 comments)
  16. 3228 points, 21 submissions: RyanSmith
    1. American M10 Wolverine tank destroyer firing near Saint-Lô, France, Jul 1944 [1825 x 1240] (371 points, 27 comments)
    2. An M3 Stuart light tank going through a water obstacle, Ft Knox, KY, 1942 [1700 x 1309] (243 points, 4 comments)
    3. British Challenger 2 Tanks [1840 x 1227] (179 points, 5 comments)
    4. The Engin Blindé du Génie "armoured engineering vehicle" built upon the chassis of the AMX-30 battle tank [4000 × 3000] (175 points, 6 comments)
    5. UK Main Battle Tank, Challenger 2 Theatre Entry Standard (CR2 TES) fitted with a Mobile Camouflage System (MCS). [5184 × 3456] (172 points, 33 comments)
    6. T-64 [2618 × 1750] (149 points, 13 comments)
    7. Americans with a captured German King Tiger with U.S. markings [800 x 525] (148 points, 4 comments)
    8. American soldiers and French civilians curiously inspect an abandoned German Tiger I heavy tank. Marle, Aisne, France. October 1944. [3291 x 2480] (143 points, 5 comments)
    9. Higgins Industries built amphibious vehicle, the tank, "swamp-cat", moving into swamp water [3600 x 2899] (143 points, 12 comments)
    10. An M3 tank fitted with an armoured searchlight turret, known as a Canal Defense Light [800 × 788] (141 points, 35 comments)
  17. 2890 points, 13 submissions: SkyhawkA4
    1. A Cromwell tank flying off a ramp during trials. (442 points, 25 comments)
    2. Sinterklaas on a M24 Chaffee (344 points, 17 comments)
    3. Israeli centurions moving through the Golan Heights during the Yom Kippur war, 1973. (302 points, 4 comments)
    4. Israeli M51 Sherman’s move towards the front line in the Sinai, 1967. (273 points, 13 comments)
    5. A group of Israeli Magach 7As in the Negev desert, 1985. (262 points, 17 comments)
    6. T26E4 “Super Pershing” in Germany, 1945. (260 points, 52 comments)
    7. A LAV-25, a M551 Sheridan and a M113 during the invasion of Panama, 1989. (218 points, 28 comments)
    8. Israeli M48 Pattons during the Yom Kippur war, 1973. (161 points, 3 comments)
    9. An Israeli Centurion in it’s final resting place on the Golan heights. (133 points, 6 comments)
    10. UN BMP-2s, context unknown. (129 points, 3 comments)
  18. 2712 points, 12 submissions: TanksEncyclopedia
    1. Free poster from Tanks Encyclopedia (409 points, 81 comments)
    2. The T69 was a development of the failed T42 Medium Tank. It featured new technologies such as an Autoloader and an oscillating turret. (313 points, 38 comments)
    3. Entering service in 1965 to replace the M42 Duster, the German Flakpanzer Gepard is probably one of the most iconic Cold War era Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns to ever be deployed (300 points, 37 comments)
    4. At the Bahrain International Defence Exhibition and Conference 2017 the Italian firm of Leonardo unveiled their latest M60 upgrade package (250 points, 49 comments)
    5. The M67 ‘Zippo’, based on the M48 Patton, was the last flame thrower tank deployed by the US Military and only a few were built. (210 points, 11 comments)
    6. The Olifant Mk1A was the South African incarnation of the Centurion MBT. (210 points, 3 comments)
    7. Tank ramming, T-34s with 57 mm guns in action and a Soviet tank assault with no support. All of this took place in 1941, during the Soviet assault on Kalinin (196 points, 19 comments)
    8. The Sd.Kfz.253 was a specialized observation vehicle and the "twin" of the Sd.Kfz.250 and Sd.Kfz.252 vehicles (195 points, 5 comments)
    9. The Ersatz M10 was the German attempt at confusing the Allies during the Battle of the Bulge. (180 points, 32 comments)
    10. The Chinese Type 89 Tank Destroyer is a product of a local program to create a 120 mm tank gun to rival Western and Soviet ones (167 points, 21 comments)
  19. 2106 points, 10 submissions: KapitanKurt
    1. A glowing hot Swiss Army Panzer 68 hull being heat treated in an oil bath, at an Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette facility in Thun, Switzerland, 1977. (489 points, 19 comments)
    2. Soviet infantrymen in a trench while a T-34 tank passes over them, date unknown. (323 points, 38 comments)
    3. A 70-ton Panzerjäger Tiger (P) returned to Europe, seventy-two years after it was captured by the Americans. Dec. 2016. More info and 3-min. video link in comments. (257 points, 26 comments)
    4. The Challenger 2 in the Berlin Brigade paint scheme. (216 points, 10 comments)
    5. An Army M109A6 Paladin ready for loading onto a railcar at the port of Bremerhaven, Germany for shipment to Poland for the start of armoured brigade rotations. Jan 7, 2017. (153 points, 13 comments)
    6. Soldiers maneuver in an M1A1 Abrams tank as an AH-64 Apache helicopter provides aerial security during exercise Decisive Action Rotation at Fort Irwin, Calif., Sept. 6, 2016. U.S. Army photo. (141 points, 7 comments)
    7. An M50 Ontos with its six 106mm recoilless rifles at Khe Sanh in October 1967. (135 points, 18 comments)
    8. The World War I-era 7-inch, 45-caliber tractor-mounted gun. This 1918 file photo shows the first gun fired at Naval Weapons Station Dahlgren according to the source. [2257 × 1526] (134 points, 10 comments)
    9. Mortar Blast. Soldiers use a 120 mm mortar system on an M1129 mortar carrier during a live-fire event as part of Exercise Orient Shield 2017 at Camp Fuji, Japan, Sept. 19, 2017. (129 points, 0 comments)
    10. Soviet IS-2 heavy tank in Berlin. 1945. (129 points, 11 comments)
  20. 1775 points, 3 submissions: Brassow
    1. Wonder Woman lifts a T-28... In WW1... (845 points, 136 comments)
    2. Hey kid, wanna buy some StuGs? (537 points, 28 comments)
    3. "Don't talk to me or my son ever again" (393 points, 34 comments)
  21. 1661 points, 8 submissions: airborneleaf
    1. Sherman Firefly of the 5th Canadian Division carrying Churchill tracks as extra armour. Putten, Holland, April 18th 1945 (350 points, 29 comments)
    2. M18 Hellcat in France 1944, featuring a very poorly positioned M2 gunner (238 points, 22 comments)
    3. Saint-Chamond moments away from getting stuck (230 points, 6 comments)
    4. Panther Ausf D fitted with a dozer blade to help clear rubble (191 points, 55 comments)
    5. ARL 44s on parade in Paris, July 1951 (178 points, 17 comments)
    6. Tiger I being moved by rail with its narrow transport tracks fitted, along with its full sized tracks. (173 points, 45 comments)
    7. Wooden model of an early T28 design (154 points, 8 comments)
    8. I don't know how any of you can have a single favourite. Crewman painting 21st-23rd kill marking on Sturer Emil's barrel (147 points, 27 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. Crowe410 (2558 points, 193 comments)
  2. airborneleaf (2329 points, 379 comments)
  3. murkskopf (1820 points, 343 comments)
  4. Jimmyjamjames (1639 points, 225 comments)
  5. P-01S (1610 points, 134 comments)
  6. MightyVanguard (1577 points, 124 comments)
  7. TankerD18 (1493 points, 111 comments)
  8. WulfeHound (1145 points, 133 comments)
  9. Enthused_Llama (1105 points, 106 comments)
  10. nihilisaurus (1055 points, 96 comments)
  11. Bolt_Vanderhuge_25 (975 points, 92 comments)
  12. Shiny_Callahan (919 points, 75 comments)
  13. SmokeyUnicycle (907 points, 212 comments)
  14. riffler24 (889 points, 88 comments)
  15. MaxRavenclaw (837 points, 108 comments)
  16. standlucian (800 points, 62 comments)
  17. Amilo159 (798 points, 52 comments)
  18. Cthell (790 points, 103 comments)
  19. DrunkonIce (785 points, 118 comments)
  20. Hansafan (757 points, 87 comments)
  21. TahoeLT (735 points, 96 comments)
  22. Layin-Scunion (720 points, 54 comments)
  23. jorg2 (714 points, 66 comments)
  24. 3rdweal (706 points, 73 comments)
  25. RoebuckThirtyFour (697 points, 60 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Tank people vs. normal people by Shenko-wolf (935 points, 106 comments)
  2. Wonder Woman lifts a T-28... In WW1... by Brassow (845 points, 136 comments)
  3. The "Big Wind", a Hungarian fire fighting tank based on the T-34 and equipped with two engines from the MiG 21 by Crowe410 (798 points, 51 comments)
  4. [600x393] Rare picture of two Jagdpanthers defending both the eastern and western fronts by PizzaDeliverator (753 points, 77 comments)
  5. A Sherman "Tiger" in Korea. by abt137 (741 points, 19 comments)
  6. (M) 18 showing off my long barrel by rednas90 (733 points, 38 comments)
  7. Renault FT - Polish Army by kuba85 (723 points, 32 comments)
  8. Designed in the last days of the Soviet Union as a means to disable incoming missiles, the 1K17 was, and is, one of the only working laser armed tanks in the history of AFVs by standlucian (713 points, 50 comments)
  9. Merkava Mk IV, Leopard 2A5 and T-90A turrets (same scale) by paulkempf (707 points, 166 comments)
  10. Israeli Magach 6 with reactive armor by luveth (692 points, 143 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 338 points: Ithuraen's comment in Wonder Woman lifts a T-28... In WW1...
  2. 268 points: ShyKid5's comment in Merkava Mk IV, Leopard 2A5 and T-90A turrets (same scale)
  3. 251 points: TheIlgar's comment in How Call of Duty interprets WW2 tanks
  4. 209 points: MightyVanguard's comment in British soldiers with captured German Goliath remote controlled mines
  5. 203 points: Bernard_Woolley's comment in Tank people vs. normal people
  6. 198 points: Bodobaggins3's comment in Merkava Mk IV, Leopard 2A5 and T-90A turrets (same scale)
  7. 195 points: Rakuuj's comment in Israeli Magach 6 with reactive armor
  8. 194 points: liyu711's comment in Wonder Woman lifts a T-28... In WW1...
  9. 184 points: kitsune_no_chi's comment in German Wiesel 1 armed with MK 20mm autocannon deployed in Afghanistan
  10. 183 points: Crowe410's comment in Israeli Magach 6 with reactive armor
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
submitted by Crowe410 to TankPorn [link] [comments]


2017.12.25 16:02 subreddit_stats Subreddit Stats: TankPorn top posts from 2016-12-24 to 2017-12-23 20:44 PDT

Period: 363.98 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 19484
Rate (per day) 2.75 53.28
Unique Redditors 214 3434
Combined Score 217826 159717

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 28160 points, 145 submissions: ShadowSVK
    1. Soviet union wasn't a country. Soviet union was a life style. (624 points, 37 comments)
    2. Australian KV-2. (555 points, 35 comments)
    3. German Wiesel 1 armed with MK 20mm autocannon deployed in Afghanistan (528 points, 65 comments)
    4. In case anyone was wondering how they put the gun into the T-54 (485 points, 29 comments)
    5. Deadly moss (436 points, 18 comments)
    6. The true scale of the Maus (401 points, 30 comments)
    7. It can't get much more Japanese than this. (393 points, 29 comments)
    8. General Motors proposal for the XM1 Abrams (375 points, 58 comments)
    9. Leclerc obliterates a car (364 points, 35 comments)
    10. The Submarine-Land Dreadnought tank will dominate the battlefields of future! (356 points, 35 comments)
  2. 20781 points, 93 submissions: Jimmyjamjames
    1. Scimitar 2 at the pub (656 points, 30 comments)
    2. The last surviving Jagdpanzer Ferdinand on display in Kubinka (553 points, 97 comments)
    3. A privately owned Stormartillerivagn Sav m/43 on display at the Welland Steam Rally (UK) (526 points, 50 comments)
    4. 3 generations of Merkava tanks (418 points, 28 comments)
    5. How Call of Duty interprets WW2 tanks (411 points, 57 comments)
    6. A fleet of turreted FV432s converted to fire paintballs (398 points, 46 comments)
    7. The last surviving KV-2 on display in Moscow during the winter. (395 points, 23 comments)
    8. After 10 years of restoration, a private collectors StuG III Ausf. G is ready for its public debut at Bovington Tankfest (390 points, 20 comments)
    9. A restored Panzer 38T advances through the snow during a battle reenactment (360 points, 17 comments)
    10. A Rare Type 2 Ka-Mi Amphibious Tank on display in Kubinka (350 points, 35 comments)
  3. 18165 points, 91 submissions: Crowe410
    1. The "Big Wind", a Hungarian fire fighting tank based on the T-34 and equipped with two engines from the MiG 21 (798 points, 51 comments)
    2. M1 Abrams "Symphony of Destruction" equipped with mine rollers (494 points, 31 comments)
    3. Ukrainian tank destroyed during the offensive for Debaltseve, outside the city of Chornukhyne, Ukraine, March 2, 2015. (416 points, 25 comments)
    4. Since we're doing favourite pics - American troops advance under the cover of an M4 Sherman 'Lucky Legs II' during mop up operations on Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Mar 1944 (408 points, 40 comments)
    5. Finnish soldiers in a propellor driven ski armoured car thing (373 points, 25 comments)
    6. Tortoise heavy assault tank (A39) at the Bovington Tank Museum (343 points, 24 comments)
    7. Hey kids wanna buy some Chobham? (333 points, 25 comments)
    8. Abandoned M4 Sherman on Flamenco Beach, Culebra Island, Puerto Rico (313 points, 13 comments)
    9. Churchill on a Churchill on a Churchill (302 points, 14 comments)
    10. T92 240mm Howitzer Motor Carriage (301 points, 48 comments)
  4. 15828 points, 53 submissions: abt137
    1. A Sherman "Tiger" in Korea. (741 points, 19 comments)
    2. Some generations separate them. (666 points, 35 comments)
    3. Surrender or else! (597 points, 70 comments)
    4. M1 Abrams firing a sabot round (596 points, 37 comments)
    5. Canadian Leopard 2 tanks column in Afghanistan (568 points, 69 comments)
    6. Panhard EBR Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle, introduced in the early 50s and one of the most successful French vehicles post WW2. It had a symmetric body and the driver could sit on any end depending on the direction to take. (554 points, 59 comments)
    7. WW2 improvised anti-tank Jeep, soldiers added armor plates and a double bazooka mount. (472 points, 50 comments)
    8. A German Tiger I opens fire with its 88 mm gun (391 points, 22 comments)
    9. The standoff at Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin. Soviet tanks facing American tanks, 1961. (380 points, 33 comments)
    10. Tank protection (377 points, 60 comments)
  5. 6278 points, 22 submissions: gbc-ocd
    1. When your ''Wunderwaffen'' is too heavy for streetfighting... (691 points, 66 comments)
    2. Mark IV Landship crushes automobile in a public demonstration, 1920's. (679 points, 23 comments)
    3. The Afrika Korps specialty: Panzereier. (475 points, 47 comments)
    4. Karl-Gerät, also known as Mörser Karl, was a WWII German self-propelled siege mortar. Here it's being loaded and fired during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944. Only 7 was ever produced. (397 points, 17 comments)
    5. Allied evaluation of Japanese Type 95 light tank. (388 points, 47 comments)
    6. Restored King Tiger (345 points, 50 comments)
    7. Tiger tank plows through a house. (320 points, 23 comments)
    8. A7V 'Elfriede' being tested and inspected by allied officers during WW1 (271 points, 22 comments)
    9. Speaking of attention seeking tanks, here's Tiger '231' of the 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion with 227 impact marks. It was still operational. (265 points, 132 comments)
    10. The Mark VIII ''Liberty'' tank climbing a ramp (262 points, 18 comments)
  6. 5369 points, 23 submissions: patriot-renegade
    1. The original "Fury," Normandy, 1944. (530 points, 28 comments)
    2. No caption needed. (473 points, 19 comments)
    3. Free French M3 Halftrack with a unique hood ornament. (435 points, 14 comments)
    4. IS-3 belonging to the Northern Fleet on the Kola Peninsula (362 points, 26 comments)
    5. Leopard 2MLU, a Swiss upgrade package for the Leopard 2A4. Consists mainly of upgrades to the tank’s armor and the fire-control system. (362 points, 20 comments)
    6. Ukrainian BMP-1UM upgrade (263 points, 17 comments)
    7. M4A3E8 of the JSDF (250 points, 14 comments)
    8. Yugoslavian M36B1 Jackson in firing positions near Kosovo, 1998. (244 points, 9 comments)
    9. Bradley IFV's during the invasion of Iraq [2464 x 1648] (224 points, 8 comments)
    10. Ostwind, is that you?! (223 points, 11 comments)
  7. 4978 points, 26 submissions: mojave955
    1. Singaporean Leopard 2SG main battle tanks (369 points, 32 comments)
    2. Vietnamese SU-100 in active service (315 points, 49 comments)
    3. V-150 "ISIS Hunter" with improvised armor in Marawi (311 points, 4 comments)
    4. US M60 Patton being ticked (?) by South Korean Police in 1980s (309 points, 21 comments)
    5. Anti-tank obstacle commonly found in rural South Korea (307 points, 47 comments)
    6. Japanese Type 74 main battle tank (292 points, 5 comments)
    7. Japanese Type 16 maneuver combat vehicle (242 points, 35 comments)
    8. Destroyed North Korean T-34 tank circa 1950 (198 points, 11 comments)
    9. South Korean K2 Black Panther shows off its 120mm L/55 gun (186 points, 6 comments)
    10. M2 Bradley's secondary armament: the knife hand (181 points, 9 comments)
  8. 4442 points, 23 submissions: standlucian
    1. Designed in the last days of the Soviet Union as a means to disable incoming missiles, the 1K17 was, and is, one of the only working laser armed tanks in the history of AFVs (713 points, 50 comments)
    2. The infamous IS-7, or Object 260, was the most heavily armored tank ever produced by the USSR. (318 points, 30 comments)
    3. The famous A43 Black Prince was an oversized version of the Churchill Infantry Tank, carrying from the start the powerful 17-pounder gun. (239 points, 30 comments)
    4. Born in the fires of the Syrian Civil War, the T-72 Mahmias received uparmoring with slat armor and ball chains. (219 points, 29 comments)
    5. The Canadian Skink AA tank was based on the Canadian built version of the Sherman. It was armed with no less than four 20 mm autocannons. (216 points, 22 comments)
    6. This German Panzer IV tank was extensivelly modified with a new hydraulic transmission unit. (208 points, 20 comments)
    7. The High Power Gun Projects were meant to give the ISU a real tank-killing ability (201 points, 29 comments)
    8. The FV4005 was another British project to mount the deadly 183mm L4 gun. There were 2 versions, the Stage I with an open top fighting compartment, and the Stage II with a fully enclosed turret. (195 points, 13 comments)
    9. The South African Casspir was initially designed for counter insurgency operations (167 points, 25 comments)
    10. The A39 Tortoise was one of the heaviest Tanks Britain ever built. It was designed to smash through the anticipated defenses of the German Siegfried Line. (163 points, 6 comments)
  9. 4238 points, 25 submissions: TheShowaDaily
    1. An Egyptian Army Sherman Tank with a FL-10 Turret at the Al-Alamein War Museum (274 points, 9 comments)
    2. Bazooka man of the 1st Infantry Division posing with his kill, a Jagdpanzer IV, Ardennes 1944. (266 points, 16 comments)
    3. Destroyed North Vietnamese Armor in Saigon 1975 (248 points, 33 comments)
    4. A Syrian Panzer IV Ausf J captured intact by Israel in The Six Day War in 1967 and today is a monument in Migdal Ha Emek, Israel. [100 x 620] (225 points, 44 comments)
    5. Finnish Army Panzer IV Ausf J leads a parade of T-26 light tanks in 1952 (211 points, 16 comments)
    6. A U.S. Marine Corps tank on the central front stops at a destroyed Chinese Communist anti-tank gun, February 1951. (206 points, 15 comments)
    7. a Israeli Sherman Tank armed with a French 75mm gun in the Golan Heights. 1973 (195 points, 20 comments)
    8. A Syrian army Panzer IV side by side with a T-34 in the mid-1960s (180 points, 9 comments)
    9. Wrecked Jordanian Armor in the West Bank, 1967 (177 points, 14 comments)
    10. The wreck of a German tank, which was destroyed during a battle on the Western Front. 1918 Autochrome Photograph (174 points, 19 comments)
  10. 4149 points, 18 submissions: FlyingNederlander
    1. A Churchill tank on a Churchill bridgelayer on a Churchill bridgelayer. Italy, 1945. (535 points, 34 comments)
    2. A AMX-13 with a 105mm gun in the NMM, this variant was only used by the Dutch and Argentinian army. (349 points, 20 comments)
    3. USMC M60A1 with mineplow and AAV-7s during Operation Desert Storm, 1991. (309 points, 21 comments)
    4. Oh look, a penny! (281 points, 18 comments)
    5. A Merkava prototype with a M48 Patton turret, 1970s. (226 points, 14 comments)
    6. My favorite tank picture, 2 Dutch army Leopards during a training. (223 points, 21 comments)
    7. A M4A1 (76) with the E8 suspension at Utah Beach, Normandy. OC. (222 points, 25 comments)
    8. Kpz 70 prototype in the Deutsche Panzermuseum Munster. Pic by me. (217 points, 27 comments)
    9. US Soldiers with a knocked-out Tiger II, 1945. (217 points, 33 comments)
    10. A US army M4A3E8 moving up a hill in Korea, ca 1951. (214 points, 16 comments)
  11. 4103 points, 18 submissions: asparagustasty
    1. Versuchsträger 1-2 - when tanks watch too much Hollywood and start dual-wielding (543 points, 48 comments)
    2. Super Sherman used as a "German tank" prop in the movie Big Red One (1980) (402 points, 107 comments)
    3. Staghound Armored Car undergoing tilt test because Australians love upside-down things (388 points, 20 comments)
    4. British soldier hiding the rain under overturned Tiger - Italy, 1944 (309 points, 28 comments)
    5. PAV-1 Badger - One of the smallest manned "tanks" in the world (305 points, 32 comments)
    6. T-72 using spent shells as spaced armor (214 points, 25 comments)
    7. Oka 420mm SPG - one of the longest guns mounted on a tracked vehicle ever made (20 meters long) (196 points, 28 comments)
    8. Char 2C - With a row of people standing beside it for size comparison (184 points, 10 comments)
    9. Simms War Car - The first motorized armored car in existence (182 points, 14 comments)
    10. TV-8 - "Does this hull make my turret look big?" (182 points, 27 comments)
  12. 3962 points, 17 submissions: A410821
    1. Tiger I in the Deustches Panzer Museum, Munster, Germany (427 points, 12 comments)
    2. Christmas Lee Oh Christmas Lee (357 points, 17 comments)
    3. Churchill in a Churchill (You asked for it) (354 points, 21 comments)
    4. Sherman tanks lined up in a snow covered field, near St. Vith, Belgium - Christmas 1944 (318 points, 43 comments)
    5. The largest AFV in the WW2 German arsenal - Maus (mouse) (281 points, 66 comments)
    6. Soviet Armour (IS-2 and Lend-Lease Sherman) in Berlin - May 1945 (272 points, 26 comments)
    7. Restored WW2 French half-track - Le Chateau Du Tailiss 2016 (270 points, 19 comments)
    8. Matilda tanks being prepared for shipment to Russia (268 points, 38 comments)
    9. German Sd Kfz 251 half-track in the Deustches Panzer Museum, Munster, Germany (213 points, 7 comments)
    10. British and American tank crews taking a break in the Western Desert (187 points, 5 comments)
  13. 3719 points, 16 submissions: 3rdweal
    1. Anti-tank projectiles and their effects animated [gif] (672 points, 42 comments)
    2. "Wobbly plates" - M3 crew trainees on simulators intended to replicate the difficulty of taking aim from a moving tank - 1941 (388 points, 19 comments)
    3. All aboard the StuG Bus - Normandy 1944 (311 points, 30 comments)
    4. 5th SS-Panzer Division "Wiking" sniper looks through his scope while riding on a Panther Ausf. A - 1944 (253 points, 36 comments)
    5. Wehrmacht troops with a KV-1 Model 1940 abandoned on a train in Smolensk - 1941 (233 points, 7 comments)
    6. T-34-76 during US evaluation at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds (227 points, 47 comments)
    7. Panther and PzKpfw IV engage Soviet armor in the distance near Kovel - Early 1944 (214 points, 0 comments)
    8. Glancing AP hit to the turret of a lucky M4A2 Sherman (Mark III in British Service) (193 points, 5 comments)
    9. Tiger I rolls past a knocked out SU-122 Assault Gun in Belgorod - 1943 (190 points, 33 comments)
    10. T-34-76 Model 1943 seen from the turret of a Schwere Panzerabteilung 503 Tiger on the Eastern Front - Early 1944 (170 points, 8 comments)
  14. 3574 points, 20 submissions: kraftykid1204
    1. The T249 Vigilante was a prototype 37 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG) designed as a replacement for the Bofors 40 mm gun and M42 Duster in US Army service. The system consisted of a 37 mm T250 six-barrel Gatling gun mounted on a lengthened M113 armored personnel carrier platform. (458 points, 53 comments)
    2. T95 Doom Turtle from the rear (408 points, 31 comments)
    3. Two American M10 Wolverines cross a stream in France (colorized) (216 points, 11 comments)
    4. The ARL 44 was a French heavy tank of which the development started just before the end of the Second World War. Only sixty of these tanks were ever completed, from 1949 onwards. (196 points, 15 comments)
    5. The Object 279 Kotin was a Soviet experimental heavy tank developed at the end of 1959. This special purpose tank was intended to fight on cross country terrain, acting as a heavy breakthrough tank, and if necessary withstanding even the shockwave of a nuclear explosion. (190 points, 14 comments)
    6. Spähpanzer Luchs in a military history Museum in Dresden (185 points, 22 comments)
    7. A39 Tortoise heavy assault tank, armed with a 32 pounder (94mm) gun (162 points, 9 comments)
    8. The IS-7 heavy tank was developed in 1948. Weighing 68 tonnes, thickly armoured and armed with a 130 mm S-70 long-barrelled gun, it was the largest and heaviest member of the IS family. (158 points, 43 comments)
    9. Object 704, next to an IS-3 (156 points, 6 comments)
    10. A T-54 patrols a super sekrit base somewhere (145 points, 12 comments)
  15. 3555 points, 16 submissions: MightyVanguard
    1. What an FT looks like at full throttle (483 points, 29 comments)
    2. Two ARL-44 heavy tanks on parade (353 points, 45 comments)
    3. A beautifully photographed convoy of beautiful Leopard Is from 1965 (324 points, 43 comments)
    4. Schwarzenegger's own M47 Patton (262 points, 35 comments)
    5. Column of Egyptian IS-3Ms on parade (251 points, 26 comments)
    6. Why, hello there old chap! (Conqueror) (232 points, 5 comments)
    7. A monstrous M103A2 performs for a crowd. Take a wild guess where. (231 points, 35 comments)
    8. A7V playing choo-choo train (228 points, 5 comments)
    9. Sometimes it's easy to forget just how massive some tanks are. (M103) (183 points, 17 comments)
    10. M48 (A3?) Patton tanks with their exhausted crews, ~1953 (166 points, 9 comments)
  16. 3228 points, 21 submissions: RyanSmith
    1. American M10 Wolverine tank destroyer firing near Saint-Lô, France, Jul 1944 [1825 x 1240] (371 points, 27 comments)
    2. An M3 Stuart light tank going through a water obstacle, Ft Knox, KY, 1942 [1700 x 1309] (243 points, 4 comments)
    3. British Challenger 2 Tanks [1840 x 1227] (179 points, 5 comments)
    4. The Engin Blindé du Génie "armoured engineering vehicle" built upon the chassis of the AMX-30 battle tank [4000 × 3000] (175 points, 6 comments)
    5. UK Main Battle Tank, Challenger 2 Theatre Entry Standard (CR2 TES) fitted with a Mobile Camouflage System (MCS). [5184 × 3456] (172 points, 33 comments)
    6. T-64 [2618 × 1750] (149 points, 13 comments)
    7. Americans with a captured German King Tiger with U.S. markings [800 x 525] (148 points, 4 comments)
    8. American soldiers and French civilians curiously inspect an abandoned German Tiger I heavy tank. Marle, Aisne, France. October 1944. [3291 x 2480] (143 points, 5 comments)
    9. Higgins Industries built amphibious vehicle, the tank, "swamp-cat", moving into swamp water [3600 x 2899] (143 points, 12 comments)
    10. An M3 tank fitted with an armoured searchlight turret, known as a Canal Defense Light [800 × 788] (141 points, 35 comments)
  17. 2890 points, 13 submissions: SkyhawkA4
    1. A Cromwell tank flying off a ramp during trials. (442 points, 25 comments)
    2. Sinterklaas on a M24 Chaffee (344 points, 17 comments)
    3. Israeli centurions moving through the Golan Heights during the Yom Kippur war, 1973. (302 points, 4 comments)
    4. Israeli M51 Sherman’s move towards the front line in the Sinai, 1967. (273 points, 13 comments)
    5. A group of Israeli Magach 7As in the Negev desert, 1985. (262 points, 17 comments)
    6. T26E4 “Super Pershing” in Germany, 1945. (260 points, 52 comments)
    7. A LAV-25, a M551 Sheridan and a M113 during the invasion of Panama, 1989. (218 points, 28 comments)
    8. Israeli M48 Pattons during the Yom Kippur war, 1973. (161 points, 3 comments)
    9. An Israeli Centurion in it’s final resting place on the Golan heights. (133 points, 6 comments)
    10. UN BMP-2s, context unknown. (129 points, 3 comments)
  18. 2712 points, 12 submissions: TanksEncyclopedia
    1. Free poster from Tanks Encyclopedia (409 points, 81 comments)
    2. The T69 was a development of the failed T42 Medium Tank. It featured new technologies such as an Autoloader and an oscillating turret. (313 points, 38 comments)
    3. Entering service in 1965 to replace the M42 Duster, the German Flakpanzer Gepard is probably one of the most iconic Cold War era Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns to ever be deployed (300 points, 37 comments)
    4. At the Bahrain International Defence Exhibition and Conference 2017 the Italian firm of Leonardo unveiled their latest M60 upgrade package (250 points, 49 comments)
    5. The M67 ‘Zippo’, based on the M48 Patton, was the last flame thrower tank deployed by the US Military and only a few were built. (210 points, 11 comments)
    6. The Olifant Mk1A was the South African incarnation of the Centurion MBT. (210 points, 3 comments)
    7. Tank ramming, T-34s with 57 mm guns in action and a Soviet tank assault with no support. All of this took place in 1941, during the Soviet assault on Kalinin (196 points, 19 comments)
    8. The Sd.Kfz.253 was a specialized observation vehicle and the "twin" of the Sd.Kfz.250 and Sd.Kfz.252 vehicles (195 points, 5 comments)
    9. The Ersatz M10 was the German attempt at confusing the Allies during the Battle of the Bulge. (180 points, 32 comments)
    10. The Chinese Type 89 Tank Destroyer is a product of a local program to create a 120 mm tank gun to rival Western and Soviet ones (167 points, 21 comments)
  19. 2106 points, 10 submissions: KapitanKurt
    1. A glowing hot Swiss Army Panzer 68 hull being heat treated in an oil bath, at an Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette facility in Thun, Switzerland, 1977. (489 points, 19 comments)
    2. Soviet infantrymen in a trench while a T-34 tank passes over them, date unknown. (323 points, 38 comments)
    3. A 70-ton Panzerjäger Tiger (P) returned to Europe, seventy-two years after it was captured by the Americans. Dec. 2016. More info and 3-min. video link in comments. (257 points, 26 comments)
    4. The Challenger 2 in the Berlin Brigade paint scheme. (216 points, 10 comments)
    5. An Army M109A6 Paladin ready for loading onto a railcar at the port of Bremerhaven, Germany for shipment to Poland for the start of armoured brigade rotations. Jan 7, 2017. (153 points, 13 comments)
    6. Soldiers maneuver in an M1A1 Abrams tank as an AH-64 Apache helicopter provides aerial security during exercise Decisive Action Rotation at Fort Irwin, Calif., Sept. 6, 2016. U.S. Army photo. (141 points, 7 comments)
    7. An M50 Ontos with its six 106mm recoilless rifles at Khe Sanh in October 1967. (135 points, 18 comments)
    8. The World War I-era 7-inch, 45-caliber tractor-mounted gun. This 1918 file photo shows the first gun fired at Naval Weapons Station Dahlgren according to the source. [2257 × 1526] (134 points, 10 comments)
    9. Mortar Blast. Soldiers use a 120 mm mortar system on an M1129 mortar carrier during a live-fire event as part of Exercise Orient Shield 2017 at Camp Fuji, Japan, Sept. 19, 2017. (129 points, 0 comments)
    10. Soviet IS-2 heavy tank in Berlin. 1945. (129 points, 11 comments)
  20. 1775 points, 3 submissions: Brassow
    1. Wonder Woman lifts a T-28... In WW1... (845 points, 136 comments)
    2. Hey kid, wanna buy some StuGs? (537 points, 28 comments)
    3. "Don't talk to me or my son ever again" (393 points, 34 comments)
  21. 1661 points, 8 submissions: airborneleaf
    1. Sherman Firefly of the 5th Canadian Division carrying Churchill tracks as extra armour. Putten, Holland, April 18th 1945 (350 points, 29 comments)
    2. M18 Hellcat in France 1944, featuring a very poorly positioned M2 gunner (238 points, 22 comments)
    3. Saint-Chamond moments away from getting stuck (230 points, 6 comments)
    4. Panther Ausf D fitted with a dozer blade to help clear rubble (191 points, 55 comments)
    5. ARL 44s on parade in Paris, July 1951 (178 points, 17 comments)
    6. Tiger I being moved by rail with its narrow transport tracks fitted, along with its full sized tracks. (173 points, 45 comments)
    7. Wooden model of an early T28 design (154 points, 8 comments)
    8. I don't know how any of you can have a single favourite. Crewman painting 21st-23rd kill marking on Sturer Emil's barrel (147 points, 27 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. Crowe410 (2558 points, 193 comments)
  2. airborneleaf (2329 points, 379 comments)
  3. murkskopf (1820 points, 343 comments)
  4. Jimmyjamjames (1639 points, 225 comments)
  5. P-01S (1610 points, 134 comments)
  6. MightyVanguard (1577 points, 124 comments)
  7. TankerD18 (1493 points, 111 comments)
  8. WulfeHound (1145 points, 133 comments)
  9. Enthused_Llama (1105 points, 106 comments)
  10. nihilisaurus (1055 points, 96 comments)
  11. Bolt_Vanderhuge_25 (975 points, 92 comments)
  12. Shiny_Callahan (919 points, 75 comments)
  13. SmokeyUnicycle (907 points, 212 comments)
  14. riffler24 (889 points, 88 comments)
  15. MaxRavenclaw (837 points, 108 comments)
  16. standlucian (800 points, 62 comments)
  17. Amilo159 (798 points, 52 comments)
  18. Cthell (790 points, 103 comments)
  19. DrunkonIce (785 points, 118 comments)
  20. Hansafan (757 points, 87 comments)
  21. TahoeLT (735 points, 96 comments)
  22. Layin-Scunion (720 points, 54 comments)
  23. jorg2 (714 points, 66 comments)
  24. 3rdweal (706 points, 73 comments)
  25. RoebuckThirtyFour (697 points, 60 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Tank people vs. normal people by Shenko-wolf (935 points, 106 comments)
  2. Wonder Woman lifts a T-28... In WW1... by Brassow (845 points, 136 comments)
  3. The "Big Wind", a Hungarian fire fighting tank based on the T-34 and equipped with two engines from the MiG 21 by Crowe410 (798 points, 51 comments)
  4. [600x393] Rare picture of two Jagdpanthers defending both the eastern and western fronts by PizzaDeliverator (753 points, 77 comments)
  5. A Sherman "Tiger" in Korea. by abt137 (741 points, 19 comments)
  6. (M) 18 showing off my long barrel by rednas90 (733 points, 38 comments)
  7. Renault FT - Polish Army by kuba85 (723 points, 32 comments)
  8. Designed in the last days of the Soviet Union as a means to disable incoming missiles, the 1K17 was, and is, one of the only working laser armed tanks in the history of AFVs by standlucian (713 points, 50 comments)
  9. Merkava Mk IV, Leopard 2A5 and T-90A turrets (same scale) by paulkempf (707 points, 166 comments)
  10. Israeli Magach 6 with reactive armor by luveth (692 points, 143 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 338 points: Ithuraen's comment in Wonder Woman lifts a T-28... In WW1...
  2. 268 points: ShyKid5's comment in Merkava Mk IV, Leopard 2A5 and T-90A turrets (same scale)
  3. 251 points: TheIlgar's comment in How Call of Duty interprets WW2 tanks
  4. 209 points: MightyVanguard's comment in British soldiers with captured German Goliath remote controlled mines
  5. 203 points: Bernard_Woolley's comment in Tank people vs. normal people
  6. 198 points: Bodobaggins3's comment in Merkava Mk IV, Leopard 2A5 and T-90A turrets (same scale)
  7. 195 points: Rakuuj's comment in Israeli Magach 6 with reactive armor
  8. 194 points: liyu711's comment in Wonder Woman lifts a T-28... In WW1...
  9. 184 points: kitsune_no_chi's comment in German Wiesel 1 armed with MK 20mm autocannon deployed in Afghanistan
  10. 183 points: Crowe410's comment in Israeli Magach 6 with reactive armor
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]


2017.09.15 19:25 zankoas Progress Report 29 + Personal Request

Hello everyone, and welcome to another development diary on KR4!
Another week down, so close now. As was teased last week, Liberia will be looked at today. Despite being a one province (state?) minor, they will still be getting a focus tree in 0.5, we will also be looking at their bigger badder neighbour; Mittelafrika. As said in the title, there is also a personal request from the team here as well, skip to the bottom for that, otherwise I'll hand over to OMD and AutovonBismarck.
Hello. I’m OMD, one of the contributors behind the rework of Africa. I am proud to introduce a country that has gone under the radar of every single release of Hearts of Iron to date.
https://imgur.com/a/i2qx2
To most players, Liberia is only known for General Butt Naked (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Butt_Naked) and cheesing game mechanics. Some may remember Liberia was set up as a home for escaped slaves in the 1840's. The founders of Liberia set up a government and constitution that mimicked the US Constitution in their time. To the founders, they were spreading Liberty, Christianity and Civil society to their brothers. Political reality is very different, and now the descendants of the freed slaves rule over their converts as first class citizens. Liberia came close to dragging the United States into war in 1918, when the German ambassador discovered a listening station in the capital of Monrovia. The German ambassador disappeared in transit, and it is spoken in rumours that former President Daniel Edward Howard knows which spot in the bush the ambassador is buried. The next president, D.B. King, unravelled the unity of the True Whig Party. The True Whig Party has ruled the government without opposition since 1870, maintaining a social conservative position that empowers ministers and judges to interpret the law. True Whig rule has also allowed slavery to exist in the hinterland, which attracted Harvey Firestone to establish a vast rubber plantation in Marghibi county.
In 1936, Liberia Is led by President Edwin Barclay, a True Whig. Barclay believes in the basis of the True Whig party, and wishes to balance an extension of suffrage with the business interests of Firestone. This is the idea behind the 1932 Citizenship Act, which confers voting rights to native Liberians (those not related to American immigrants) in return for the Hut Tax. The Hut Tax is a $1 tax on all property owned, which helps Liberia recover from its Debt Crisis. The Liberian government attempted to build a railway during the 1920’s but ended up $3.2 million in debt. Compounded to this is the rise of secret societies in Liberia. At the lower levels of Liberian society, secret societies are know are Poro, they are unregulated tribal governments that hide from christian evangelism sweeping the Americo Liberian cities. Poro men wear masks and practice their traditional religion in secret, which includes conspiring against the government. At the uppermost level of Liberian society, the Masonic Order of Liberia houses the former presidents and most high level politicians.
https://imgur.com/a/mi71q
Liberia must fix their debt crisis if they ever have a chance of surviving in the 20th century. Unfortunately, nobody gives away $3.5 million without a set of demands. You can of course appeal to the US government to forgive your debt. The US government will end up with a greater influence on Liberia, which you can turn to your advantage. Firestone (the USA multinational corporation) accounts for more than half of your GDP, is another debt buyer. Firestone’s plans include an increase in privatisation and loosened trade regulations. Finally there is Germany, who has been trying to gain more land in Africa.
If you manage to solve all of Liberia’s issues. You are faced with opportunities to expand Liberia. The Ivory Coast was taken by Mittelafrika in the fallout of the Weltkrieg, and this regime has stirred up persecution against french loyalists. Those that fled to Liberia wish to see their old homes freed. Sierra Leone, once part of the British Empire, is now under the control of France. The idea of English speaking people under French administration irritates the Liberian people even more. Possibly enough to relight the fires of Pan Africanism.
And yes, there is a Garvey path, he sees the writing on the wall for America, and want’s out. Garvey, who went from pro integration to pro separation in his late life, has aligned with white supremacist Earnest Sevier Cox to bring 100,000 African Americans to Liberia under certain conditions. Once there, the Liberian government can embrace this enormous human capital gain, and elect Garvey provisional president. Garvey is less concerned with the minutia of Liberian politics, and more with the ideals of Liberian government.
Liberia may be a minor nation, but they still have means to create an Air Force, Navy, and proper Army. Although they owe their naval path to the creation of a “flag of convenience” which is sold cheaply to ships in order to bypass the stricter labour laws of their home nations. The Liberian Air Force is owed to the Tuskegee Institute, whose students are anxious to join the US government despite living in AUS territory. The Army can embrace mechanised warfare of their Colonial neighbours, or forge their own path and outmanoeuvre vehicles that are stuck in the mud.
https://imgur.com/a/Jqixq
Players should look forward to the 1939 elections in Liberia. I can assure you that it will not be an overwhelming victory for the True Whig Party. No matter which party you choose, the Liberian people will follow you. Loyalty to liberty in the most fatalistic way.
Hello everyone, I’m AutovonBismarck, lead developer for East Africa. Today, we’re going to be looking at a long neglected country, Deutches-Mittelafrika. Mittelafrika has remained largely in it’s current state since the earliest stages of Kaiserreich’s development, nearly 10 years ago.
But thanks to the capabilities of Hearts of Iron 4, we can created gameplay in Mittelafrika that previously would have been impossible. We hope we can use it to represent the diverse challenges of ruling a vast continent.
https://imgur.com/a/dY7Fr
Using the new party system, we can represent conflicts within the administration of Mittelafrika. The first and most important faction is that of Stadthalter von Goering, the Neue Kolonialregierung, or NKR. Von Goering has been appointed on the promise of an ambitious reform program. Administrating Africa is a herculean task. When Germany acquired it’s vast territory of Mittelafrika, there were less then ten thousand Germans on the continent. Under such conditions, German rule has been incredibly indirect, relying on local tribes and chieftains, and seeing little improvement in the economy. Goering and his followers believe a strong ruler, and bold action can put to rest the worst of Africa’s problems. But he’s opposed by a major political faction.
The Deutsche Kolonialgeselschaft, or DKG is our Authoritarian Democrat party. They are the old guard, many of them fighting in Africa during the Weltkrieg. They are resistant to change, politically and militarily conservative. The decision of which of these factions will govern Mittelafrika will effect how Mittelafrika tackles countless problems, such as how to reform their army, navy, economy and political structure, and what the role of Mittelafrika shall be in the next Weltkrieg.
https://imgur.com/a/OWAcV
In addition to these two, you have two more radical possibilities. The Social Conservative Reformgruppe seeks to establish a Prussian Democracy in Africa, at least for the white settlers to vote in. If they are given power, they will hold elections and may break up into differing political parties. In the opposite direction, if Goering’s aims are frustrated, he now has the option to seek absolute power through the Far-Right Sovereigntist movement.
In addition to this, using the developments Flamefang showed last week, we can represent some of the additional political factions at work in Africa. When Germany expanded so rapidly into Africa, they could not immediately achieve what had taken other nations decades in establishing firm colonies. In fact, they’ve only been in the British colonies since 1925. When the British Empire was wracked by revolution, under the pressure of Stadthalter von Lettow Vorbeck, the governors of the British colonies invited the German military to establish a protectorate over them until a 'responsible British government' could be established. As a result of these new territories, there are as many Britons in Mittelafrika as Germans, and they fill countless and important administrative and security roles. Keeping their influence in check is important, but having thousands of veterans of the Weltkrieg on your side can increase the power of your army.
Meanwhile, while the Belgians lost their only colony in the Weltkrieg, their informal influence in Africa has only grown. As part of the economic union of Mitteleuropa the Flandro-Wallonians have kept their economic holdings in the Congo, and been free to continue to invest. Now, huge Flandro-Wallonian mining consortiums play a dominant role in the Mittelafrikan economy. Curbing their influence will bring German Rule to Africa, but encouraging their investment will increase your access to resources and stimulate your economy.
https://imgur.com/a/WsP8J
And you better master these challenges, because we’ve reworked the lore of the war with Portugal. Before, it was a simple, and largely meaningless land grab, and once you completed that war, there was nothing to really do. Now, we’ve changed things so that dealing with Portugal will be a more complex, and robust challenge.
First, a bit of the history of Mittelafrika. It departs from our time line in the spring on 1917. Without the entry of the United States into the Weltkrieg, the British withheld reinforcing the African theatre, in favour of strengthening their forces in Europe. As a result, the 1917 African Offensive was a failure, the King’s African rifles was cut off and destroyed in battle. Still forced into a retreat, von Lettow Vorbeck turns his full force onto the weak Portuguese colony of Mozambique. After a series of crushing victories, and fears of a native rising in favour of the Germans inciting mass panic, the governor, Alvaro de Castro surrenders. The results are paradoxical. The war in East Africa ends in a stalemate, where the Entente occupies German East Africa, and the Germans occupy Mozambique. Both sides recruit thousands of Africans from 'enemy' territory as porters, armed guards or soldiers.
When the war is over, the violence only gets worse as both sides commit a series of reprisals against natives who backed the 'wrong side'. Pushed out by intimidation and violence, displaced persons camps crop up on both sides of the Ruvuma River that marks their border. In the early 30s the new, extremist government of Portugal began arming militias forming in these camps, in an effort to destabilise German Rule in Africa.
Victory or defeat in the Rufiji valley will require stabilising your government, and carefully managing the international arena to deal with a problem more like a 21st century low intensity conflict, than an 19th century land grab. Not that you won’t have the opportunity to pursue a landgrab, if that’s your end goal.
https://imgur.com/a/9PHch
Adding to the complications you’ll face, Black Monday has hit Mittelafrika much harder then before, reflecting that it is a government that operates on a fixed budget, unable to manipulate it’s own currency (at least to start). You will have to plan your development months in advance, but if you manage your economy, you’ll be able to do what the British never could do: complete the Cape to Cairo Railway.
https://imgur.com/a/8FrKE
All of this is on top of significant game play improvements. To increase the realism and dynamism of the wars that will be fought on the African continent, we’ve added 32 new states in 0.5, 43 more than the base game. And with over 100 Events added to Mittelafrika, it serves at the cornerstone nation of update 0.5, Heia Safari!
https://imgur.com/a/DfOPD
Updates to Portugal, Ethiopia, Somalia, Egypt, Liberia and most of all Mittelafrika will make Afrika a playable, exciting region full of intrigue, bloody skirmishes, and nation-changing power struggles. I hope you enjoy!
And lastly, the personal request. We do all this work for free, and we don't currently accept donations either. For must of us, that's fine. But sadly one of own, AutovonBismarck, has fallen on hard times; she is currently homeless and battling chronic illness. As she puts it "Game design and historical research are fun, but difficult out of the backseat of a car. I’ve been plagued with inability to afford medicine, food insecurity and all the hardships homelessness brings." If you can spare a few pounds, it would be greatly appreciated.
link removed, given this happened long long ago we felt it was no longer appropriate to accept donations, thank you to everyone who did donate
Please keep in mind this is a donation to a single person, this money isn't going to the KR team and this isn't patreon by the back door, this is us asking you to help a friend of ours. Thank you. (Also if you are wondering why there aren't any donations from the team on there, we donated to a personal ko-fi, but felt that sharing that wasn't the best idea we've ever had)
That's it for this update, we will be back here next Friday to cover some other nations getting content in 0.5 that have slipped under the radar so far, though not quite as much as Liberia has.
While you are waiting, check out our discord ( https://discord.gg/013cqzfpWMRLqnvHr ) or the forums ( https://forum.paradoxplaza.com/forum/index.php?forums/kaiserreich.967/ ). Finally, don’t forget that we are currently looking for artists, translators and testers, so if that’s you come help us bring Kaiserreich to the world!
submitted by zankoas to Kaiserreich [link] [comments]


2017.08.20 12:50 alex77456 Top N metacritic PC videogames

It's been too long since the last essentials list. Here's a list of all PC videogames with both metacritic user and metascores above 75.
Just made for myself and thought someone may appreciate. Copypastable and sortable, on a single page.
Metascore Userscore Title Min score Year
93 93 The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 93 2015
96 92 Half-Life 2 92 2004
96 92 The Orange Box 92 2007
95 92 Baldur's Gate II: Shadows of Amn 92 2000
92 92 The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt - Blood and Wine 92 2016
94 91 Grim Fandango 91 1998
92 91 Team Fortress 2 91 2007
92 91 System Shock 2 91 1999
92 91 Rome: Total War 91 2004
92 91 Thief: The Dark Project 91 1998
92 91 Age of Empires II: The Age of Kings 91 1999
92 91 Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri 91 1999
91 92 Planescape: Torment 91 1999
96 90 Half-Life 90 1998
95 90 Portal 2 90 2011
94 90 Civilization II 90 1996
93 90 Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic 90 2003
92 90 Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos 90 2002
92 90 Unreal Tournament (1999) 90 1999
90 92 Portal 90 2007
90 92 Deus Ex 90 2000
90 92 Half-Life 2: Episode Two 90 2007
93 89 Unreal Tournament 2004 89 2004
93 89 Homeworld 89 1999
93 89 Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas 89 2005
91 89 Baldur's Gate 89 1998
89 90 The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt - Hearts of Stone 89 2015
89 89 Age of Mythology 89 2002
89 89 The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind 89 2002
89 92 Left 4 Dead 89 2008
89 89 Homeworld: Cataclysm 89 2000
89 89 The Walking Dead: Episode 5 - No Time Left 89 2012
89 91 Max Payne 89 2001
89 89 Rise of Nations 89 2003
89 91 The Curse of Monkey Island 89 1997
94 88 Mass Effect 2 88 2010
94 88 Grand Theft Auto: Vice City 88 2003
94 88 Quake 88 1996
93 88 Company of Heroes 88 2006
91 88 FreeSpace 2 88 1999
91 88 The Longest Journey 88 2000
91 88 The Operative: No One Lives Forever 88 2000
90 88 The Sims 2 88 2004
90 88 Command & Conquer: Red Alert 88 1996
89 88 Sacrifice 88 2000
89 88 Fallout 88 1997
89 88 Duke Nukem 3D 88 1996
88 88 Medieval: Total War 88 2002
88 91 Mafia 88 2002
88 90 Age of Empires II: The Conquerors Expansion 88 2000
88 90 Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne 88 2003
88 91 Starcraft 88 1998
88 90 Myth II: Soulblighter 88 1998
88 89 Medieval II: Total War 88 2006
88 89 Counter-Strike: Source 88 2004
88 88 Rise of Nations: Thrones & Patriots 88 2004
88 88 Baldur's Gate II: Throne of Bhaal 88 2001
88 92 Counter-Strike 88 2000
92 87 Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell: Chaos Theory 87 2005
91 87 Myth: The Fallen Lords 87 1997
91 87 Batman: Arkham Asylum 87 2009
91 87 Batman: Arkham City 87 2011
91 87 No One Lives Forever 2: A Spy in H.A.R.M.'s Way 87 2002
91 87 Dragon Age: Origins 87 2009
90 87 The Chronicles of Riddick: Escape From Butcher Bay - Developer's Cut 87 2004
90 87 GTR 2 87 2006
89 87 The Walking Dead: A Telltale Games Series 87 2012
88 87 Crusader Kings II: The Old Gods 87 2013
88 87 Return to Castle Wolfenstein 87 2001
88 87 Shogo: Mobile Armor Division 87 1998
88 87 Ori and the Blind Forest 87 2015
88 87 Diablo II 87 2000
87 89 Plants vs. Zombies 87 2009
87 90 Football Manager 2010 87 2009
87 87 Europa Universalis II 87 2001
87 88 Steins;Gate 87 2014
87 90 Thief II: The Metal Age 87 2000
87 90 Diablo II: Lord of Destruction 87 2001
87 89 Monkey Island 2 Special Edition: LeChuck's Revenge 87 2010
87 87 The Swapper 87 2013
87 88 Kohan: Immortal Sovereigns 87 2001
87 88 Shogun: Total War Warlord Edition 87 2001
87 87 Divinity: Original Sin 87 2014
87 89 Psychonauts 87 2005
87 88 Europa Universalis IV 87 2013
87 90 Zeus: Master of Olympus 87 2000
87 89 Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War - Dark Crusade 87 2006
87 89 Commandos 2: Men of Courage 87 2001
94 86 BioShock Infinite 86 2013
94 86 Diablo 86 1996
91 86 Medal of Honor: Allied Assault 86 2002
91 86 IL-2 Sturmovik 86 2001
91 86 Star Wars Jedi Knight: Dark Forces II 86 1997
90 86 Braid 86 2009
90 86 Falcon 4.0: Allied Force 86 2005
90 86 Brothers: A Tale of Two Sons 86 2013
89 86 Star Wars Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast 86 2002
89 86 Worldwide Soccer Manager 2005 86 2004
89 86 Mass Effect 86 2008
89 86 Battlefield 1942 86 2002
89 86 Stardew Valley 86 2016
89 86 Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time 86 2003
88 86 Ori and the Blind Forest: Definitive Edition 86 2016
88 86 Tribes 2 86 2001
88 86 Torchlight II 86 2012
87 86 Half-Life 2: Episode One 86 2006
87 86 Company of Heroes: Opposing Fronts 86 2007
87 86 INSIDE 86 2016
86 87 Tales From The Borderlands: Episode 5 - The Vault of the Traveler 86 2015
86 87 Startopia 86 2001
86 91 Fallout 2 86 1998
86 89 Black Mesa 86 2012
86 89 Total Annihilation 86 1997
86 86 Sid Meier's Civilization IV: Beyond the Sword 86 2007
86 86 Rakuen 86 2017
86 90 The Secret of Monkey Island: Special Edition 86 2009
86 90 Max Payne 2: The Fall of Max Payne 86 2003
86 86 IL-2 Sturmovik: Forgotten Battles 86 2003
86 88 Full Throttle 86 1995
86 87 Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War 86 2004
86 90 Command & Conquer: Red Alert 2 - Yuri's Revenge 86 2001
86 88 IL-2 Sturmovik: 1946 86 2007
86 87 DiRT Rally 86 2015
96 85 BioShock 85 2007
92 85 Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare 85 2007
91 85 Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell 85 2003
91 85 Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 2 85 2000
91 85 Call of Duty 85 2003
90 85 World of Goo 85 2008
90 85 Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 3 85 2002
90 85 Deus Ex: Human Revolution 85 2011
89 85 Railroad Tycoon II 85 1998
88 85 The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings 85 2011
86 85 Bastion 85 2011
86 85 Total War: Shogun 2 - Fall of the Samurai 85 2012
86 85 The Witcher: Enhanced Edition 85 2008
86 85 Hollow Knight 85 2017
86 85 Mass Effect 2: Lair of the Shadow Broker 85 2010
86 85 Tomb Raider 85 2013
86 85 Age of Wonders II: The Wizard's Throne 85 2002
86 85 EverQuest: The Ruins of Kunark 85 2000
85 85 The Talos Principle 85 2014
85 89 Cities: Skylines 85 2015
85 85 Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six 85 1998
85 85 Tales from the Borderlands: A Telltale Game Series 85 2015
85 86 SWAT 4 85 2005
85 88 Clive Barker's Undying 85 2001
85 85 Hotline Miami 85 2012
85 87 Aliens Versus Predator 2 85 2001
85 88 Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis 85 2001
85 90 Giants: Citizen Kabuto 85 2000
85 87 Amnesia: The Dark Descent 85 2010
85 86 GTR FIA Racing 85 2005
85 85 Dust: An Elysian Tail 85 2013
85 86 South Park: The Stick of Truth 85 2014
85 88 Medieval II: Total War Kingdoms 85 2007
85 85 Assetto Corsa 85 2014
85 87 Machinarium 85 2009
85 90 Freelancer 85 2003
85 90 The Wolf Among Us: Episode 1 - Faith 85 2013
85 87 Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War II - Chaos Rising 85 2010
85 88 AudioSurf 85 2008
85 86 Sid Meier's Civilization V: Brave New World 85 2013
85 86 Serious Sam: The Second Encounter 85 2002
85 85 Papers, Please 85 2013
85 85 Anarchy Online: Shadowlands 85 2003
93 84 Grand Theft Auto III 84 2002
91 84 Dishonored 84 2012
91 84 Battlefield 2 84 2005
90 84 Sid Meier's Civilization III 84 2001
90 84 Bayonetta 84 2017
90 84 Flight Simulator 2002 84 2001
90 84 Total War: Shogun 2 84 2011
89 84 Left 4 Dead 2 84 2009
89 84 Combat Mission: Barbarossa to Berlin 84 2002
89 84 Guild Wars 84 2005
88 84 Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 4 84 2003
87 84 Dead Space 2 84 2011
87 84 Serious Sam: The First Encounter 84 2001
86 84 Enemy Engaged: RAH-66 Comanche Versus Ka-52 Hokum 84 2000
86 84 Call of Duty 2 84 2005
86 84 Steel Beasts 84 2000
86 84 Rayman Origins 84 2012
86 84 The Elder Scrolls IV: Shivering Isles 84 2007
85 84 City of Heroes 84 2004
85 84 Wizardry 8 84 2001
85 84 Chaos Reborn 84 2015
85 84 Shadow Tactics: Blades of the Shogun 84 2016
85 84 The Walking Dead: Episode 3 - Long Road Ahead 84 2012
85 84 Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic II - The Sith Lords 84 2005
85 84 The Elder Scrolls III: Bloodmoon 84 2003
85 84 DOOM 84 2016
84 86 The Walking Dead: Episode 2 - Starved for Help 84 2012
84 86 Fallout: New Vegas 84 2010
84 84 Neverwinter Nights: Hordes of the Underdark 84 2003
84 84 SpaceChem 84 2011
84 84 GT Legends 84 2006
84 89 Space Rangers 2: Rise of the Dominators 84 2006
84 84 Tales From The Borderlands: Episode 1 - Zer0 Sum 84 2014
84 89 Command & Conquer: Red Alert 2 84 2000
84 87 Shogun: Total War 84 2000
84 84 Guild Wars Factions 84 2006
84 84 Europa Universalis IV: Wealth of Nations 84 2014
84 87 Disciples II: Dark Prophecy 84 2002
84 87 Age of Mythology: The Titans 84 2003
84 87 SimCity 4 84 2003
84 84 Microsoft Train Simulator 84 2001
84 85 Final Fantasy IX 84 2016
84 85 Rise of Nations: Rise of Legends 84 2006
84 84 FTL: Faster Than Light 84 2012
84 84 DEFCON: Everybody Dies 84 2006
84 88 Medieval: Total War - Viking Invasion 84 2003
84 85 Guild Wars Nightfall 84 2006
84 84 The Binding of Isaac 84 2011
84 84 Trine 2 84 2011
84 88 The Wolf Among Us: Episode 5 - Cry Wolf 84 2014
84 84 Poseidon 84 2001
94 83 Sid Meier's Civilization IV 83 2005
92 83 Undertale 83 2015
92 83 Galactic Civilizations II: Twilight of the Arnor 83 2008
91 83 Galactic Civilizations II: Dark Avatar 83 2007
89 83 Dark Souls III 83 2016
89 83 Pillars of Eternity 83 2015
89 83 World Soccer Winning Eleven 9 83 2006
89 83 Descent 3 83 2000
88 83 F.E.A.R. 83 2005
88 83 Far Cry 3 83 2012
88 83 Starcraft II: Legacy of the Void 83 2015
88 83 Armadillo Run 83 2006
88 83 Dark Age of Camelot 83 2001
87 83 Super Meat Boy 83 2010
87 83 Battlefield: Bad Company 2 83 2010
87 83 Icewind Dale 83 2000
86 83 Supreme Commander 83 2007
86 83 Out of the Park Baseball 14 83 2013
86 83 The Binding of Isaac: Rebirth 83 2014
86 83 Star Trek: Voyager Elite Force 83 2000
86 83 Civilization III: Conquests 83 2003
86 83 Allegiance 83 2000
85 83 EverQuest 83 1999
85 83 Tropico 83 2001
85 83 Football Manager 2011 83 2010
85 83 Indigo Prophecy 83 2005
85 83 Valkyria Chronicles 83 2014
85 83 Thief: Deadly Shadows 83 2004
85 83 Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War - Winter Assault 83 2005
85 83 Dark Age of Camelot: Shrouded Isles 83 2002
85 83 Obsidian 83 1996
84 83 The Movies 83 2005
84 83 Command & Conquer: Generals 83 2003
84 83 Puzzle Quest: Challenge of the Warlords 83 2007
84 83 SOMA 83 2015
84 83 Tron 2.0 83 2003
84 83 NieR: Automata 83 2017
84 83 Enemy Territory: Quake Wars 83 2007
84 83 Sid Meier's Civilization IV: Warlords 83 2006
83 84 Grim Dawn 83 2016
83 83 Gunpoint 83 2013
83 87 Beyond Good & Evil 83 2003
83 83 SMITE 83 2014
83 85 Final Fantasy X / X-2 HD Remaster 83 2016
83 90 Silent Storm 83 2004
83 90 Command & Conquer: Generals - Zero Hour 83 2003
83 83 Homeworld 2 83 2003
83 86 Life is Strange 83 2015
83 86 Fable: The Lost Chapters 83 2005
83 83 Out of the Park Baseball 10 83 2009
83 86 Hearts of Iron II 83 2005
83 83 Icewind Dale II 83 2002
83 87 Age of Empires 83 1997
83 84 EverQuest II: Echoes of Faydwer 83 2006
83 86 Terraria 83 2011
83 83 This War of Mine 83 2014
83 89 Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six 3: Raven Shield 83 2003
83 85 Colin McRae Rally 2.0 83 2001
83 84 Age of Conan: Rise of the Godslayer 83 2010
83 83 Transistor 83 2014
83 83 The Sexy Brutale 83 2017
83 84 Crimson Skies 83 2000
83 89 RACE 07: Official WTCC Game 83 2007
83 84 Life is Strange: Episode 5 - Polarized 83 2015
83 84 Independence War 2: Edge of Chaos 83 2001
83 84 Europa Universalis III 83 2007
83 84 Prince of Persia: Warrior Within 83 2004
83 89 MechWarrior 4: Mercenaries 83 2002
83 90 Metal Gear Solid 83 2000
94 82 The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim 82 2011
93 82 Starcraft II: Wings of Liberty 82 2010
91 82 Neverwinter Nights 82 2002
89 82 Borderlands 2 82 2012
89 82 XCOM: Enemy Unknown 82 2012
89 82 NASCAR Racing 2003 Season 82 2003
89 82 DiRT 2 82 2009
88 82 Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004: A Century of Flight 82 2003
88 82 Lone Echo 82 2017
88 82 Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood 82 2011
88 82 Kerbal Space Program 82 2015
88 82 Sid Meier's Pirates! 82 2004
87 82 Sins of a Solar Empire 82 2008
87 82 MechWarrior 4: Vengeance 82 2000
87 82 NHL 2002 82 2001
87 82 Call of Duty: United Offensive 82 2004
86 82 LEGO Star Wars II: The Original Trilogy 82 2006
86 82 Homeworld Remastered Collection 82 2015
86 82 Unreal Tournament 2003 82 2002
86 82 The Lord of the Rings Online: Shadows of Angmar 82 2007
86 82 Escape from Monkey Island 82 2000
86 82 Rocket League 82 2015
85 82 Bit.Trip Presents...Runner2: Future Legend of Rhythm Alien 82 2013
85 82 Out of the Park Baseball 13 82 2012
85 82 The Lord of the Rings Online: Mines of Moria 82 2008
85 82 The Binding of Isaac: Afterbirth 82 2015
85 82 MVP Baseball 2005 82 2005
85 82 System Shock: Enhanced Edition 82 2015
84 82 Saints Row: The Third 82 2011
84 82 Sid Meier's SimGolf 82 2002
84 82 Hyper Light Drifter 82 2016
83 82 MDK2 82 2000
83 82 Hellblade: Senua's Sacrifice 82 2017
83 82 The Legend of Heroes: Trails in the Sky the 3rd 82 2017
83 82 GTR Evolution 82 2008
83 82 Myst III: Exile 82 2001
82 82 The Book of Unwritten Tales 82 2011
82 88 Capitalism II 82 2001
82 86 Rally Trophy 82 2001
82 82 Dark Souls III: The Ringed City 82 2017
82 88 Dawn of Discovery 82 2009
82 84 Act of War: Direct Action 82 2005
82 84 Sam & Max Episode 105: Reality 2.0 82 2007
82 88 Dangerous Waters 82 2005
82 84 Gemini Rue 82 2011
82 82 Antichamber 82 2013
82 83 Danganronpa: Trigger Happy Havoc 82 2016
82 84 Rome: Total War Barbarian Invasion 82 2005
82 85 Neverwinter Nights 2: Mask of The Betrayer 82 2007
82 85 Age of Wonders: Shadow Magic 82 2003
82 85 Warlords Battlecry II 82 2002
82 82 Stellaris - Utopia 82 2017
82 83 Aquaria 82 2007
82 83 Need for Speed: Underground 82 2003
82 85 TrackMania Sunrise 82 2005
82 83 Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon: Island Thunder 82 2002
82 84 S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl 82 2007
82 86 The Wolf Among Us: Episode 3 - A Crooked Mile 82 2014
82 85 Need for Speed: Underground 2 82 2004
82 82 Desktop Dungeons 82 2010
82 87 Crusader Kings II 82 2012
82 86 Europa 1400: The Guild 82 2002
82 87 Battle Realms 82 2001
82 85 Sam & Max Episode 201: Ice Station Santa 82 2007
82 86 Recettear: An Item Shop's Tale 82 2010
82 89 Blood 82 1997
82 84 The Walking Dead: Episode 1 - A New Day 82 2012
82 85 Syberia 82 2002
82 85 DCS: Black Shark 82 2009
82 85 King's Bounty: Armored Princess 82 2009
82 86 Age of Wonders III - Golden Realms 82 2014
82 87 Joint Operations: Typhoon Rising 82 2004
82 82 Resident Evil HD Remaster 82 2015
82 82 Celtic Kings: Rage of War 82 2002
82 86 Metro: Last Light 82 2013
82 85 Rising Storm 82 2013
82 83 Botanicula 82 2012
82 86 The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-Earth 82 2004
82 88 Hitman: Blood Money 82 2006
82 85 Need for Speed: Most Wanted 82 2005
82 82 Divinity II: The Dragon Knight Saga 82 2010
82 87 The Last Express 82 1997
81 - Flanker 2.0 81 1999
94 81 The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion 81 2006
90 81 Guild Wars 2 81 2012
89 81 World in Conflict 81 2007
89 81 What Remains of Edith Finch 81 2017
88 81 LIMBO 81 2011
87 81 Hitman 2: Silent Assassin 81 2002
87 81 NHL 2004 81 2003
86 81 Worldwide Soccer Manager 2008 81 2007
86 81 F1 2016 81 2016
86 81 Titanfall 2 81 2016
86 81 Path of Exile 81 2013
86 81 Battlefield: Bad Company 2 Vietnam 81 2010
85 81 Legend of Grimrock II 81 2014
85 81 Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War II 81 2009
85 81 Peggle Deluxe 81 2007
85 81 Sam & Max Episode 204: Chariots of the Dogs 81 2008
85 81 American McGee's Alice 81 2000
84 81 Thimbleweed Park 81 2017
83 81 Orcs Must Die! 81 2011
83 81 Combat Flight Simulator 2: WWII Pacific Theater 81 2000
83 81 Worldwide Soccer Manager 2009 81 2008
83 81 Spore Creature Creator 81 2008
82 81 Dark Souls II: Crown of the Ivory King 81 2014
82 81 City of Villains 81 2005
82 81 The Banner Saga 2 81 2016
82 81 Kentucky Route Zero - Act II 81 2013
82 81 Bejeweled 3 81 2010
82 81 Lara Croft and the Guardian of Light 81 2010
82 81 Legend of Grimrock 81 2012
82 81 Dominions 3: The Awakening 81 2006
82 81 The Vanishing of Ethan Carter 81 2014
82 81 The Simpsons: Hit & Run 81 2003
82 81 Star Trek Bridge Commander 81 2002
81 90 To the Moon 81 2011
81 81 Painkiller 81 2004
81 89 Supreme Commander: Forged Alliance 81 2007
81 83 The Walking Dead: Season Two Episode 3 - In Harm's Way 81 2014
81 82 Marvel Heroes 2015 81 2014
81 82 Wolfenstein: The New Order 81 2014
81 84 Alien: Isolation 81 2014
81 88 The Witcher 81 2007
81 81 Little Nightmares 81 2017
81 82 Jade Empire: Special Edition 81 2007
81 84 SWAT 3: Elite Edition 81 2000
81 84 Asheron's Call 81 1999
81 82 Midnight Club II 81 2003
81 84 Tales of Monkey Island Chapter 5: Rise of the Pirate God 81 2009
81 82 Strong Bad's Cool Game for Attractive People Episode 2: Strong Badia the Free 81 2008
81 88 The Cat Lady 81 2012
81 81 Metro 2033 81 2010
81 81 SteamWorld Heist 81 2016
81 83 Empires: Dawn of the Modern World 81 2003
81 86 Gothic 81 2001
81 88 Arcanum: Of Steamworks and Magick Obscura 81 2001
81 86 NASCAR Heat 81 2000
81 84 Tales From The Borderlands: Episode 3 - Catch A Ride 81 2015
81 85 The Walking Dead: Season Two Episode 2 - A House Divided 81 2014
81 83 Sam & Max: The Devil's Playhouse - Episode 1: The Penal Zone 81 2010
81 81 Overlord 81 2007
81 88 Victoria II: Heart of Darkness 81 2013
81 86 Red Orchestra: Ostfront 41-45 81 2006
81 89 Stronghold 81 2001
81 85 Strong Bad's Cool Game for Attractive People Episode 4: Dangeresque 3: The Criminal Projective 81 2008
81 81 Rochard 81 2011
81 81 Tiger Woods PGA Tour 06 81 2005
81 81 Dragon's Dogma: Dark Arisen 81 2016
81 81 Far Cry 3: Blood Dragon 81 2013
81 82 The Bug Butcher 81 2016
81 83 Disney's Toontown Online 81 2005
81 84 Combat Mission 3: Afrika Korps 81 2003
81 82 EverQuest: The Planes of Power 81 2002
81 82 Darkest Dungeon: The Crimson Court 81 2017
81 82 Empire Earth 81 2001
81 81 Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: The Fallen 81 2000
81 84 Sam & Max Episode 101: Culture Shock 81 2006
81 81 Mirror's Edge 81 2009
81 85 Motorsport Manager 81 2016
81 82 Sleeping Dogs 81 2012
81 85 Star Wars Jedi Knight: Jedi Academy 81 2003
81 87 Mortal Kombat Komplete Edition 81 2013
81 83 Shadowrun: Dragonfall 81 2014
81 82 Wargame: European Escalation 81 2012
81 85 Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties 81 2007
81 88 Defense Grid: The Awakening 81 2008
81 89 Codename: Panzers, Phase One 81 2004
81 85 Divine Divinity 81 2002
80 - Hoyle Majestic Chess 80 2003
91 80 F1 Challenge '99-'02 80 2003
91 80 Crysis 80 2007
91 80 Street Fighter IV 80 2009
91 80 Mark of the Ninja 80 2012
90 80 Silent Hunter III 80 2005
89 80 NASCAR Racing 4 80 2001
89 80 Far Cry 80 2004
88 80 Tiger Woods PGA Tour 2004 80 2003
88 80 The Stanley Parable 80 2013
88 80 BioShock 2 80 2010
87 80 Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell: Pandora Tomorrow 80 2004
87 80 Grand Prix 3 80 2000
86 80 Ground Control 80 2000
86 80 Galactic Civilizations II: Dread Lords 80 2006
86 80 Dead Space 80 2008
86 80 XCOM: Enemy Within 80 2013
86 80 Day of the Tentacle Remastered 80 2016
85 80 Falcon 4.0 80 1998
85 80 Command & Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars 80 2007
85 80 Shovel Knight 80 2014
85 80 Prince of Persia: The Two Thrones 80 2005
85 80 Thumper 80 2016
85 80 Tony Hawk's Underground 2 80 2004
84 80 Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor 80 2014
84 80 Pinball FX 2 80 2012
84 80 Football Manager 2012 80 2011
84 80 Metro Redux 80 2014
84 80 Grim Fandango Remastered 80 2015
83 80 Unreal Tournament III 80 2007
83 80 Tomb Raider: Anniversary 80 2007
83 80 Alan Wake 80 2012
83 80 Torchlight 80 2009
83 80 Valdis Story: Abyssal City 80 2013
83 80 BROFORCE 80 2015
82 80 Invisible, Inc. 80 2015
82 80 Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon: Desert Siege 80 2002
82 80 Duelyst 80 2016
81 80 VVVVVV 80 2010
81 80 Rails Across America 80 2001
81 80 Kohan II: Kings of War 80 2004
81 80 The Age of Decadence 80 2015
81 80 TOCA Race Driver 2: The Ultimate Racing Simulator 80 2004
81 80 Redout 80 2016
81 80 Ghost Master 80 2003
80 81 Age of Empires III: The WarChiefs 80 2006
80 80 Endless Space 2 80 2017
80 84 Syberia II 80 2004
80 82 Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon 80 2001
80 85 Conquest: Frontier Wars 80 2001
80 86 Gabriel Knight 3: Blood of the Sacred, Blood of the Damned 80 1999
80 84 Age of Wonders III - Eternal Lords 80 2015
80 85 The Sims: Makin' Magic 80 2003
80 84 Dariusburst: Chronicle Saviours 80 2015
80 80 Grandia II Anniversary Edition 80 2015
80 84 Outlast 80 2013
80 80 The Chronicles of Riddick: Assault on Dark Athena 80 2009
80 87 Hearts of Iron II: Doomsday 80 2006
80 87 Dishonored: The Brigmore Witches 80 2013
80 81 Codename: Panzers, Phase Two 80 2005
80 83 AI War: Fleet Command 80 2009
80 83 Freedom Fighters 80 2003
80 83 NBA Live 2003 80 2002
80 83 The Elder Scrolls III: Tribunal 80 2002
80 81 Faeria 80 2017
80 83 SWAT 4: The Stetchkov Syndicate 80 2006
80 87 Ground Control II: Operation Exodus 80 2004
80 90 NBA Live 2004 80 2003
80 85 Titan Quest: Immortal Throne 80 2007
80 85 X-Men Legends II: Rise of Apocalypse 80 2005
80 82 Trine 80 2009
80 82 Dishonored: The Knife of Dunwall 80 2013
80 84 Natural Selection 2 80 2012
80 80 Samorost 3 80 2016
80 81 FATE 80 2005
80 80 2002 FIFA World Cup 80 2002
80 81 Asheron's Call Dark Majesty 80 2001
80 91 Day of Defeat: Source 80 2005
80 89 Vampire: The Masquerade - Bloodlines 80 2004
80 81 Observer 80 2017
80 81 Men of War 80 2009
80 85 The Walking Dead: Episode 4 - Around Every Corner 80 2012
80 84 Tales of Monkey Island Chapter 4: The Trial and Execution of Guybrush Threepwood 80 2009
80 87 Time Commando 80 1996
80 82 Sins of a Solar Empire: Entrenchment 80 2009
80 81 Naruto Shippuden: Ultimate Ninja Storm 3 Full Burst 80 2013
80 82 Stealth Bastard Deluxe 80 2012
80 90 Life is Strange: Episode 3 - Chaos Theory 80 2015
80 84 The Legend of Heroes: Trails in the Sky SC 80 2015
80 84 Robin Hood: The Legend of Sherwood 80 2002
80 89 RollerCoaster Tycoon: Loopy Landscapes 80 2000
80 83 RoboBlitz 80 2006
80 81 Wargame: AirLand Battle 80 2013
80 92 TrackMania United 80 2006
80 83 The Suffering 80 2004
80 81 Axiom Verge 80 2015
80 81 Disciples II: Rise of the Elves 80 2003
80 84 MechCommander 2 80 2001
80 86 Circle of Blood 80 1996
80 85 BioShock Infinite: Burial at Sea - Episode Two 80 2014
80 87 S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat 80 2010
80 83 The Walking Dead: Season Two - A Telltale Games Series 80 2013
80 82 FLY'N 80 2012
80 88 The Wolf Among Us 80 2013
80 82 Nancy Drew: Secret of the Old Clock 80 2005
79 - Rowan's Battle of Britain 79 2001
79 - Jumpgate: The Reconstruction Initiative 79 2001
79 - Emergency Fire Response 79 2003
92 79 The Sims 79 2000
91 79 World of Warcraft: The Burning Crusade 79 2007
91 79 Fallout 3 79 2008
90 79 Sid Meier's Civilization V 79 2010
89 79 Rocksmith 2014 Edition 79 2013
88 79 World Soccer Winning Eleven 8 International 79 2005
88 79 Night in the Woods 79 2017
87 79 Oddworld: Abe's Oddysee - New 'n' Tasty 79 2015
87 79 GRID 79 2008
86 79 Rise of the Tomb Raider 79 2016
86 79 Starcraft II: Heart of the Swarm 79 2013
86 79 Dungeon Siege 79 2002
86 79 Warhammer Online: Age of Reckoning 79 2008
86 79 Europa Universalis 79 2001
85 79 Sam & Max Episode 205: What's New, Beelzebub? 79 2008
85 79 Monopoly Tycoon 79 2001
85 79 BattleBlock Theater 79 2014
85 79 Rogue Legacy 79 2013
84 79 Mass Effect 3: Citadel 79 2013
84 79 Crysis Warhead 79 2008
84 79 TOCA Race Driver 3 79 2006
84 79 SpeedRunners 79 2016
84 79 Darwinia 79 2005
84 79 Ultimate General: Gettysburg 79 2014
83 79 Galactic Civilizations 79 2003
83 79 Card Hunter (2013) 79 2013
83 79 World of Outlaws: Sprint Cars 79 2003
83 79 Orcs Must Die! 2 79 2012
83 79 Prey (2006) 79 2006
83 79 Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance 79 2014
83 79 EverQuest II: Rise of Kunark 79 2007
83 79 Dark Age of Camelot: Catacombs 79 2004
83 79 L.A. Noire: The Complete Edition 79 2011
83 79 Door Kickers 79 2014
82 79 Tomb Raider: Legend 79 2006
82 79 Asheron's Call 2: Fallen Kings 79 2002
82 79 Tales of Monkey Island Chapter 3: Lair of the Leviathan 79 2009
82 79 Sins of a Solar Empire: Rebellion 79 2012
82 79 Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 79 2006
82 79 Prey 79 2017
82 79 Endless Legend 79 2014
82 79 MVP Baseball 2004 79 2004
82 79 Warlords Battlecry 79 2000
81 79 The Sims 3: World Adventures 79 2009
81 79 Darksiders II 79 2012
81 79 Rising Storm 2: Vietnam 79 2017
81 79 Unravel 79 2016
81 79 Vessel 79 2012
81 79 Napoleon: Total War 79 2010
81 79 Zombie Night Terror 79 2016
81 79 Nelly Cootalot: The Fowl Fleet 79 2016
81 79 Sam & Max: The Devil's Playhouse - Episode 5: The City That Dares Not Sleep 79 2010
80 79 The Banner Saga 79 2014
80 79 Dungeon Siege II 79 2005
80 79 Goodbye Deponia 79 2013
80 79 Brutal Legend 79 2013
80 79 Stacking 79 2012
80 79 Age of Wonders III 79 2014
80 79 Tales of Berseria 79 2017
80 79 Myst V: End of Ages 79 2005
80 79 Hostile Waters: Antaeus Rising 79 2001
79 79 Dustforce 79 2012
79 82 Fractured Space 79 2016
79 81 Test Drive Unlimited 79 2007
79 79 Dungeon of the Endless 79 2014
79 79 Brothers in Arms: Hell's Highway 79 2008
79 84 Star Wars: Empire at War 79 2006
79 86 Europa Universalis: Rome - Vae Victis 79 2008
79 83 1701 A.D. 79 2006
79 82 Return to Mysterious Island 79 2004
79 87 Kohan: Ahriman's Gift 79 2001
79 83 Emperor: Battle for Dune 79 2001
79 81 Sword of the Stars: Born of Blood 79 2007
79 79 Warhammer: End Times - Vermintide 79 2015
79 87 Euro Truck Simulator 2 79 2013
79 82 Tropico 3 79 2009
79 82 Runaway: A Twist of Fate 79 2011
79 82 Tales of Monkey Island Chapter 1: Launch of the Screaming Narwhal 79 2009
79 80 Bloodline Champions 79 2011
79 82 The Sims: Superstar 79 2003
79 85 NBA Live 2005 79 2004
79 86 Valiant Hearts: The Great War 79 2014
79 82 Split/Second 79 2010
79 79 Sang-Froid: Tales of Werewolves 79 2013
79 82 Call of Juarez: Gunslinger 79 2013
79 81 Strong Bad's Cool Game for Attractive People Episode 3: Baddest of the Bands 79 2008
79 79 Sam & Max Episode 102: Situation: Comedy 79 2006
79 83 Dying Light: The Following 79 2016
79 92 Day of Defeat 79 2003
79 83 Space Empires: IV 79 2000
79 80 Resident Evil 4: Ultimate HD Edition 79 2014
79 82 Sam & Max Episode 203: Night of the Raving Dead 79 2008
79 79 King Arthur: The Role-Playing Wargame 79 2009
79 79 Kelvin and the Infamous Machine 79 2016
79 82 Memoria 79 2013
79 88 Gothic II 79 2003
79 80 Port Royale 79 2003
79 79 Deadly Dozen: Pacific Theater 79 2002
79 83 Shattered Galaxy 79 2001
79 82 Close Combat: Invasion: Normandy 79 2000
79 87 King's Bounty: The Legend 79 2008
79 83 The Misadventures of P.B. Winterbottom 79 2010
79 84 Guild Wars: Eye of the North 79 2007
79 84 Tales From The Borderlands: Episode 4 - Escape Plan Bravo 79 2015
79 84 Battlefield 1942: Secret Weapons of WWII 79 2003
79 79 Prototype 79 2009
79 85 The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel 79 2017
79 80 Homeworld: Deserts of Kharak 79 2016
79 83 Don't Starve 79 2013
79 81 Overlord II 79 2009
79 81 TrackMania 2 Valley 79 2013
79 83 Nancy Drew: Legend of the Crystal Skull 79 2007
79 84 SimCity 4: Rush Hour 79 2003
79 83 Global Operations 79 2002
91 78 Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain 78 2015
90 78 Freedom Force 78 2002
88 78 Owlboy 78 2016
87 78 Out of the Park Baseball 4 78 2002
86 78 Tribes: Ascend 78 2012
86 78 Starcraft Remastered 78 2017
84 78 Darkest Dungeon 78 2016
84 78 Super Street Fighter IV: Arcade Edition 78 2011
84 78 Pyre 78 2017
84 78 ICEY 78 2016
83 78 Sam & Max: The Devil's Playhouse - Episode 2: The Tomb of Sammun-Mak 78 2010
83 78 Darksiders 78 2010
82 78 Sokobond 78 2013
82 78 Dragon Age: Origins - Awakening 78 2010
82 78 Hacknet 78 2015
82 78 Fallout Tactics: Brotherhood of Steel 78 2001
82 78 Fallout: New Vegas - Old World Blues 78 2011
82 78 Technobabylon 78 2015
82 78 EverQuest: The Scars of Velious 78 2000
82 78 Bookworm Adventures Deluxe 78 2006
82 78 Broken Age: Act 1 78 2014
81 78 Shadowrun: Hong Kong 78 2015
81 78 OutRun 2006: Coast 2 Coast 78 2006
81 78 Borderlands 78 2009
81 78 The Sims 2 University 78 2005
80 78 Leap of Fate 78 2016
80 78 Tyranny 78 2016
80 78 Fritz 8 Deluxe 78 2004
80 78 EVERSPACE 78 2017
80 78 Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War II - Retribution 78 2011
80 78 Toki Tori 78 2010
80 78 1979 Revolution: Black Friday 78 2016
79 78 Fallout 3: Point Lookout 78 2009
79 78 Cities: Skylines - After Dark 78 2015
79 78 Dungeons of Dredmor 78 2011
79 78 Vanquish 78 2017
79 78 Chivalry: Medieval Warfare 78 2012
79 78 LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4 78 2010
79 78 Rift: Storm Legion 78 2012
79 78 EverQuest II: Desert of Flames 78 2005
78 82 Shadow Warrior 2 78 2016
78 89 Star Wars: Battlefront II 78 2005
78 85 The Walking Dead: Season Two Episode 1 - All That Remains 78 2013
78 80 Zuma's Revenge! 78 2009
78 79 Transformers: Fall of Cybertron 78 2012
78 80 Stellaris 78 2016
78 85 The Walking Dead: Season Two Episode 5 - No Going Back 78 2014
78 79 Neverwinter Nights: Shadows of Undrentide 78 2003
78 78 Duke Nukem: Manhattan Project 78 2002
78 84 Zero Escape: Zero Time Dilemma 78 2016
78 81 LEGO Marvel Super Heroes 78 2013
78 83 The Movies: Stunts & Effects 78 2006
78 84 Tropico: Paradise Island 78 2002
78 80 MechWarrior 4: Black Knight Expansion 78 2001
78 85 Puzzle Pirates 78 2003
78 78 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King 78 2003
78 85 Devil May Cry 4 78 2008
78 82 Praetorians 78 2003
78 83 Chaos on Deponia 78 2012
78 81 Human Resource Machine 78 2015
78 87 LISA 78 2014
78 79 Condemned: Criminal Origins 78 2006
78 80 MVP Baseball 2003 78 2003
78 87 Midtown Madness 2 78 2000
78 80 Tropico 4: Modern Times 78 2012
78 83 Hearts of Iron: Platinum 78 2004
78 78 Armed and Dangerous 78 2003
78 78 FIFA 07 Soccer 78 2006
78 79 Hand of Fate 78 2015
78 86 Star Wars: Republic Commando 78 2005
78 87 Penumbra: Black Plague 78 2008
78 83 Avernum 2: Crystal Souls 78 2015
78 84 The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-Earth II - The Rise of the Witch-King 78 2006
78 86 The Sims 2: Open for Business 78 2006
78 84 Earth 2150 78 2000
78 78 StarLancer 78 2000
78 80 The Walking Dead: Season Two Episode 4 - Amid the Ruins 78 2014
78 80 Call of Juarez: Bound in Blood 78 2009
78 84 Joint Operations: Escalation 78 2004
78 78 Viva Pinata 78 2007
78 78 Plants vs Zombies: Garden Warfare 78 2014
78 82 Melty Blood: Actress Again Current Code 78 2016
78 82 Red Faction 78 2001
78 89 Stronghold: Crusader 78 2002
78 79 Wargame: Red Dragon 78 2014
78 79 Etherlords II 78 2003
78 78 Samurai Gunn 78 2013
78 79 DeathSpank: Thongs of Virtue 78 2010
78 80 Tabula Rasa 78 2007
78 87 Mount & Blade: Warband 78 2010
78 86 Nancy Drew: The Ransom of the Seven Ships 78 2009
78 88 Desperados: Wanted Dead or Alive 78 2001
78 87 Dirt Track Racing: Sprint Cars 78 2000
78 82 AR-K Episode 3: The Great Escape 78 2015
78 87 Tales From The Borderlands: Episode 2 - Atlas Mugged 78 2015
78 78 The Count Lucanor 78 2016
78 78 Baseball Mogul 2007 78 2006
78 82 Crashlands 78 2016
78 84 King's Bounty: Crossworlds 78 2010
78 83 Dawn of Discovery: Venice 78 2010
77 - Herald: An Interactive Period Drama 77 2017
91 77 Madden NFL 2004 77 2003
90 77 Black & White 77 2001
88 77 EVE Online: Special Edition 77 2009
87 77 Crypt of the NecroDancer 77 2015
87 77 Max Payne 3 77 2012
87 77 Gears of War 77 2007
86 77 Final Fantasy XIV: Heavensward 77 2015
86 77 EverQuest: Omens of War 77 2004
86 77 Freedom Force vs The 3rd Reich 77 2005
85 77 BlazBlue: Chrono Phantasma Extend 77 2016
85 77 Frozen Synapse 77 2011
85 77 The Sims: Hot Date 77 2001
84 77 Just Cause 2 77 2010
84 77 Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag 77 2013
84 77 Planet Coaster 77 2016
84 77 Battlefield 1942: The Road to Rome 77 2003
83 77 The End Is Nigh 77 2017
83 77 Monaco: What's Yours Is Mine 77 2013
83 77 Steel Division: Normandy 44 77 2017
83 77 Counter-Strike: Global Offensive 77 2012
82 77 Tekken 7 77 2017
82 77 Bulletstorm 77 2011
81 77 Age of Empires III 77 2005
81 77 Chessmaster 9000 77 2002
81 77 Overcooked 77 2016
81 77 TrackMania 2 Canyon 77 2011
81 77 Atlas Reactor 77 2016
81 77 Europa Universalis IV: Conquest of Paradise 77 2014
80 77 Sid Meier's Civilization V: Gods & Kings 77 2012
80 77 Sam & Max Episode 202: Moai Better Blues 77 2008
80 77 Sam & Max Episode 104: Abe Lincoln Must Die! 77 2007
80 77 Oxenfree 77 2016
80 77 Tomb Raider: Underworld 77 2008
80 77 Fallen Enchantress: Legendary Heroes 77 2013
80 77 Penny Arcade Adventures: Episode Two 77 2008
80 77 Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 77 2006
80 77 Candle 77 2016
80 77 Railroad Tycoon 3 77 2003
79 77 Else Heart.Break() 77 2015
79 77 FlatOut: Ultimate Carnage 77 2008
79 77 F.E.A.R. 2: Project Origin 77 2009
78 77 Apotheon 77 2015
78 77 Xanadu Next 77 2016
78 77 LEGO Indiana Jones: The Original Adventures 77 2008
78 77 Summoner 77 2001
78 77 Tropico 4 77 2011
77 81 Titan Quest 77 2006
77 79 Deathtrap 77 2015
77 78 Galactic Civilizations: Altarian Prophecy 77 2004
77 83 Sonic Generations 77 2011
77 77 Star Trek: Bridge Crew 77 2017
77 80 Shadows of Adam 77 2017
77 79 Mafia II 77 2010
77 80 Delta Force: Black Hawk Down 77 2003
77 83 Arx Fatalis 77 2002
77 86 Geoff Crammond's Grand Prix 4 77 2002
77 84 Emperor: Rise of the Middle Kingdom 77 2002
77 77 Sherlock Holmes: Crimes & Punishments 77 2014
77 79 DeathSpank 77 2010
77 82 Expeditions: Conquistador 77 2013
77 86 Life is Strange: Episode 1 - Chrysalis 77 2015
77 79 Zeno Clash 77 2009
77 89 Operation Flashpoint: Resistance 77 2002
77 77 Etherlords 77 2001
77 77 FIFA Soccer 2002 77 2001
77 78 Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams 77 2012
77 85 The Dream Machine 77 2010
77 82 Alien Swarm 77 2010
77 85 Soldiers: Heroes of World War II 77 2004
77 82 Men of War: Assault Squad 77 2011
77 81 Command & Conquer 3: Kane's Wrath 77 2008
77 78 Arena Wars 77 2004
77 77 Element4l 77 2013
77 78 Anomaly 2 77 2013
77 79 Mini Metro 77 2014
77 81 Thomas Was Alone 77 2012
77 85 Universe at War: Earth Assault 77 2007
77 88 Life is Strange: Episode 2 - Out of Time 77 2015
77 79 Teslagrad 77 2013
77 83 Echoes Of Aetheria 77 2016
77 89 Nexus: The Jupiter Incident 77 2005
77 83 Penny Arcade Adventures: Episode One 77 2008
77 77 NEO Scavenger 77 2014
77 82 Child of Light 77 2014
77 78 Game of Thrones: Episode Three - The Sword in the Darkness 77 2015
77 78 MotoGP 3: Ultimate Racing Technology 77 2005
77 83 The Void 77 2009
77 79 Heroes of Might and Magic V 77 2006
77 80 You Don't Know Jack: 5th Dementia 77 2000
77 79 VA-11 Hall-A: Cyberpunk Bartender Action 77 2016
77 78 Section 8: Prejudice 77 2011
77 79 Lost Horizon 77 2010
77 86 Chronos 77 2016
77 91 Knights of Honor 77 2005
77 83 Anachronox 77 2001
77 77 Sundered 77 2017
77 77 The Thing 77 2002
77 80 Starfleet Command Volume II: Empires at War 77 2000
77 85 SimCity 3000 Unlimited 77 2000
77 91 Day of Infamy 77 2016
77 81 Risen 77 2009
77 82 X-Men Origins: Wolverine 77 2009
77 80 Xenonauts 77 2011
77 78 Perimeter 77 2004
77 82 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets 77 2002
77 81 Pix the Cat 77 2015
77 84 Master X Master 77 2017
77 81 Risk of Rain 77 2013
77 88 Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver 2 77 2001
77 79 Dark Reign 2 77 2000
77 80 Battlefield 2: Special Forces 77 2005
77 82 Men of War: Red Tide 77 2009
77 89 Battlefield 2142: Northern Strike 77 2007
77 79 Cleopatra: Queen of the Nile 77 2000
77 79 Game of Thrones: Episode Four - Sons of Winter 77 2015
76 - The Lion's Song 76 2016
76 - Luckslinger 76 2015
96 76 Grand Theft Auto V 76 2015
92 76 World Soccer Winning Eleven 7 International 76 2004
89 76 Madden NFL 2003 76 2002
88 76 Nuclear Throne 76 2015
87 76 Doom 3 76 2004
86 76 The Sims 3 76 2009
86 76 Robo Recall 76 2017
85 76 Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six: Vegas 76 2006
85 76 Dark Souls: Prepare to Die Edition 76 2012
85 76 Final Fantasy XI 76 2003
84 76 Time Gentlemen, Please! 76 2009
84 76 Enter the Gungeon 76 2016
84 76 The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-Earth II 76 2006
83 76 Final Fantasy XI: Treasures of Aht Urhgan 76 2006
83 76 The Blackwell Epiphany 76 2014
83 76 Detention 76 2017
83 76 FIFA Soccer 11 76 2010
83 76 Bleed 2 76 2017
83 76 Tribes: Vengeance 76 2004
83 76 Resident Evil 7: biohazard 76 2017
82 76 Red Faction: Guerrilla 76 2009
82 76 The Talos Principle: Road To Gehenna 76 2015
82 76 Lethal League 76 2014
81 76 Quake 4 76 2005
81 76 Nancy Drew: Danger on Deception Island 76 2003
81 76 Maldita Castilla EX: Cursed Castilla 76 2016
80 76 The Book of Unwritten Tales 2 76 2015
80 76 Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes 76 2014
80 76 Osmos 76 2009
80 76 LEGO Batman: The Videogame 76 2008
79 76 Revenge of the Titans 76 2010
79 76 Bookworm Adventures: Volume 2 76 2009
79 76 Stasis 76 2015
79 76 Splasher 76 2017
79 76 Puzzle Dimension 76 2010
79 76 Rome: Total War Alexander 76 2006
79 76 Goetia 76 2016
79 76 Tropico 3: Absolute Power 76 2010
79 76 The Last Door 76 2014
79 76 Shadowgrounds Survivor 76 2007
79 76 Hue 76 2016
79 76 Dark Souls II: Crown of the Old Iron King 76 2014
79 76 Crayon Physics Deluxe 76 2009
79 76 Uncommon Valor: Campaign for the South Pacific 76 2002
78 76 Star Trek: Elite Force II 76 2003
78 76 Obliteracers 76 2016
78 76 The Disney Afternoon Collection 76 2017
78 76 Star Trek Starfleet Command: Orion Pirates 76 2001
78 76 Wings of Prey 76 2009
78 76 Heavy Metal: F.A.K.K. 2 76 2000
78 76 The Walking Dead: 400 Days 76 2013
77 76 Full Throttle Remastered 76 2017
77 76 FIFA World Cup: Germany 2006 76 2006
77 76 The Incredible Adventures of Van Helsing II 76 2014
77 76 Rise of Flight: The First Great Air War 76 2009
77 76 Sanctum 2 76 2013
77 76 Angry Video Game Nerd Adventures 76 2013
77 76 Dragon Age: Inquisition - Trespasser 76 2015
77 76 Everyday Shooter 76 2006
77 76 Crusader Kings II: Sons of Abraham 76 2013
77 76 Grey Goo 76 2015
77 76 The Darkness II 76 2012
77 76 Peter Jackson's King Kong: The Official Game of the Movie 76 2005
76 76 Toki Tori 2 + 76 2013
76 79 Worms W.M.D 76 2016
76 77 Ys VI: The Ark of Napishtim 76 2015
76 79 Trevor Chan's Restaurant Empire 76 2003
76 79 Patrician II: Quest for Power 76 2001
76 77 Singularity 76 2010
76 87 FlatOut 2 76 2006
76 82 Star Wars: Battlefront (2004) 76 2004
76 79 Resonance 76 2012
76 77 The Sims 2: Pets 76 2006
76 80 Escape Goat 2 76 2014
76 77 Plain Sight 76 2010
76 86 Geometry Wars: Retro Evolved 76 2007
76 76 Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth 76 2006
76 80 Pacific Fighters 76 2004
76 77 Wolfenstein: The Old Blood 76 2015
76 76 Pirates of the Burning Sea 76 2008
76 81 Peggle Nights 76 2008
76 78 Obduction 76 2016
76 83 High Heat Major League Baseball 2002 76 2001
76 86 Life is Strange: Episode 4 - Dark Room 76 2015
76 77 Miasmata 76 2012
76 81 Gun 76 2005
76 88 Multiwinia: Survival of the Flattest 76 2008
76 76 The Beginner's Guide 76 2015
76 76 Volgarr the Viking 76 2013
76 79 Dominions II: The Ascension Wars 76 2003
76 84 American Conquest 76 2003
76 77 Rush for Berlin 76 2006
76 82 Spec Ops: The Line 76 2012
76 84 Ys Origin 76 2012
76 79 The Saboteur 76 2009
76 80 R.U.S.E. 76 2010
76 80 EverQuest II: Kingdom of Sky 76 2006
76 83 The Wolf Among Us: Episode 2 - Smoke and Mirrors 76 2014
76 87 Pathologic Classic HD 76 2015
76 80 Serious Sam HD: The Second Encounter 76 2010
76 78 Myth III: The Wolf Age 76 2001
76 80 Rune 76 2000
76 76 Din's Curse 76 2010
76 77 DISTRAINT 76 2015
76 78 Payday: The Heist 76 2011
76 76 Furi 76 2016
76 79 Demigod 76 2009
76 80 Sam & Max: The Devil's Playhouse - Episode 4: Beyond the Alley of the Dolls 76 2010
76 84 The Long Dark 76 2017
76 80 Sniper Elite 76 2005
76 78 BreakNeck (2000) 76 2000
submitted by alex77456 to pcgaming [link] [comments]


2017.05.19 15:40 lobotomyjones A list of Alternate History novels.

Alternate history or alternative history is a genre of fiction consisting of stories in which one or more historical events occur differently. These stories usually contain "what if" scenarios at crucial points in history and present outcomes other than those in the historical record. The stories are conjectural, but are sometimes based on scientific fact. Alternate history can be seen as a subgenre of literary fiction, science fiction, or historical fiction; alternate history works may use tropes from any or all of these genres.
Here’s a list of some books sorted by their year of publication:
Sr. No. Book Author Year of Publication and Description
1 It Can’t Happen Here Sinclair Lewis (1935) – United States of America has turned into a fascist state where a President becomes a dictator to save the nation from welfare cheats. Might be considered more a dystopian tale than alternate history, but I am including this here because it’s a good political satire.
2 Lest Darkness Fall L. Sprague de Camp (1941) – A lightening flash knocks the protagonist and he wakes up in Rome (right before its fall). His influence changes the events thereafter.
3 The Sound of His Horn Sarban (1952) – The protagonist, Alan Querdilion, is captured by the Germans and wakes up in a hospital bed - more than 100 years later. The Germans have won the war, and the Third Reich stretches from the Urals to the Atlantic. This is a weird book though.
4 Bring the Jubilee Ward Moore (1953) – What if the South had won the American Civil War? This is one of the most famous alternate history books.
5 Not This August C. M. Kornbluth (1955) – The Russians and Chinese overrun the US mainland. A bit dated, but it provides a good yardstick to measure the Cold War era paranoia.
6 The High Crusade Poul Anderson (1960) - In the year 1345, when England is going to war against France, an alien ship appears and changes the course of history. Could also be classified in the alien-invasion category.
7 The Man in the High Castle Philip K. Dick (1962) – Perhaps the most famous book in this list and thus requires no introduction. Read it and watch the on-going tv-series (it’s good).
8 Pavane Keith Roberts (1968) – Another popular alternate history book. In the year 1588, Queen Elizabeth was assassinated. That single tragedy set off a whole series of events, resulting in the Spanish Armada's defeat of England and subsequent demise of Protestantism. Now it's the 20th century, and the Church of Rome reigns supreme.
9 All Evil Shed Away Archie Roy (1970) - In 1969 Germany rules Europe and Africa, Joe McCarthy is President for Life, Japan's empire sprawls across the Pacific, and on a remote Scottish island, Nazi scientists start to experiment with time travel.
10 Operation Chaos Poul Anderson (1971) – The book is set in a fantasy alternate history United States where magic and technology combine. In a war waged against black magic, a werewolf and his witch wife are called upon to neutralize an enemy's ultimate weapon--the world's most powerful demon.
11 Death is Lighter Than Feather David Westheimer (1971) - The author envisions the invasion of Japan that might have occurred had the atomic bomb not been used in 1945.
12 The Iron Dream Norman Spinrad (1972) – Adolf Hitler moves to the USA and becomes a science fiction writer instead of becoming the Fuhrer.
13 A Transatlantic Tunnel, Hurrah! Harry Harrison (1972) – An alternate history book by one of my favorite authors. The Transatlantic Tunnel is the greatest engineering feat in the history of the British Empire, a project worthy of Her Majesty's Empire in the eighth decade of the twentieth century.
14 The Ultimate Solution Eric Norden (1972) – The story of the last Jew in Nazi America.
15 Gloriana Michael Moorcock (1977) – Set in an alternate reality British Empire, Queen Gloriana's reign brings the Empire of Albion into a Golden Age, but her oppressive responsibilities choke her, prohibiting any form of sexual satisfaction, no matter what fetish she tries.
16 And Having Writ… Donald R. Bensen (1978) - In this often overlooked alternate history novel, the Tunguska event was caused by an alien spaceship crashing. The crew manages to land safely and then spend the next few decades changing history as a side-effect of encouraging the creation of technology that can repair their ship.
17 SS – GB Len Deighton (1978) – Set in Nazi occupied Britain, a detective of Scotland Yard investigates a murder. A trope that was invented by Deighton, and has been used multiple times ever since.
18 The Moscow Option David Downing (1980) – What if the Nazis had taken Moscow in 1941?
19 The Mask of the Sun Fred Saberhagen (1981) – A man discovers an Aztec relic, and starts shuttling between past, present and future of an alternate reality.
20 The Leader and the Dead Colin Forbes (1983) - Working from the premise that Hitler was murdered in 1943, and replaced by a look-a-like, this story reinterprets the events which took place from 1943 to 1945. At the centre is Martin Bormann, and his plan to cover-up Hitler’s death in an attempt to stop anti-Nazi generals seizing power.
21 Elleander Morning Jerry Yulsman (1984) – This one is another overlooked piece of alternate history. Elleander Morning travels through time to Vienna in 1913, to assassinate a struggling young artist. Adolf Hitler. But 60 years on, long after Elleander has changed the path of the world, a mysterious book - the history of a terrible, global war that never was - threatens to unravel reality.
22 West of Eden Harry Harrison (1984) – The catastrophe that ended the Age of the Dinosaurs 65 million years ago in the world we know never happened.
23 The Proteus Operation James P. Hogan (1985) - The victorious fascists had conquered nearly the entire world. Project Proteus offers the only hope: a time gate that made possible a counterstrike back through time.
24 The Architect of Sleep Steven R. Boyett (1986) – The protagonist stumbles through a portal which brings him to an alternate timeline where the raccoons have developed intelligence. This book was the first part of a planned trilogy, but unfortunately, this is the only book we are ever going to get.
25 Team Yankee Harold Coyle (1987) – What if the Cold War escalated into World War – III?
26 Moon of Ice Brian Linaweaver (1988) – The Nazis have won the war and now the Cold War has ensued between them and the USA.
27 Marching Through Georgia S. M. Stirling (1988) - 1942: The Eurasian War. The fleets of Imperial Japan raid the coasts of a United States that stretches from Panama to the Arctic. The Nazi war machine takes Moscow and sweeps east to the Urals. To the south the Domination of the Draka is a giant forge with serf-manned factories pouring out tanks, airplanes and artillery as the Janissary legions gather for the final triumph and revenge. Book 1 in the Draka series. 5 books in total.
28 Terraplane Jack Womack (1988) - A retired general and his hit-man kidnap a Russian scientist and travel through time to an alternate New York of 1939.
29 Red Army Ralph Peters (1989) – A Cold War novel told entirely from the Russian point of view.
30 V for Vendetta Alan Moore (1990) – Needs no introduction. A graphic novel set in an imagined future England that has given itself over to fascism. The movie is also great.
31 Rally Cry William R. Forstchen (1990) - A Union Colonel and his soldiers are swept through a space-time warp, and they find themselves in an alternate world where their rifles are centuries advanced over swords, spears and crossbows. But they also find themselves up against creatures who consider humans mere cattle to sacrifice.
32 WW III Ian Slater (1990) – First book in the WW III series. There are a total of 11 books.
33 The Difference Engine William Gibson, Bruce Sterling (1990) – In 1855, the Industrial Revolution is in full swing, powered by steam-driven cybernetic Engines. Charles Babbage perfects his Analytical Engine and the computer age arrives a century ahead of its time.
34 Anno Dracula Kim Newman (1992) – Alternate History with vampires. It is 1888 and Queen Victoria has remarried, taking as her new consort Vlad Tepes, infamously known as Count Dracula. There are other books in the series.
35 Fatherland Robert Harris (1992) – One of the top three alternate history books. Nazis have won the Second World War. Now it’s 1964, one week before Hitler's 75th birthday. Set in Nazi Berlin, this is one of the best books of this sub-genre.
36 The Hammer and the Cross Harry Harrison (1993) - 865 A.D. Warring kings rule over the British Isles, but the Church rules over the kings, threatening all who oppose them with damnation. Only the dreaded Vikings of Scandinavia do not fear the priests. Part 1 of the 3 book series.
37 Down in the Bottomlands Harry Turtledove (1993) - The Mediterranean basin has dried up several times in the course of earth’s history, only to refill. But what if it hadn't refilled?
38 Mysterium Robert Charles Wilson (1994) – The residents of a town find themselves cut off from the rest of the world and thrust into a new one.
39 In the Balance Harry Turtledove (1994) – World War II is raging. And then the aliens arrive. Total 4 books in the series.
40 The Apocalypse Watch Robert Ludlum (1995) – An American agent penetrates a Neo-Nazi organization. Not a straight up Alternative History book, but if you read it, you’ll know why I have included it here.
41 The Tranquillity Alternative Allen Steele (1996) - On the dark side of the moon, six missile silos stand in silence. Today, they will be taken over by corporate interests. Tomorrow, they will be activated.
42 ’48 James Herbert (1996) – Post World War II London is overrun by vampires.
43 Making History Stephen Fry (1996) – A history grad student time travels to prevent Hitler’s conception.
44 Back in the USSA Kim Newman, Eugene Byrne (1997) – Alternate history where USA had a communist revolution instead of Russia.
45 The Moon and the Sun Vonda M. McIntyre (1997) – A fantasy alternate history novel set in seventeenth-century France where Louis XIV rules and sends his natural philosopher on an expedition to seek the source of immortality.
46 Island in the Sea of Time S. M. Stirling (1998) - The inhabitants of Nantucket Island find that they are no longer in the late twentieth century but have been transported instead to the Bronze Age.
47 Darwinia Robert Charles Wilson (1998) - Europe is replaced by Darwinia, a strange land of nightmarish jungle and antedeluvian monsters.
48 Resurrection Day Brendan DuBois (1999) – United States has been reduced to a second rate power in the aftermath of Cuban Missile Crisis.
49 1632 Eric Flint (2000) – A town in USA is transported back in time to 1632 Germany. 1st book in the long Assiti Shards series.
50 Fox on the Rhine Douglas Niles, Michael Dobson (2000) – It’s World War II and Hitler is dead. Himmler takes over. This book is followed by Fox at the Front.
51 The Children’s War J. N. Stroyar (2001) – It’s been fifty years since the Nazis won the war. Now, rebellion is brewing. The book has an overload of adjectives. The author could have benefitted a lot by having a good editor. There is a follow-up book too.
52 The Sky People S. M. Stirling (2001) – What if Venus had its own plant and animal life like Earth?
53 After Dachau Daniel Quinn (2001) – Nazis developed the atomic bomb first, and now, two thousand years later, world is populated by only white faces.
54 Pashazade John Courtenay Grimwood (2001) – United States brokered a deal with the Ottoman Empire in the First World War and it never collapsed. Book 1 of the trilogy in Arabesk series.
55 Worlds that Weren’t Harry Turtledove, S.M. Stirling, Mary Gentle, Walter Jon Williams (2002) – Four alternate history novellas.
56 The Separation Christopher Priest (2002) – An alternate history novel about World War II and two identical twin brothers.
57 The Years of Rice and Salt Kim Stanley Robinson (2002) – The black plague wipes out 99% of European population. East rules the world now. A set of characters by death and rebirth see the technological and other advances through 700 years of Earth’s history if East, rather than West had dominated the last few centuries of our history.
58 Hominids Robert J. Sawyer (2002) - Neanderthals have developed a radically different civilization on a parallel Earth. A Neanderthal physicist accidentally passes from his universe into a Canadian underground research facility. There are follow-up books in the series.
59 Lion’s Blood Steven Barnes (2002) - In an alternate America, the South was colonized by black Africans, and the North by Vikings, who sell abducted Celts and Franks to the Southerners. This book was followed up by Zulu Heart.
60 Conquistador S. M. Stirling (2003) – An ex-marine from 1945 has discovered a portal that permits him to travel between the America he knows and an America untouched by European influence.
61 The Light Ages Ian R. MacLeod (2003) – A book set in England in the age of industrial revolution with fantasy elements.
62 Roma Eterna Robert Silverberg (2003) – The Roman Empire never fell and it conquered the world.
63 In the Presence of Mine Enemies Harry Turtledove (2003) - In the 21st century, Germany's Third Reich continues to thrive after its victory in World War II-keeping most of Europe and North America under its heel. But a secret lives. Under a perfect Aryan facade, Jews survive, living their lives, raising their families, and fearing discovery.
64 Weapons of Choice John Birmingham (2004) - A military experiment in the year 2021 thrusts an American-led multinational armada back to 1942. First book in the Axis of Time series.
65 Swiftly Adam Roberts (2004) - It is 1848 and the British Empire has grown rich exploiting Lilliputian slaves.
66 Jonathan Strange and Mr. Norell Susanna Clarke (2004) – Great book and yes, this could also be classified under alternate history sub-genre, among others.
67 Century Rain Alastair Reynolds (2004) – Earth is being rendered uninhabitable 300 years from now. But through a worm-hole, an alternate 20th century Earth is discovered.
68 Romanitas Sophia McDougall (2005) – First book in the Romanitas trilogy where Rome rules most of the world.
69 Ministry of Space Warren Ellis (2005) – Graphic Novel. At the end of the Second World War, the British capture the cream of Nazi rocket science and create a new British Empire where it seems the sun never sets. Instead the sky is lit by the rockets' red glare from a fleet of spaceships bound for the moon and beyond.
70 Hitler’s Peace Philip Kerr (2005) – It’s 1943 and Hitler knows he can’t win the war. So he tries to persuade the Allies for peace.
71 Farthing Jo Walton (2006) – It’s 1949 and Britain is under Nazi occupation. A mystery set under the Nazi ruled Britain. First book in the trilogy called Small Change.
72 His Majesty’s Dragon Naomi Novik (2006) - Napoleonic Wars with dragons. Book one in the long Temeraire series.
73 Missile Gap Charles Stross (2007) - It's 1976, the Cold War is in full swing and the Earth is flat. It's been flat ever since the eve of the Cuban war of 1962. A novella.
74 Cowboy Angels Paul McAuley (2007) – Set in an alternate 1984 America.
75 Resistance Owen Sheers (2007) - 1944. After the fall of Russia and the failed D-Day landings, half of Britain is occupied. A young farmer's wife wakes to find her husband has disappeared, along with all of the men from her remote Welsh village.
76 The Yiddish Policemen’s Union Michael Chabon (2007) - For sixty years, Jewish refugees and their descendants have prospered in the Federal District of Sitka, a "temporary" safe haven created in the wake of revelations of the Holocaust and the shocking 1948 collapse of the fledgling state of Israel.
77 1945 Robert Conroy (2007) - America has dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Some Japanese fanatics set in motion an endgame; to take America down with them.
78 I Killed Adolf Hitler Jason (2007) – A professional killer is tasked to travel to 1939 to kill Adolf Hitler. A short graphic novel.
79 Sputnik Caledonia Andrew Crumey (2008) – A kid living in Scotland dreams of being a cosmonaut.
80 Into the Storm Taylor Anderson (2008) – Book 1 in the Destroyermen series where a ship from World War II transports to an alternate Earth where two intelligent species are warring each other.
81 The Six Directions of Space Alastair Reynolds (2008) – Genghis Khan conquered the whole world. The novella is set 1000 years after the death of Khan where Mongols still rule the world.
82 Shambling Towards Hiroshima James K. Morrow (2008) – In 1945, an actor is called upon to give a performance of his lifetime in order to convince the Japanese to surrender.
83 Galileo’s Dream Kim Stanley Robinson (2009) - Galileo is a revered figure to the inhabitants of the Jovian moons, whose actions will influence the subsequent history of the human race. A renegade named Ganymede travels to the past to bring Galileo forward in an attempt to alter history and ensure the ascendancy of science over religion.
84 Yellow Blue Tibia Adam Roberts (2009) – An alternate history book where a story prepared by Soviet writers for Stalin about alien invasion starts to come true in the aftermath of Chernobyl disaster.
85 1942 Robert Conroy (2009) – Japanese not only attack Hawaii but conquer it. There are many other alternate history books by Robert Conroy.
86 1Q84 Haruki Murakami (2009) – This one doesn’t really stay confined to one genre, but it definitely could be included in alternative reality one among many others.
87 Boneshaker Cherie Priest (2009) – More steampunk than alternate history, but this one is a worthy addition nonetheless.
88 Hitler’s War Harry Turtledove (2009) - What if Chamberlain had not signed the Munich Accord? What if Hitler had acted rashly, before his army was ready - would such impatience have helped him or doomed him faster? There are many other alternate history books by Turtledove.
89 Leviathan Scott Westerfeld (2009) - Prince Aleksander, would-be heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, is on the run, and World War I is brewing. Book 1 of the Leviathan trilogy.
90 The Company Man Robert Jackson Bennett (2009) - The McNaughton Corporation is the pinnacle of American industry. They built the guns that won the Great War before it even began. They built the airships that tie the world together. They built Evesden - a shining metropolis, the best that the world has to offer. But now eleven dead bodies are discovered which might prove a catalyst to uncover a dark secret behind the inventions of McNaughton Corporation.
91 Bitter Seeds Ian Tregillis (2010) – Book 1 of The Milkweed Triptych. In 1939, Nazi supermen fight with British demons and a secret agent gets caught in between.
92 Stone Spring Stephen Baxter (2010) – A girl in Paleolithic era convinces her peers to raise a wall to keep the sea out and the English Channel is never formed. There are follow-up books.
93 Empire State Adam Christopher (2011) - An energy blast rips a hole in reality, and births the Empire State – a young, twisted parallel prohibition-era New York.
94 Heart of Iron Ekaterina Sedia (2011) – A steampunk novel set in Russia where the Decembrists' rebellion was successful and the Trans-Siberian railroad was completed before 1854.
95 The Afrika Reich Guy Seville (2011) – It’s 1952 and the Nazi flag flies all over Africa. There is a follow-up book.
96 11/22/63 Stephen King (2011) – Requires no introduction actually. The protagonist travel backs in time to stop the JFK assassination. Skip the tv-series.
97 Dominion C. J. Sansom (2012) – Another popular work in the sub-genre. It’s been 12 years since Britain surrendered to Nazi Germany but now defiance is growing in Nazi controlled Britain.
98 The Mirage Matt Ruff (2012) – An alternate reality where 9/11 is perpetrated by Christian fundamentalists in the developed Middle East.
99 Ack-Ack Macaque Gareth L. Powell (2012) – A monkey fights as a pilot in the Second World War. There are more than 1 books in the series.
100 The Suicide Exhibition Justin Richards (2015) – Nazis meddling with the occult.
101 Time and Time Again Ben Elton (2015) – An agent is sent back in time to kill one person in order to stop the Great War from happening. Really good book.
102 Radiance Catherynne M. Valente (2015) – Well, the first line of the synopsis of the book says it all. “Radiance is a decopunk pulp SF alt-history space opera mystery set in Hollywood—and solar system, very different from our own”. Got it?
103 United States of Japan Peter Tieryas (2016) – Japan won the 2nd World War decades ago. Americans worship their infallible Emperor, and nobody believes that Japan’s conduct in the war was anything but exemplary. Nobody, that is, except the George Washingtons – a shadowy group of rebels fighting for freedom. Their latest subversive tactic is to distribute an illegal video game that asks players to imagine what the world might be like if the United States had won the war instead. Yes, it’s a re-imagining of The Man in the High Castle.
104 Underground Airlines Ben H. Winters (2016) – A book set in the present era but where the Civil War never occurred.
105 The Last Days of New Paris China Miéville (2016) – A book set in 1952 alternate reality Paris.
106 Everfair Nisi Shawl (2016) - An alternate history novel set in the Belgian Congo.
107 The Berlin Project Gregory Benford (2017) – An alternate history about the early creation of the atomic bomb (ready to be used by June 6, 1944).
108 River of Teeth Sarah Gailey (2017) – This book is still to be published. 23rd May 2017 to be exact. But the premise itself warrants its inclusion here. In the early 20th Century, the United States government concocted a plan to import hippopotamuses into the marshlands of Louisiana to be bred and slaughtered as an alternative meat source. This is true. Other true things about hippos: they are savage, they are fast, and their jaws can snap a man in two. The 1890s America that might have been: a bayou overrun by feral hippos and mercenary hippo wranglers from around the globe. It is the story of Winslow Houndstooth and his crew. It is the story of their fortunes. It is the story of his revenge.
109 Summerland Hammu Rajaniemi (2017) – Another book that comes out in 2017. It is 1958. World War II never happened. In the 1930s, the armies of the afterlife - known as Summerland - conquered the world of the living. The ruthless, immortal Summer Lords and their ectoplasmic machines rule a dark Britain with an iron fist. A gifted young medium and a bastard daughter of Harry Houdini discover a map of the Other Side that could break their power. But how do you start a revolution against rulers you cannot escape even in death?
Did I miss some books? Please mention in the comments.
Edit: There are many great suggestions in the comments. Keep them coming. I'll update the list in a couple of days.
Edit 2: I won't be able to edit this list on Sunday. I have been working on a list of apocalyptic/post-apocalyptic novels. I have decided to make it more comprehensive. I don't know how long it will take (depends on the free time I get to work on it). But it will be posted first then I will update this list. Thank you for your patience.
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2016.03.10 02:30 Kabukikitsune Badass of the week: Group Award.

"Marche ou crève"
March, or die. The unofficial motto of one group of men who go down as history's biggest group of bad asses. It'd be hard to pick just ONE specific man from this group. They're all heroes in their own rights, though they seek no accolades.
Légion étrangère...better known as the French Foreign Legion.
Their history of being total bad asses dates back to their earliest days. Less than thirty years after their founding, in 1831, the Legion sealed just how much they could care less about their own lives in a single battle that went down in history as a total 'fuck you' to the enemy they faced.
During a push into Mexico in 1863, a complement of sixty five legionnaires (62 Legionnaires, 3 officers) found themselves with something of a small problem. That small problem was an opposing force of close to two thousand Mexican soldiers. The Legionnaires retreated into a small farmhouse where they took to the defense. The battle lasted ten hours, and when all shooting stopped, only five legionnaires remained alive. The Mexican general called out to the Legionnaires to surrender.
The legionnaires offered their terms of surrender...meaning that the five men fixed bayonets and charged out of the farm house into the face of the enemy. Three more were cut down, with only two remaining alive. The Mexican General asked these two what their terms were, and they stated them plainly. Be allowed to recover their flag, and their officers bodies, and retreat from the field. The General is reported as saying "How can I refuse? These are not men...they are DEVILS!" The Legionnaires requests were granted, and it's safe to say that the Mexican forces got rather nervous any time someone even mentioned a Legionnaire after that point.
This was not the only such incident where the Legion proved just how bad they could really be. During WW2, a complement of Free French Legionnaires completely stymied Rommel's attempts to break through and strike the Allies in the flank. The Battle of Bir Hakeim, though it did not prevent Tobruk from falling, it bottled the Germans up long enough to put an end to German intent to capture Malta.
In the battle for Bir Hakeim, 3000 legionnaires held off 37000 German troops in a running battle that lasted sixteen days.
A simple crossroads in the middle of an arid desert, a naked and rocky place swept by sand winds, Bir Hakeim can be seen from far away. The battlefield is in effect characterized by a total absence of cover and natural obstacles. The position includes a superficial undulation south-north, surrounded by an old meharist post without any tactical interest, and, near point 186 are the two little elevations, witnesses of what were two old water tanks. East of the undulation, was a wide basin bent to the north. Koenig split the support point into three sectors, defended by three battalions. The 2nd battalion of the 13th DBLE was defending the eastern face. The 3rd as reinforcements, is organized into several jock columns with .75 or .25 motorized cannons, available for reconnaissance outside of the fort. The defensive system massively employs land mines. To give depth to this relatively linear defensive system, very wide and sparse minefields are laid before the position. Northern and north-eastern extents of these minefields are reaching the other allied defensive position. Near Trigh-el-Abd, a dense mined band links them. The delimited triangle, code-called V zone, is watched by motorized patrols of the FFL brigade... wrote Commander Vincent, officer from the FFL brigade.
During the night of May 26, 1942, Rommel started his attack, taking the initiative. The 15th and 21st Panzerdivision, the rest of the 90th Motorized Infantry Division, and the Italian Divisions Trieste and Ariete started the large encircling move south of Bir-Hakeim as planned. The British Armored units, taken by surprise, reacted in an improvised and unorganized manner at the attack and took heavy casualties. Learning about the enemy moves, Koenig awoke his men and ordered them to take their battle positions.
Italian M13/40 tankOn May 27, at 9am, Rommel gave the order to General De Stefanis, commanding the Ariete Armored Division, to attack Bir Hakeim from the southeast. This division, formed of the 132nd armored regiment, equipped with M13/40s, of the 8th Reggimento bersaglieri and of the 132nd artillery regiment, attacked the French position at 9:30am from the rear in two successive waves. The bersaglieri had tried to get out of their trucks to support the armored advance, but a heavy barrage from the French artillery forced them to retreat. The armored vehicles, charging courageously without infantry support, tried to cross the minefield and six tanks managed to infiltrate the French lines, avoiding mines and anti-tank fire. They were eventually destroyed by very close range 75 mm fire, and the crews were captured. Captain Morel, leading the 5th company, thought the situation was desperate and set fire to the company flag and confidential documents.
The Ariete Division, reduced to only 33 tanks in 45 minutes, had to retreat. The remaining tanks then tried to outflank this resistance by attacking the north, but made contact with the V zone minefield protecting that face. They eventually regrouped and retreated, leaving behind 32 destroyed tanks and 91 prisoners, including Lieutenant Colonel Pasquale Prestisimone, commander of the 132nd Italian Armored Regiment. Only two French soldiers were wounded and a truck and a cannon were destroyed. Most of the antitank artillery fire took place only 400 or 200 meters away from the French lines, but the legionnaires did not step back. The 27 was a defeat for the Axis in the south, but north of Bir Hakeim, the 3rd Indian Motor Brigade had been annihilated, and two weakened British brigades, the 4th and the motorized 7th were forced to retreat to Bir-el-Gubi and to El-Adem, leaving Bir-Hakeim completely isolated.
On May 28 and May 29, the Royal Air Force bombed Bir Hakeim and its surroundings, misled by the Italian tank wrecks in and out of the position. Koenig was therefore forced to send a detachment under Capitaine de Lamaze's orders to destroy the wrecks to avoid any more mistakes. The group sent a column to make contact with the 150th British brigade, stationed further to the north. After a few hours Italian artillery forced them to give up, but the retreating French column managed to destroy 7 enemy half-tracks. On May 29, the detachment of Capitaine de Sairigné destroyed three German panzers. Saint-Hillier recounts this day:
In our fort, no information would come to us about the general outcome, we only knew about the 3rd Indian Brigade being destroyed on the 27th by 44 tanks supported by many other troops, and about the 4th and the 7th brigade retreating on Bir-el-Gobi and El-Adem. We were isolated from the British Army...
Rommel's success in the north was very costly, especially in tanks where he was outnumbered anyway. Even with the destruction on June 1 of the British 150th Brigade, Rommel's wide flanking plan was proving riskier because of the resistance at Bir Hakeim (his right flank and supply route was threatened by this position). The Afrika Korps had to take Bir Hakeim. The Italian divisions received troop reinforcements from the Afrika Korps and the fort had been bombed several times on the first of June. Then, on 2 June, Rommel sent the Trieste division, the 90th Light Infantry Division, and 3 recon armored regiments from the Pavia division against Bir Hakeim.
The advance of the 21st panzer divisionOn June 3, Rommel himself sent a hand written note to General Koenig: "To Bir Hakeim troops. Any over-lengthened resistance means a needless bloodshed. You will eventually share the same destiny that the two British brigades of Got-el-Oualeb, which got destroyed two days ago. We will cease combat if you raise the white flags and come to us, without weapons."; the only answer was a cannon salvo from the 1st artillery regiment which destroyed a few German trucks. On the June 3 and 4, every attack was preceded by heavy 105 mm and stuka bombings, and were repulsed by the defenders. General Rommel would recount: "A surrender proposal, brought to the defenders by our negotiators, had been rejected, and the attack against the fortifications, the positions and the minefields set by the French troops was launched around 12 pm, from the north-west by the Trieste Motorized Division, and from the south-east by the 90th Light Infantry Division. The June battle started with an artillery bombardment; bombings went on during ten days with an uncommon violence. During that time, I had to command myself, at several times, the assaulting troops. On the Western Desert Campaign, I had not seen a more relentless fight."
On the night of Jun 8, a last convoy reached the fort. Aspirant Bellec left the fort, breaking through the German lines, to meet with the convoy. With the help of a fog, the unseen convoy then managed to resupply the fort. But on the other side, exploiting the same weather condition, Rommel was preparing for the final assault: heavy tanks, 88 mm guns and Colonel Hacker's pioneers were forming up in front of the fort. On the morning of the 8 Rommel was ready for the last battle. Impressed by the French resistance, he would write: "And yet, the next morning, when my troops attacked once again, they were welcomed again by the same heavy fire they suffered the day before. The enemy was hiding in its individual holes, remaining invisible. I had to take Bir Hakeim, the fate of my army was depending on it."
He commanded in person the attack on the north, approaching as close as he could, with artillery firing directly against the fortifications. The Luftwaffe in constant support, with, amongst others, a raid of 42 Stukas, which hit the medical post of the brigade, killing 17 of the wounded. General Saint-Hillier would recount: "The crew of a 75 piece is blasted away by a 88 round; the only remaining legionnaire, with only one hand left, reloads its cannon using his stump, aims, fire, and hits the 88..."
In the end, the Legionnaires ran out of ammunition and water. Suffering grave losses, they determined that the best option was to abandon the fort. However, surrender was not an option. On Jun 11, the surviving legionnaires, with their wounded in tow, broke through the German lines surrounding them. They retreated back to the safety of allied lines, having suffered 141 dead, 229 wounded, and 812 of their number captured. Rommel's forces, on the other hand suffered 3000 dead, 227 captured, and 164 armored vehicles (tanks and trucks) destroyed. 29 Planes had also been shot down by the defenders.
Though Bir Hakeim had fallen, it had cost the Germans greatly. So great in fact, that modern historians believe that had it not been for this one particular battle, then the Africa campaign would have ended in favor of the Germans. Even Adolf Hitler himself was awed by the defense, stating that of all the armies out there, while the Germans (in his opinion were the best), the only army that could come even close to that was the French Foreign Legion. They were second on his list of armies that should be feared, and rightly so. The Legion gave as good as it got, and always stood by its actions. Though never official, the Legion seemed to follow one particular motto. Never surrender.
To this date, the Legion has only ever surrendered once in its history. That time being during the French war in Vietnam. Even then, the Legionnaires themselves did not wish to surrender, rather it was their high command who made the decision for them.
For the simple fact that when faced with such insurmountable odds, the men of the Legion not only stood their ground, but made the enemy pay in blood for every inch of land they took, the Legion goes down in history as being the baddest force any army could dare to face.
Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bir_Hakeim
http://www.historynet.com/world-war-ii-a-tale-of-the-french-foreign-legion.htm
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cB7X93CqZGc
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2015.10.23 02:04 Subwaypedia World War 2 Essay

World War II was the central event of the twentieth century. It involved all six major continents, all three of the great oceans on the planet, scores of countries, and billions of people. It caused 57 million deaths and unimaginable human suffering. It brought about the redrawing of national boundaries in Europe and Asia, forced the relocation of many ethnic groups, made millions of families homeless, and led to the virtual annihilation of the Jewish population of Europe. By the time it was over in 1945, Tokyo, Berlin, Hamburg, Leningrad, Stalingrad, Warsaw, Hiroshima, Dresden, Dusseldorf, Nagasaki, Osaka, Manila, Cologne, and dozens of other great cities had been obliterated. And population centers that had mostly avoided the worst of the death and destruction continued to see poverty and hunger linger for years after the surrender documents had been signed. Meanwhile, the prisoners and the wounded, making their way back to wives, sweethearts, parents, and children, often after an absence of many years, would carry the cost of the conflict with them for the rest of their lives.
A WORLD AT WAR There is no one date that can be said to mark the beginning of the greatest of global conflicts. In 1931, the Japanese army invaded Manchuria, a northern province of China. In July 1937, the Japanese moved again, this time directly against the Nationalist regime of Chiang Kai-shek. The atrocities that followed shocked the world. Meanwhile, in 1936, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler moved aggressively into the Rhineland, previously a demilitarized zone, and in 1938, he incorporated Czechoslovakia and Austria into the Third Reich. By this time, the Western world was fully alert to the menace of the fanatically ambitious and confident Fuhrer. Then, in the early morning hours of September 1, 1939, Hitler sent his armies into Poland. Two days later, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany. Within a matter of weeks the Soviet Union, which had recently signed a non-aggression treaty with Hitler, attacked Poland from the east. Within a month, Polish resistance collapsed, and Warsaw fell. World War II had begun.
In general, the American people did not want to have any part in a European war. They felt protected by great oceans on both sides of the North American continent. And they felt that, in World War I, American boys had fought and bled in France mostly to make fortunes for munitions makers and arms merchants. Moreover, the United States had allowed its armed forces to wither in the 1920s and 1930, so that when World War II broke out in Europe, its army of 190,000 men ranked about eighteenth in the global rankings, about on a par with Rumania and Bulgaria.
The United States might never have entered World War II if Germany, Japan, and Italy had stopped after their initial conquests. But the three Axis powers made astonishing gains in the years before the Pearl Harbor attack. After taking over Norway and neutralizing Sweden, the Nazis turned their attention to the big prize. Early in the morning of May 10, 1940, Hitler launched a blitzkrieg or lightning war against France, whose army had previously been considered the finest in the world. The revolutionary nature of the German offensive, generally credited to the brilliant strategist, Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, was to concentrate all available tanks into a few specialized and highly mobile armored divisions rather than to spread them out evenly among infantry units. These panzer formations were to smash holes in the enemy line and then break out into the rear, creating havoc on the roads and, supported by Luftwaffe dive bombers, preventing the Allies from plugging the gaps. They did this by attacking through the dense Ardennes forests in Luxembourg and southern Belgium, crossing the Meuse River long before the Allied high command had thought possible. The British and French armies actually had more and better tanks than the attackers, but new strategic and tactical concepts carried the contest. The German tank columns swept everything before them, and the French defenses soon collapsed. In fact, the almost total collapse of the proud French army in May 1940 remains one of the most incredible events in all of military history. France sued for peace in June, and Hitler’s victorious troops marched past the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
The British Expeditionary Force, which had been sent in 1939 to help defend France from the Wehrmacht, was cut off when German panzer divisions cut west toward the English Channel, effectively isolating more than 300,000 Allied troops. Fortunately for Prime Minister Winston Churchill, the Royal Navy was able to extricate his trapped soldiers from the port of Dunkirk. But at the end of June 1940, essentially all of western Europe was under the control of Berlin.
Hitler expected Great Britain, his only remaining foe, to recognize the superiority of German arms and to remove itself from active involvement in Europe. After all, he reasoned, Germany sought lebensraum or growing space in the east and had no intention of dismantling the British Empire. Why not just divide the world? Why would the Anglo-Saxons not be content with their vast holdings in Asia, on the other side of the world? When London refused to capitulate or to do the sensible thing, the Fuhrer unleashed the Luftwaffe on the English homeland, expecting that its heavy blows would bring Churchill to his senses. At about the same time, in a dramatic BBC radio address from London on June 18, 1940, General Charles de Gaulle called upon his French countrymen to resist their German conquerors. Meanwhile, Italy, not satisfied with its conquest of Ethiopia in 1935–1936, turned its attention toward Greece. And Japan expanded its military operations in China.
In 1941, however, Hitler made a colossal blunder. In fact, perhaps no event in human history can match in significance the Fuhrer’s decision to invade the Soviet Union in the early summer. He had not defeated Great Britain, and yet he was turning his armies to the east, initiating a two-front war. When his soldiers crossed the USSR frontier on June 22, the Nazis leader’s new opponent became Joseph Stalin, a dictator as ruthless and cunning as himself, and the head of both the largest country and the largest army on earth. The eastern front, which involved hundreds of combat divisions stretched over thousands of miles of windswept terrain, would turn out to be a human furnace that consumed soldiers as hungrily as steam engines consume coals. Germany essentially bled to death in Russia, as four-fifths of all Wehrmacht soldiers who perished in the war died while fighting the Red Army. For the Soviet Union, the carnage was even worse. A staggering 27 million USSR citizens died in what for them will always be “the Great Patriotic War.”
President Franklin D. Roosevelt followed the news of fighting in Europe with obvious concern. He knew his countrymen did not want to be involved, and indeed he ran for an unprecedented third term in the White House with the slogan, “He kept us out of war.“ Isolationist sentiment was powerful, and no less a personage than Charles Lindbergh led an America First movement that aimed to avoid all foreign entanglements. Moreover, many ethnic Americans were not anxious to help the British. German Americans and Italian Americans, for example, while loyal to the United States, were also proud that Hitler and Mussolini had restored pride and confidence to their homelands, while Irish Americans, long hostile to the government in London, did not want to go to war to advance the interests of the hated English. On the other side of the interventionist divide, Jewish Americans were more aware of Hitler’s intense anti-Semitism and of the new regulations and laws that limited Jewish access to the professions in Germany. They also knew that when brown-shirted, Nazi thugs attacked Jewish businesses and synagogues, the Berlin government had done nothing to protect its Jewish citizens.
FDR was of course aware of these cross-currents. And he also knew that if Germany ever controlled all of Europe, its power would be colossal. So, sometimes quietly, sometimes forcefully, he moved his nation to a state of greater preparedness. On July 19, 1940, he signed into law the largest shipbuilding program in American history, one that would essentially double the size of the already impressive United States Navy. And the Army, directed by Chief of Staff George C. Marshall, began to grow to a size more appropriate to a great power. Also in 1940, the President took the momentous step of federalizing the National Guard of all the states. If the American republic was ever to be dragged into the conflict, Roosevelt wanted the nation to be ready.
JAPANESE AMBITIONS Japanese leaders felt that they were being unfairly held back by the United States, Great Britain, and the Netherlands, which together controlled most of the natural resources, especially oil, to the south of Japan, in places now known as Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines. Essentially, the Western powers said they would not send scrap iron and sell resources to the Japanese if their government did not remove its troops from China and renounce its ambitions there.
Why should the proud Japanese, with their centuries of tradition, their modern navy, and their ambitions for future glory, give up their dreams because those dreams did not fit with the wishes of white Westerners. They wanted their own empire and their own seat at the table among the great nations of the world.
So, the Tokyo government would have to seize the resources it needed, which meant certain war with the West. But in which direction would the Japanese move? Essentially, they had three options. The first was to aid Nazi Germany and to attack to the north against the Russian Far East from Japanese bases in Manchuria. Such a Japanese strike against the Soviets would have divided Soviet resources and probably resulted in a victory for Hitler over the USSR. But Japan needed oil and rubber quickly, and those resources were not easily available to the north.
A second option would have involved striking southwest against the British Empire in the Indian Ocean, taking Singapore, Malaysia, and French Indo-China and threatening to link up with German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel’s Afrika Korps at the Suez Canal. This strategy had a good probability of success, but the Japanese supply lines to the Indian Ocean would have to run past the US-controlled Philippine Islands.
Thus, the Rising Sun had to take the third and militarily worst option—a direct strike against the United States—the one country with the natural resources, the population size, and the industrial capacity to crush Japan. It would require a bold and audacious attack on the United States Pacific Fleet, which President Roosevelt had recently redeployed from its home port in San Diego to its forward operating base at Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands. Such an assault would require meticulous planning, intense training, absolute secrecy, and complete surprise. Fortunately for the Japanese, in Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, commander in chief of the Combined Fleet, they had the perfect leader. His plan was to first cripple the American fleet and then to force a gigantic naval battle somewhere in the vast Pacific. The Japanese, according to Yamamoto’s plan, would win a decisive victory, and thus force President Roosevelt to yield to Tokyo’s territorial demands in its theater of influence.
By every military measure, Japan’s early morning attack on the great fleet anchorage at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, was a success. Its aircraft carriers managed to cross the Pacific Ocean without being spotted, and its torpedo and dive bombers achieved complete surprise against the sleeping American fleet. All eight American battleships were disabled or sent to the bottom, as were dozens of smaller vessels. More than a thousand sailors died on the USS Arizona alone, and they represented less than half of the Navy losses that day. By contrast, the Japanese attackers lost only a few pilots and planes, and no ships. Admiral Yamamoto had every reason to be proud. He had only two reasons for immediate concern. First, the three large American aircraft carriers attached to the Pacific Fleet were not in Pearl Harbor, but were at sea on a practice mission, and the Japanese aviators could not find them. Second, Yamamoto had not thought to order his pilots to blow up the giant oil tanks and fuel storage facilities that dotted the area around Pearl Harbor.
But those were minor issues compared to the admiral’s greatest worry. Despite his great victory, he thought the Japanese had simply awakened a sleeping giant. Yamamoto expected the Japanese army and navy to run wild for six months, but then, he feared, the United States would gather its enormous human and material resources and hurl them against the admiral’s island nation. And in the case of a protracted war against the American republic, Japan’s most famous officer realized that the cause was almost hopeless.
THE UNITED STATES GOES TO WAR The great national debate about whether the United States should get involved in World War II essentially ended when the first bombs fell on the Hawaiian Islands. Few Americans had ever been to Japan, and fewer still cared about it one way or the other. But as radios across the land sent out the news of a sneak attack on the American base at Pearl Harbor, a gigantic nation, a “sleeping giant” as Admiral Yamamoto called it, was roused to fury. The next day, a Monday, President Roosevelt spoke before a joint session of Congress. Referring to December 7 as “a day which will live in infamy,” he asked for a Declaration of War against the Empire of Japan, which was approved without debate and almost without dissent. Surprisingly, on December 10, Germany declared war on the United States even though Hitler’s treaty with Japan was a defensive arrangement that did not require him to act, because Japan had been the aggressor. The Fuhrer made many miscalculations during the war; perhaps this was his biggest mistake.
President Roosevelt was happy that the United States was in the war, and in fact, he had manipulated the Japanese into firing the first shot. But he had expected the initial Japanese attack to be against the Philippines, not on a presumably impregnable naval base in the middle of a huge ocean. He was shocked by what happened at Pearl Harbor, and was horrified by the destruction of his battleships and the devastating number of deaths on December 7. But the American nation could make up such human and material losses. And the President knew how to funnel national anger at Japan into a much more critical war against Germany. FDR understood better than his countrymen that Germany was the greater threat and that Japan could be dealt with almost at leisure. It was a sentiment shared by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. When he heard of the Pearl Harbor disaster, he actually breathed a sigh of relief, noting in his wartime diary: “So we have won after all.”
The United States had great military potential, but in December of 1941 it was still more potential than reality. Immediately, the nation launched the greatest industrial expansion in human history. Within months, new orders for munitions, uniforms, and combat vehicles absorbed the remaining unemployed workers from the Great Depression. Old factories were expanded and modernized, and giant new ones sprang up as if by magic, especially in the South and West. Outside Detroit, the Chrysler Tank Arsenal produced the tanks and armored vehicles that would become the spearheads of General George S. Patton’s Third Army.
In the skies American dominance was clear. In Washington State and in Kansas, Boeing built the great four-engine, strategic bomber fleets that destroyed entire cities. As early as 1942, American factories were already churning out 48,000 airplanes, more than Germany and Japan combined. By 1944, assembly lines in southern California, Seattle, and Long Island were producing almost 100,000 aircraft, a total greater than the combined output of Germany, Japan, and the British Empire. Statistics for trucks, jeeps, landing ships, artillery pieces, and self-propelled guns were almost as dramatic.
Perhaps the most incredible numbers were put up at sea. By 1945, the United States Navy was larger and more powerful than the navies of all other countries put together. The Bath Iron Works in Maine produced more destroyers than all of Japan, while the Kaiser shipyards in California proved able to build an entire Victory ship, from beginning to end, in a mere seventy-two hours. And the Brooklyn Navy Yard, with 71,000 employees working around the clock, seven days a week, became the busiest and most productive such enterprise anywhere.
In order the make the instruments of war, as well as uniforms, penicillin, light bulbs, and shoes, the need for manpower was great. Indeed, manpower became the wrong word. As millions of men joined the Army and as industrial production soared, women became the obvious source of labor. While many women remained at home with their children, and others worked in volunteer activities, the growth in female employment between 1942 and 1945 was staggering. At first, they took non-defense jobs as clerks, cabbies, truck drivers, waitresses, ambulance crews, streetcar conductors, and filling station attendants. Soon, however, opportunities in shipyards and aircraft factories opened up. One historian has estimated that a full one-third of aircraft industry employment in California was female.
Japanese Americans and African Americans had a harder time proving their importance and finding full citizenship. Prejudice against Asians on the West Coast had been a theme of American history for generations before World War II, but the Pearl Harbor attack meant that Japanese Americans, many of whom had been citizens of the United States since birth, were suspected of being enemy agents. In one of the more disgraceful aspects of American history, they were rounded up and sent to makeshift internment camps far from their homes and businesses. Yet not a single conviction ever resulted from an unpatriotic act by a Japanese American, and many served with courage and honor in the armed forces.
The color line has long been a defining part of the American experience, and World War II, despite being waged against two countries that celebrated racial homogeneity, did not bring immediate relief to the long-suffering black minority of the United States. In fact, blacks were not allowed in the Marine Corps and were inducted as sailors only to serve as cooks. Even in the Army, they served in segregated units under mostly white officers. Conditions were scarcely better at home. The worst incidents took place in Detroit in 1943, when Belle Isle became a site of racial warfare.
OVER THERE The tanks, artillery, ships, and trucks churned out by the arsenal of democracy would be useful only if brave men could be found to take them into harm’s way. In this respect, the United States proved to be exceptionally fruitful. After Pearl Harbor, induction centers across the nation were swamped with volunteers who were anxious to take a swing at the brash Japanese. Even so, by 1943 Washington had resorted to a draft of all able-bodied males between eighteen and forty. The Marine Corps expanded from one division to five, while the Navy put more than a thousand ships to sea. The Army was the largest of all the services, and its basic training facilities at Fort Benning, Georgia (infantry); Fort Bragg, North Carolina (airborne): Fort Sill, Oklahoma (artillery); and Fort Hood, Texas (armor), became small cities in their own right. By 1945, about sixteen million Americans had served in uniform, a figure that did not include the merchant marine, where responsibilities were as important and jobs as dangerous as those of any soldier, sailor, or airman.
As the war continued into 1942, 1943, and 1944, and as millions of newly minted soldiers and sailors joined the armed forces, separation and longing became the most common emotional experiences of the time. As long as the men were stateside, there was at least a chance of seeing a wife or a sweetheart for a stolen weekend somewhere far from home. The songs of the time—“Till We Meet Again” and “I’ll Be Seeing You, in All the Old Familiar Places,” among others—reflected the feelings of loneliness that were felt in every town and by almost every family.
Eventually, most soldiers and Marines were shipped overseas, and their last view of America was from the ports of embarkation—New York on the East Coast and San Francisco on the West. But before leaving, they typically spent a week or ten days at a final staging area—Camp Shanks and Camp Kilmer near New York City were the largest—where they received required inoculations and made out their last wills and testaments.
That last period in the United States often offered the opportunity for a few days of liberty. Because trains across the country were jammed and overloaded, there was no chance for a trip home. But the port of embarkation, especially Manhattan, was another story. There, among the bright lights, nightclubs, and stage-door canteens of the largest city in the world, they drank and laughed and at least pretended to be confident and happy.
The next step was to board a troopship. Whether they sailed on converted transatlantic liners like the Queen Elizabeth or the Queen Mary or ordinary transports, quarters were tight, pleasures were few, and danger was constant. Especially in the Atlantic Ocean, where German U-boats lurked beneath the surface, the most common way to get to Europe was in a convoy of about fifty or sixty similar ships, all protected by a screen of destroyers and maybe one cruiser. Mercifully, the Allied navies gained superiority over the Nazi submarines before most American soldiers crossed the ocean, and only 8,000 men were lost out of four million who made the journey aboard the defenseless cargo vessels.
By late 1942, the tide had turned against the Axis. In June, the United States Navy won its greatest victory ever in the Battle of Midway, in which an outnumbered American carrier force inflicted devastating losses on the then superior Japanese fleet. By September, American Marines were clawing back on Guadalcanal, and beginning an island-hopping campaign that required them to fight their way across the Pacific. The good news, however, was that after the Battle of Midway, the Japanese were no longer able to undertake offensive operations. It was just a matter of time before the Rising Sun was crushed by American air and naval superiority.
The German army was another matter. Generally regarded as the finest fighting force in the war, it had superbly trained and battle-hardened soldiers, sophisticated weapons, and brilliant tactical leaders, such as von Manstein, Rommel, and Heinz Guderian. Only an enormous sacrifice by many nations could bring it down. But it happened. In the fall of 1942, the British Eighth Army counterattacked against the Afrika Korps and soon sent Rommel scurrying home to Germany. Meanwhile, the Americans who had landed in Morocco and Algeria trapped thousands of Nazi soldiers who could not escape across the Mediterranean Sea. In 1943, a combined Anglo-American force invaded Sicily and then Italy, ultimately knocking that country out of the war. And in perhaps the most devastating battle of all time, at Stalingrad between August 1942 and February 1943, the proud German Sixth Army, conquerors of France, was systematically annihilated by a vengeful Red Army. Thereafter, Hitler’s legions were rarely able to attack. Instead, they were bludgeoned by enormous forces coordinated by the Big Three—Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin.
After the successful Allied landings in 1943 in Sicily and Italy, General George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff of the United States Army and probably the most important officer on the Allied side in the war, recommended to FDR that Dwight D. Eisenhower be made Supreme Commander of the Allied crusade in Europe. Marshall had wanted the job for himself, but President Roosevelt said he would not be comfortable if his right-hand man were not nearby in Washington.
So it fell to an obscure Kansan to take charge of the greatest invasion in history. Ike had been only a lieutenant colonel when the war began in 1939. But his good judgment, hard work, and devotion to duty were recognized early on by Marshall, who quickly promoted the affable staff officer over dozens of senior generals. By the early months of 1944, Eisenhower was in charge of all American and Allied ground, sea, and air forces in Europe and busy assembling a gigantic invasion force in England. His mission was to assault the Nazi Atlantic Wall, a network of artillery, beach hazards, and pillboxes that were designed to slaughter anyone foolish enough to come out of the water.
The story of D-Day, June 6, 1944, has been told many times. Suffice it to say here that General Eisenhower did four things that will distinguish him forever. First, he made a decision on June 5 that only he could make—to go forward with the invasion despite a terrible weather forecast. By contrast, Field Marshal Rommel, the commander of the Atlantic Wall, who no doubt saw the same predictions, decided that the weather would be so awful that he could safely go back to Germany to visit his wife and son. Eisenhower took a chance that the weather would break and allow the landings to go forward. Fortunately, his hunch proved to be correct.
Second, the Supreme Commander took personal responsibility for possible failure, preparing a statement for release to the press in case the invasion force was hurled back into the sea. In such a circumstance, General Eisenhower reported that his soldiers and sailors had done everything he or anyone else could have expected, and that his withdrawal from the beachhead was his fault alone. As it happened, his message never had to be released.
Third, Eisenhower, knowing that having given the order to attack, he could do nothing more of a supervisory nature on the afternoon and evening of June 5, visited the airfields where many thousands of American paratroopers were already making final preparations to be dropped into the midnight darkness behind German lines. With parachutes on their backs, they had blackened their faces and wore heavy camouflage as they stood in groups waiting to board their aircraft. Members of the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions, they would be the first invaders to land anywhere in Nazi-occupied France, and Ike knew that hundreds of them, maybe more, would be killed the next day. So the commanding general walked informally among the young men, many of them only teenagers, chatting about their hometowns, working his way through the throng, recognizing the perils they would all soon be facing.
Finally, as the thousands of ships of the main invasion force pushed away from piers and began to cross the English Channel for the short voyage to Normandy, General Eisenhower read a personal message to the troops who were about to go ashore:
You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers-in-arms on other Fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world.
THE END OF THE WAR The D-Day landings were successful, and despite bitter fighting over the coming months, the Allies used their heavy artillery, their enormous air armada, and their dozens of well-equipped infantry divisions to pulverize the once invincible German war machine. With the Red Army smashing into East Prussia from the east, the British and American heavy bombers raining destruction from the skies on German cities, and Allied armored columns crossing the Rhine River and encircling trapped Wehrmacht divisions, Adolf Hitler committed suicide in his Berlin bunker on April 30, 1945. All resistance ceased within the week. Upon accepting the surrender of Nazi officials, General Eisenhower sent to his superiors what is surely the most succinct message ever sent by a victorious commander: “The mission of this Allied force was accomplished at 0241hours, May 7th, 1945.”
JAPANESE COLLAPSE Although the warlords in Tokyo could boast of brave and devoted soldiers, of airplanes (like the vaunted ”Zero”) that were as fine as any anywhere, and of ships and sailors that were world class, Japan never had a chance against the United States. It did not have enough of anything, except courage and fanaticism, to compete with a continental nation with almost infinite resources. At Tarawa, at Iwo Jima, and at Okinawa, the Japanese fought almost to the last man. It was no use. In desperation, they created an elite force of suicide pilots, called kamakazees, who took off with only enough fuel for a one-way trip. Their mission was to crash their aircraft into the ships of the United States Navy. They died in glory, but they were too few and too late. And after President Harry S. Truman (FDR had died in April 1945) ordered atomic bombs to be dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, even the most fanatical Japanese militarist had to realize that further resistance was madness. On August 14, 1945, Truman announced over the radio that the war was over. On September 2, 1945, on the deck of the great battleship, the USS Missouri, representatives of the Japanese government signed the formal instrument of surrender. World War II had ended.
THE WAR IN RETROSPECT In many respects, the United States was the big winner in World War II. Relative to Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union, its battle deaths were relatively few in number. Its great cities, like New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston, San Francisco, and Los Angeles, were never occupied by enemy armies or laid waste by falling bombs. Its factories and steel mills, farms and subdivisions, and stores and schools were unscathed by the conflict. Alone among major world capitals, Washington emerged from the war more confident than ever, and its airplanes, fleets, and armies, not to mention its atomic weapons, gave it military superiority over any potential opponent. By every measure, the United States led the world in 1945, and it was about to begin two generations of prosperity unmatched in history.
But no one in America who had lived as an adult through the Great Depression and the years of total mobilization and total war that followed it would claim that the experience had been easy or had been achieved without enormous sacrifice and cost. Indeed, those years of deprivation, fear, and longing would always be as central to their lives as they were to the century in which they lived.
Kenneth T. Jackson is the Jacques Barzun Professor in History and the Social Sciences and director of the Herbert H. Lehman Center for American History at Columbia University. His publications include Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States (1987), Empire City: New York through the Centuries (2002), and The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed., 2010).
Credit to www.gilderlehrman.org©
submitted by Subwaypedia to Essays [link] [comments]


2015.07.08 03:37 hederah Every Premium, Gift, and Bundle tank in War Thunder.

I made this for a different thread, but this was like 2 hours of research and work so I'm making a post for it.
This is a complete list of all Premium tanks in War Thunder, whether currently or previously available, as well as a short description of them. Unavailable tanks have when they were available and how they were acquired. Enjoy!
I am currently looking for No stat cards
Changelog
Date Description
05/26/15 Added stat cards, historical info, edited a few entries.
07/08/15 Added new information from Summertime Madness 2015, including walker tanks.
09/29/15 Added new information from Tanker's Day event, as well as updated stat cards for Su-76M and M8A1.
11/05/15 Tuned according to 1.53 datasheet. Client Stability increased.
11/07/15 Added info on the new premiums, as well as updated old information. Stat cards will be added soon!
11/22/15 Added new stat cards, as well as the T-V. Updated a few erroneous descriptions.
12/01/15 Cleaned up a few descriptions. Fixed outstanding formatting issues.
12/19/15 Added 1.55 premiums as well as Thunder League Promotions. Removed walkers as they aren't premiums.
01/10/16 Added updates for holiday bundles and promotions. Stat cards soon!
01/19/16 Added stat cards. Pass for any errors.
01/25/16 Added E-100. Cleaned up header.
02/20/16 Added Soviet M3 Lee.
03/12/16 Added event and new 1.57 tanks. Stat cards incoming.
04/23/16 Added new event tanks
04/30/16 Added more stat cards and new KV-2 variants
05/20/16 Changes to A13, Added T29
08/16/16 Changed "tier" to "rank", Added 1.59 and 1.61 premiums. Minor text fixes.
01/06/17 Added Japan, added new premiums and events as of 1.65. More fixes to text.
01/09/17 Pass for errors
America
Rank I
Rank II
Rank III
Rank IV
Germany
Rank I
Rank II
Rank III
Rank IV
Rank V
Russia
Rank I
Rank II
Rank III
Rank IV
Britain
Rank I
*A1E1 Independent: Interwar British tank that is the only tank to use the 47mm QF 3-pounder. Actually possesses explosive filler. Otherwise not great, comparable to the T-35 or the Neubaufahrzeug.
Rank II
Rank III
Rank IV
Japan
Rank I
Rank II
Rank III
If anyone has any corrections or additions they would like to make, feel free to add them below, I will do my best to keep this as accurate as possible!
submitted by hederah to Warthunder [link] [comments]